This preface contains:
See Also:Oracle Database New Features Guide
The following are changes in Oracle Database Installation Guide for Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1):
Oracle Home User Support for Database
Starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1), Oracle Database supports the use of Oracle Home User, which can be specified at installation time. The Oracle Home User can be a Windows Built-in Account or a standard Windows User Account (not an Administrator account). This account is used for running Windows services for Oracle home. For enhanced security, Oracle recommends that you use a standard Windows User Account (instead of Windows Built-in Account).
Oracle ASM File Access Control on Windows
This feature provides access control to separate the roles on Windows. With Oracle database services running as users rather than Local System, the Oracle ASM access control feature must be enabled to support role separation on Windows. In previous releases, this feature was disabled on Windows because all Oracle services run as Local System.
Oracle Flex ASM
Oracle Flex ASM enables an Oracle ASM instance to run on a separate physical server from the database servers. Any number of Oracle ASM servers can be clustered to support much larger number of database clients.
Oracle Database instances can be set up as clients to Oracle Flex ASM where metadata is provided to the database instance by an Oracle Flex ASM instance that may be on a different node than the database instance.
Note that Oracle Flex ASM can apply to a collection of databases, each one a single instance but running in a Flex ASM Cluster.
Deinstallation Tool Integrated with Installation Media
Simplified Oracle Label Security Installation
Simplified Oracle Database Vault Installation
Unified Database Audit Configuration
Starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1), you can create named audit policies. An audit policy contains a set of audit options and it is stored in the database as an object. The advantage of creating a named audit policy is that it reduces the number of commands that are required to create a database audit policy, and it simplifies the implementation of an audit configuration for security and compliance with conditional auditing.
This new audit policy framework is included with the database installation.
See Also:Oracle Database Security Guide
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Express 12c
Support for Separation of Database Administration Duties
Oracle DBCA Support for CDBs and PDBs
Starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1), Oracle Database Configuration Assistant (Oracle DBCA) allows you to create either a non-CDB or a multitenant container database (CDB). You can create the CDB with zero, one, or more user-created pluggable databases (PDBs).
You can also create a CDB with one PDB during database installation.
Support for NFS Version in Direct NFS Client
Starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1), you can specify the NFS protocol version to be used by the Direct NFS Client.
See Also:"Enabling Direct NFS Client."
Configuring the OraClrAgnt Service for Oracle Database Extensions for .NET
Starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1), after installation you use the
OraClrCtl.exe utility to create, start, stop, and delete the OraClrAgnt service.
The following features are deprecated in this release, and may be desupported in a future release. See Oracle Database Upgrade Guide for a complete list of deprecated features in this release.
Change for Standalone Deinstallation Tool
The deinstallation tool is now integrated with the database installation media.
-cleanupOBase flag of the deinstallation tool is deprecated in this release. There is no replacement for this flag.
Windows NTS Authentication Using the NTLM Protocol
The NTS authentication adapter no longer supports the use of the NT LAN Manager (NTLM) protocol to authenticate Windows domain users. Thus, the NTS adapter cannot be used to authenticate users in old Windows NT domains or domains with old Windows NT domain controllers. However, local connections and Oracle Database services running as a Windows Local User continues to be authenticated using NTLM. A new client-side
sqlnet.ora boolean parameter,
no_ntlm (default value is
FALSE) allows you to control if NTLM can be used in NTS authentication. When the parameter is set to
TRUE, NTLM cannot be used in NTS authentication.
The following features are no longer supported by Oracle. See Oracle Database Upgrade Guide for a complete list of desupported features in this release.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
CLEANUP_ORACLE_BASE Property Removed
Oracle COM Automation
Oracle Objects for OLE
Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor