Connection Over IPSec VPN
This topic describes one way to set up a connection between an Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Classic IP network and an Oracle Cloud Infrastructure virtual cloud network (VCN). The connection runs over an IPSec VPN.
Another option is to have Oracle set up a connection over the Oracle network. For more information, see Connection Over Oracle Network.
- You can run a hybrid workload between your Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Classic and Oracle Cloud Infrastructure environments.
- You set up an IPSec VPN between the IP network's VPN as a Service (VPNaaS) gateway and the VCN's attached dynamic routing gateway (DRG). The connection runs over the internet. You configure routing and security rules in the environments to enable traffic.
- The two environments must not have overlapping CIDRs. The cloud resources can communicate over the connection only with private IP addresses.
- The two environments do not have to be in the same geographical area or region.
- The connection is free of charge.
You can connect your Oracle Cloud Infrastructure environment and your Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Classic environment with an IPSec VPN. The connection facilitates a hybrid deployment with application components that are set up across the two environments. You can also use the connection to migrate workloads from Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Classic to Oracle Cloud Infrastructure. Compared to using the Oracle network for the connection: you can set up the IPSec VPN yourself in a matter of minutes. Compared to FastConnect: you don't incur the additional cost and operational overhead of working with a FastConnect partner.
The following diagram shows an example of a hybrid deployment. Oracle Analytics Cloud is running in an Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Classic IP network and accessing the Database service in Oracle Cloud Infrastructure over the connection.
Here are other important details to know:
- The connection is supported in any of the Oracle Cloud Infrastructure and Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Classic regions. The two environments do not need to be in the same geographical area.
- The connection enables communication that uses private IP addresses only.
- The CIDR blocks of the IP network and VCN subnets that need to communicate must not overlap.
- This connection enables communication only between resources in the Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Classic IP network and Oracle Cloud Infrastructure VCN. It does not enable traffic between your on-premises network through the IP network to the VCN, or from your on-premises network through the VCN to the IP network.
- The connection also does not enable traffic to flow from the IP network through the connected VCN to a peered VCN in the same Oracle Cloud Infrastructure region, or a different region.
The following table lists the comparable networking components required on each side of the connection.
|Component||Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Classic||Oracle Cloud Infrastructure|
|Cloud network||IP network||VCN|
|Gateway||VPNaaS gateway||dynamic routing gateway (DRG)|
|Security rules||security rules||network security groups, security lists|
Setting Up the IPSec VPN Between Your IP Network and VCN
The following flow chart shows the overall process of connecting your IP network and VCN with an IPSec VPN.
You must already have:
Use these values when setting up the VPNaaS gateway:
- IP Network: The Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Classic IP network you want to connect to your VCN. You can only specify a single IP network.
- Customer Gateway: A placeholder value such as 188.8.131.52. Using this placeholder value lets you move forward in the process. You update the value later with the Oracle Cloud Infrastructure VPN router's IP address.
- Customer Reachable Routes: The CIDR block for the VCN. You can specify only a single VCN.
- Specify Phase 2 ESP Proposal: Check box selected.
- ESP Encryption: AES 256
- ESP Hash: SHA1
- IPSec Lifetime: 1800
- Require Perfect Forward Secrecy: Check box selected.
- Record the resulting public IP address of the VPNaaS gateway.
Add a route rule that directs traffic from the VCN's subnets to the DRG. Use the IP network's CIDR block as the destination for the rule.
- Determine which subnets in your VCN need to communicate with the IP network.
Update the route table for each of those subnets to include a new rule that directs traffic destined for the IP network's CIDR to your DRG:
Open the navigation menu. Under Core Infrastructure, go to Networking and click Virtual Cloud Networks.
- Click the VCN you're interested in.
- Under Resources, click Route Tables.
- Click the route table you're interested in.
Click Add Route Rule and enter the following:
- Destination CIDR Block: The IP network's CIDR block.
- Target Type: Dynamic Routing Gateway. The VCN's attached DRG is automatically selected as the target, and you don't have to specify the target yourself.
- Description: An optional description of the rule.
- Click Add Route Rule.
Any subnet traffic with a destination that matches the rule is routed to your DRG. For more information about setting up route rules, see Route Tables.
Later, if you no longer need the connection and want to delete your DRG, you must first delete all the route rules in your VCN that specify the DRG as the target.
To ensure traffic flows between the IP network and VCN, set the IP network security rules and the VCN's security rules to allow the wanted traffic.
Here are the types of rules to add:
- Ingress rules for the types of traffic you want to allow into one cloud from the other, specifically from the other cloud's CIDR block.
- Egress rule to allow outgoing traffic from one cloud to the other. If the VCN's subnet already has a broad egress rule for all types of protocols to all destinations (0.0.0.0/0), then you don't need to add a special one for the IP network.
The following procedure uses security lists, but you could instead implement the security rules in one or more network security groups and then place the VCN's resources in NSGs.
- Determine which subnets in your VCN need to communicate with the IP network.
Update the security list for each of those subnets to include rules to allow the wanted egress or ingress traffic specifically with the CIDR block of the IP network:
- In the Console, while viewing the VCN you're interested in, click Security Lists.
Click the security list you're interested in.
Under Resources, you can click Ingress Rules or Egress Rules to switch between the different types of rules.
Add one or more rules, each for the specific type of traffic you want to allow.
For more information about setting up security list rules, see Security Lists.
Let's say you want to add a stateful rule that enables ingress HTTPS (port 443) traffic from the IP network's CIDR. Here are the basic steps you take when adding a rule:
- On the Ingress Rules page, click Add Ingress Rule.
- Leave the Stateless check box unselected.
- Source CIDR: Enter the same CIDR block that the route rules use (see Task 2b: Configure routing to the DRG).
- IP Protocol: Leave as TCP.
- Source Port Range: Leave as All.
- Destination Port Range: Enter 443.
- Click Add Ingress Rule.
- Description: Optionally enter a description of the rule.
From your DRG, create an IPSec connection to the CPE object. You must provide one or more static routes. The values must match the IP network's subnets or aggregate.
The resulting IPSec connection consists of two tunnels. Record the IP address and shared secret for one of those tunnels. In the next task, you will provide those values.
Update the VPNaaS connection. Use these values:
- Customer Gateway: The tunnel's IP address from the preceding task.
- VPNaaS VPN Connection's Pre-shared Key: The tunnel's shared secret from the preceding task.
After the VPNaaS connection is updated and provisioned, the state of your VCN's IPSec tunnel should change to Available. Provisioning might take a few minutes.
After the tunnel state changes to Available, test the connection. Depending on how you've set up your IP network's security rules and VCN security rules, you should be able to launch an instance in your VCN and access it from an instance in the IP network. Or you should be able to connect from the VCN instance to an instance in the IP network. If you can, your connection is ready to use.
Terminating the Connection
If you want to terminate the connection, delete the IPSec connection:
Open the navigation menu. Under Core Infrastructure, go to Networking and click VPN Connections.
A list of the IPSec connections in the compartment you're viewing is displayed. If you don’t see the one you're looking for, verify that you’re viewing the correct compartment (select from the list on the left side of the page).
- Click the IPSec connection you're interested in.
- Click Terminate.
- Confirm the deletion when prompted.
The IPSec connection will be in the Terminating state for a short period while it's being deleted.