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Oracle® Fusion Applications Administrator's Guide
11g Release 6 Refresh 4 (11.1.6)

Part Number E14496-14
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abstract role

An enterprise role that can be associated with any user, irrespective or his or her job or duties. Typical examples of this role are Employee, Manager, Customer, and Supplier. Several job roles are provisioned with each Oracle Fusion application. An abstract role must inherit at least a duty role.

Active Session History (ASH)

See ASH.


Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor. Analyzes statistics to provide automatic diagnosis of major performance problems.

Administration Server

Part of the Oracle WebLogic Server domain and runs the processes that manage Oracle Business Intelligence components. The Administration Server includes the Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console, Oracle Fusion Middleware Control, and JMX MBeans. For a Simple Install type, the Administration Server also includes Java components for Oracle Business Intelligence such as Oracle BI Publisher and Oracle Real-Time Decisions.


Automatic Diagnostic Repository. A file-based repository that stores database diagnostic data such as trace files, the alert log, and Health Monitor reports. Its enables customers and Oracle Support to correlate and analyze diagnostic data across multiple Oracle instances, components, and products. ADR is located outside the database, which enables Oracle Database to access and manage ADR when the physical database is unavailable. An instance can create ADR before a database has been created.


Automatic Diagnostic Repository Command Interpreter. A standard incident administration tool, you can use it for viewing and packaging incidents. It is provided with each instance of the Automatic Diagnostic Repository (ADR) in Oracle Fusion Applications, Oracle Fusion Middleware, and Oracle Database.

Advanced Queuing (AQ)

See AQ.

aggregate storage option (ASO)

See ASO.


Application Programming Interface. A set of exposed data structures and functions that an application can use to invoke services on an application object, such as a portlet.

application programming interface (API)

See API.

application role

A configuring role which is a collection of users, enterprise roles, and application roles, and is stored in the domain policy store.


Advanced Queuing. AQ provides database-integrated message queuing functionality. It leverages the functions of the Oracle database so that messages can be stored persistently, propagated between queues on different machines and databases, and transmitted using Oracle Net Services, HTTP (S), and SMTP.


Active Session History. Active Session History (ASH) statistics are samples of session activity in the database. The database samples active sessions every second and stores them in a circular buffer in the System Global Area (SGA). Any session that is connected to the database and using CPU, or is waiting for an event that does not belong to the idle wait class, is considered an active session


Aggregate Storage Option. The option to use Aggregate Storage as opposed to Block Storage.

automatic memory management

A database memory-management mode whereby the database dynamically tunes the sizes of the individual SGA components and the sizes of the individual Program Global Area (PGA).

automatic PGA memory management

A database memory-management mode whereby you set a target size for the instance PGA. The database then tunes the size of the instance PGA to your target, and dynamically tunes the sizes of individual PGAs.

automatic shared memory management

A database memory-management mode whereby you set target and maximum sizes for the SGA. Oracle Database then tunes the total size of the SGA to your designated target, and dynamically tunes the sizes of all SGA components. In this memory management mode, you also implicitly enable automatic PGA memory management.

Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM)


Automatic Diagnostic Repository (ADR)

See ADR.

Automatic Diagnostic Repository Command Interpreter (adrci)

See adrci.

Automatic Workload Repository (AWR)

See AWR.


Automatic Workload Repository. Automates database statistics gathering by collecting, processing, and maintaining performance statistics for database problem detection and self-tuning purposes.

AWR snapshot

A set of data for a specific time that is used for performance comparisons.


Bounce Handling Daemon. A daemon that tracks e-mail messages that cannot be delivered, parses the returned e-mail messages, and records the cause of the e-mail bounce.

bounce handling daemon (BHD)

See BHD.


Business Process Execution Language. An XML-based markup language for composing a set of discrete web services into an end-to-end process flow.


Block storage option. The option to use block storage as opposed to aggregate storage.

Business Process Execution Language (BPEL)


business role

See job role.


Certificate Authority. A trusted third party that issues, renews, and revokes digital certificates. The CA essentially vouches for a entity's identity, and may delegate the verification of an applicant to a Registration Authority (RA). Some well known Certificate Authorities (CAs) include Digital Signature Trust, Thawte, and VeriSign.

Certificate Authority (CA)

See CA.

Click -Through Daemon (CTD)

See CTD.

Common Unix Printing Service (CUPS)



Customer relationship management. A portfolio of CRM solutions that addresses customer touch-points and provides functionality to support an organization's business needs.


Credential store framework. A set of APIs that applications can use to create, read, update, and manage credentials securely. A typical use of the credential store is to store credentials (user name and password) to access some external system, such as a database or an LDAP-base repository.


Customer Service Representative. Customer service representatives resolve low risk customer issues originating from customer calls. CSRs have limited access to OAAM Admin.

credential store framework (CSF)

See CSF.


Click -Through Daemon. It passes details about the HTTP requests it serviced (tracked URLs, Forward to a Friend and so on) to the Marketing Server through SOAP protocol. The communication between the CTD and the Marketing Server requires you to define a way for the SOAP messages top ass through the inner DMZ firewall.


Common Unix Printing Service. A modular printing system for Unix-like computer operating systems which allows a computer to act as a print server.

customer relationship management (CRM)

See CRM.

customer service representative (CSR)



Data Access Layer. A layer which provides simplified access to data stored in persistent storage, such as a database.

Data Access Layer (DAL)


data role

An enterprise role used exclusively in data security policies. It can inherit job roles, duty roles, and abstract roles. A number of data roles are provisioned with each Oracle Fusion application.

data security policy

An Oracle Fusion application policy which includes a condition that identifies a row or a set of rows in a business object, and the privileges the data security grants are for only the data that meets the condition. Data security policies are stored in the transactional database.

Database Administrator (DBA)

See DBA.


Database Administrator. A user belonging to the DBA group. By default, members in the DBA group have access to all Oracle Portal product pages, and have the Manage privilege for all pages, page groups, database providers, and administration.

diagnostic administrator job role

A job role which can use all diagnostic testing functionality provided for Oracle Fusion applications, including purging test results from the database and canceling test runs started by other users.

diagnostic advanced user job role

A job role which can schedule and execute diagnostic test runs, view diagnostic test results, attach test results to application incidents for Oracle Fusion applications, and cancel diagnostic test runs that were started by the current user. In general, this job role is recommended for running Oracle Fusion Applications diagnostic tests, since its added capabilities allow users to work with administrators more flexibly during troubleshooting.

diagnostic regular User job role

A job role which can schedule and execute diagnostic test runs, view diagnostic test results for Oracle Fusion applications, and cancel diagnostic test runs that were started by the current user.

diagnostic viewer job role

A job role which can view and analyze diagnostic test results for Oracle Fusion applications.

Distinguished Names (DN)

See DN.


The term for any environment that is not a non-distributed environment.


Dynamic Monitoring Service. Enables Oracle Fusion Middleware components to provide administration tools, such as Oracle Enterprise Manager, with data regarding the component's performance, state and on-going behavior. Fusion Middle components push data to DMS and in turn DMS publishes that data through a range of different components. Specifically, DMS is used by Oracle HTTP Server, Oracle Application Development Framework, WebLogic Diagnostic Framework (WLDF), and JDBC. DMS measures and reports metrics, trace events and system performance and provides a context correlation service for these components.


Distinguished Names. Common entries between the source and destination directories.

duty role

An application role that corresponds with the duties of the job.

Dynamic Monitoring Service (DMS)

See DMS.


Enterprise Archive file. A Java EE archive file that is used in deploying applications on a Java EE application server. WebCenter Portal applications are deployed using both a generic EAR file, which contains the application and the respective runtime customization, and a targeted EAR file, which contains only the application for deployment to the application server. EAR files simplify application deployment by reducing the possibility of errors when moving an application from development to test, and test to production.


Execution Context Identifier. A global unique identifier and a sequence number of the thread of execution that the originating component participates in. The identifier can be used to correlate messages from several components that may be involved in the same thread of execution.


Event Delivery Network. A type of queue used for event Propagation. EDN uses Advanced Queueing (AQ) database queues.


Enterprise Java Beans. It is the server-side component architecture for Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE). EJB technology enables rapid and simplified development of distributed, transaction, secure and portable applications based on Java Technology.

Email Sending Daemon (ESD)

See ESD.

Enterprise Archive file (EAR)

See EAR.

enterprise group

The term used for enterprise roles in the Oracle WebLogic Administration Console.

Enterprise Java Beans (EJB)

See EJB.

enterprise role

A configuring role which is a collection of users and other enterprise roles. It is stored in the domain identity store.

Enterprise Scheduler Application (ESSAPP)



Email Sending Daemon. Assembles each outbound email message for a campaign using the email template (HTML or text) and the recipient list, and then sends each message to your company's outbound MTAs for delivery.


Enterprise Scheduler Application. The Oracle Enterprise Scheduler Application manages job requests for the Oracle Fusion Financials product family.


Extract, Transform, and Load. ETL refers to the methods involved in accessing and manipulating source data and loading it into a data warehouse. The order in which these processes are performed varies. Note that ETT (extraction, transformation, transportation) and ETM (extraction, transformation, move) are sometimes used instead of ETL.

Event Delivery Network (EDN)

See EDN.

exclusive binding mode

A method of binding a work assignment to a request processor in which job requests specialized to the work assignment are processed exclusively by that work assignment when it is active. These job requests are excluded from all other work assignments, including the default work assignment. If the work assignment does not have an active workshift, then the job request can be processed by another work assignment.

Execution Context Identifier (ECID)


External roles

The term used for enterprise roles in the Oracle Authorization Policy Manager environment.

extract, transform, and load (ETL)

See ETL.


A collection of components managed by Fusion Applications control. It can contain an Oracle WebLogic Server Domain, one Administration Server, one or more Managed Servers, clusters, and the Oracle Fusion Middleware components that are installed, configured, and running in the domain.


Find, assess, secure, test. A methodology required during data masking.

Find, assess, secure, test (FAST)


FND Grant

Foundation Grant. A data security policy, which ties a data role or job role to a specific set of data.

Foundation Grant (FND Grant)

See FND Grant.

full-movement scenario

A scenario that may occur when moving Oracle Fusion Applications components from one environment to another. In a full-movement scenario, the target environment does not exist. First, the source environment is created, configured, customized, and tested. Then, the target environment is created by moving all the components along with their configurations from the source environment.

functional policy

An Oracle Fusion application policy which does not include a condition. Instead, a function policy assigns permission to resources or code artifacts (such as task flows, pages, Java methods, or UI components) and grants a specific set of actions on each resource. Functional policies are stored in the domain policy store.

global policy attachment (GPA)

See GPA.

global unique identifier (GUID)



Global Policy Attachment. A policy set in which policies are attached globally to a range of endpoints of the same type. By using GPA, you can ensure that all subjects are secured by default.


Global unique identifier. An identifier generated by the system and inserted into an entry when the entry is added to the directory. In a multimaster replicated environment, the GUID, not the DN, uniquely identifies an entry. The GUID of an entry cannot be modified by a user.


Integrated Development Environment. A visual application development tool containing editors, debuggers, screen painters, object browsers, and the like. Oracle JDeveloper is an example of an IDE.

initialization parameter file

A text file that can be read by the Oracle instance, but it is not written to by the instance. You can change a text initialization parameter file with a text editor, but changes do not take effect until you restart the Oracle instance. When you start the instance with this type of file, you can still change many initialization parameters dynamically with Database Control, but only for the current instance. Unless you also edit the text initialization parameter file and make the same change, the change is lost when you restart the database instance.

Integrated Development Environment (IDE)

See IDE.

Internet Printing Protocol (IPP)



Internet Printing Protocol. A standard network protocol for remote printing as well as for managing print jobs, media size, resolution, and so forth.

Java EE

Also known as Java EE 5. Java Enterprise Edition 5 Platform. A platform that enables application developers to develop, deploy, and manage multitier, server-centric, enterprise-level applications. The Java EE platform offers a multi-tiered distributed application model, integrated XML-based data interchange, a unified security model, and flexible transaction control. You can build you own Java EE portlets and expose them through web producers.

Java EE applications

Applications that run in Java Enterprise Edition (Java EE).

Java Message Service (JMS)

See JMS.

Java Required Files (JRF)

See JRF.

Java Virtual Machine (JVM)

See JVM.

JKS keystore

The default JDK implementation of Java keystores.


Java Message Service. A Java API that allows applications to create, send, receive, and read messages using reliable, asynchronous, loosely coupled communication.

job role

An enterprise role that corresponds with a job or business occupation. A Job role must inherit at least a Duty role.

job sets

A collection of job requests.


Java Required Files. The JRF include the Oracle ADF libraries, a number of other components shared by the product suites included in a given installation, and components such as Oracle Metadata Service (MDS) and Oracle Platform Security Services (OPSS).


Java Virtual Machine. A virtual machine that can execute Java bytecode.


Load-balancing router. A very fast network device that distributes Web requests to a large number of servers. It provides portal users with a single published address, without their having to send each request to a specific middle tier server.


Lightweight Directory Access Protocol. A standard, extensible directory access protocol. It is a common language that LDAP clients and servers use to communicate. The framework of design conventions supporting industry-standard directory products, such as the Oracle Internet Directory.

LDAP Data Interchange Format (LDIF)



LDAP Data Interchange Format. The set of standards for formatting an input file for any of the LDAP command-line utilities.

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)


load-balancing router (LBR)

See LBR.

Local Policy Attachment (LPA)

See LPA.


Local Policy Attachment. The act of directly attaching one or more policies to a policy subject.

Managed Server

In a production environment, a Managed Server hosts applications and the resources needed by those applications. A domain, which is a logically related group of Oracle WebLogic Server resources, can have any number of managed Servers. An Administration Server manages these servers.

manual shared memory management

A database memory-management mode whereby you set the sizes of several individual System Global Area (SGA) components, thereby determining the overall SGA size. You then manually tune these individual SGA components on an ongoing basis. Manual shared memory management mode is intended for experienced DBAs only. Note that in this mode, automatic PGA memory management remains enabled.

move plan

A single XML file, derived from multiple configuration archives, that provides the properties required to copy content from one installation to another.


Network Address Translation. The process of modifying IP address information in IP packet headers while in transit across a traffic routing device.

Network Address Translation (NAT)

See NAT.

Network File System (NFS)

See NFS.


Network File System. A distributed file system protocol which allows you to access files over a network in a manner similar to how local storage is accessed.

Node Manager

An Oracle WebLogic Server utility that enables you to start, shut down, and restart Administration Server and Managed Server instances from a remote location. Although Node Manager is optional, it is recommended if your Oracle WebLogic Server environment hosts applications with high availability requirements.


The term for an environment in which the Administration Servers of all the domains and all the system component instances run on the same host.

non-XA transaction

A non-XA transaction always involves just one resource and generally cannot participate in a global transaction.


Oracle Diagnostic Logging. A method of logging which attempts to harmonize the different logging standards that are used by Oracle products.


Oracle Database Vault. ODV establishes limitations on the power of privileged users to access sensitive data through segregation of duties policies on DBA roles and by securely consolidating application data in the database. These limitations prevent DBAs and other privileged users from overriding the protections placed on sensitive data by the Virtual Private Database (VPD). Oracle Fusion Applications deploys with the ODV enabled when it is installed.

offline backup

A mode of backup for your Oracle Fusion Applications Environment in which you must first shut down the environment. The Administration Server, all Managed Servers in the domain, and all system components in the Oracle instances should be shut down.


Online Transaction Processing. OLTP systems are one of the most common data processing systems in today's enterprises. They are primarily characterized through a specific data usage that is different from data warehousing environments, yet some of the characters, such as having large volumes of data and lifecycle-related data usage and importance, are identical. Main characteristics of OLTP are short response time, small transactions, data maintenance operations, large user populations, high concurrency, large data volumes, high availability, and lifecycle related data usage.

online backup

A mode of backup for your Oracle Fusion Applications environment in which you do not shut down the environment before backing up the files. To avoid an inconsistent backup, do not make any configuration changes until the backup is completed. To ensure that no changes are made in the Oracle WebLogic Server Domain, lock the WebLogic Server configuration.

Online Transaction Processing (OLTP)



Oracle Process Manager and Notification Server. A process management tool that manages all system components (server processes), and supports both local and distributed process management, automatic process recycling and the communication of process state (up, down, starting, stopping). OPMN detects process unavailability and automatically restarts processes).

Oracle Database Vault (ODV)

See ODV.

Oracle Diagnostic Logging (ODL)

See ODL.

Oracle Process Manager and Notification Server (OPMN)


Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC)

See RAC.

Oracle WebLogic Server domain

The basic administration unit for WebLogic Server instances. A domain consists of one or more WebLogic Server instances (and their associated resources) that you manage with a single Administration Server. You can define multiple domains based on different system administrators' responsibilities, application boundaries, or geographical locations of servers. Conversely, you can use a single domain to centralize all WebLogic Server administration activities.

Oracle WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST)



Privacy-enhanced Electronic Mail. An encryption technique that provides encryption, authentication, message integrity, and key management.

personally Identifiable Information (PII)



Program Global Area. A memory buffer that contains data and control information for a server process. A PGA is created when a server process is started.


Personally identifiable information. Information that can be used to uniquely identify, contact, or locate a single person or can be used with other sources to uniquely identify an individual.

post-processing function (PPF)

See PPF.


Post-processing function. This is a special case of a user-defined function. A post processing function is called after the mask value is generated using the specified format. The function takes the generated mask value and further modifies it to produce the actual mask value.

Privacy-enhanced Electronic Mail (PEM)

See PEM.


Entitlement (or permission set).

product family

Combinations of one or more Java EE applications specific to Oracle Fusion Applications.

product offering

Groups of features within an installation of Oracle Fusion Applications which represent the highest-level collection of functionality that you can license and implement.

Program Global Area (PGA)

See PGA.


The entire set of operations required to install, configure, and deploy applications product offerings from a system point of view. It performs these operations:

purge policies

Allow the scheduling service to remove scheduled jobs according to specified criteria. For example, a purge policy might specify the retention of all Java type job requests using a particular job definition submitted executed by a given application for three days. Another purge policy might retain a particular type of job request, say, all SQL job requests in a successful state, for only one day. You can also specify the frequency at which the purge policy is to run.

query optimizer

Determines the best and most efficient way to retrieve the results of an SQL statement. It compares the cost of all possible approaches and chooses the approach with the least cost. The query optimizer is responsible for generating an execution plan.


Real Application Clusters. Oracle RAC allows the Oracle Database to run any packaged or custom application across a set of clustered servers. This capability provides the highest levels of availability and the most flexible scalability. If a clustered server fails, Oracle Database continues running on the surviving servers. When more processing power is needed, you can add another server without interrupting access to data.


Repository Creation Utility. Oracle Fusion Applications RCU is a utility that loads applications and middleware content into the database. The process of running Applications RCU creates the applications and middleware schemas, loads seed data, and creates the tablespaces, as well as other required packages.


Remote Diagnostic Agent. Provides a suite of data collection and diagnostic scripts that aid in the analysis and support of Oracle products.

Recovery Manager (RMAN)


Remote Diagnostic Agent (RDA)

See RDA.

Repository Creation Utility (RCU)

See RCU.


Recovery Manager. You can use Oracle Recovery Manager to recover database-based metadata repositories and Oracle Fusion Applications Databases.


Security Assertion Markup Language. Defines a framework for exchanging security information between online business partners.


Session Border Controller. A piece of equipment that is deployed at the border of the network and controls the signaling and media across network address translation (NAT) devices and firewall boundaries. In addition, it prevents unauthorized access and denial of service (DoS) attacks.

Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML)


Secure Socket Layer (SSL)

See SSL.

server parameter file

A binary file that can be written to and read by the database. It must not be edited manually. It is stored on the host system on which Oracle Database is running. Changes are made when you use Database Control to modify one or more initialization parameters, or when Oracle Database itself makes changes for self-tuning purposes. Any changes to it persist across database shutdown and startup operations.

Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA)

See SOA.

Session Border Controller (SBC)

See SBC.


System Global Area. A group of shared memory structures that contains data and control information for one Oracle Database instance. If multiple users are concurrently connected to the same instance, the data in the instance SGA is shared among the users. Consequently, the SGA is sometimes referred to as the shared global area. The combination of the background processes and memory buffers is called an Oracle instance.

Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP)


snapshot (in Content Movement)

An image of a Fusion Applications instance at a moment in time, which can be used as the source for a content movement.Used in the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control interface.


Service-Oriented Architecture. A design methodology aimed at maximizing the reuse of application services.


Simple Object Access Protocol. A protocol for sending and receiving requests and responses across the Internet. It is based on XML and simple transport protocols, so it is not blocked by firewalls. SOAP is independent of operating system, implementation language, or any single object model.


Secure Socket Layer. An industry standard protocol designed by Netscape Communications Corporation for securing network connections. SSL provides authentication, encryption, and data integrity using public key infrastructure (PKI).

standard binding mode

The default mode of binding a work assignment to a request processor. Standard binding mode allows the request processor to process job requests as defined by the specialization rules when an active workshift is defined. If a job request is specialized to two different work assignments, either of those work assignments or the default work assignment can process the job request.

System Global Area (SGA)

See SGA.

task role

See duty role.


Transparent Data Encryption. TDE prevents access to PII in the file system or on backups or disk. It also protects confidential data, such as credit card and social security numbers. TDE also encrypts sensitive table data stored in data files at the tablespace level.

Thread ID (TID)



Thread ID. A unique identifier for the thread within the java process where the message was generated.

Transparent Data Encryption (TDE)

See TDE.


User-Defined Function. Takes the original value, the row id, and column name to generate the mask value. A single column format can be a combination of one or more formats including UDF.

User-Defined Function (UDF)

See UDF.

Virtual Private Database (VPD)

See VPD.


Virtual Private Database. A feature for ASPs that want to leverage the Oracle database to host their customers. Essentially, it uses one physical database instance for all customers, but to each customer it looks as if they have their own database. Users cannot see any information that is not meant for them and complete customer isolation is achieved. It requires little to no changes in the core application to take effect as most of the work is done at the database level. Implementing VPD basically requires two key steps: adding a context column (for example, company name) to all the database tables, and implementing a policy to restrict queries on each table based on the context of the logged in user. VPD provides highly secure, full subscriber isolation using this method.


Oracle WebLogic Scripting Tool. A command line tool for managing Oracle Fusion Middleware components, such as Oracle WebCenter.

work allocation

The process of defining constraints on where and when jobs run as well as the amount of resources that can be used to process the jobs. This process includes creating a work assignment, and the binding the work assignment to a request processor.

work assignments

Rules that govern the execution and binding of jobs to a particular server and request processor.


Temporal window of time during which jobs can processed and what resources can be used during those periods. The resources defined in a workshift include threads, which are a local resource of the request processor, and asynchronous workers, a global resource. The number of asynchronous workers can be specified to throttle the use of a shared global resource, such as database jobs.

XA transaction

An XA transaction is a global transaction that may span multiple resources.