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Oracle Solaris ZFS Administration Guide     Oracle Solaris 10 1/13 Information Library
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Document Information


1.  Oracle Solaris ZFS File System (Introduction)

2.  Getting Started With Oracle Solaris ZFS

3.  Managing Oracle Solaris ZFS Storage Pools

Components of a ZFS Storage Pool

Using Disks in a ZFS Storage Pool

Using Slices in a ZFS Storage Pool

Using Files in a ZFS Storage Pool

Considerations for ZFS Storage Pools

Replication Features of a ZFS Storage Pool

Mirrored Storage Pool Configuration

RAID-Z Storage Pool Configuration

ZFS Hybrid Storage Pool

Self-Healing Data in a Redundant Configuration

Dynamic Striping in a Storage Pool

Creating and Destroying ZFS Storage Pools

Creating ZFS Storage Pools

Creating a Basic Storage Pool

Creating a Mirrored Storage Pool

Creating a ZFS Root Pool

Creating a RAID-Z Storage Pool

Creating a ZFS Storage Pool With Log Devices

Creating a ZFS Storage Pool With Cache Devices

Cautions For Creating Storage Pools

Displaying Storage Pool Virtual Device Information

Handling ZFS Storage Pool Creation Errors

Detecting In-Use Devices

Mismatched Replication Levels

Doing a Dry Run of Storage Pool Creation

Default Mount Point for Storage Pools

Destroying ZFS Storage Pools

Destroying a Pool With Unavailable Devices

Managing Devices in ZFS Storage Pools

Adding Devices to a Storage Pool

Attaching and Detaching Devices in a Storage Pool

Creating a New Pool By Splitting a Mirrored ZFS Storage Pool

Onlining and Offlining Devices in a Storage Pool

Taking a Device Offline

Bringing a Device Online

Clearing Storage Pool Device Errors

Replacing Devices in a Storage Pool

Designating Hot Spares in Your Storage Pool

Activating and Deactivating Hot Spares in Your Storage Pool

Managing ZFS Storage Pool Properties

Querying ZFS Storage Pool Status

Displaying Information About ZFS Storage Pools

Displaying Information About All Storage Pools or a Specific Pool

Displaying Specific Storage Pool Statistics

Scripting ZFS Storage Pool Output

Displaying ZFS Storage Pool Command History

Viewing I/O Statistics for ZFS Storage Pools

Listing Pool-Wide I/O Statistics

Listing Virtual Device I/O Statistics

Determining the Health Status of ZFS Storage Pools

Basic Storage Pool Health Status

Detailed Health Status

Gathering ZFS Storage Pool Status Information

Migrating ZFS Storage Pools

Preparing for ZFS Storage Pool Migration

Exporting a ZFS Storage Pool

Determining Available Storage Pools to Import

Importing ZFS Storage Pools From Alternate Directories

Importing ZFS Storage Pools

Importing a Pool With a Missing Log Device

Importing a Pool in Read-Only Mode

Importing a Pool By a Specific Device Path

Recovering Destroyed ZFS Storage Pools

Upgrading ZFS Storage Pools

4.  Installing and Booting an Oracle Solaris ZFS Root File System

5.  Managing Oracle Solaris ZFS File Systems

6.  Working With Oracle Solaris ZFS Snapshots and Clones

7.  Using ACLs and Attributes to Protect Oracle Solaris ZFS Files

8.  Oracle Solaris ZFS Delegated Administration

9.  Oracle Solaris ZFS Advanced Topics

10.  Oracle Solaris ZFS Troubleshooting and Pool Recovery

11.  Recommended Oracle Solaris ZFS Practices

A.  Oracle Solaris ZFS Version Descriptions


Managing ZFS Storage Pool Properties

You can use the zpool get command to display pool property information. For example:

# zpool get all tank
tank  size           68G                   -
tank  capacity       0%                    -
tank  altroot        -                     default
tank  health         ONLINE                -
tank  guid           15560293364730146756  -
tank  version        32                    default
tank  bootfs         -                     default
tank  delegation     on                    default
tank  autoreplace    off                   default
tank  cachefile      -                     default
tank  failmode       wait                  default
tank  listsnapshots  on                    default
tank  autoexpand     off                   default
tank  free           68.0G                 -
tank  allocated      124K                  -
tank  readonly       off                   -

Storage pool properties can be set with the zpool set command. For example:

# zpool set autoreplace=on zeepool
# zpool get autoreplace zeepool
zeepool  autoreplace  on       local

If you attempt to set a pool property on a pool that is 100% full, you will see a message similar to the following:

# zpool set autoreplace=on tank
cannot set property for 'tank': out of space

For information on preventing pool space capacity problems, see Chapter 11, Recommended Oracle Solaris ZFS Practices.

Table 3-1 ZFS Pool Property Descriptions

Property Name
Default Value
Read-only value that identifies the amount of storage space within the pool that has been physically allocated.
Identifies an alternate root directory. If set, this directory is prepended to any mount points within the pool. This property can be used when you are examining an unknown pool, if the mount points cannot be trusted, or in an alternate boot environment, where the typical paths are not valid.
Controls automatic device replacement. If set to off, device replacement must be initiated by using the zpool replace command. If set to on, any new device found in the same physical location as a device that previously belonged to the pool is automatically formatted and replaced. The property abbreviation is replace.
Identifies the default bootable file system for the root pool. This property is typically set by the installation programs.
Controls where pool configuration information is cached. All pools in the cache are automatically imported when the system boots. However, installation and clustering environments might require this information to be cached in a different location so that pools are not automatically imported. You can set this property to cache pool configuration information in a different location. This information can be imported later by using the zpool import -c command. For most ZFS configurations, this property is not used.
Read-only value that identifies the percentage of pool space used.

The property abbreviation is cap.

Controls whether a nonprivileged user can be granted access permissions that are defined for a file system. For more information, see Chapter 8, Oracle Solaris ZFS Delegated Administration.
Controls the system behavior if a catastrophic pool failure occurs. This condition is typically a result of a loss of connectivity to the underlying storage device or devices or a failure of all devices within the pool. The behavior of such an event is determined by one of the following values:
  • wait – Blocks all I/O requests to the pool until device connectivity is restored, and the errors are cleared by using the zpool clear command. In this state, I/O operations to the pool are blocked, but read operations might succeed. A pool remains in the wait state until the device issue is resolved.

  • continue – Returns an EIO error to any new write I/O requests, but allows reads to any of the remaining healthy devices. Any write requests that have yet to be committed to disk are blocked. After the device is reconnected or replaced, the errors must be cleared with the zpool clear command.

  • panic – Prints a message to the console and generates a system crash dump.

Read-only value that identifies the number of blocks within the pool that are not allocated.
Read-only property that identifies the unique identifier for the pool.
Read-only property that identifies the current health of the pool, as either ONLINE, DEGRADED, SUSPENDED, REMOVED, or UNAVAIL.
Controls whether share information in this pool is displayed with the zfs list command. The default value is off.
Controls whether snapshot information that is associated with this pool is displayed with the zfs list command. If this property is disabled, snapshot information can be displayed with the zfs list -t snapshot command.
Read-only property that identifies the total size of the storage pool.
Identifies the current on-disk version of the pool. The preferred method of updating pools is with the zpool upgrade command, although this property can be used when a specific version is needed for backwards compatibility. This property can be set to any number between 1 and the current version reported by the zpool upgrade -v command.