Java Dynamic Management Kit 5.1 Tutorial

5.1 MBean Server Classes

Before writing an agent application, it is important to understand the functionality of the MBean server. It is actually an interface and a factory object defined by the agent specification level of the JMX specification. The Java DMK provides an implementation of this interface and factory. The factory object finds or creates the MBean server instance, making it possible to substitute different implementations of the MBean server.

5.1.1 MBeanServer Interface

The MBeanServer interface is an extension of the MBeanServerConnection interface, and represents the agent-side interface for interacting with MBeans.

The specification of the interface defines all operations that can be applied to resources and other agent objects through the MBean server. Its methods can be divided into three main groups:

5.1.2 MBean Server Implementation, Builder and Factory

The MBeanServer implementation class in Java DMK implements the JdmkMBeanServer and MBServerInt interfaces if the property has been set to use com.sun.jdmk.JdmkMBeanServerBuilder. This implementation of MBeanServer wraps the JMX MBean server.

The older MBeanServerInt interface and the MBeanServerImpl class are still implemented for reasons of backwards compatibility, but in Java DMK 5.1, JdmkMBeanServer is the prefered interface.

The MBeanServerFactory makes the agent application independent of the MBean server implementation, and thus allows applications to provide custom MBeanServer implementations. It resides in the Java virtual machine and centralizes all MBean server instantiation. The MBeanServerFactory class provides two static methods:

You must use the MBeanServerFactory classes to create an MBean server so that other objects can obtain its reference by calling the findMBeanServer method. This method enables dynamically loaded objects to find the MBean server in an agent that has already been started.