Summary of DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN Subprograms

This section covers the DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN subprograms provided with Autonomous Database.

Subprogram Description

ATTACH_FILE_SYSTEM Procedure

This procedure attaches a file system in a directory on your database.

CANCEL_WORKLOAD_CAPTURE Procedure

This procedure cancels the current workload capture.

CREATE_DATABASE_LINK Procedure

This procedure creates a database link to a target database. There are options to create a database link to another Autonomous Database instance, to an Oracle Database that is not an Autonomous Database, or to a non-Oracle Database using Oracle-managed heterogeneous connectivity.

DETACH_FILE_SYSTEM Procedure

This procedure detaches a file system from a directory on your database.

DISABLE_APP_CONT Procedure

This procedure disables database application continuity for the session associated with the specified service name in Autonomous Database.

DISABLE_EXTERNAL_AUTHENTICATION Procedure

This procedure disables external authentication for the Autonomous Database instance.

DISABLE_OPERATOR_ACCESS Procedure

Immediately revokes Cloud Operator access on the Autonomous Database Database instance.

DISABLE_PRINCIPAL_AUTH Procedure

This procedure revokes principal based authentication for the specified provider and applies to the ADMIN user or to the specified user.

DISABLE_RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL Procedure

This procedure disables resource principal credential and creates the credential OCI$RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL. With a user name specified, other than ADMIN, the procedure grants the specified schema access to the resource principal credential.

DROP_DATABASE_LINK Procedure

This procedure drops a database link.

ENABLE_APP_CONT Procedure

This procedure enables database application continuity for the session associated with the specified service name in Autonomous Database.

ENABLE_AWS_ARN Procedure

This procedure enables a user to create AWS ARN credentials in Autonomous Database.

ENABLE_EXTERNAL_AUTHENTICATION Procedure

This procedure enables a user to logon to Autonomous Database using the specified external authentication scheme.

ENABLE_FEATURE Procedure

This procedure enables the specified feature on the Autonomous Database instance.

ENABLE_OPERATOR_ACCESS Procedure

Grants the Cloud Operator access to an Autonomous Database instance for a specified number of hours.

ENABLE_PRINCIPAL_AUTH Procedure

This procedure enables principal authentication for the specified provider and applies to the ADMIN user or the specified user.

ENABLE_RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL Procedure

This procedure enables resource principal credential and creates the credential OCI$RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL. With a user name specified, other than ADMIN, the procedure grants the specified schema access to the resource principal credential.

FINISH_WORKLOAD_CAPTURE Procedure

This procedure stops the workload capture and uploads capture files to object storage.

PREPARE_REPLAY Procedure

This procedure prepares replay for the refreshable clone.

PURGE_FLASHBACK_ARCHIVE Procedure This procedure purges historical data from the Flashback Data Archive.

REPLAY_WORKLOAD Procedure

This procedure is overloaded. It initiates the workload replay.

SET_FLASHBACK_ARCHIVE_RETENTION Procedure

This procedure enables ADMIN users to modify the retention period for Flashback Time Travel flashback_archive.

START_WORKLOAD_CAPTURE Procedure

This procedure initiates a workload capture.

ATTACH_FILE_SYSTEM Procedure

This procedure attaches a file system in the database.

The DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ATTACH_FILE_SYSTEM procedure attaches a file system in your database and stores information about the file system in the DBA_CLOUD_FILE_SYSTEMS view.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ATTACH_FILE_SYSTEM (
    file_system_name         IN VARCHAR2,
    file_system_location     IN VARCHAR2,
    directory_name           IN VARCHAR2,
    description              IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
    params                   IN CLOB DEFAULT NULL
);

Parameters

Parameter Description

file_system_name

Specifies the name of the file system.

This parameter is mandatory.

file_system_location

Specifies the location of the file system.

The value you supply with file_system_location consists of a Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) and a file path in the form: FQDN:file_path.

For example:

  • FQDN: myhost.sub000445.myvcn.oraclevcn.com

    For Oracle Cloud Infrastructure File Storage set the FQDN in Show Advanced Options when you create a file system. See Creating File Systems for more information.

  • File Path: /results

This parameter is mandatory.

directory_name

Specifies the directory name for the attached file system. The directory must exist.

This parameter is mandatory.

description

(Optional) Provides a description of the task.

params

A JSON string that provides an additional parameter for the file system.

  • nfs_version: Specifies the NFS version to use when NFS is attached (NFSv3 or NFSv4). Valid values: 3, 4.

    Default value: 3

Examples:

Attach to an NFSv3 file system:

BEGIN
   DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ATTACH_FILE_SYSTEM (
    file_system_name      => 'FSS',
    file_system_location  => 'myhost.sub000445.myvcn.oraclevcn.com:/results',
    directory_name        => 'FSS_DIR',
    description           => 'Source NFS for sales data'
  );
END;
/     

Attach to an NFSv4 file system:

BEGIN
   DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ATTACH_FILE_SYSTEM (
    file_system_name      => 'FSS',
    file_system_location  => 'myhost.sub000445.myvcn.oraclevcn.com:/results',
    directory_name        => 'FSS_DIR',  
    description           => 'Source NFS for sales data',
    params                => JSON_OBJECT('nfs_version' value 4)
);                                                      
END;                                                        
/

Usage Notes

  • To run this procedure you must be logged in as the ADMIN user or have the EXECUTE privilege on DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.

  • You must have WRITE privilege on the directory object in the database to attach a file system using DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ATTACH_FILE_SYSTEM.

  • The DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ATTACH_FILE_SYSTEM procedure can only attach a private File Storage Service in databases with Private Endpoints enabled.

    See OCI File Storage Service and Configuring Network Access with Private Endpoints for more information.

  • The DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ATTACH_FILE_SYSTEM procedure looks up the Network File System hostname on the customer's virtual cloud network (VCN). The error "ORA-20000: Mounting NFS fails" is returned if the hostname specified in the location cannot be located.

  • Oracle Cloud Infrastructure File Storage uses NFSv3 to share

  • If you attach to non-Oracle Cloud Infrastructure File Storage systems, the procedure supports NFSv3 and NFSv4

  • If you have an attached NFS server that uses NFSv3 and the NFS version is updated to NFSv4 in the NFS server, you must run DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DETACH_FILE_SYSTEM and then DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ATTACH_FILE_SYSTEM (using the params parameter with nfs_version set to 4). This attaches NFS with the matching protocol so that Autonomous Database can access the NFSv4 Server. Without detaching and then reattaching, the NFS server will be inaccessible and you may see an error such as: "Protocol not supported".

CANCEL_WORKLOAD_CAPTURE Procedure

This procedure cancels any ongoing workload capture on the database.

Syntax

This procedure cancels the current workload capture and enables refresh on the refreshable clone.


DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.CANCEL_WORKLOAD_CAPTURE;

Example

BEGIN
   DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.CANCEL_WORKLOAD_CAPTURE;
END;
/

Usage Note

  • To run this procedure you must be logged in as the ADMIN user or have the EXECUTE privilege on DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.

CREATE_DATABASE_LINK Procedure

This procedure creates a database link to a target database in the schema calling the API.

The overloaded forms support the following:

  • When you use the gateway_params parameter, this enables you to create a database link with Oracle-managed heterogeneous connectivity where the link is to a supported non-Oracle database.

  • When you use the rac_hostnames parameter, this enables you to create a database link from an Autonomous Database on a private endpoint to a target Oracle RAC database. In this case, you use the rac_hostnames parameter to specify the host names of one or more individual nodes of the target Oracle RAC database.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.CREATE_DATABASE_LINK(
       db_link_name         IN VARCHAR2,
       hostname             IN VARCHAR2,
       port                 IN NUMBER,
       service_name         IN VARCHAR2,
       ssl_server_cert_dn   IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT,
       credential_name      IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT,
       directory_name       IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT,
       gateway_link         IN BOOLEAN DEFAULT,
       public_link          IN BOOLEAN DEFAULT,
       private_target       IN BOOLEAN DEFAULT
       gateway_params       IN CLOB DEFAULT);
DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.CREATE_DATABASE_LINK(
       db_link_name         IN VARCHAR2,
       rac_hostnames        IN CLOB,
       port                 IN NUMBER,
       service_name         IN VARCHAR2,
       ssl_server_cert_dn   IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT,
       credential_name      IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT,
       directory_name       IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT,
       gateway_link         IN BOOLEAN DEFAULT,
       public_link          IN BOOLEAN DEFAULT,
       private_target       IN BOOLEAN DEFAULT);

Parameters

Parameter Description

db_link_name

The name of the database link to create.

hostname

The hostname for the target database.

Specifying localhost for hostname as is not allowed.

When you specify a connection with Oracle-managed heterogeneous connectivity by supplying the gateway_params parameter, note the following:

  • When the db_type value is google_bigquery the hostname is not used and you can provide value such as example.com.

  • When the db_type value is snowflake the hostname is the Snowflake account identifier. To find your Snowflake account identifier, see Account Identifier Formats by Cloud Platform and Region.

Use this parameter or rac_hostnames, do not use both.

rac_hostnames

Specifies hostnames for the target Oracle RAC database. The value is a JSON array that specifies one or more individual host names for the nodes of the target Oracle RAC database. Multiple host names can be passed in JSON, separated by a ",". For example:

'["sales1-svr1.domain", "sales1-svr2.domain",
      "sales1-svr3.domain"]'

When the target is an Oracle RAC database, use the rac_hostnames parameter to specify one or more hostnames with DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.CREATE_DATABASE_LINK. This allows you to take advantage of the high availability capabilities of Oracle RAC. Using an IP address, a SCAN IP, or a SCAN hostname in the rac_hostnames value is not supported.

When you specify a list of host names in the rac_hostnames parameter, CREATE_DATABASE_LINK uses all of the specified host names as addresses in the connect string. If one of the specified hosts is not available on the target Oracle RAC database, Autonomous Database automatically attempts to connect using another host name from the list.

Use this parameter or hostname, do not use both.

Specifying localhost for a rac_hostname value is not allowed.

port

Specifies the port for the connections to the target database.

When you specify a connection with Oracle-managed heterogeneous connectivity using the gateway_params parameter, set the port based on the db_type value:

  • awsredshift: use port 5439
  • azure: use port 1433
  • db2: use port 2500 for Db2 versions >= 11.5.6
  • db2: use port 5000 for Db2 versions <= 11.5.5
  • google_analytics: use port 443
  • google_bigquery: use port 443
  • hive: use port 433
  • mongodb: use port 27017
  • mysql: use port 3306
  • mysql_community: use port 3306
  • postgres: use port 5432
  • salesforce: use port 19937
  • servicenow: use port 443
  • snowflake: use port 443

See Oracle-Managed Heterogeneous Connectivity Database Types and Ports for more information.

service_name

The service_name for the database to link to. For a target Autonomous Database, find the service name by one of the following methods:

  • Look in the tnsnames.ora file in the wallet.zip that you download from an Autonomous Database for your connection.

  • Click Database connection on the Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Console. In the Connection Strings area, each connection string includes a service_name entry with the connection string for the corresponding service. When both Mutual TLS (mTLS) and TLS connections are allowed, under TLS authentication select TLS to view the TNS names and connection strings for connections with TLS authentication. See View TNS Names and Connection Strings for an Autonomous Database Instance for more information.

  • Query V$SERVICES view. For example:

    SELECT name FROM V$SERVICES;

When you specify a connection with Oracle-managed heterogeneous connectivity using the gateway_params parameter, the service_name is the database name of the non-Oracle database.

ssl_server_cert_dn

The DN value found in the server certificate.

Oracle-managed heterogeneous connectivity is preconfigured with a wallet that contains most of the common trusted root and intermediate SSL certificates. The ssl_server_cert_dn must be NULL when you supply the gateway_params parameter or do not include the ssl_server_cert_dn parameter (the default value is NULL).

Public Endpoint Link to an Autonomous Database Target without a Wallet:

To connect to an Autonomous Database target on a public endpoint without a wallet (TLS):

  • The directory_name parameter must be NULL.
  • The ssl_server_cert_dn parameter must be NULL or do not include this parameter (the default value is NULL).

Private Endpoint Link without a Wallet:

To connect to an Oracle Database on a private endpoint without a wallet:

  • The target database must be on a private endpoint.
  • The directory_name parameter must be NULL.
  • The ssl_server_cert_dn parameter must be NULL or do not include this parameter (the default is NULL).
  • The private_target parameter must be TRUE.
credential_name

The name of a stored credential created with DBMS_CLOUD.CREATE_CREDENTIAL. This is the credentials to access the target database.

directory_name

The directory for the cwallet.sso file. The default value for this parameter is 'data_pump_dir'.

Oracle-managed heterogeneous connectivity is preconfigured with a wallet that contains most of the common trusted root and intermediate SSL certificates. The directory_name parameter is not required when you supply the gateway_params parameter.

Public Endpoint Link to an Autonomous Database Target without a Wallet:

To connect to an Autonomous Database on a public endpoint without a wallet (TLS):

  • The directory_name parameter must be NULL.
  • The ssl_server_cert_dn parameter must be NULL or do not include this parameter (the default value is NULL).

In addition, to connect to an Autonomous Database with TCP, the ssl_server_cert_dn parameter must be NULL or do not include this parameter (the default value is NULL).

Private Endpoint Link without a Wallet:

To connect to a target Oracle Database on a private endpoint without a wallet:

  • The target database must be on a private endpoint.
  • The directory_name parameter must be NULL.
  • The ssl_server_cert_dn parameter must be NULL or do not include this parameter (the default value is NULL).
  • The private_target parameter must be TRUE.
gateway_link

Indicates if the database link is created to another Oracle Database or to an Oracle Database Gateway.

If gateway_link is set to FALSE, this specifies a database link to another Autonomous Database or to another Oracle Database.

If gateway_link is set to TRUE, this specifies a database link to a non-Oracle system. This creates a connect descriptor in the database link definition that specifies (HS=OK).

When gateway_link is set to TRUE and gateway_params is NULL, this specifies a database link to a customer-managed Oracle gateway.

The default value for this parameter is FALSE.

public_link

Indicates if the database link is created as a public database link.

To run DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.CREATE_DATABASE_LINK with this parameter set to TRUE, the user invoking the procedure must have EXECUTE privilege on the credential associated with the public database link and must have the CREATE PUBLIC DATABASE LINK system privilege. The EXECUTE privilege on the credential can be granted either by the ADMIN user or by the credential owner.

The default value for this parameter is FALSE.

private_target

When a database link accesses a hostname that needs to be resolved in a VCN DNS server, specify the private_target parameter with value TRUE.

When private_target is TRUE, the hostname parameter must be a single hostname (on a private endpoint, using an IP address, a SCAN IP, or a SCAN hostname is not supported).

The default value for this parameter is FALSE.

gateway_params

Specify the target database type for Oracle-managed heterogeneous connectivity to connect to non-Oracle databases. The db_type value is one of:

  • awsredshift
  • azure
  • db2
  • google_analytics
  • google_bigquery

    * See Usage Notes for additional supported gateway_params when db_type is google_bigquery.

  • hive

    * See Usage Notes for additional supported gateway_params when db_type is hive.

  • mongodb
  • mysql
  • postgres
  • salesforce

    * See Usage Notes for additional supported gateway_params when db_type is salesforce.

  • servicenow

    * See Usage Notes for additional supported gateway_params when db_type is servicenow.

  • snowflake

    * See Usage Notes for additional supported gateway_params when db_type is snowflake.

  • NULL

    When gateway_params is NULL and gateway_link is set to TRUE, this specifies a database link to a customer-managed Oracle gateway.

Specify the parameter with the json_object form. For example:

gateway_params => json_object('db_type' value 'awsredshift')

See Oracle-Managed Heterogeneous Connectivity Database Types and Ports for required port values for each database type.

When gateway_params is NULL and private_target is TRUE, if directory_name is NULL, a TCP-based database link is created.

When gateway_params is NULL and private_target is TRUE, if directory_name is NULL, a TCPS-based database link is created.

Usage Notes

  • When you specify the gateway_params parameter, for some db_type values, additional gateway_params parameters are supported:

    db_type Additional gateway_params Values
    google_analytics

    When the db_type is google_analytics, the credential you specify must be a Google OAuth credential (gcp_oauth2) See CREATE_CREDENTIAL Procedure for more information.

    google_bigquery

    When the db_type is google_bigquery, the credential you specify must be a Google OAuth credential (gcp_oauth2) See CREATE_CREDENTIAL Procedure for more information.

    When db_type is google_bigquery, the parameter project is valid. This parameter specifies the project name for google_bigquery and is required.

    The table name you specify when you use SELECT with Google BigQuery must be in quotes. For example:

    SELECT * FROM "sales"@GOOGLE_BIGQUERY_LINK
    hive

    When db_type is hive, the parameter http_path is valid. This parameter specifies the HttpPath value, if required, to connect to the Hive instance.

    salesforce

    When the db_type is salesforce, the parameter: security_token is valid. A security token is a case-sensitive alphanumeric code. Supplying a security_token value is required to access Salesforce. For example:

    gateway_params => JSON_OBJECT(
         'db_type' value 'salesforce',
         'security_token' value 'security_token_value' )

    See Reset Your Security Token for more information.

    servicenow

    To connect to ServiceNow and get data you must supply the gateway parameters directory_name and file_name. These parameters specify a model file (REST config file) that maps the JSON response to the relational model. The model file specifies the endpoints, table mapping, and HTTP response code for processing the JSON response. See Model file syntax and Example Model file for more information.

    When you use gateway_params parameter with db_type servicenow, there are two supported options:

    • Basic Authentication: you must supply the gateway_params parameter db_type with the value 'servicenow', and supply the directory_name and file_name parameters along with username/password type credentials.

    • OAuth 2.0 Authentication: you must supply the gateway_params parameter db_type with the value 'servicenow', and the directory_name, file_name, and token_uri parameters, along with OAuth type credentials.

    The directory_name parameter specifies the directory with the ServiceNow REST config file. You could create this directory as follows:

    create or replace directory servicenow_dir as 'SERVICENOW_DIR';

    Obtain and download the ServiceNow REST config file to the specified directory. For example:

    exec DBMS_CLOUD.get_object('servicenow_dir_cred',
         'https://objectstorage.<...>/servicenow.rest','SERVICENOW_DIR');

    Set the file_name value to the name of the REST config file you downloaded, "servicenow.rest".

    Then you can use the ServiceNow REST config file with either basic authentication or OAuth2.0. See HETEROGENEOUS_CONNECTIVITY_INFO View for samples.

    snowflake

    When the db_type is SNOWFLAKE, the parameters: role, schema, and warehouse are valid. These values specify a different schema, role, or warehouse value, other than the default. For example:

    gateway_params => JSON_OBJECT(
         'db_type' value 'snowflake',
         'role' value 'ADMIN',
         'schema' value 'PUBLIC',
         'warehouse' value 'TEST' )
  • When you use the private_target parameter, note that database links from an Autonomous Database to a database service that is on a private endpoint are only supported in commercial regions and US Government regions.

    This feature is enabled by default in all commercial regions.

    This feature is enabled by default in US Government regions for newly provisioned databases.

    For existing US Government databases on a private endpoint, if you want to create database links from an Autonomous Database to a target in a US Government region, please file a Service Request at Oracle Cloud Support and request to enable the private endpoint in government regions database linking feature.

    US Government regions include the following:

  • When connecting to a non-Oracle database, database linking is only supported if the target database is accessible through a public IP or a public hostname. See Create Database Links to Non-Oracle Databases for more information.
  • To run DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.CREATE_DATABASE_LINK with a user other than ADMIN, you need to grant EXECUTE and CREATE DATABASE LINK privileges to that user. For example, run the following command as ADMIN to grant privileges to adb_user:

    GRANT EXECUTE ON DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN TO adb_user;
    GRANT CREATE DATABASE LINK TO adb_user;

    In addition, when you create a Database Link in a schema other than the ADMIN schema, for example in a schema named adb_user, the adb_user schema must own the credential you use with DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.CREATE_DATABASE_LINK.

  • Only one wallet file is valid per directory specified with the directory_name parameter. You can only upload one cwallet.sso at a time to the directory you choose for wallet files. This means with a cwallet.sso in a directory, you can only create database links to the databases for which the wallet in that directory is valid. To use multiple cwallet.sso files with database links you need to create additional directories and put each cwallet.sso in a different directory.

    See Create Directory in Autonomous Database for information on creating directories.

  • To create a database link to an Autonomous Database, set GLOBAL_NAMES to FALSE on the source database (non-Autonomous Database).

    SQL> ALTER SYSTEM SET GLOBAL_NAMES = FALSE;
     
    System altered.
    
    SQL> SHOW PARAMETER GLOBAL_NAMES
    NAME                     TYPE        VALUE
    ----------------------   ----------- -----------
    global_names             boolean     FALSE
    
  • When the private_target parameter is TRUE, the hostname parameter specifies a private host inside the VCN.

Examples

BEGIN
  DBMS_CLOUD.CREATE_CREDENTIAL(
     credential_name => 'DB_LINK_CRED',
     username => 'adb_user',
     password => 'password');
  DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.CREATE_DATABASE_LINK(
     db_link_name => 'SALESLINK', 
     hostname => 'adb.eu-frankfurt-1.oraclecloud.com', 
     port => '1522',
     service_name => 'example_medium.adb.example.oraclecloud.com',
     ssl_server_cert_dn => 'CN=adb.example.oraclecloud.com,OU=Oracle BMCS FRANKFURT,O=Oracle Corporation,L=Redwood City,ST=California,C=US',
     credential_name => 'DB_LINK_CRED');
END;
/
BEGIN
  DBMS_CLOUD.CREATE_CREDENTIAL(
    credential_name => 'AWS_REDSHIFT_LINK_CRED',
    username => 'NICK',
    password => 'password'
  );
DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.CREATE_DATABASE_LINK(
          db_link_name => 'AWSREDSHIFT_LINK', 
          hostname => 'example.com', 
          port => '5439',
          service_name => 'example_service_name',
          ssl_server_cert_dn => NULL,
          credential_name => 'AWS_REDSHIFT_LINK_CRED',
          gateway_params => JSON_OBJECT('db_type'  value 'awsredshift'));
END;
/
BEGIN
  DBMS_CLOUD.CREATE_CREDENTIAL(
    credential_name => 'PRIVATE_ENDPOINT_CRED',
    username => 'db_user',
    password => 'password'
  );
DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.CREATE_DATABASE_LINK(
          db_link_name => 'PRIVATE_ENDPOINT_DB_LINK', 
          hostname => 'exampleHostname', 
          port => '1521',
          service_name => 'exampleServiceName',
          credential_name => 'PRIVATE_ENDPOINT_CRED',
          ssl_server_cert_dn => NULL,
          directory_name => NULL,
          private_target => TRUE);
END;
/
BEGIN
  DBMS_CLOUD.CREATE_CREDENTIAL(
    credential_name => 'GOOGLE_BIGQUERY_CRED',
    params => JSON_OBJECT( 'gcp_oauth2' value JSON_OBJECT(
          'client_id' value 'client_id',
          'client_secret' value 'client_secret', 
          'refresh_token' value 'refresh_token' )));

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.CREATE_DATABASE_LINK(
          db_link_name => 'GOOGLE_BIGQUERY_LINK', 
          hostname => 'example.com', 
          port => '443',
          service_name => 'example_service_name',
          credential_name => 'GOOGLE_BIGQUERY_CRED',
          gateway_params => JSON_OBJECT(
                     'db_type' value 'google_bigquery',
                     'project' value 'project_name1' ));
END;
/

The table name you specify when you use SELECT with Google BigQuery or Google Analytics must be in quotes. For example:

SELECT * FROM "sales"@GOOGLE_BIGQUERY_LINK

Use the rac_hostnames parameter with a target Oracle RAC database on a private endpoint.

BEGIN
  DBMS_CLOUD.CREATE_CREDENTIAL(
     credential_name => 'DB_LINK_CRED1',
     username => 'adb_user',
     password => 'password');
      DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.CREATE_DATABASE_LINK(
     db_link_name => 'SALESLINK', 
     rac_hostnames => '["sales1-svr1.example.adb.us-ashburn-1.oraclecloud.com",
                        "sales1-svr2.example.adb.us-ashburn-1.oraclecloud.com",
                        "sales1-svr3.example.adb.us-ashburn-1.oraclecloud.com"]',
     port => '1522',
     service_name => 'example_high.adb.oraclecloud.com',
     ssl_server_cert_dn => 'CN=adb.example.oraclecloud.com,OU=Oracle BMCS FRANKFURT,O=Oracle Corporation,L=Redwood City,ST=California,C=US',
     credential_name => 'DB_LINK_CRED1',
     directory_name => 'EXAMPLE_WALLET_DIR',
     private_target => TRUE);
END;
/

DETACH_FILE_SYSTEM Procedure

This procedure detaches a file system from the database.

The DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DETACH_FILE_SYSTEM procedure detaches a file system from your database. In addition to that, the DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DETACH_FILE_SYSTEM procedure also removes the information about the file system from the DBA_CLOUD_FILE_SYSTEMS view.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DETACH_FILE_SYSTEM(
    file_system_name         IN VARCHAR2
);

Parameters

Parameter Description

file_system_name

Specifies the name of the file system.

This parameter is mandatory.

Example:

BEGIN
   DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DETACH_FILE_SYSTEM (
    file_system_name      => 'FSS'                                       
  );                                                                          
END;                                                                          
/     

Usage Notes

  • To run this procedure, you must be logged in as the ADMIN user or have the EXECUTE privilege on DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.

  • You must have the WRITE privilege on the directory object in the database, to detach a file system from a directory using the DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DETACH_FILE_SYSTEM procedure.

  • The DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DETACH_FILE_SYSTEM procedure can only detach a private File Storage Service in databases with Private Endpoints enabled.

    See OCI File Storage Service and Configuring Network Access with Private Endpoints for more information.

  • The DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DETACH_FILE_SYSTEM procedure looks up the Network File System hostname on the customer's virtual cloud network (VCN). The error "ORA-20000: Mounting NFS fails" is returned if the hostname specified in the location cannot be located.

DISABLE_APP_CONT Procedure

This procedure disables database application continuity for the session associated with the specified service name in Autonomous Database.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_APP_CONT(
    service_name      IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Parameter Description

service_name

The service_name for the Autonomous Database service.

To find service names:

  • Look in the tnsnames.ora file in the wallet.zip that you download from an Autonomous Database for your connection.

  • Click Database connection on the Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Console. In the Connection strings area, each connection string includes a service_name entry that contains the connection string for the corresponding service. When both Mutual TLS (mTLS) and TLS connections are allowed, under TLS authentication select TLS to view the TNS names and connection strings for connections with TLS authentication. See View TNS Names and Connection Strings for an Autonomous Database Instance for more information.

  • Query V$SERVICES view. For example:

    SELECT name FROM V$SERVICES;

Usage Notes

See Overview of Application Continuity for more information on Application Continuity.

Example

BEGIN
    DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_APP_CONT(
        service_name => 'nv123abc1_adb1_high.adb.oraclecloud.com' );
END;
/

Verify the value as follows:

SELECT name, failover_type FROM DBA_SERVICES;

NAME                                                    FAILOVER_TYPE
------------------------------------------------------- --------------
nv123abc1_adb1_high.adb.oraclecloud.com      

DISABLE_EXTERNAL_AUTHENTICATION Procedure

Disables user authentication with external authentication schemes for the database.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_EXTERNAL_AUTHENTICATION;

Exceptions

Exception Error Description
invalid_ext_auth ORA-20004

See the accompanying message for a detailed explanation.

Example

BEGIN 
   DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_EXTERNAL_AUTHENTICATION;
END;
/

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

DISABLE_FEATURE Procedure

This procedure disables the specified feature on the Autonomous Database instance.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_FEATURE(
    feature_name    IN  VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Parameter Description

feature_name

Specifies the feature type to be disabled. Supported values are:

  • 'ORAMTS': Disable OraMTS feature.

  • 'AUTO_DST_UPGRADE': Disable AUTO DST feature.

  • 'AUTO_DST_UPGRADE_EXCL_DATA': Disable AUTO DST EXCL DATA feature.

  • 'OWM': Disable Oracle Workspace Manager.

  • 'WORKLOAD_AUTO_REPLAY': Disable workload auto replay feature.

This parameter is mandatory.

Examples

BEGIN 
DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_FEATURE(
    feature_name => 'ORAMTS');   
END;
/
BEGIN 
DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_FEATURE(
    feature_name => 'AUTO_DST_UPGRADE');   
END;
/
BEGIN 
DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_FEATURE(
    feature_name => 'AUTO_DST_UPGRADE_EXCL_DATA');   
END;
/
BEGIN 
DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_FEATURE(
    feature_name => 'OWM');   
END;
/
BEGIN 
DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_FEATURE(
    feature_name => 'WORKLOAD_AUTO_REPLAY');   
END;
/

Usage Notes

  • To disable the OraMTS, AUTO_DST_UPGRADE, AUTO_DST_UPGRADE_EXCL_DATA, OWM, or WORKLOAD_AUTO_REPLAY features for your Autonomous Database instance, you must be logged in as the ADMIN user or have the EXECUTE privilege on DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.

  • When both AUTO_DST_UPGRADE and AUTO_DST_UPGRADE_EXCL_DATA are disabled, if new time zone versions are available the Autonomous Database instance does not upgrade to use the latest available time zone files.

  • Query dba_cloud_config to verify that AUTO_DST_UPGRADE is disabled.

    SELECT param_name, param_value FROM dba_cloud_config WHERE
           LOWER(param_name) = 'auto_dst_upgrade';
    
    0 rows selected.
  • Query dba_cloud_config to verify that AUTO_DST_UPGRADE_EXCL_DATA is disabled.
    SELECT param_name, param_value FROM dba_cloud_config WHERE
           LOWER(param_name) = 'auto_dst_upgrade_excl_data';
    
    0 rows selected.  

DISABLE_OPERATOR_ACCESS Procedure

This procedure immediately revokes Cloud Operator access on the Autonomous Database instance.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_OPERATOR_ACCESS;

Example

BEGIN 
    DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_OPERATOR_ACCESS;   
END;
/

DISABLE_PRINCIPAL_AUTH Procedure

This procedure revokes principal based authentication for a specified provider on Autonomous Database and applies to the ADMIN user or to the specified user.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_PRINCIPAL_AUTH(
       provider    IN VARCHAR2,
       username    IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT 'ADMIN' );

Parameters

Parameter Description

provider

Specifies the type of provider.

Valid values:

  • AWS
  • AZURE
  • GCP
  • OCI

username

Specifier the user to disable principal based authentication for.

A null value is valid for the username. If username is not specified, the procedure applies for the "ADMIN" user.

Usage Notes

  • When the provider value is AZURE and the username is ADMIN, the procedure disables Azure service principal based authentication on Autonomous Database and deletes the Azure application on the Autonomous Database instance.

  • When the provider value is AZURE and the username is a user other than the ADMIN user, the procedure revokes the privileges from the specified user. The ADMIN user and other users that are enabled to use the Azure service principal can continue to use ADMIN.AZURE$PA and the application that is created for the Autonomous Database instance remains on the instance.

Examples

BEGIN 
     DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_PRINCIPAL_AUTH(
       provider => 'AZURE',
       username => 'SCOTT');
END;
/
BEGIN 
     DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_PRINCIPAL_AUTH(
       provider => 'GCP');
END;
/

DISABLE_RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL Procedure

Disable resource principal credential for the database or for the specified schema.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL(
   username         IN VARCHAR2);

Parameter

Parameter Description

username

Specifies an optional user name. The name of the database schema to remove resource principal access.

If you do not supply a username, the username is set to ADMIN and the command removes the OCI$RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL credential.

Exceptions

Exception Error Description
resource principal is already disabled ORA-20031

If you attempt to disable the resource principal when it is already disabled.

Usage Notes

  • Resource principal is not available with refreshable clones.

  • You must set up a dynamic group and policies for the dynamic group before you call DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL.

    See the following for more information on creating policies, creating a dynamic group, and creating rules:

  • Verify that a resource principal credential is enabled by querying one of the views: DBA_CREDENTIALS or ALL_TAB_PRIVS.

    For example, as the ADMIN user query the view DBA_CREDENTIALS:

    SELECT owner, credential_name FROM dba_credentials 
            WHERE credential_name = 'OCI$RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL' AND owner = 'ADMIN'; 
    
    OWNER  CREDENTIAL_NAME
    -----  ----------------------
    ADMIN  OCI$RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL 
    

    For example, as a non-ADMIN user query the view ALL_TAB_PRIVS:

    SELECT grantee, table_name, grantor, FROM ALL_TAB_PRIVS 
              WHERE  grantee = 'ADB_USER';
    
    GRANTEE   TABLE_NAME GRANTOR
    --------- -------------------------------------
    ADB_USER  OCI$RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL ADMIN

Example

EXEC DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL();

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. 

SQL> select owner, credential_name from dba_credentials where credential_name = 'OCI$RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL'; 

No rows selected.

DROP_DATABASE_LINK Procedure

This procedure drops a database link.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DROP_DATABASE_LINK(
        db_link_name      IN VARCHAR2,
        public_link       IN BOOLEAN DEFAULT);

Parameters

Parameter Description

db_link_name

The name of the database link to drop.

public_link

To run DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DROP_DATABASE_LINK with public_link set to TRUE, you must have the DROP PUBLIC DATABASE LINK system privilege.

The default value for this parameter is FALSE.

Example

BEGIN
    DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DROP_DATABASE_LINK(
        db_link_name => 'SALESLINK' );
END;
/

Usage Notes

After you are done using a database link and you run DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DROP_DATABASE_LINK, to ensure security of your Oracle database remove any stored wallet files. For example:

  • Remove the wallet file in Object Store.

  • Use DBMS_CLOUD.DELETE_FILE to remove the wallet file from the data_pump_dir directory or from the user defined directory where the wallet file was uploaded.

ENABLE_APP_CONT Procedure

This procedure enables database application continuity for the session associated with the specified service name in Autonomous Database.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_APP_CONT(
    service_name      IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Parameter Description

service_name

The service_name for the Autonomous Database service.

To find service names:

  • Look in the tnsnames.ora file in the wallet.zip that you download from an Autonomous Database for your connection.

  • Click Database connection on the Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Console. In the Connection strings area, each connection string includes a service_name entry that contains the connection string for the corresponding service. When both Mutual TLS (mTLS) and TLS connections are allowed, under TLS authentication select TLS to view the TNS names and connection strings for connections with TLS authentication. See View TNS Names and Connection Strings for an Autonomous Database Instance for more information.

  • Query V$SERVICES view. For example:

    SELECT name FROM V$SERVICES;

Usage Notes

See Overview of Application Continuity for more information on Application Continuity.

Example

BEGIN
    DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_APP_CONT(
        service_name => 'nvthp2ht_adb1_high.adb.oraclecloud.com'
    );
END;
/

Verify the value as follows:

SELECT name, failover_type FROM DBA_SERVICES;

NAME                                                    FAILOVER_TYPE
------------------------------------------------------- -------------
nvthp2ht_adb1_high.adb.oraclecloud.com                 TRANSACTION

ENABLE_AWS_ARN Procedure

This procedure enables an Autonomous Database instance to use Amazon Resource Names (ARNs) to access AWS resources.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_AWS_ARN(
       username     IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
       grant_option IN BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE);

Parameters

Parameter Description

username

Name of the user to enable to use Amazon Resource Names (ARNs).

A null value is valid for the username. If username is not specified, the procedure applies for the "ADMIN" user.

grant_option

When username is supplied, if grant_option is TRUE the specified username can enable Amazon Resource Names (ARNs) usage for other users.

Example

BEGIN
    DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_AWS_ARN(
        username => 'adb_user'); 
END;
/

Usage Note

  • You must be the ADMIN user to run the procedure DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_AWS_ARN.

See Use Amazon Resource Names (ARNs) to Access AWS Resources for more information.

ENABLE_EXTERNAL_AUTHENTICATION Procedure

Enable users to login to the database with external authentication schemes.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_EXTERNAL_AUTHENTICATION(
   type         IN VARCHAR2,
   force        IN BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE,
   params       IN CLOB DEFAULT NULL
);

Parameter

Parameter Description

type

Specifies the external authentication type. Valid values: or .

  • 'OCI_IAM'
  • 'AZURE_AD'
  • 'CMU'
  • 'KERBEROS'

force

(Optional) Override a currently enabled external authentication scheme. Valid values are TRUE or FALSE.

The default value is FALSE.

params

A JSON string that provides additional parameters for the external authentication.

CMU parameters:

  • location_uri: specifies the cloud storage URI for the bucket where files required for CMU are stored.

    If you specify location_uri there is a fixed name directory object CMU_WALLET_DIR created in the database at the path 'cmu_wallet' to save the CMU configuration files. In this case, you do not need to supply the directory_name parameter.

  • credential_name: specifies the credentials that are used to download the CMU configuration files from the Object Store to the directory object.

    Default value is NULL which allows you to provide a Public, Preauthenticated, or pre-signed URL for Object Store bucket or subfolder.

  • directory_name: specifies the directory name where configuration files required for CMU are stored. If directory_name is supplied, you are expected to copy the CMU configuration files dsi.ora and cwallet.sso to this directory object.

KERBEROS parameters:

  • location_uri: specifies the cloud storage URI for the bucket where the files required for Kerberos are stored.

    If you specify location_uri there is a fixed name directory object KERBEROS_DIR created in the database to save the Kerberos configuration files. In this case, you do not need to supply the directory_name parameter.

  • credential_name: specifies the credential that are used to download Kerberos configuration files from the Object Store location to the directory object.

    Default value is NULL which allows you to provide a Public, Preauthenticated, or pre-signed URL for Object Store bucket or subfolder.

  • directory_name: specifies the directory name where files required for Kerberos are stored. If directory_name is supplied, you are expected to copy the Kerberos configuration files to this directory object.
  • kerberos_service_name: specifies a name to use as the Kerberos service name. This parameter is optional.

    Default value: When not specified, the kerberos_service_name value is set to the Autonomous Database instance's GUID.

AZURE_AD parameters:

  • tenant_id: Tenant ID of the Azure Account. Tenant Id specifies the Autonomous Database instance's Azure AD application registration.
  • application_id: Azure Application ID created in Azure AD to assign roles/schema mappings for external authentication in the Autonomous Database instance.
  • application_id_uri: Unique URI assigned to the Azure Application.

    This it the identifier for the Autonomous Database instance. The name must be domain qualified (this supports cross tenancy resource access).

    The maximum length for this parameter is 256 characters.

Exceptions

Exception Error Description
invalid_ext_auth ORA-20004

See the accompanying message for a detailed explanation.

Usage Notes

  • With type OCI_IAM, if the resource principal is not enabled on the Autonomous Database instance, this routine enables resource principal with DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL.

  • This procedure sets the system parameters IDENTITY_PROVIDER_TYPE and IDENTITY_PROVIDER_CONFIG to required users to access the instance with Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Identity and Access Management authentication and authorization.

Examples

Enable OCI_IAM Authentication

BEGIN DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_EXTERNAL_AUTHENTICATION(
     type => 'OCI_IAM',
     force=> TRUE );
END;
/

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

Enable CMU Authentication for Microsoft Active Directory

You pass in a directory name that contains the CMU configuration files through params JSON argument.

BEGIN DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_EXTERNAL_AUTHENTICATION(
     type => 'CMU',
     force => TRUE,
     params => JSON_OBJECT('directory_name' value 'CMU_DIR'); // CMU_DIR directory object already exists
END;
/

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

You pass in a location URI pointing to an Object Storage location that contains CMU configuration files through params JSON argument.

BEGIN
   DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_EXTERNAL_AUTHENTICATION(
       type     => 'CMU',
       params   => JSON_OBJECT('location_uri' value 'https://objectstorage.us-phoenix-1.oraclecloud.com/n/namespace-string/b/bucketname/o',
                               'credential_name' value 'my_credential_name')
   );
END;
/

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

Enable Azure AD Authentication

BEGIN DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_EXTERNAL_AUTHENTICATION(
     type => 'AZURE_AD',
     force => TRUE,
     params   => JSON_OBJECT( 'tenant_id' VALUE '....',
                              'application_id' VALUE '...',
                              'application_id_uri' VALUE '.....' ));
END;
/

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

Enable Kerberos Authentication

You pass in a directory name that contains Kerberos configuration files through params JSON argument.

BEGIN DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_EXTERNAL_AUTHENTICATION(
     type => 'KERBEROS',
     force => TRUE,
     params => JSON_OBJECT('directory_name' value 'KERBEROS_DIR'); // KERBEROS_DIR directory object already exists
END;
/

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

You pass in a location URI pointing to an Object Storage location that contains Kerberos configuration files through params JSON argument:

BEGIN DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_EXTERNAL_AUTHENTICATION(
     type => 'KERBEROS',
     force => TRUE,
     params => JSON_OBJECT('location_uri' value 'https://objectstorage.us-phoenix-1.oraclecloud.com/n/namespace-string/b/bucketname/o',
                           'credential_name' value 'my_credential_name');
END;
/

You pass in a service name with the kerberos_service_name in the params JSON argument:

BEGIN DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_EXTERNAL_AUTHENTICATION(
     type => 'KERBEROS',
     force => TRUE,
     params => JSON_OBJECT('directory_name' value 'KERBEROS_DIR', // KERBEROS_DIR directory object already exists
                           'kerberos_service_name' value 'oracle' ));
END;
/

After Kerberos is enabled on your Autonomous Database instance, use the following query to view the Kerberos service name:

SELECT SYS_CONTEXT('USERENV','KERBEROS_SERVICE_NAME') FROM DUAL;

ENABLE_FEATURE Procedure

This procedure enables the specified feature on the Autonomous Database instance.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_FEATURE(
    feature_name     IN VARCHAR2,
    params           IN  CLOB   DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Parameter Description

feature_name

Name of the feature to enable. The supported values are:

  • 'JAVAVM': Enable JAVAVM feature.

  • 'ORAMTS': Enable OraMTS feature.

  • 'AUTO_DST_UPGRADE': Enable AUTO DST feature.

  • 'AUTO_DST_UPGRADE_EXCL_DATA': Enable AUTO DST EXCL DATA feature.

  • 'OWM': Enable Oracle Workspace Manager.

  • 'WORKLOAD_AUTO_REPLAY': Enable the workload auto replay feature.

This parameter is mandatory.

params

A JSON string that provides additional parameters for some features.

For the OraMTS feature the params parameter is:
  • location_uri: the location_uri accepts a string value. The value specifies the HTTPS URL for the OraMTS server in a customer network.

For the WORKLOAD_AUTO_REPLAY feature the params parameters are:

  • target_db_ocid: A string value. The value specifies the OCID of a target refreshable clone database on which the captured workload is replayed. The refreshable clone must have the Early patch level set.

    This parameter is mandatory.

  • capture_duration: A number value. The value specifies the duration in minutes for which the workload is captured on the production database. The value must be in the range between 1 and 720 minutes.

    This parameter is mandatory.

  • capture_day: A string value. The value specifies the day of the week the workload capture on the production database should begin.

    This parameter is optional.

  • capture_time: A value in the HH24:MM format. The value specifies the time of the day the workload capture on the production database should begin.

    This parameter is optional.

By default the workload capture starts when you enable WORKLOAD_AUTO_REPLAY. If the optional capture_day and capture_time are specified, the capture and the replay happen at the specified timestamp. For example, if capture_day is Monday and capture_time is 15:00, the first capture happens at 3PM on the next Monday. The day of week and time are also used to schedule the later replay on the refreshable clone.

Example to Enable JAVAVM Feature:

BEGIN
   DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_FEATURE (
        feature_name => 'JAVAVM' );
END;
/

Example to Enable Auto DST Feature:

BEGIN
   DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_FEATURE (
        feature_name => 'AUTO_DST_UPGRADE' );
END;
/

Example to Enable Auto DST EXCL Data Feature:

BEGIN
   DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_FEATURE (
        feature_name => 'AUTO_DST_UPGRADE_EXCL_DATA' );
END;
/

Example to Enable OraMTS Feature:

BEGIN 
   DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_FEATURE(
        feature_name => 'ORAMTS',   
        params       => JSON_OBJECT('location_uri' VALUE 'https://mymtsserver.mycorp.com')
   );
END;
/

Example to Enable OWM Feature:

BEGIN 
   DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_FEATURE(
        feature_name => 'OWM' );
END;
/

Example to Enable Workload Auto Replay Feature

BEGIN 
   DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_FEATURE(
        feature_name => 'WORKLOAD_AUTO_REPLAY',
        params       => JSON_OBJECT('target_db_ocid' VALUE 'OCID1.autonomousdatabase.REGION..ID1', 'capture_duration' VALUE 120, 'capture_day' VALUE 'MONDAY', 'capture_time' VALUE '15:00'));
END;
/

A an error value of ORA-20000: Invalid argument for target_db_ocid could indicate that the OCID you supplied is not a refreshable clone. In this case, you need to supply an OCID with a value for a refreshable clone.

Usage Notes

  • You must be logged in as the ADMIN user or have the EXECUTE privilege on DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN to run DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_FEATURE.

  • After you run DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_FEATURE with feature_name value 'JAVAVM', you must restart the Autonomous Database instance to install Oracle Java.

  • After you run DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_FEATURE with feature_name value 'OWM', you must restart the Autonomous Database instance to enable Oracle Workspace Manager. Oracle.

  • To enable AUTO_DST_UPGRADE, AUTO_DST_UPGRADE_EXCL_DATA, ORAMTS, JAVAVM, OWM, or WORKLOAD_AUTO_REPLAY features for your database, you must be logged in as the ADMIN user or have the EXECUTE privilege on DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.

  • By default, both AUTO_DST_UPGRADE and AUTO_DST_UPGRADE_EXCL_DATA are disabled. You can enable one or the other of these options, but not both.

  • After you enable AUTO_DST_UPGRADE, the next time you restart, or stop and then start the Autonomous Database instance, the instance upgrades to use the latest available time zone files. After AUTO_DST_UPGRADE is enabled, when new time zone files are available, the instance continues to upgrade to the latest available version on every subsequent restart or stop and start, until the feature is disabled.

    Query dba_cloud_config to verify that AUTO_DST_UPGRADE is enabled.

    SELECT param_name, param_value FROM dba_cloud_config WHERE
           LOWER(param_name) = 'auto_dst_upgrade';
    
    PARAM_NAME       PARAM_VALUE
    ---------------- -------------- 
    auto_dst_upgrade enabled
  • After you enable AUTO_DST_UPGRADE_EXCL_DATA the Autonomous Database instance upgrades to use the latest available time zone files. After this feature is enabled, every subsequent maintenance window upgrades the instance to use the latest available time zone version. This feature assures that the time zone files are upgraded for the database (enabling AUTO_DST_UPGRADE_EXCL_DATA does not update any affected rows).

    Query dba_cloud_config to verify that AUTO_DST_UPGRADE_EXCL_DATA is enabled.

    SELECT param_name, param_value FROM dba_cloud_config WHERE
           LOWER(param_name) = 'auto_dst_upgrade_excl_data';
    
    PARAM_NAME                    PARAM_VALUE
    --------------------------    -----------
    auto_dst_upgrade_excl_data    enabled

ENABLE_OPERATOR_ACCESS Procedure

Oracle Cloud Operations does not access your Autonomous Database instance and access is disallowed by default. When access is required to troubleshoot or mitigate an issue, you can allow a cloud operator access to the database schemas for a limited time.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_OPERATOR_ACCESS(
    auth_duration    IN  NUMBER  DEFAULT 1
);

Parameters

Parameter Description

auth_duration

Specifies the number of Hours for which Cloud Operator is granted access.

Valid values: must be whole numbers in the range of 1 to 24.

Default value: 1

Example

BEGIN
   DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_OPERATOR_ACCESS(
       auth_duration => 12 );
END;
/

Usage Notes

  • ORA-20000: Operator access is already enabled indicates that operator access was already granted. In this case you have two options:

    • Wait for operator access to expire, and then grant operator access again with DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_OPERATOR_ACCESS

    • Explicitly disable operator access with DISABLE_OPERATOR_ACCESS Procedure.
  • DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_OPERATOR_ACCESS allows access only to the Cloud Operator and does not enable access for any other user. All operations performed by the Cloud Operator are stored in the view DBA_OPERATOR_ACCESS. See View Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Operations Actions for more information.

  • You allow a cloud operator to access the database schemas by running the procedure DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_OPERATOR_ACCESS. This means if you file a service request with Oracle Cloud Support and Oracle Cloud Operators need to access your database schemas, you must also enable operator access by runningDBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_OPERATOR_ACCESS.

ENABLE_PRINCIPAL_AUTH Procedure

This procedure enables principal authentication on Autonomous Database for the specified provider and applies to the ADMIN user or the specified user.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_PRINCIPAL_AUTH(
       provider    IN VARCHAR2,
       username    IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT 'ADMIN',
       params      IN CLOB DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Parameter Description

provider

Specifies the type of provider.

Valid values:

  • AWS: Enable use of Amazon Resource Names (ARNs)
  • AZURE: Enable use of Azure Service Principal
  • GCP: Enable use of Google Service Account
  • OCI: Enable use of Resource Principal

username

Name of the user who has principal authentication usage enabled.

A null value is valid for the username. If username is not specified, the procedure applies for the "ADMIN" user.

params

Specifies the configuration parameters.

When the provider parameter is AWS, GCP, or OCI, params is not required. The default value is NULL.

grant_option: This parameter is valid for all providers and is a Boolean value TRUE or FALSE. The default is FALSE.

When TRUE and a username is specified, the specified user can use ENABLE_PRINCIPAL_AUTH to enable other users.

When the provider parameter is AWS, these options are also valid:

When the provider parameter is AZURE, this option is also valid:

  • azure_tenantid: with the value of the Azure tenant ID.

Usage Notes

  • When the provider parameter is AZURE, the params parameter must include the azure_tenantid in the following cases:

    • When DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_PRINCIPAL_AUTH is called for the first time.

    • When DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_PRINCIPAL_AUTH is called for the first time after DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_PRINCIPAL_AUTH is called with the provider parameter AZURE and the username ADMIN.

  • When the provider parameter is AWS:

    • After you enable ARN on the Autonomous Database instance by running DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_PRINCIPAL_AUTH, the credential named AWS$ARN is available to use with any DBMS_CLOUD API that takes a credential as the input.

Examples

BEGIN 
     DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_PRINCIPAL_AUTH(
       provider => 'AZURE',
       username => 'SCOTT',
       params   => JSON_OBJECT('azure_tenantid' value 'azure_tenantid'));
END;
/
BEGIN
     DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_PRINCIPAL_AUTH( 
     provider => 'GCP',
     username => 'SCOTT',
     params => JSON_OBJECT(
         'grant_option' value 'TRUE' ));
END;
/
BEGIN
     DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_PRINCIPAL_AUTH( 
     provider => 'AWS',
     username => 'SCOTT',
     params => JSON_OBJECT(
         'aws_role_arn' value 'arn:aws:iam::123456:role/AWS_ROLE_ARN',
          'external_id_type' value 'TENANT_OCID'));
END;
/

ENABLE_RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL Procedure

Enable resource principal credential for the database or for the specified schema. This procedure creates the credential OCI$RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL(
   username         IN VARCHAR2,
   grant_option     IN BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE);

Parameter

Parameter Description

username

Specifies an optional user name. The name of the database schema to be granted resource principal access.

If you do not supply a username, the username is set to ADMIN.

grant_option

When username is supplied, if grant_option is TRUE the specified username can enable resource principal usage for other users.

Exceptions

Exception Error Description
resource principal is already enabled ORA-20031

If you attempt to enable the resource principal when it is already enabled.

Usage Notes

  • You must call DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL with the ADMIN username or with no arguments before you call DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL with a username for a database user schema.

  • You must set up a dynamic group and policies for the dynamic group before you call DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL.

    See the following for more information on policies, creating a dynamic group, and creating rules:

  • Enabling the resource principal with DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL is one-time operation. You do not need to enable the resource principal again, unless you run DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.DISABLE_RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL to disable the resource principal.

  • Resource principal is not available with refreshable clones.

Example

EXEC DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.ENABLE_RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL();

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. 

SQL> select owner, credential_name from dba_credentials where credential_name = 'OCI$RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL'; 

OWNER    CREDENTIAL_NAME
-------  ---------------
ADMIN    OCI$RESOURCE_PRINCIPAL

FINISH_WORKLOAD_CAPTURE Procedure

This procedure finishes the current workload capture, stops any subsequent workload capture requests to the database, and uploads the capture files to Object Storage.

Example

BEGIN
    DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.FINISH_WORKLOAD_CAPTURE
END;
/

Usage Notes

  • To run this procedure you must be logged in as the ADMIN user or have the EXECUTE privilege on DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.

  • When you pass the duration parameter to START_WORKLOAD_CAPTURE, the capture finishes when it reaches the specified time. However, if you call FINISH_WORKLOAD_CAPTURE, this stops the workload capture (possibly before the time specified with the duration parameter).

    You can query the DBA_CAPTURE_REPLAY_STATUS view to check the finish workload status. See DBA_CAPTURE_REPLAY_STATUS View for more information.

Note:

You must subscribe to the Information event com.oraclecloud.databaseservice.autonomous.database.information to be notified about the completion of FINISH_WORKLOAD_CAPTURE as well as the Object Storage link to download the capture file. This PAR URL is contained in the captureDownloadURL field of the event and is valid for 7 days from the date of generation. See Information Events on Autonomous Database for more information.

PREPARE_REPLAY Procedure

The PREPARE_REPLAY procedure prepares the refreshable clone for a replay.

Parameters

Parameter Description
capture_name Specifies the name of the workload capture.

This parameter is mandatory.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.PREPARE_REPLAY(
        capture_name IN VARCHAR2);

Example

BEGIN
    DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.PREPARE_REPLAY
      capture_name => 'cap_test1');
END;
/

This example prepares the refreshable clone to replay the workload indicated by the capture_name parameter, which involves bringing it up to the capture start time and then disconnecting it.

Usage Note

  • To run this procedure you must be logged in as the ADMIN user or have the EXECUTE privilege on DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.

PURGE_FLASHBACK_ARCHIVE Procedure

This procedure enables ADMIN users to purge historical data from Flashback Data Archive. You can either purge all historical data from Flashback Data Archive flashback_archive or selective data based on timestamps or System Change Number.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.PURGE_FLASHBACK_ARCHIVE( 
   scope      IN VARCHAR2, 
   before_scn IN INTEGER DEFAULT NULL, 
   before_ts  IN TIMESTAMP DEFAULT NULL); 
Parameter Description
scope This specifies the scope to remove data from the flashback data archive.
  • all implies PURGE ALL;before_scn and before_timestamp must both be NULL.

  • scn implies PURGE BEFORE SCN;before_scn must be non-NULL and before_timestamp must be NULL.

  • TIMESTAMP implies PURGE BEFORE timestamp;before_scn must be NULL and before_timestamp must be non-NULL.

before_scn This specifies the system change number before which all the data is removed from the flashback archive.
before_timestamp This specifies the timestamp before which all the data is removed from the flashback archive.

Example

BEGIN
	DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.PURGE_FLASHBACK_ARCHIVE(
           scope => 'ALL'); // Purge all historical data from Flashback Data Archive flashback_archive
END;
/

REPLAY_WORKLOAD Procedure

This procedure initiates a workload replay on your Autonomous Database instance. The overloaded form enables you to replay the capture files from an Autonomous Database instance, on-premises database, or other cloud service databases.

Syntax


DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.REPLAY_WORKLOAD(
        capture_name                  IN VARCHAR2,        
        replay_name                   IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
        capture_source_tenancy_ocid   IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
        capture_source_db_name        IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.REPLAY_WORKLOAD(
        location_uri      IN VARCHAR2,               
        credential_name   IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
        synchronization   IN BOOLEAN  DEFAULT TRUE,
        process_capture   IN BOOLEAN  DEFAULT TRUE);

Parameters

Parameter Description
CAPTURE_NAME Specifies the name of the workload capture.

This parameter is mandatory.

REPLAY_NAME Specifies the replay name.

If you do not supply a REPLAY_NAME value, the REPLAY_NAME is auto-generated with the format REPLAY_RANDOMNUMBER, for example, REPLAY_1678329506.

CAPTURE_SOURCE_TENANCY_OCID Specifies the source tenancy OCID of the workload capture.

If you do not supply a CAPTURE_SOURCE_TENANCY_OCID value, the CAPTURE_SOURCE_TENANCY_OCID is set to NULL.

This parameter is only mandatory when running the workload capture in a full clone.

CAPTURE_SOURCE_DB_NAME Specifies the source database name of the workload capture

If you do not supply a CAPTURE_SOURCE_DB_NAME value, the CAPTURE_SOURCE_DB_NAME is set to NULL.

This parameter is only mandatory when running the workload capture in a full clone.

LOCATION_URI Specifies URI that points to an Object Storage location that contains the captured files.

This parameter is mandatory.

CREDENTIAL_NAME Specifies the credential to access the object storage bucket.

If you do not supply a credential_name value, the database's default credentials are used.

SYNCHRONIZATION Specifies the synchronization method used during workload replay.
  • TRUE specifies that the synchronization is based on SCN.

  • FALSE specifies that the synchronization is based on TIME.

If you do not supply a synchronization value, the synchronization is set to TRUE.

PROCESS_CAPTURE Specifies whether or not you need to specify process_capture value. It can be set to FALSE only when you replay the same workload on the target database repeatedly.

If you do not supply a process_capture value, the process_capture is set to TRUE.

Example to replay the workload from an on-premises database on an Autonomous Database instance:

BEGIN 
  DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.REPLAY_WORKLOAD(
        location_uri    => 'https://objectstorage.us-phoenix-1.oraclecloud.com/n/namespace-string/b/bucketname/o',
        credential_name => 'CRED_TEST',
        synchronization => TRUE,
        process_capture => TRUE);    
END;
/

When you run this example, it:

  • Downloads the capture files from the Object Storage location specified in location_uri and processes the capture files based on the process_capture parameter value.

  • Replays the captured workload based on the synchronization parameter value.

In this example, namespace-string is the Oracle Cloud Infrastructure object storage namespace and bucketname is the bucket name. See Understanding Object Storage Namespaces for more information.

See Navigate to Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Object Storage and Create Bucket for more information on Object Storage.

See Upload Files to Your Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Object Store Bucket for more information on uploading files to Object Storage.

The credential_name you use in this step is the credentials for the Object Store.

You don't need to create a credential to access Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Object Store if you enable resource principal credentials. See Use Resource Principal to Access Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Resources for more information.

Example to replay the workload from an Autonomous Database instance on another Autonomous Database:

BEGIN 
  DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.REPLAY_WORKLOAD(
        capture_name => 'CAP_TEST1');
END;
/

When you run this example, it:

  • Disconnects the current Autonomous Database instance.

  • Downloads the capture files from the Object Storage.

  • Replays the captured workload.

  • Uploads replay report after a replay.

Usage Notes for Replaying the Workload from an On-Premises or Other Cloud Service Database on another Autonomous Database

  • To run this procedure you must be logged in as the ADMIN user or have the EXECUTE privilege on DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.

  • Before you start replay, you should upload the cap and capfiles subdirectories, which contain the workload capture files, to the object storage location.

Usage Notes for Replaying the Workload from an Autonomous Database instance on another Autonomous Database

  • To run this procedure you must be logged in as the ADMIN user or have the EXECUTE privilege on DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.

  • The replay files are automatically uploaded to the Object Store as a zip file.

  • You can query the DBA_CAPTURE_REPLAY_STATUS view to check the workload replay status.

    See DBA_CAPTURE_REPLAY_STATUS View for more information.

Note:

You must subscribe to the Information event com.oraclecloud.databaseservice.autonomous.database.information to be notified about the start and completion of the REPLAY_WORKLOAD as well as the Object Storage link to download the replay reports. This PAR URL is contained in the replayDownloadURL field of the event and is valid for 7 days from the date of generation. See Information Events on Autonomous Database for more information.

SET_FLASHBACK_ARCHIVE_RETENTION Procedure

This procedure allows ADMIN users to modify the retention period for Flashback Data Archive flashback_archive.

Syntax


DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.SET_FLASHBACK_ARCHIVE_RETENTION (
    retention_days INTEGER);
Parameter Description
retention_days This specifies the length of time in days that the archived data should be retained for. The value of retention_days must be greater than 0.

Example

BEGIN
     DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.SET_FLASHBACK_ARCHIVE_RETENTION(
           retention_days => 90); // sets the retention time to 90 days
END;
/

START_WORKLOAD_CAPTURE Procedure

This procedure initiates a workload capture on your Autonomous Database instance.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.START_WORKLOAD_CAPTURE(
        capture_name  IN VARCHAR2,
        duration      IN NUMBER   DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Parameter Description
capture_name Specifies the name of the workload capture.

This parameter is mandatory.

duration Specifies the duration in minutes for which you want to run the workload capture.
  • If you do not supply a duration value, the duration is set to NULL.

  • If set to NULL, the workload will continue until you run the FINISH_WORKLOAD_CAPTURE procedure.

Example

BEGIN 
  DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.START_WORKLOAD_CAPTURE(
        capture_name => 'test');
END;
/

Usage Notes

  • To run this procedure you must be logged in as the ADMIN user or have the EXECUTE privilege on DBMS_CLOUD_ADMIN.

  • To measure the impacts of a system change on a workload, you must ensure that the capture and replay systems are in the same logical state.

  • Before initiating a workload capture, you should consider provisioning a refreshable clone to ensure the same start point for the replay.

Note:

You must subscribe to the Information event com.oraclecloud.databaseservice.autonomous.database.information to be notified at the start of START_WORKLOAD_CAPTURE. See Information Events on Autonomous Database for more information.