Any error detected during I/O processing causes the program to abort, unless alternative action has been provided specifically in the program. Any I/O statement can include an ERR= clause (and IOSTAT= clause) to specify an alternative branch to be taken on errors and return the specific error code. Read statements can include END=n to branch on end-of-file. File position and the value of I/O list items are undefined following an error. END= catches both EOF and error conditions; ERR= catches only error conditions.
If your program does not trap I/O errors, then before aborting, an error message is written to stderr with an error number in square brackets, [ ], and the logical unit and I/O state. The signal that causes the abort is IOT.
Error numbers less than 1000 refer to operating system errors; see intro(2). Error numbers greater than or equal to 1000 come from the I/O library.
For external I/O, part of the current record is displayed if the error was caused during reading from a file that can backspace. For internal I/O, part of the string is printed with a vertical bar (|) at the current position in the string.