The Java EE 5 Tutorial

Creating and Populating a SOAPFault Object

You have seen how to add content to a SOAPBody object; this section walks you through adding a SOAPFault object to a SOAPBody object and then adding its constituent parts.

As with adding content, the first step is to access the SOAPBody object.

SOAPBody body = message.getSOAPBody();

With the SOAPBody object body in hand, you can use it to create a SOAPFault object. The following line of code creates a SOAPFault object and adds it to body.

SOAPFault fault = body.addFault();

The SOAPFault interface provides convenience methods that create an element, add the new element to the SOAPFault object, and add a text node, all in one operation. For example, in the following lines of SOAP 1.1 code, the method setFaultCode creates a faultcode element, adds it to fault, and adds a Text node with the value "SOAP-ENV:Server" by specifying a default prefix and the namespace URI for a SOAP envelope.

QName faultName = new QName(SOAPConstants.URI_NS_SOAP_ENVELOPE, "Server");
fault.setFaultString("Server not responding");

The SOAP 1.2 code would look like this:

QName faultName = new QName(SOAPConstants.URI_NS_SOAP_1_2_ENVELOPE, "Receiver");
fault.addFaultReasonText("Server not responding", Locale.US);

To add one or more subcodes to the fault code, call the method fault.appendFaultSubcode, which takes a QName argument.

The SOAPFault object fault, created in the preceding lines of code, indicates that the cause of the problem is an unavailable server and that the actor at is having the problem. If the message were being routed only to its ultimate destination, there would have been no need to set a fault actor. Also note that fault does not have a Detail object because it does not relate to the SOAPBody object. (If you use SOAP 1.2, you can use the setFaultRole method instead of setFaultActor.)

The following SOAP 1.1 code fragment creates a SOAPFault object that includes a Detail object. Note that a SOAPFault object can have only one Detail object, which is simply a container for DetailEntry objects, but the Detail object can have multiple DetailEntry objects. The Detail object in the following lines of code has two DetailEntry objects added to it.

SOAPFault fault = body.addFault();

QName faultName = new QName(SOAPConstants.URI_NS_SOAP_ENVELOPE, "Client");
fault.setFaultString("Message does not have necessary info");

Detail detail = fault.addDetail();

QName entryName = new QName("", "order", "PO");
DetailEntry entry = detail.addDetailEntry(entryName);
entry.addTextNode("Quantity element does not have a value");

QName entryName2 = new QName("", "order", "PO");
DetailEntry entry2 = detail.addDetailEntry(entryName2);
entry2.addTextNode("Incomplete address: no zip code");

See SOAP Fault Example for an example that uses code like that shown in this section.

The SOAP 1.1 and 1.2 specifications define slightly different values for a fault code. Table 19–1 lists and describes these values.

Table 19–1 SOAP Fault Code Values

SOAP 1.1 

SOAP 1.2 




The namespace or local name for a SOAPEnvelope object was invalid.



An immediate child element of a SOAPHeader object had its mustUnderstand attribute set to true, and the processing party did not understand the element or did not obey it.



The SOAPMessage object was not formed correctly or did not contain the information needed to succeed.



The SOAPMessage object could not be processed because of a processing error, not because of a problem with the message itself.



A SOAP header block or SOAP body child element information item targeted at the faulting SOAP node is scoped with a data encoding that the faulting node does not support.