Configuring Attachments to Ultra High Performance Volumes

When you attach a volume configured for the Ultra High Performance level, to achieve the optimal performance, the volume attachment must be multipath-enabled. The Block Volume service attempts to enable the attachment for multipath when the volume is being attached. If not all of the prerequisites have been addressed, the volume attachment will not be multipath-enabled.

To determine if the volume attachment is multipath-enabled, see Checking if a Volume Attachment is Multipath-Enabled. .

This topic describes the prerequisites and the steps you can take to ensure the volume attachment is multipath-capable.

For iSCSI attachments, see Multipath-Enabled iSCSI Attachments. After you have confirmed that the iSCSI attachment is multipath-enabled, see Working with Multipath-Enabled iSCSI-Attached Volumes for steps you can use for connecting to and working with the volume.

For paravirtualized attachments, see Multipath-Enabled Paravirtualized Attachments.

Multipath-Enabled iSCSI Attachments

The section describes the prerequisites and steps required to configurre multipath-enabled iSCSI volume attachments.

Prerequisites

Following is a list of prerequisites and requirements for multipath-enabled iSCSI attachments.

  1. The instance must be based on a supported shape. See Supported Compute Shapes for Multipath-Enabled iSCSI Attachments for more information.

  2. The instance must be running a supported image, see Supported Images for Multipath-Enabled iSCSI Attachments for more information.

  3. The instance does not have another multipath-enabled attachment on the same instance.

  4. The Block Volume Management plugin must be enabled for the instance. See Enabling the Block Volume Management Plugin for more information.

  5. The compute instance must have either a public IP address or a service gateway for the Block Volume Management plugin to be able to connect to Oracle services, see Service gateways or public IP addresses.
  6. Permissions must be configured to allow the Block Volume Management plugin to report the iSCSI setup results for multipath-enabled iSCSI attachments, see Configure Permissions.
  7. The volume attachment must be configured to use a consistent device path. See Connecting to Volumes With Consistent Device Paths for more information.

Supported Images for Multipath-Enabled iSCSI Attachments

For multipath-enabled attachments, the attached instance must be running Oracle Linux or a custom image based on an Oracle Linux image.

Note

Multipath-enabled attachments are not supported for Windows instances or Oracle Autonomous Linux instances.

Required Custom Image Configuration to Support Multipath-Enabled iSCSI Attachments

For a custom image to support multipath-enabled iSCSI attachments, the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel (UEK) version must be UEK6U1 or higher. The UEK6U1 UEK is associated with the kernel major release version 5.4.17-2036, released in November, 2020.

After you have verified that the custom image UEK version is one that supports multipath-enabled attachments, you need to update the Storage.Iscsi.MultipathDeviceSupported property for the image to true. For more information, see Configuring Image Capabilities for Custom Images.

Supported Compute Shapes for Multipath-Enabled iSCSI Attachments

This section identifies the Compute shapes that support multipath-enabled iSCSI attachments. For more details, such as performance characteristics and maximum number of attachments, see Performance Details for Instance Shapes.

VM Shapes

Current VM shapes configured for 16 cores or more support multipath-enabled attachments. See VM Shapes for iSCSI-attached Volumes for performance characteristics of volumes attached to VMs with iSCSI attachments. To verify that a shape supports multipath-enabled attachments look for the value Yes in the Supports Ultra High Performance (UHP) column in the VM Shapes table.

Bare Metal Shapes

All current bare metal shapes support multipath-enabled iSCSI attachments. See for more information Bare Metal Shapes for performance characteristics of block volumes attached to bare metal instances.

Multipath-Enabled Paravirtualized Attachments

The section describes the prerequisites and steps required to configurre multipath-enabled paravirtualized volume attachments.

Supported Images for Multipath-Enabled Paravirtualized Attachments

For multipath-enabled attachments, the attached instance must be running Oracle Linux, Ubuntu, or CentOS, or a custom image based on those images.

Note

Multipath-enabled attachments are not supported for Windows instances or Oracle Autonomous Linux instances.

Supported Compute Shapes for Multipath-Enabled Paravirtualized Attachments

Current VM shapes configured for 16 cores or more support multipath-enabled attachments. See VM Shapes for Paravirtualized Attached Volumes for performance characteristics of volumes attached to VMs with paravirtualized attachments. To verify that a shape supports multipath-enabled attachments look for the value Yes in the Supports Ultra High Performance (UHP) column in the VM Shapes table.

Note

Multipath-enabled attachments to bare metal instances only support iSCSI attachments.

For more details, such as performance characteristics and maximum number of attachments, see Performance Details for Instance Shapes.