1 Introduction to Middleware Management

This section introduces the use of Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control to monitor and manage middleware software, including Oracle Fusion Middleware and Oracle WebLogic Server.

This section covers the following:

1.1 Middleware Management with Enterprise Manager Cloud Control

Middleware is the software that enables your enterprise applications to run. Managing the underlying middleware technology can be difficult, and IT organizations often have to rely on a variety of specialized tools. This can lead to inefficiency and may introduce complexities and risks.

Enterprise Manager Cloud Control is the definitive tool for middleware management and allows you to manage both Oracle applications and custom Java EE applications that run on a combination of Oracle Fusion Middleware as well as non-Oracle middleware software.

Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control is a Web browser-based, graphical user interface that you can use to monitor multiple Oracle Fusion Middleware Farms and Oracle WebLogic Domains. In fact, Cloud Control provides deep management solutions for Oracle technologies including Oracle packaged applications, Oracle Database and Oracle VM.

Enterprise Manager Cloud Control supports the discovery, monitoring and central management of the entire family of Oracle Fusion Middleware components, including:

  • Oracle WebLogic Domains, clusters and single server instances

  • Oracle GlassFish Domains, Clusters, and Servers

  • Clustered and standalone Java EE applications

  • Oracle HTTP Server as well as standalone Oracle HTTP Server (that is, Oracle HTTP Server not associated with an Oracle WebLogic Domain) and Oracle Web Cache

  • Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) components

  • Oracle Identity Management

  • Metadata Services repositories

  • Oracle WebCenter

  • Oracle Portal

  • Oracle Business Intelligence Discoverer

  • Oracle Forms Services

  • Oracle Reports

  • Directory Server Enterprise Edition

  • Oracle Coherence

  • Oracle Exalogic Elastic Cloud

  • Oracle Application Server

  • Java EE

Cloud Control also offers extensive support for non-Oracle technologies through more than two dozen heterogeneous management plug-ins and connectors including IBM WebSphere Application Server, JBoss Application Server, EMC storage, F5 BIG IP, Check Point Firewall, Apache HTTP Server, Microsoft MOM, and BMC Remedy.

A key benefit of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control is that unlike other Fusion Middleware management utilities - such as Fusion Middleware Control and the WebLogic Server Administration Console - you can monitor and manage multiple middleware targets, such as all of your WebLogic Domains, from a single console.

You can also view real time as well as historic performance metrics collected from middleware targets. This enables you to monitor the availability and performance of Oracle Fusion Middleware software both in real time and from a historical perspective for trend analysis and diagnosing availability and performance problems.

Enterprise Manager Cloud Control also enables you to manage the infrastructure upon which the middle tier depends. You can manage underlying operating systems and hosts on which the middleware software is installed. You can also monitor the databases used by deployed applications, enabling you to diagnose application performance problems and identify the true root cause of the problem and the tier (middleware, database) on which it occurs.

The built-in topology viewer allows you to visualize and monitor your entire Oracle Fusion Middleware environment in a graphical display. Topologies can be viewed for a single SOA composite, an Oracle WebLogic Domain, or across multiple Oracle WebLogic Domains.

Management of Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) components such as BPEL processes and infrastructure components such as Oracle Service Bus, is also supported. The infrastructure provides monitoring, fault management, configuration management, deployment and dependency views of wiring between components.

1.2 Key Oracle Fusion Middleware Management Features

Cloud Control provides full historical monitoring across the middleware tier, from WebLogic Server instance and the Java virtual machine (JVM) it runs within, to the Oracle Fusion Middleware components running on the application server. It also provides full configuration and lifecycle management of middleware components, while the product's extensive performance monitoring and diagnostics capabilities enable troubleshooting issues anywhere within the middleware tier.

With Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, you can:

  • Centrally manage multiple Oracle Fusion Middleware Farms and WebLogic Domains.

  • Manage third party products such as IBM WebSphere Application Server, JBoss Application Server, Apache HTTP Server, Apache Tomcat and the Microsoft .NET Framework.

  • Manage non-middleware software such as underlying operating systems and hardware on which the middleware software is installed. This allows administrators to correlate middleware performance with its underlying host performance.

  • Manage database software and diagnose application performance problems and identify the true root cause of the problem and the tier (middleware, database) on which it occurs.

  • Monitor the availability and performance of Oracle Fusion Middleware software in real time and from a historical perspective for trend analysis.

  • Diagnose availability and performance problems.

  • Monitor and trace important end-user requests from the client to the service endpoint across all the servers and applications associated with each transaction.

  • Monitor Java applications and diagnose performance problems in production using JVM Diagnostics.

  • Define Service Level Objectives (SLOs) in terms of out-of-box system-level metrics as well as end user experience metrics to accurately monitor and report on Service Level Agreement (SLA) compliance.

  • Perform several critical tasks like:

    • Setting thresholds on performance metrics. When these thresholds are violated, e-mail and page notifications are sent.

    • Tracking configuration changes and comparing configurations between example test environment and production environment.

  • View Business Applications to access RUEI and BTM performance data as well as information about the application's supporting infrastructure.

1.3 Managing Fusion Middleware with Fusion Middleware Control

Fusion Middleware Control organizes a wide variety of performance data and administrative functions into distinct, Web-based home pages for the cluster, domain, servers, components, and applications. The Fusion Middleware Control home pages make it easy to locate the most important monitoring data and the most commonly used administrative functions all from your Web browser.

Fusion Middleware Control is a part of the Oracle Fusion Middleware installation. With Fusion Middleware Control, you can:

  • Manage a single Oracle Fusion Middleware Farm and a single WebLogic Domain. Unlike Cloud Control, this is current information only. There is no storage of historical data when using Fusion Middleware Control.

  • Monitor the availability and performance of Fusion Middleware software in real time mode.

  • Perform routine administration tasks such as deploying applications, configuring parameters, and so on.

Note: In Fusion Middleware Control, you cannot analyze historical metric data, and the real-time analysis is limited to a single domain

For more details, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide 11g Release 2 and Oracle Fusion Middleware Administering Oracle Fusion Middleware 12c.