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System Administration Guide: Basic Administration     Oracle Solaris 10 8/11 Information Library
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Document Information

About This Book

1.  Oracle Solaris Management Tools (Road Map)

2.  Working With the Solaris Management Console (Tasks)

3.  Working With the Oracle Java Web Console (Tasks)

4.  Managing User Accounts and Groups (Overview)

What's New or Changed in Managing Users and Groups?

Tools for User Account and Group Account Management

What Are User Accounts and Groups?

User Account Components

User (Login) Names

User ID Numbers

Using Large User IDs and Group IDs

UNIX Groups

User Passwords

Home Directories

Name Services

User's Work Environment

Guidelines for Using User Names, User IDs, and Group IDs

Where User Account and Group Information Is Stored

Fields in the passwd File

Default passwd File

Fields in the shadow File

Fields in the group File

Default group File

Tools for Managing User Accounts and Groups

Tasks for Solaris User and Group Management Tools

Managing Users and Resources With Projects

Customizing a User's Work Environment

Customizing the Bash Shell

Using Site Initialization Files

Avoiding Local System References

Shell Features

Shell Environment

The PATH Variable

Setting Path Guidelines

Locale Variables

Default File Permissions (umask)

User and Site Initialization Files Examples

5.  Managing User Accounts and Groups (Tasks)

6.  Managing Client-Server Support (Overview)

7.  Managing Diskless Clients (Tasks)

8.  Introduction to Shutting Down and Booting a System

9.  Shutting Down and Booting a System (Overview)

10.  Shutting Down a System (Tasks)

11.  Modifying Oracle Solaris Boot Behavior (Tasks)

12.  Booting an Oracle Solaris System (Tasks)

13.  Managing the Oracle Solaris Boot Archives (Tasks)

14.  Troubleshooting Booting an Oracle Solaris System (Tasks)

15.  x86: GRUB Based Booting (Reference)

16.  x86: Booting a System That Does Not Implement GRUB (Tasks)

17.  Working With the Oracle Solaris Auto Registration regadm Command (Tasks)

18.  Managing Services (Overview)

19.  Managing Services (Tasks)

20.  Managing Software (Overview)

21.  Managing Software With Oracle Solaris System Administration Tools (Tasks)

22.  Managing Software by Using Oracle Solaris Package Commands (Tasks)

23.  Managing Patches

A.  SMF Services


Tools for User Account and Group Account Management

The following table describes available tools for user account and group management.

Table 4-1 Tools for User Account and Group Management

Tool Name
For More Information
Solaris Management Console
Graphical tool that is used to manage users, groups, roles, rights, mailing lists, disks, terminals, and modems.
smuser, smrole, smgroup
Commands that are used to manage users, groups and roles. The SMC services must be running to use these commands.
useradd, groupadd, roleadd; usermod, groupmod, rolemod; userdel, groupdel, roledel
Commands that are used to manage users, groups, and roles.

You can add a group with the following tools:

Note - The Admintool is not available in this Solaris release.

Table 4-2 Solaris User/Group Command Descriptions

useradd, usermod, userdel
Adds, modifies, or removes a user
groupadd, groupmod, groupdel
Adds, modifies, or removes a group