#include <db.h>

DB_ENV->set_tmp_dir(DB_ENV *dbenv, const char *dir);  

Specify the path of a directory to be used as the location of temporary files. The files created to back in-memory access method databases will be created relative to this path. These temporary files can be quite large, depending on the size of the database.

If no directories are specified, the following alternatives are checked in the specified order. The first existing directory path is used for all temporary files.

  1. The value of the environment variable TMPDIR.

  2. The value of the environment variable TEMP.

  3. The value of the environment variable TMP.

  4. The value of the environment variable TempFolder.

  5. The value returned by the GetTempPath interface.

  6. The directory /var/tmp.

  7. The directory /usr/tmp.

  8. The directory /temp.

  9. The directory /tmp.

  10. The directory C:/temp.

  11. The directory C:/tmp.


Environment variables are only checked if one of the DB_USE_ENVIRON or DB_USE_ENVIRON_ROOT flags were specified.


The GetTempPath interface is only checked on Win/32 platforms.

The database environment's temporary file directory may also be configured using the environment's DB_CONFIG file. The syntax of the entry in that file is a single line with the string "set_tmp_dir", one or more whitespace characters, and the directory name. Because the DB_CONFIG file is read when the database environment is opened, it will silently overrule configuration done before that time.

The DB_ENV->set_tmp_dir() method configures operations performed using the specified DB_ENV handle, not all operations performed on the underlying database environment.

The DB_ENV->set_tmp_dir() method returns a non-zero error value on failure and 0 on success.



The dir parameter is the directory to be used to store temporary files. This directory must currently exist at environment open time.

When using a Unicode build on Windows (the default), the this argument will be interpreted as a UTF-8 string, which is equivalent to ASCII for Latin characters.


The DB_ENV->set_tmp_dir() method may fail and return one of the following non-zero errors:


If the method was called after DB_ENV->open() was called; or if an invalid flag value or parameter was specified.



See Also

Database Environments and Related Methods