C H A P T E R  1

Applications and Utilities for x64 Servers

This book describes some applications and utilities that are common to several x64 servers.

The chapter has the following sections:

Supported Applications and Utilities

Many of the applications or utilities are available on your product’s Tools and Drivers CD. Alternately, you can download a CD image or individual software packages from the Sun web site at:

All supported applications and utilities can be found on your platform’s Tools and Drivers CD, or CD image.


Free registration is required.

On this web page, look for the link labelled “x64 Servers and Workstations.” The linked page provides links to all x64-related downloads, organized by product name.

A list of some applications and utilities follows:

hd Utility

hd Utility is a hard disk drive utility used to determine the logical-to-physical device mapping of your system. hd Utility is included in the SUNWhd package and is preinstalled on your server. For more information, see Chapter 2, Using the hd Utility on Oracle Solaris; Chapter 4, Using the hd Utility on Linux; or Chapter 3, Using the hd Utility on Windows.

The hd utility is supported on the following OSes:

Note - The hd utility is not supported on Oracle Solaris 10 10/09, or the Sun Storage 7210, Sun Storage 7410, and Sun Storage 7720 platforms.

Hardware Error Report and Decode (HERD)

Hardware Error Report and Decode (HERD) tool is a utility for monitoring, decoding, and reporting correctable hardware errors.

Note - HERD is supported on platforms with AMD processors.

For more information, see Chapter 7, Hardware Error Report and Decode Tool (HERD) 3.0 for Linux.

Disk Control and Monitor Utility (DCMU)

Disk Control and Monitor Utility (DCMU) controls and monitors disk drives on the Sun Fire X4500 and X4540 servers and does the following tasks:

You may access these logs individually for specific information to aid in the administration or troubleshooting of the disk array. DCMU for RHEL consist of three components. Each component updates the FRU, SDR (Sensor Data Record), SEL (System Event Log) and service processor logs:

IPMItool is an additional command line component that may be used as a supplement to DCMU to access service processor sensor data, read the SEL and FRU information, and perform chassis power control operations via the server’s Service Processor. For more information, see the Sun Fire X4540 Server Linux and Solaris OS Installation Guide.


IPMItool is a simple command-line interface that is useful for managing IPMI-enabled devices. This utility performs IPMI functions with a kernel device driver or over a LAN interface. IPMItool enables you to manage system field-replaceable units (FRUs), monitor system health, and monitor and manage system environmentals independent of the operating system. Some Sun servers implement a subset o f IPMI functions. You can download this tool from http://ipmitool.sourceforge.net/. For more information, see Chapter 5, IPMItool for Windows.

RAID Utilities

RAID allows you to manage an array of disks for increased redundancy, recoverability, and performance. A RAID-1 volume, or mirror, is a volume that maintains identical copies of the data in RAID-0 (stripe or concatenation) volumes. The RAID-0 volumes that are mirrored are called submirrors. After you configure a mirror, the mirror can be used just like a physical slice.

MegaRAID Storage Manger (MSM) is a configuration setup utility that enables you to configure, monitor, and maintain storage configurations on SAS106x Integrated RAID controllers. MSM is available on the Tools and Drivers CD or the Tools and Drivers CD image on the product download site.

For more information, see the Sun LSI 106x RAID User’s Guide. For Adaptec-based RAID arrays, see Chapter 6, Managing RAID Using the StorageTek RAID Manager (for Adaptec-based RAID Controller).

LSI (SAS-IR) SNMP is a utility used over SAS connections to monitor MSM-IR activity from a remote station. It is available on the Tools and Drivers CD or the Tools and Drivers CD image on the product download site. These servers support the LSI SNMP utility on the Windows Server 2003 OS and on Linux.

For more information, see the Sun LSI 106x RAID User’s Guide. For LSI-based RAID arrays, see Managing RAID Using the MegaRAID Storage Manager (for LSI-based RAID Controllers).

The raidctl utility creates, deletes, or displays RAID volumes of the LSI1030 HW RAID controller. For more information, see the Sun LSI 106x RAID User’s Guide.

NIC Teaming

NIC teaming (also known as IEEE 802.3ad Link Aggregation) for Windows is the grouping of Network Interface Cards (NICs) into one logical interface to increase availability and enable load balancing. NIC teaming provides for fault tolerance, load balancing, link aggregation, and Virtual LAN (VLAN) tagging in Windows 2008 and Windows 2008 R2. When you install the NIC Teaming supplemental software for your Sun server, Intel PROSet software configuration tabs are automatically added to the network adapters listed in Device Manager. Adapters that appear in the Intel PROSet teaming wizard can be included in a team.

NVIDIA Network Access Manager (NAM)

The NVIDIA Network Access Manager can be used to configure the teaming of NVIDIA network interface ports on on systems running Windows 2003 and Windows 2008 operating systems. Use NAM to optimize your server’s network performance, increase its network bandwidth, and provide optimal throughput in case one of your network adapters stops functioning. See also NIC Teaming.

Supported Utilities by Platform

TABLE 1-1 lists the supported applications and utilities described in this document.

Note - For latest information on supported utilities, see the product notes of your server.

TABLE 1-1   Supported Applications and Utilities by Platform
Server (* — EOL) HERD hd Utility RAID RAID 0/1 NIC Teaming NAM DCMU
Sun Fire X2100*

Sun Fire X2100 M2*

-- S SLW -- -- W --
Sun Fire X2200 M2 L -- -- -- -- -- --
Sun Fire X2250 -- -- SLW -- -- -- --
Sun Fire X2270

Sun Fire X2270 M2

-- -- W -- W -- --
Sun Fire X4100*

Sun Fire X4200*

-- -- SLW -- -- -- --
Sun Fire X4100 M2*

Sun Fire X4200 M2*

L -- SLW -- -- -- --
Sun Fire X4140

Sun Fire X4240

Sun Fire X4440

L -- SLW -- -- W --
Sun Fire X4150

Sun Fire X4250

Sun Fire X4450

-- -- SLW -- W -- --
Sun Fire X4170

Sun Fire X4170 M2

Sun Fire X4270

Sun Fire X4270 M2

Sun Fire X4275

-- -- SLW -- W -- --
Sun Fire X4470 -- -- SLW SLW W08, W08 R2 -- --
Sun Fire X4500 L SLW S, W03 -- W -- SLW
Sun Fire X4540 L SLW W03, W08 -- -- W SLW
Sun Fire X4600

Sun Fire X4600 M2

L -- SLW SLW -- -- --
Sun Fire X4640 L -- SLW SLW -- -- --
Sun Fire X4800 -- -- SLW -- W08, W08 R2 -- --
Sun Blade X6220 L -- SLW -- -- -- --
Sun Blade X6240 -- -- SLW -- --   --
Sun Blade X6250 -- -- SLW -- W -- --
Sun Blade X6270 -- -- SLW -- W -- --
Sun Blade X6275 -- -- SLW -- W -- --
Sun Blade X6450 -- -- -- -- W -- --
Legend: S = Oracle Solaris OS, L = Linux, W = Windows

Locating Other Applications and Utilities

The following applications and utillities are supported by many servers, but are not covered in this document:

Sun Installation Assistant (SIA)

Sun Installation Assistant (SIA) is a tool that assists you in the installation of supported Linux and Microsoft Windows operating systems (OS), firmware upgrades, SP recovery, option card drivers, applications, and utilities onto x64 Sun Fire and Sun Blade servers. SIA is an orderable software option, and can also be download from the Sun Download page at: http://www.sun.com/download/index.jsp.

For more information on the SIA, see the Sun Installation Assistant for Windows and Linux User’s Guide.

VMware runs on Windows and Linux and enables users to configure multiple virtual systems. To install the VMware or VMware ESX Server ISO image, you must first download an ISO image of the software installation CD.

Sun xVM Ops Center

Sun xVM Ops Center, part of Oracle Solaris Management Tools, is used to provision, update, and manage the systems. Sun xVM Ops Center manages multi-platform x64 and SPARC systems, and facilitates many aspects of compliance reporting (ITIL), data center automation, and enables the simultaneous management of systems.

For more information, go to docs.sun.com.


SunVTS diagnostic software enables the server to boot using the Oracle Solaris OS on the CD. The SunVTS software runs diagnostic tests and outputs log files that are used to determine the problem with the server. The SunVTS software can be found on the Bootable Diagnostics CD that is shipped with servers that SunVTS supports.

For more information, go to docs.sun.com.


cfggen is a configuration utility used to create Integrated Mirroring (IM) volumes. cfggen runs in the Windows Preinstallation Environment (WinPE) and on DOS. The utility is a minimally interactive program that can be executed from a command-line prompt or a shell script. You can install cfggen from the Tools and Drivers CD, if available, or from your product Tools and Drivers CD image, downloadable from the product web page.For more information, see Sun LSI 106x RAID User’s Guide.


ipmiflash utility provides the ability to initiate firmware updates, and can be used to recover the SP firmware image if it becomes corrupted.

The ipmiflash utility provides methods to upgrade the ILOM service processor and BIOS remotely over the management network and locally from the server. This utility is available for Linux and Oracle Solaris operating systems.See the ipmiflash man page for more information.


The DOS-based Pc-Check utility is a server diagnostics tool that is accessed and executed only from the Tools and Drivers CD. Pc-Check was designed to detect and test all motherboard components, ports, and slots for hardware-related error messages (such as memory errors or hard disk errors) on your server.