Java Dynamic Management Kit 5.0 Tutorial

Enabling InetAddressAcl

The default InetAddressAcl mechanism provided with the Java DMK relies on an InetAddressAcl file to define the access rights and trap recipients. To enable access control with this mechanism, you must first write an InetAddressAcl file to reflect the access and trap policy of your SNMP agent. Then, there are two ways to enable file-based access control, one way to modify the file in use and one way to disable access control.

The simplest way of enabling access control and traps is to ensure that an InetAddressAcl file exists when the SNMP protocol adaptor MBean is instantiated. To be automatically detected, the InetAddressAcl file must be named jdmk.acl and must be located in the configuration directory of the Java DMK installation. On UNIX systems with a standard installation of the product, the configuration directory is owned by root and requires superuser privileges to write or modify the InetAddressAcl file.

Operating Environment 

Configuration Directory 



Windows 2000 


The other way of enabling file-based access control is to specify a different file through the jdmk.acl.file system property. The filename associated with the property will override any InetAddressAcl file in the configuration directory. This property can be set programmatically, but it is usually done on the command line when starting your agent. For example, if the full pathname of your InetAddressAcl file is MyAclFile, use this command to start the agent with SNMP access control enabled:

$ java -classpath classpath -Djdmk.acl.file=MyAclFile MyAgent

If an InetAddressAcl file exists, the access rights it defines apply to all management applications that access the agent through its SNMP adaptor. This includes managers on the agent's local host: the InetAddressAcl groups must explicitly give permissions to localhost or the host's name or IP address for such managers. If the InetAddressAcl file does not exist when the SNMP adaptor is instantiated, either in the configuration directory or defined as a property, all SNMP requests will be processed, and traps will be sent only to the local host.

The InetAddressAcl file-based mechanism relies on the JdmkAcl class to provide the access control functionality. This is the class that is initialized with the contents of the InetAddressAcl file. This class provides the rereadTheFile method to reset the access control and trap lists with the contents of the InetAddressAcl file. This method will reload the same file that was used originally, regardless of any new property definitions. After you have updated the InetAddressAcl file, call the following methods to update the access control lists:

// assuming mySnmpAdaptor is declared as an SnmpAdaptorServer object
JdmkAcl theAcl = (JdmkAcl)(mySnmpAdaptor.getInetAddressAcl());

The JdmkAcl class that is used by default might not be suitable for all environments. For example, it relies on the package that is not available in the PersonalJavaTM runtime environment. Therefore, one constructor of the SnmpAdaptorServer class lets you override this default, forcing the adaptor not to use access control, regardless of any existing InetAddressAcl file. If you specify false for the useAcl parameter of this constructor, the SNMP adaptor will not even search for an InetAddressAcl file. In this case, no access control is performed, as if there were no InetAddressAcl file: all SNMP requests will be processed, and traps will be sent only to the local host. For security considerations, the use of access control cannot be toggled once the SNMP adaptor has been instantiated.