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Resource Management and Oracle® Solaris Zones Developer's Guide

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Updated: October 2017

Overview of Resource Pools

Resource pools provide a framework for managing processor sets and thread scheduling classes. Resource pools are used for partitioning system resources. Resource pools enable you to separate workloads so that workload consumption of certain resources does not overlap. The resource reservation helps to achieve predictable performance on systems with mixed workloads.

For an overview of resource pools and example commands for administering resource pools, see Chapter 12, About Resource Pools in Administering Resource Management in Oracle Solaris 11.3 and Chapter 13, Creating and Administering Resource Pools Tasks in Administering Resource Management in Oracle Solaris 11.3.

A processor set groups the CPUs on a system into a bounded entity, on which a process or processes can run exclusively. Processes cannot extend beyond the processor set, nor can other processes extend into the processor set. A processor set enables tasks of similar characteristics to be grouped together and a hard upper boundary for CPU use to be set.

The resource pool framework allows the definition of a soft processor set with a maximum and minimum CPU count requirement. Additionally, the framework provides a hard-defined scheduling class for that processor set.

A zone can be bound to a resource pool through the pool property of the zone configuration. The zone is bound to the specified pool upon creation of the zone. The pool configuration can be changed only from the global zone. Zones cannot span multiple pools. All processes in a zone run in the same pool. However, multiple zones can bind to the same resource pool.

    A resource pool defines:

  • Processor set groups

  • Scheduling class

Scheduling Class

    Scheduling classes provide different CPU access characteristics to threads that are based on algorithmic logic. The scheduling classes include:

  • Realtime scheduling class

  • Interactive scheduling class

  • Fixed priority scheduling class

  • Timesharing scheduling class

  • Fair share scheduling class

For an overview of fair share scheduler and example commands for administering the fair share scheduler, see Chapter 8, About Fair Share Scheduler in Administering Resource Management in Oracle Solaris 11.3 and Chapter 9, Administering the Fair Share Scheduler Tasks in Administering Resource Management in Oracle Solaris 11.3.

Do not mix scheduling classes in a set of CPUs. If scheduling classes are mixed in a CPU set, system performance might become erratic and unpredictable. Use processor sets to segregate applications by their characteristics. Assign scheduling classes under which the application best performs. For more information about the characteristics of an individual scheduling class, see priocntl(1).

For an overview of resource pools and a discussion of when to use pools, see Resource Pools in Oracle Solaris.