Resizing a Volume

The Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Block Volume service lets you expand the size of block volumes and boot volumes. You have several options to increase the size of your volumes:

For more information about the Block Volume service, see the Block Volume FAQ.

You can only increase the size of the volume, you cannot decrease the size.

Note

If cross-region replication is enabled for the volume you want to resize, before you resize the volume, you must disable cross-region replication. Once the volume is resized, you can renable cross-region replication for the volume. For more information about this feature, see Cross-Region Volume Replication.
Note

Resizing IDE type boot volumes is not supported. This applies to both offline and online resizing. To workaround this limitation, you can do one of the following:

  • Terminate the VM instance, ensuring that you keep the boot volume when you terminate the instance. Resize the boot volume that you have kept, and then launch a new VM instance, using the resized boot volume as the image source.

  • Create a clone of the boot volume, resize the boot volume clone, and then launch a new VM instance using the resized boot volume clone as the image source.

Caution

Before you resize a boot or block volume, you should create a backup of the volume.
Note

After a volume has been resized, the first backup on the resized volume will be a full backup. See Volume Backup Types for more information about full versus incremental volume backups.

Required IAM Policy

To use Oracle Cloud Infrastructure, you must be granted security access in a policy  by an administrator. This access is required whether you're using the Console or the REST API with an SDK, CLI, or other tool. If you get a message that you don’t have permission or are unauthorized, verify with your administrator what type of access you have and which compartment  to work in.

For administrators: The policy in Let users launch compute instances includes the ability to attach/detach existing block volumes. The policy in Let volume admins manage block volumes, backups, and volume groups lets the specified group do everything with block volumes and backups, but not launch instances.

If you're new to policies, see Getting Started with Policies and Common Policies. For reference material about writing policies for instances, cloud networks, or other Core Services API resources, see Details for the Core Services.

Online Resizing of Block Volumes Using the Console

With online resizing, you can expand the volume size without detaching the volume from an instance.

To resize a block volume attached to a Linux-based instance
  1. Open the navigation menu and click Storage. Under Block Storage, click Block Volumes.
  2. In the Block Volumes list, click the block volume you want to resize.
  3. Click Edit Size or Performance.
  4. Specify the new size in VOLUME SIZE (IN GB). You must specify a larger value than the block volume's current size.

  5. Click Save Changes. This opens a dialog that lists the commands to rescan the disk that you need to run after the volume is provisioned. You need to run these commands so that the operating system identifies the expanded volume size. Click the Copy link to copy the commands, and then click Close to close the dialog.

  6. Log on to your instance's OS and then paste and run the rescan commands you copied in the previous step into your instance session window. The rescan commands are also provided in Rescanning the Disk for Volumes Attached to Linux-Based Instances.
  7. Extend the partition, see Extending the Partition for a Block Volume.

To resize a block volume attached to a Windows instance

This procedure describes the process for online resizing for block volumes attached to Windows instances, or other instance types that are not Linux-based.

  1. Open the navigation menu and click Storage. Under Block Storage, click Block Volumes.
  2. In the Block Volumes list, click the block volume you want to resize.
  3. Click Edit Size or Performance.
  4. Specify the new size in VOLUME SIZE (IN GB). You must specify a larger value than the block volume's current size.

  5. Click Save Changes.

  6. Rescan the disk, see Rescanning the Disk for Volumes Attached to Windows Instances.
  7. Extend the partition, see Extending the Partition for a Block Volume.

To resize a boot volume for a Linux-based Instance
  1. Open the navigation menu and click Storage. Under Block Storage, click Block Volumes. In the Block Storage menu on the sidebar, click Boot Volumes.
  2. In the Boot Volumes list, click the boot volume you want to resize.
  3. Click Edit Size or Performance.
  4. Specify the new size in VOLUME SIZE (IN GB). You must specify a larger value than the boot volume's current size.

  5. Click Save Changes. This opens a dialog that lists the commands to rescan the disk that you need to run after the volume is provisioned. You need to run these commands so that the operating system identifies the expanded volume size. Click the Copy link to copy the commands, and then click Close to close the dialog.

  6. Log on to your instance's OS and then paste and run the rescan commands you copied in the previous step into your instance session window. The rescan commands are also provided in Rescanning the Disk for Volumes Attached to Linux-Based Instances.
  7. Extend the partition and grow the file system using the oci-growfs operation from OCI Utilities.

Resizing a Boot Volume for a Windows Instance
  1. Open the navigation menu and click Storage. Under Block Storage, click Block Volumes. In the Block Storage menu on the sidebar, click Boot Volumes.
  2. In the Boot Volumes list, click the boot volume you want to resize.
  3. Click Resize.
  4. Click Save Changes.

  5. Rescan the disk, see Rescanning the Disk for Volumes Attached to Windows Instances.

  6. Extend the partition, see Extending the System Partition on a Windows-Based Image.

Offline Resizing of Block Volumes Using the Console

With offline resizing, you detach the volume from an instance before you expand the volume size. Once the volume is resized and reattached, you need to extend the partition, but you do not need to rescan the disk.

Considerations When Resizing an Offline Volume

Whenever you detach and reattach volumes, there are complexities and risks for both Linux-based and Windows-based instances. This applies to both paravirtualized and iSCSI attachment types. You should keep the following in mind when resizing volumes:

  • When you reattach a volume to an instance after resizing, if you are not using consistent device paths, or the instance does not support consistent device paths, device order and path may change. If you are using a tool such as Logical Volume Manager (LVM), you may need to fix the device mappings. For more information about consistent device paths, see Connecting to Volumes With Consistent Device Paths.

  • When you detach and then reattach an iSCSI-attached volume to an instance, the volume's IP address will increment.

  • Before you resize a volume, you should create a full backup of the volume.

To resize a block volume attached to a Linux-based instance
  1. Detach the block volume, see Detaching a Volume.

  2. Open the navigation menu and click Storage. Under Block Storage, click Block Volumes.
  3. In the Block Volumes list, click the block volume you want to resize.
  4. Click Edit Size or Performance.
  5. Specify the new size in VOLUME SIZE (IN GB). You must specify a larger value than the block volume's current size.

  6. Click Save Changes. This opens a dialog that lists the required steps to complete the volume resize. For offline resizing, you need to extend the partition after you reattach the volume. Click Close to close the dialog.

  7. Reattach the volume, see Attaching a Volume.

  8. Extend the partition, see Extending the Partition for a Block Volume.

Resizing a Boot Volume for a Windows Instance
  1. Stop the instance, see Stopping and Starting an Instance.

  2. Detach the boot volume, see Detaching a Boot Volume.

  3. Open the navigation menu and click Storage. Under Block Storage, click Block Volumes. In the Block Storage menu on the sidebar, click Boot Volumes.
  4. In the Boot Volumes list, click the boot volume you want to resize.
  5. Click Edit Size or Performance.
  6. Specify the new size in VOLUME SIZE (IN GB). You must specify a larger value than the block volume's current size.

  7. Reattach the boot volume, see Attaching a Boot Volume.

  8. Restart the instance, see Stopping and Starting an Instance.

  9. Extend the partition, see Extending the System Partition on a Windows-Based Image.

Resizing a Boot Volume for a Linux Instance
  1. Stop the instance, see Stopping and Starting an Instance.

  2. Detach the boot volume, see Detaching a Boot Volume.

  3. Open the navigation menu and click Storage. Under Block Storage, click Block Volumes. In the Block Storage menu on the sidebar, click Boot Volumes.
  4. In the Boot Volumes list, click the boot volume you want to resize.
  5. Click Edit Size or Performance.
  6. Specify the new size in VOLUME SIZE (IN GB). You must specify a larger value than the block volume's current size.

  7. Attach the boot volume to a second instance as a data volume. See Attaching a Volume and Connecting to a Volume.

  8. Extend the partition and grow the file system, see Extending the Root Partition on a Linux-Based Image.

  9. Reattach the boot volume, see Attaching a Boot Volume.

  10. Restart the instance, see Stopping and Starting an Instance.