Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) covers a set of data formats used to exchange formal business documents between companies.
- EDI X12 format, governed by the ANSI X12 standards body. EDI X12 is a data format used to exchange specific data between trading partners. The term trading partner may represent an organization, group of organizations, or some other entity. It is typically just an organization or company.
- UN/EDIFACT format, governed by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
The governing bodies define formats for several types of business documents, such as a purchase order, invoice, insurance claim, and so on that are used across many vertical industries, such as supply chain, finance, transportation, and insurance. While EDI has a dominant place in B2B (business to business) communications, other formats based on XML are also in use today. B2B for Oracle Integration currently supports only the EDI X12 format.
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