Go to main content
Oracle® Solaris 11.3 Network Administration Cheatsheet

Exit Print View

Updated: July 2017
 
 

Oracle® Solaris 11.3 Network Administration Cheatsheet

This cheatsheet includes examples of common network administration commands. For complete details, see the dladm(1M), ipadm(1M), and route(1M) man pages.


Note -  Some of the following commands include parameters and values that are provided as examples only.

Commonly Used Network Administration Commands

Action
Command
Administering Profiles
List all of the network profiles on a system.
# netadm list
Switch to the fixed mode by enabling the DefaultFixed profile.
# netadm enable -p ncp DefaultFixed
Administering Datalinks
Display all the datalinks (physical and virtual) on a system.
# dladm show-link
Display all the physical datalinks on a system.
# dladm show-phys
Display all the properties for all the datalinks on a system.
# dladm show-linkprop
Display all the properties for a specific datalink on a system.
# dladm show-linkprop net0
Display a specific property for a specific datalink on a system.
# dladm show-linkprop -p mtu net0
Administering IP Interfaces and Addresses
Display general information about a system's IP interfaces.
# ipadm
Display a system's IP interfaces and addresses.
# ipadm show-addr
Create an IP interface and then configure a static IPv4 address for that interface.
# ipadm create-ip net0
# ipadm create-addr -a 10.9.8.7/24 net0/addr
Obtain an IP address from a DHCP server.
# ipadm create-ip net0
# ipadm create-addr -T dhcp net0/addr
Create an auto-generated IPv6 address.
# ipadm create-ip net0
# ipadm create-addr -T addrconf net0/addr
Change the netmask for an IP address object name (net3/v4) to 8.
# ipadm set-addrprop -p prefixlen=8 net3/v4
Configure a persistent default route for a system.
# route -p add default 192.168.1.1
Configure a persistent default route by specifying a name.
# route -p add 9.9.9.9 3.3.3.9 -name route1
persistent: route add 9.9.9.9 3.3.3.9 -name route1
Configure a static route for a system.
# route -p add -net 192.168.3.0 -gateway 192.168.1.1
Configure a system's host name.
# hostname hostname
Set a system's domain name.
# domainname name-of-domain
Administering Naming Services
Configure DNS for a system.
# svccfg -s dns/client setprop config/nameserver=net_address: 192.168.1.1
# svccfg -s dns/client setprop config/domain = astring: "myhost.org"
# svccfg -s name-service/switch setprop config/host = astring: '"files dns"'
# svcadm refresh name-service/switch
# svcadm refresh dns/client
# svcadm enable dns/client

Commonly Used IP Administration Commands

Action
Command
Administering TCP
Display TCP protocol properties.
# ipadm show-prop tcp
Assign values to protocol properties.
# ipadm set-prop [-t] -p property=value[,...] protocol
Remove one value from a set of values for a given property.
# ipadm set-prop -p property-=value2
Reset a specific protocol property to its default value.
# ipadm reset-prop -p property protocol
Enable packet forwarding for all IPv4 traffic on a system.
# ipadm set-prop -p forwarding=on ipv4
Enable packet forwarding for all IPv6 traffic on a system.
# ipadm set-prop -p forwarding=on ipv6
Display the lowest port number for a non-privileged port.
# ipadm show-prop -p smallest-nonpriv-port tcp
Add a port to the extra privileged ports.
# ipadm set-prop -p extra-priv-ports+=3001 tcp
Remove a privileged port.
# ipadm set-prop -p extra-priv-ports-=4045 tcp
Display the ECN property.
# ipadm show-prop -p ecn tcp
Add an algorithm for congestion control in the TCP protocol.
# ipadm set-prop -p cong-enabled+=algorithm tcp
Remove an algorithm for congestion control in the TCP protocol.
# ipadm set-prop -p cong-enabled-=algorithm tcp
Replace the default algorithm for congestion control in the TCP protocol.
# ipadm set-prop -p cong-default=algorithm tcp
Display the algorithm currently used by UDP sockets.
# ipadm show-prop -p reuseport-lbalg udp
Set the value of the TCP receive buffer size.
# ipadm set-prop -p recv-buf=value tcp
Display information about IP interfaces in a system.
# ipadm show-if
Display information about IP interfaces and addresses in a system.
# ipadm show-addr
Administering IPMP Interfaces
Create an IPMP interface.
# ipadm create-ipmp ipmp-interface
Create an underlying IP interface that can be added to the IPMP interface.
# ipadm create-ip under-interface
Add the underlying IP interfaces to the IPMP interface.
# ipadm add-ipmp -i under-interface1 [-i under-interface2 ...] ipmp-interface
Set DHCP to manage and configure the data address for the IPMP interface.
# ipadm create-addr -T dhcp ipmp-interface
Set DHCP to manage the test addresses of the underlying interfaces in an IPMP group for probe-based failure detection.
# ipadm create-addr -T dhcp under-interface
Set one of the underlying interface as a standby interface.
# ipadm set-ifprop -p standby=on -m ip under-interface
Remove the data address from an IP interface.
# ipadm delete-addr addrobj
Remove one or more interfaces from an IPMP group.
# ipadm remove-ipmp -i under-interface[ -i under-interface ...] ipmp-interface
Display the list of data addresses.
# ipadm show-addr ipmp-interface
Display the list of test addresses.
# ipadm show-addr
Move an interface to a different IPMP group.
# ipadm add-ipmp -i under-interface ipmp-interface
Remove the IP interfaces from an IPMP group.
# ipadm add-ipmp -i under-interface ipmp-interface
Remove an IPMP interface.
# ipadm delete-ipmp ipmp-interface
Administering IP Tunnel Interfaces
Create an IP interface over an IP tunnel.
# ipadm create-ip tunnel-interface
Assign local and remote IP addresses to a tunnel interface.
# ipadm create-addr [-t] -a local=address,remote=address interface
Unplumb the IP interface that is configured over the tunnel.
# ipadm delete-ip tunnel-link

Commonly Used Datalink Administration Commands

Component
Action
Syntax
Example
Administering Virtual Networks
VNIC
Create
dladm create-vnic [-t] [-f] -l link [-R root-dir] [-m value | auto | {factory [-n slot-identifier]} | {vrrp -A {inet | inet6} -V vrid} | {random [-r prefix]}] [-v vlan-id[,pvlan-svid[,pvlan-type]]] [-P pkey] [-p prop=value[,...]] vnic-link
# dladm create-vnic -l net0 vnic1
# dladm create-vnic -l net0 -m factory -n 1 hello0
where –n specifies the a factory MAC address slot to be used.
# dladm create-vnic -m vrrp -V 21 -A inet6 -l net0 vnic0
where –A specifies the address family and –V specifies the virtual router ID (VRID) for assigning a virtual MAC address to the VRRP VNIC.
Display
dladm show-vnic [–P | {–z zone[,..]}] [[–p] –o field[,..]] [–l link] [vnic-link]
# dladm show-vnic
Modify
dladm modify-vnic [–t] [–R root-dir] –l link] [–m value | auto | {factory [–n slot-identifier]} | {vrrp –A {inet | inet6} –V vrid} | {random [–r prefix]}] [–v vlan-id] {vnic-link,[vnic-link ,...] | –L source-link}
# dladm modify-vnic -l net1 -m 2:8:20:00:01:02 vnic0
where –m specifies the VNIC's MAC address based on the specified value or keyword.
# dladm modify-vnic -l net1 -L net0
where –l specifies the datalink to which the VNICs need to be moved and –L specifies the source datalink.
Delete
dladm delete-vnic [-t] [-R root-dir] vnic-link
# dladm delete-vnic vnic0
VLAN VNIC
Create
dladm create-vnic -v vlan-id -l link vnic-link
# dladm create-vnic -v 101 -l net0 vnic1
Modify
dladm modify-vnic -v vlan-id -L source-link
# dladm modify-vnic -v 123 -L net0
PVLAN VNIC
Create
dladm create-vnic -v vlan-id,pvlan-svid,pvlan-type -l link vnic-link
# dladm create-vnic -v 4,110,community -l net1 vnic2
VF VNIC
Create
dladm create-vnic -p iov=value -l link vfvnic-link
# dladm create-vnic -p iov=on -l net0 vfvnic1
IPoIB VNIC
Create
dladm create-vnic -l link -P pkey vnic-link
# dladm create-vnic -l net4 -P 0xffff ipoib_vnic0
Etherstub
Create
dladm create-etherstub [–t] [–R root-dir] etherstub
# dladm create-etherstub etherstub0 
Display
dladm show-etherstub [–Z] [–z zone[,...]] [etherstub ]
# dladm show-etherstub
Delete
dladm delete-etherstub [– t] [–R root-dir] etherstub
# dladm delete-etherstub etherstub0
VXLAN
Create
dladm create-vxlan [–t] [–R root-dir] –p vni=vxlan id,addr=ip_address [,prop=value[,...] ] vxlan-link
# dladm create-vxlan -p addr=10.10.11.1,vni=10 vxlan1
Display
dladm show-vxlan [–P] [[–p] –o field[,...]] [vxlan-link]
# dladm show-vxlan
Delete
dladm delete-vxlan [-t] [-R root-dir] vxlan-link
# dladm delete-vxlan vxlan1
Administering Aggregations
Trunk aggregation
Create
dladm create-aggr [-t] [ -R root-dir] -m mode] [-P policy] [ -L lacpmode] [-T time] [-u address] -l link1 [ -l link2...] aggr-link
# dladm create-aggr -m trunk -L LACP-mode -l net0 -l net1 aggr0
Add links
dladm add-aggr -l link1 [-l link2...] aggr-link
# dladm add-aggr -l net3 aggr0
Remove a link
dladm remove-aggr -l link aggr-link
# dladm remove-aggr -l net3 aggr0
Modify
dladm modify-aggr [–t] [–R root-dir] [–m mode] [–P policy] [–L lacpmode] [–T time] [–u address] aggr-link
# dladm modify-aggr -L active -T short aggr0
Display
dladm show-aggr [–PLxZSCv] [[–p] –o field[,...]] [–z zone[,...]] [aggr-link]
# dladm show-aggr
Delete
dladm delete-aggr [-t] [-R root-dir] aggr-link
# dladm delete-aggr aggr0
DLMP aggregation
Create
dladm create-aggr -m dlmp -l link1 [-l link2...] aggr-link
# dladm create-aggr -m dlmp -l net0 -l net1 -l net2 aggr0
Configure probe-based failure detection
dladm set-linkprop -p probe-ip=+ aggr
dladm set-linkprop -p probe-ip=[source[,...]]+[target[,...]] aggr
# dladm set-linkprop -p probe-ip=+ aggr1
Administering VLANs
VLAN
Create
dladm create-vlan [-ft] [-R root-dir] -l ether-link -v vid[,pvlan-svid[,pvlan-type]] [vlan-link]
# dladm create-vlan -l net0 -v 123 tech0
Display
dladm show-vlan [–PZ] [[–p] –o field[,...]] [–z zone[,...]] [vlan-link ]
# dladm show-vlan
Modify
dladm modify-vlan [–t] [–R root-dir] [–l ether-link] [–v vid[,pvlan-svid[,pvlan-type]] [–f]] {vlan-link,[vlan-link,...] | –L source-ether-link}
# dladm modify-vlan -v 123 web1
# dladm modify-vlan -l net1 -L net4
# dladm modify-vlan -l net3 vlan1,vlan2,vlan3
Delete
dladm delete-vlan vlan-link
# dladm delete-vlan vlan1
PVLAN
Create
dladm create-vlan -v vlan-id,pvlan-svid,[pvlan-type] [vlan-link]
# dladm create-vlan -v 3,100,isolated -l net0 vlan1
# dladm create-vlan -v 3,100 -l net0 vlan1
Modify
dladm modify-vlan [–t] [–R root-dir] –v vid,pvlan-svid[,pvlan-type] vlan-link
# dladm modify-vlan -v 15,103,community vlan1
Administering Bridges
Bridge
Create
dladm create-bridge [ –P protect] [–R root-dir] [ –p priority] [ –m max-age] [ –h hello-time] [ –d forward-delay] [ –f force-protocol] [–l link...] bridge-name
# dladm create-bridge -P stp -d 12 -l net0 -l net1 brooklyn
Add links
dladm add-bridge [-R root-dir] -l link [-l link...]bridge-name
# dladm add-bridge -l net2 brooklyn
Modify
dladm modify-bridge [ –P protect] [–R root-dir] [ –p priority] [ –m max-age] [ –h hello-time] [ –d forward-delay] [ –f force-protocol] [–l link...]
# dladm modify-bridge -P stp brooklyn
Display
dladm show-bridge [–flt] [–s [–i interval]] [[–p] –o field,...] [bridge-name]
# dladm show-bridge
Remove links
dladm remove-bridge [–R root-dir] –l link [– l link...] bridge-name
# dladm remove-bridge -l net0 -l net1 -l net2 charles
Delete Bridge
dladm delete-bridge [–R root-dir] bridge-name
# dladm delete-bridge coronado
Setting Link Properties
Link Properties
Set
dladm set-linkprop [–t] [–R root-dir] –p prop=value[,...] link
# dladm set-linkprop -p bwshare=40 vnic1
# dladm set-linkprop -p iov=on net0
Reset
dladm reset-linkprop [–t] [–R root-dir] [–p prop,...] link
# dladm reset-linkprop -p stp_priority brooklyn
# dladm reset-linkprop -p protection vnic0
Display
dladm show-linkprop [–HPZ] [[–c] –o field[,...]][– p prop[,...]] [–z zone[,...]] [link]
# dladm show-linkprop -p etsbw-lcl,etsbw-rmt,etsbw-lcl-advice vnic1
Administering Physical Links
Physical links
Display
dladm show-phys [-PZ] [-Lmv] [[-p] -o field[,...]] [-H] [-z zone[,...]] [[-D [dcb-feature]] [-lr]] [-G] [phys-link]
# dladm show-phys -m net0
where –m specifies the list of factory MAC addresses, their slot identifiers, and their availability.
# dladm show-phys -o LINK,VFS-INUSE
Delete
dladm delete-phys phys-link
# dladm delete-phys mgmt0