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Oracle Solaris Administration: Common Tasks     Oracle Solaris 11 Information Library
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Document Information

About This Book

1.  Locating Information About Oracle Solaris Commands

2.  Managing User Accounts and Groups (Overview)

3.  Managing User Accounts and Groups (Tasks)

4.  Booting and Shutting Down an Oracle Solaris System

5.  Working With Oracle Configuration Manager

6.  Managing Services (Overview)

7.  Managing Services (Tasks)

8.  Using the Fault Manager

9.  Managing System Information (Tasks)

10.  Managing System Processes (Tasks)

11.  Monitoring System Performance (Tasks)

Where to Find System Performance Tasks

System Performance and System Resources

Processes and System Performance

About Monitoring System Performance

Monitoring Tools

Displaying System Performance Information (Task Map)

Displaying Virtual Memory Statistics (vmstat)

How to Display Virtual Memory Statistics (vmstat)

How to Display System Event Information (vmstat -s)

How to Display Swapping Statistics (vmstat -S)

How to Display Interrupts Per Device (vmstat -i)

Displaying Disk Utilization Information (iostat)

How to Display Disk Utilization Information (iostat)

How to Display Extended Disk Statistics (iostat -xtc)

Displaying Disk Space Statistics (df)

How to Display Disk Space Information (df -k)

Monitoring System Activities (Task Map)

Monitoring System Activities (sar)

How to Check File Access (sar -a)

How to Check Buffer Activity (sar -b)

How to Check System Call Statistics (sar -c)

How to Check Disk Activity (sar -d)

How to Check Page-Out and Memory (sar -g)

Checking Kernel Memory Allocation

How to Check Kernel Memory Allocation (sar -k)

How to Check Interprocess Communication (sar -m)

How to Check Page-In Activity (sar -p)

How to Check Queue Activity (sar -q)

How to Check Unused Memory (sar -r)

How to Check CPU Utilization (sar -u)

How to Check System Table Status (sar -v)

How to Check Swapping Activity (sar -w)

How to Check Terminal Activity (sar -y)

How to Check Overall System Performance (sar -A)

Collecting System Activity Data Automatically (sar)

Running the sadc Command When Booting

Running the sadc Command Periodically With the sa1 Script

Producing Reports With the sa2 Shell Script

Setting Up Automatic Data Collection (sar)

How to Set Up Automatic Data Collection

12.  Managing Software Packages (Tasks)

13.  Managing Disk Use (Tasks)

14.  Scheduling System Tasks (Tasks)

15.  Setting Up and Administering Printers by Using CUPS (Tasks)

16.  Managing the System Console, Terminal Devices, and Power Services (Tasks)

17.  Managing System Crash Information (Tasks)

18.  Managing Core Files (Tasks)

19.  Troubleshooting System and Software Problems (Tasks)

20.  Troubleshooting Miscellaneous System and Software Problems (Tasks)


Displaying Disk Space Statistics (df)

Use the df command to show the amount of free disk space on each mounted disk. The usable disk space that is reported by df reflects only 90 percent of full capacity, as the reporting statistics allows for 10 percent above the total available space. This head room normally stays empty for better performance.

The percentage of disk space actually reported by the df command is used space divided by usable space.

If the file system exceeds 90 percent capacity, you could transfer files to a disk that is not as full by using the cp command. Alternately, you could transfer files to a tape by using the tar or cpio commands. Or, you could remove the files.

For a detailed description of this command, see the df(1M) man page.

How to Display Disk Space Information (df -k)

Example 11-4 Displaying File System Information

The following example shows the output from the df -k command.

$ df -k
Filesystem           1024-blocks        Used   Available Capacity  Mounted on
rpool/ROOT/solaris-161   191987712     6004395   140577816     5%    /
/devices                       0           0           0     0%    /devices
/dev                           0           0           0     0%    /dev
ctfs                           0           0           0     0%    /system/contract
proc                           0           0           0     0%    /proc
mnttab                         0           0           0     0%    /etc/mnttab
swap                     4184236         496     4183740     1%    /system/volatile
objfs                          0           0           0     0%    /system/object
sharefs                        0           0           0     0%    /etc/dfs/sharetab
/usr/lib/libc/   146582211     6004395   140577816     5%    /lib/
fd                             0           0           0     0%    /dev/fd
swap                     4183784          60     4183724     1%    /tmp
rpool/export           191987712          35   140577816     1%    /export
rpool/export/home      191987712          32   140577816     1%    /export/home
rpool/export/home/123   191987712    13108813   140577816     9%    /export/home/123
rpool/export/repo      191987712    11187204   140577816     8%    /export/repo
rpool/export/repo2010_11   191987712          31   140577816     1%    /export/repo2010_11
rpool                  191987712     5238974   140577816     4%    /rpool
/export/home/123      153686630    13108813   140577816     9%    /home/123

The following table describes the output of the df -k command.

Field Name
Total size of usable space in the file system
Amount of space used
Amount of space available for use
Amount of space used, as a percentage of the total capacity
mounted on
Mount point

Example 11-5 Displaying File System Information by Using the df Command Without Any Options

When the df command is used without operands or options, it reports on all mounted file systems, as shown in the following example:

$ df
/                  (rpool/ROOT/solaris):100715496 blocks 100715496 files
/devices           (/devices          ):       0 blocks        0 files
/dev               (/dev              ):       0 blocks        0 files
/system/contract   (ctfs              ):       0 blocks 2147483601 files
/proc              (proc              ):       0 blocks    29946 files
/etc/mnttab        (mnttab            ):       0 blocks        0 files
/system/volatile   (swap              ):42257568 blocks  2276112 files
/system/object     (objfs             ):       0 blocks 2147483441 files
/etc/dfs/sharetab  (sharefs           ):       0 blocks 2147483646 files
/dev/fd            (fd                ):       0 blocks        0 files
/tmp               (swap              ):42257568 blocks  2276112 files
/export            (rpool/export      ):100715496 blocks 100715496 files
/export/home       (rpool/export/home ):100715496 blocks 100715496 files
/export/home/admin (rpool/export/home/admin):100715496 blocks 100715496 files
/rpool             (rpool             ):100715496 blocks 100715496 files
/export/repo2010_11(rpool/export/repo2010_11):281155639 blocks 281155639 files
/rpool             (rpool             ):281155639 blocks 281155639 files