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Oracle Solaris 11 Express Image Packaging System Guide     Oracle Solaris 11 Express 11/10
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Document Information


1.  Introduction to the Image Packaging System

2.  IPS Graphical User Interfaces

3.  Working With Packages

4.  Creating and Managing Images

A.  IPS Command Reference




An installable object such as a file, directory, link, or dependency. Actions are described in the manifest of a package. Every action consists primarily of its name and a key attribute. Together, these refer to a unique object as it follows a version history.


A setting of a package or an action.

beadm utility

The user interface for managing BEs in the Oracle Solaris OS. The beadm command is the replacement for the Solaris Live Upgrade commands.

boot environment (BE)

A bootable instance of an Oracle Solaris environment consisting of a set of mount points, file systems, ZFS datasets, and possibly non-global zones. A BE is a collection of mandatory file systems that are critical to the operation of the Oracle Solaris OS. The active BE is the one that is currently booted. An inactive BE is available for booting on the next reboot.


All packages in an IPS package repository. The packages in a catalog are associated with a specific publisher.


An exact copy. For installation, a clone could be an exact copy of an operating system, a file system, or a volume. This copy is 100 percent compatible with the original.


Package files.


A generic name for the following ZFS entities: clones, file systems, snapshots, or volumes. Each dataset is identified by a unique name in the ZFS namespace.


An optional component of a package such as a locale. Facets appear as tags on IPS actions and affect whether that action is installable. If an action has any facet tags, at least one facet tag must match the selection criteria to install the action.

fault management resource identifier (FMRI)

The identifier for each package. The FMRI includes the package publisher, name, and version. The pkg command uses FMRIs, or portions of FMRIs, to operate on packages.


A location where packages can be installed.

ISO image

A collection of software that comprises an entire operating system in a single file. An ISO image can be used to create a bootable CD or DVD that can be used to install the system.


Package manifests and catalogs.

  1. In IPS, a location of a package repository that contains only package content. A repository mirror does not include package metadata.

  2. In ZFS, a virtual device that stores identical copies of data on two or more disks. If any disk in a mirror fails, any other disk in that mirror can provide the same data.


The repository location that includes both package metadata and package content. IPS clients access the origin to obtain a publisher's catalog, even when the clients download package content from a mirror.


A collection of directories, files, links, drivers, dependencies, groups, users, and license information in a defined format.

package manifest

A file of information that defines a package.


A logical group of devices describing the layout and physical characteristics of the available storage. Space for datasets is allocated from a pool.

preferred publisher

The publisher that is searched first for packages if multiple non-sticky publishers are configured. If more than one publisher is configured, you can use the pkg command to set the preferred publisher. You cannot disable or remove the preferred publisher.


A forward domain name that identifies a person, group of persons, or an organization that publishes one or more packages.

relocatable package

A package that enables a user to specify the installation path of the package.


A location where clients publish and retrieve packages. The location is described by a Universal Resource Identifier (URI). A repository is also called a depot server.


Reversion to the BE that ran prior to a specific transaction. Use rollback when you are activating an environment and the BE that is designated for booting fails or shows some undesirable behavior. Rollback is known as fallback in Solaris Live Upgrade.


A read-only image of a file system or BE at a given point in time. A snapshot is not bootable.


In IPS, a representation of the settings of a file.

Universal Resource Identifier (URI)

The location of a machine or a resource on the internet.


An installation that merges updated files with existing files and preserves modifications where possible.

An upgrade of the Oracle Solaris OS merges the new version of the Oracle Solaris OS with the existing files on the system's disk or disks. An upgrade saves as many modifications as possible that you have made to the previous version of the OS.

USB image

A collection of software that comprises an entire operating system in a single file. A USB image can be used to create a bootable USB device that can be used to install the system.


A mutually exclusive component of a package such as architecture. Variants appear as tags on IPS actions and affect whether that action is installable. If an action has any variant tags, all variant tags must match the selection criteria to install the action.

ZFS file system

A ZFS dataset of type filesystem, that is mounted within the standard system namespace and behaves like other file systems.