7 Configuring Command Rules

You can create command rules or use the default command rules to protect DDL and DML statements.

Topics:

7.1 What Are Command Rules?

A command rule applies Oracle Database Vault protections with an Oracle Database SQL statement, such as ALTER SESSION.

Topics:

7.1.1 About Command Rules

A command rule protects Oracle Database SQL statements that affect one or more database objects.

These statements can include SELECT, ALTER SYSTEM, database definition language (DDL), and data manipulation language (DML) statements.

To customize and enforce the command rule, you associate it with a rule set, which is a collection of one or more rules. The command rule is enforced at run time. Command rules affect anyone who tries to use the SQL statements it protects, regardless of the realm in which the object exists.

You can use command rules to protect a wide range of SQL statements, in addition to basic Oracle Database DDL and DML statements. For example, you can protect statements that are used with Oracle Flashback Technology.

A command rule has the following attributes, in addition to associating a command rule to a command:

  • SQL statement the command rule protects

  • Owner of the object the command rule affects

  • Database object the command rule affects

  • Whether the command rule is enabled

  • An associated rule set

Command rules can be categorized as follows:

  • Command rules that have a system-wide scope. With this type, in most cases, you can only create one command rule for each database instance.

  • Command rules that are schema specific. An example of a schema-specific command rule is a command rule for the DROP TABLE statement. You can create only one CONNECT command rule for each schema.

  • Command rules that are object specific. An example is creating a command rule for the DROP TABLE statement with a specific table included in the command rule definition.

When a user executes a statement affected by a command rule, Oracle Database Vault checks the realm authorization first. If it finds no realm violation and if the associated command rules are enabled, then Database Vault evaluates the associated rule sets. If all the rule sets evaluate to TRUE, then the statement is authorized for further processing. If any of the rule sets evaluate to FALSE, then the statement is not allowed to be executed and a command rule violation is raised.

You can define a command rule that uses factors for the CONNECT event to permit or deny sessions after the usual steps–user authentication process, factor initialization, and Oracle Label Security integration–are complete.

For example, you can configure a command rule that allows DDL statements such as CREATE TABLE, DROP TABLE, and ALTER TABLE in the BIZAPP schema to be authorized after business hours, but not during business hours.

You can run reports on the command rules that you create in Oracle Database Vault.

7.1.2 Command Rules in a Multitenant Environment

In a multitenant environment, you can create common and local command rules in either the CDB root or the application root.

Common command rules can be associated only with common realms, rule sets, and rules. Local command rules can be associated only with local realm, rule sets, and rules.

To apply these command rules to the entire multitenant environment, you must execute the command rule procedures from the CDB root or application root as a common user who has been granted the DVADM or DVOWNER role. A common command rule that is created in the CDB root will be applied to all PDBs in that CDB environment. A common command rule that is created in the application root will only be applied to the PDBs that are associated with this application root. To propagate the command rule to the PDBs that are associated with the application root, you must synchronize the application root. For example, to synchronize an application called saas_sales_app:

ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE APPLICATION saas_sales_app SYNC;

You can check a user’s roles by querying the USER_ROLE_PRIVS data dictionary view. To find information about command rules, query the DBA_DV_COMMAND_RULE data dictionary view.

7.1.3 Types of Command Rules

In addition to command rules for many SQL statements, you can create command rules specifically for the CONNECT, ALTER SYSTEM, and ALTER SESSION SQL statements.

Topics:

7.1.3.1 CONNECT Command Rule

The DBMS_MACADM.CREATE_CONNECT_CMD_RULE procedure creates a user-specific CONNECT command rule.

This type of command rule specifies a user, an associated rule set, an enablement status, and for a multitenant environment, where to execute the CONNECT command rule. You can enable or disable the CONNECT command rule, or you can set it to use simulation mode. In simulation mode, violations to the command rule are logged in a designated log table with sufficient information to describe the error, such as the user name or SQL statement used.

In a multitenant environment, you can create the CONNECT command rule in either the application root or in a specific PDB. The associated rule set must be consistent with the CONNECT command rule: if the CONNECT command rule is in the application root, then the rule set and rules must also be in the application root. You run the CONNECT command rule procedures from the CDB root as a common user. If the CONNECT command rule is local to a pluggable database (PDB), then you must run the CONNECT command rule creation command in that PDB, and the rule set and rules must be local.

The following example shows a CONNECT command rule definition that creates a local, enabled CONNECT command rule for the HR user. The rule set that is associated with this command rule is local to the current PDB.

BEGIN
DBMS_MACADM.CREATE_CONNECT_COMMAND_RULE(
 rule_set_name   => 'Enabled', 
 user_name       => 'HR', 
 enabled         => DBMS_MACUTL.G_YES,
 scope           => DBMS_MACUTL.G_SCOPE_LOCAL);
END; 
/
7.1.3.2 ALTER SESSION and ALTER SYSTEM Command Rules

You can create different kinds of ALTER SESSION and ALTER SYSTEM command rules that provide fine-grained control for these SQL statements.

The procedures to create these types of command rules are as follows:

  • DBMS_MACADM.CREATE_COMMAND_RULE creates ALTER SESSION and ALTER SYSTEM command rules that use clauses from the corresponding SQL statement, such as ADVISE, CLOSE DATABASE LINK, COMMIT IN PROCEDURE, and SET for ALTER SESSION, or ARCHIVE_LOG, CHECK DATAFILES, CHECKPOINT, and SET for ALTER SYSTEM.

  • DBMS_MACADM.CREATE_SESSION_EVENT creates a command rule that is specific to the ALTER SESSION SET EVENTS SQL statement

  • DBMS_MACADM_CREATE_SYSTEM_EVENT creates a command rule that is specific to the ALTER SYSTEM SET EVENTS SQL statement.

To create these command rules, you use the appropriate Database Vault procedure to specify the clause and if applicable, the parameter of the clause, in the creation statement. If the ALTER SESSION or ALTER SYSTEM command rule use the SET EVENTS setting, then you can use special parameters to specify events, components, and actions.

For example, for an ALTER SYSTEM command rule, you could specify the SECURITY clause and its RESTRICTED SESSION parameter from the ALTER SYSTEM SQL statement. To specify whether RESTRICTED SESSION is TRUE or FALSE, you must create a Database Vault rule and rule set, which can test for the validity of this sequence number.

To understand how this concept works, first create the following rule and rule set, which are designed to check if the RESTRICTED SESSION parameter is set to TRUE:

EXEC DBMS_MACADM.CREATE_RULE('RESTRICTED SESSION TRUE', 'UPPER(PARAMETER_VALUE) = ''TRUE''');

BEGIN
 DBMS_MACADM.CREATE_RULE_SET(
  rule_set_name    => 'Check RESTRICTED SESSION for TRUE',
  description      => 'Checks if restricted session is true',
  enabled          => DBMS_MACUTL.G_YES,
  eval_options     => DBMS_MACUTL.G_RULESET_EVAL_ALL,
  audit_options    => DBMS_MACUTL.G_RULESET_AUDIT_FAIL + DBMS_MACUTL.G_RULESET_AUDIT_SUCCESS,
  fail_options     => DBMS_MACUTL.G_RULESET_FAIL_SILENT,
  fail_message     => 'RESTRICTED SESSION is not TRUE',
  fail_code        => 20461,
  handler_options  => DBMS_MACUTL.G_RULESET_HANDLER_FAIL,
  handler          => '',
  is_static        => false);
END;
/
EXEC DBMS_MACADM.ADD_RULE_TO_RULE_SET(Check RESTRICTED SESSION for TRUE', 'RESTRICTED SESSION TRUE');

With the rule and rule set in place, you are ready to create an ALTER SYSTEM command rule that will check if the RESTRICTED SESSION parameter:

BEGIN
DBMS_MACADM.CREATE_COMMAND_RULE(
 command         => 'ALTER SYSTEM', 
 rule_set_name   => 'Check RESTRICTED SESSION for TRUE', 
 object_owner    => '%', 
 object_name     => '%', 
 enabled         => DBMS_MACUTL.G_YES,
 clause_name     => 'SECURITY',
 parameter_name  => 'RESTRICTED SESSION',
 scope           => DBMS_MACUTL.G_SCOPE_LOCAL);
END; 
/

In this example:

  • rule_set_name checks whether RESTRICTED SESSION is set to TRUE or FALSE. In a multienant environment, you must create the rule set and rule in the same location as the command rule: either in the application root or locally in a PDB.

  • object_owner and object_name must always be set to % for this kind of ALTER SESSION or ALTER SYSTEM command rule.

  • enabled enables you to enable or disable the command rule, or to use simulation mode to log violations to the command rule to a designated log table. The log data describes the error, such as the user name or SQL statement used.

  • clause_name specifies the SECURITY clause of the ALTER SYSTEM SQL statement

  • parameter_name specifies the RESTRICTED SESSION parameter from the SECURITY clause

  • scope sets the command rule to be local to the current PDB. The associated rule set and rule must also be local to the current PDB. If you want to create the command rule in the application root, then as a common user, you would set scope to DBMS_MACUTL.G_SCOPE_COMMON and run the procedure (and its accompanying rule set and rule creation procedures) from the application root.

See Also:

7.2 Default Command Rules

Oracle Database Vault provides default command rules, based on commonly used SQL statements.

Table 7-1 lists the default Database Vault command rules.

Table 7-1 Default Command Rules

SQL Statement Rule Set Name

CREATE USER

Can Maintain Accounts/Profiles

ALTER USER

Can Maintain Own Account

DROP USER

Can Maintain Accounts/Profiles

CREATE PROFILE

Can Maintain Accounts/Profiles

ALTER PROFILE

Can Maintain Accounts/Profiles

DROP PROFILE

Can Maintain Accounts/Profiles

ALTER SYSTEM

Allow Fine Grained Control of System Parameters

CHANGE PASSWORD

Can Maintain Own AccountFoot 1

Footnote 1

The actual SQL statement that the Can Maintain Own Account rule refers to is PASSWORD.

The following set of command rules helps you to achieve separation of duty for user management:

  • ALTER PROFILE

  • ALTER USER

  • CREATE PROFILE

  • CREATE USER

  • DROP PROFILE

  • DROP USER

To grant a user the ability to use these commands, you can grant the user the role that the rule set checks. For example, the CREATE USER command rule ensures that a user who tries to run a CREATE USER statement has the DV_ACCTMGR role.

Note:

To find information about the default command rules, query the DBA_DV_COMMAND_RULE data dictionary view.

7.3 SQL Statements That Can Be Protected by Command Rules

You can protect a large number of SQL statements by using command rules.

The SQL statements that you can protect are as follows:

SQL Statements A-C SQL Statements C-D SQL Statements D-U

ALTER CLUSTER

ANALYZE TABLE

CREATE TABLE

ALTER DIMENSION

ASSOCIATE STATISTICS

CREATE TABLESPACE

ALTER FLASHBACK ARCHIVE

AUDIT

CREATE TRIGGER

ALTER FUNCTION

CHANGE PASSWORD

CREATE TYPE

ALTER INDEX

COMMENT

CREATE TYPE BODY

ALTER INDEXTYPE

CONNECT

CREATE VIEW

ALTER JAVA

CREATE EDITION

DELETE

ALTER LIBRARY

CREATE FLASHBACK ARCHIVE

DISASSOCIATE STATISTICS

ALTER OPERATOR

CREATE USER

DROP CLUSTER

ALTER OUTLINE

CREATE CLUSTER

DROP CONTEXT

ALTER MATERIALIZED VIEW

CREATE CONTEXT

DROP DATABASE LINK

ALTER MATERIALIZED VIEW LOG

CREATE DATABASE LINK

DROP EDITION

ALTER PACKAGE

CREATE DIMENSION

DROP DIMENSION

ALTER PACKAGE BODY

CREATE DIRECTORY

DROP DIRECTORY

ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE

CREATE FUNCTION

DROP FLASHBACK ARCHIVE

ALTER PROCEDURE

CREATE INDEX

DROP FUNCTION

ALTER PROFILE

CREATE INDEXTYPE

FLASHBACK TABLE

ALTER RESOURCE COST

CREATE JAVA

EXECUTE

ALTER ROLE

CREATE LIBRARY

GRANT

ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT

CREATE OPERATOR

INSERT

ALTER SEQUENCE

CREATE OUTLINE

NOAUDIT

ALTER SESSION

CREATE PACKAGE

PURGE DBA_RECYCLEBIN

ALTER SYNONYM

CREATE PACKAGE BODY

PURGE INDEX

ALTER SYSTEM

CREATE PLUGGABLE DATABASE

RENAME

ALTER TABLE

CREATE PROCEDURE

PURGE RECYCLEBIN

ALTER TABLESPACE

CREATE PROFILE

PURGE TABLE

ALTER TRIGGER

CREATE ROLE

PURGE TABLESPACE

ALTER TYPE

CREATE ROLLBACK SEGMENT

REVOKE

ALTER TYPE BODY

CREATE SCHEMA

SELECT

ALTER USER

CREATE SEQUENCE

TRUNCATE CLUSTER

ALTER VIEW

CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW

TRUNCATE TABLE

ANALYZE CLUSTER

CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW LOG

UPDATE

ANALYZE INDEX

CREATE SYNONYM

-

See Also:

Command Rules in a Multitenant Environment for information about using CREATE PLUGGABLE DATABASE, ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE, and DROP PLUGGABLE DATABASE in a multitenant container database (CDB)

7.4 Creating a Command Rule

You can create a command rule in Oracle Database Vault Administrator.

  1. Log in to Oracle Database Vault Administrator from Cloud Control as a user who has been granted the DV_OWNER or DV_ADMIN role and the SELECT ANY DICTIONARY privilege. Logging into Oracle Database Vault explains how to log in.
  2. In the Administration page, under Database Vault Components, click Command Rules.
  3. In the Command Rules page:
  4. In the Create Command Rule page, enter the following settings:
    • Command: Select the SQL statement or operation for which you want to create a command rule. This attribute is mandatory.

    • Status: Select either Enabled, Disabled, or Simulation, which will apply to the command rule during run time. This attribute is mandatory.

    • Applicable Object Owner: From the list, select the owner of the object the command rule affects. You can use wildcard character % to select all owners. (However, you cannot use wildcard characters with text, such as EM% to select all owners whose names begin in EM.) This attribute is mandatory for all SQL statements that operate on objects within a specific schema. See SQL Statements That Can Be Protected by Command Rules for a list of supported SQL statements.

      Note that the SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, and EXECUTE statements are not allowed for a selection of all (%) or the SYS and DVSYS schemas.

    • Applicable Object Name: Enter the name of the database object that the command rule affects, or specify % to select all database objects. This attribute is mandatory, if you selected an object owner from the Object Owner list.

      You can run Oracle Database Vault reports on objects that the command rule affects. See the Command Rule Related Reports and Data Dictionary View for more information.

    • Rule Set: From the list, select the rule set that you want to associate with the command rule. This attribute is mandatory.

      If the rule set evaluates to true, then the SQL statement succeeds. If it evaluates to false, the statement fails, and then Oracle Database Vault raises a command rule violation. (You can track rule violations by using the Command Rule Configuration Issues Report, discussed in Oracle Database Vault Reports.) Any auditing and custom event handling associated with the rule set occurs as a part of the command rule processing.

      See Configuring Rule Sets, for more information about rule sets.

  5. Click OK.

7.5 Modifying the Enablement Status of a Command Rule

You can enable or disable a command rule in Oracle Database Vault Administrator.

  1. Log in to Oracle Database Vault Administrator from Cloud Control as a user who has been granted the DV_OWNER or DV_ADMIN role and the SELECT ANY DICTIONARY privilege. Logging into Oracle Database Vault explains how to log in.
  2. In the Administration page, under Database Vault Components, click Command Rules.
  3. In the Command Rules page, select the command rule that you want to enable or disable, and then select Edit.
  4. In the Edit Command Rule page, select the status that you want from the Status menu:
    • Enabled
    • Disabled
    • Simulation
  5. Click OK.

7.6 Deleting a Command Rule

Before you delete a command rule, you can locate the various references to it by querying the command rule-related Oracle Database Vault views.

  1. Log in to Oracle Database Vault Administrator from Cloud Control as a user who has been granted the DV_OWNER or DV_ADMIN role and the SELECT ANY DICTIONARY privilege. Logging into Oracle Database Vault explains how to log in.
  2. In the Oracle Database Vault Administration page, select Command Rules.
  3. In the Command Rules page, select the command rule that you want to remove.
  4. Click Delete.
  5. In the Confirmation window, click Yes.

7.7 How Command Rules Work

Command rules follow a set of steps to check their associated components.

How Realms Work describes what happens when a database account issues a SELECT, DDL, or DML statement that affects objects within a realm.

The following actions take place when SELECT, DDL, or DML statement is issued:

  1. Oracle Database Vault queries all the command rules that need to be applied.

    For SELECT, DDL, and DML statements, multiple command rules may apply because the object owner and object name support wildcard notation.

    You can associate rule sets with both command rules and realm authorizations. Oracle Database Vault evaluates the realm authorization rule set first, and then it evaluates the rule sets that apply to the command type being evaluated.

  2. For each command rule that applies, Oracle Database Vault evaluates its associated rule set.

  3. If the associated rule set of any of the applicable command rules returns false or errors, Oracle Database Vault prevents the command from executing. Otherwise, the command is authorized for further processing. The configuration of the rule set with respect to auditing and event handlers dictates the auditing or custom processing that occurs.

    Command rules override object privileges. That is, even the owner of an object cannot access the object if the object is protected by a command rule. You can disable either a command rule or the rule set of a command. If you disable a command rule, then the command rule does not perform the check it is designed to handle. If you disable a rule set, then the rule set always evaluates to TRUE. However, if you want to disable a command rule for a particular command, then you should disable the command rule because the rule set may be associated with other command rules or realm authorizations.

7.8 Tutorial: Using a Command Rule to Control Table Creations by a User

In this tutorial, you create a simple local command rule to control whether users can create tables in the SCOTT schema.

Topics:

7.8.1 Step 1: Create a Table

First, user SCOTT must create a table.

  1. Log into the database instance as user SCOTT.
    sqlplus scott
    Enter password: password
    

    In a multitenant environment, you must log in to the appropriate PDB. For example:

    sqlplus scott@hrpdb
    Enter password: password
    

    To find the available pluggable databases (PDBs), query the DBA_PDBS data dictionary view. To check the current PDB, run the show con_name command.

    If the SCOTT account is locked and expired, then log in as the Database Vault Account Manager and unlock SCOTT and create a new password. For example:

    sqlplus bea_dvacctmgr --Or, sqlplus bea_dvacctmgr@hrpdb
    Enter password: password
    
    ALTER USER SCOTT ACCOUNT UNLOCK IDENTIFIED BY password;
    

    Follow the guidelines in Oracle Database Security Guide to replace password with a password that is secure.

    CONNECT SCOTT --Or, sqlplus SCOTT@hrpdb
    Enter password: password
    
  2. As user SCOTT, create a table.
    CREATE TABLE t1 (num NUMBER);
    
  3. Now drop the table.
    DROP TABLE t1;
    

At this stage, user SCOTT can create and drop tables. Do not exit SQL*Plus yet, and remain connected as SCOTT. You must use it later on when SCOTT tries to create another table.

7.8.2 Step 2: Create a Command Rule

After the table has been created in the SCOTT schema, you can create a command rule.

  1. Log in to Oracle Database Vault Administrator from Cloud Control as a user who has been granted the DV_OWNER or DV_ADMIN role and the SELECT ANY DICTIONARY privilege. Logging into Oracle Database Vault explains how to log in.
  2. In the Oracle Database Vault Administrator Administration page, click Command Rules.

    The Command Rules page appears.

  3. Click Create.

    The Create Command Rule page appears.

  4. Enter the following settings:
    • Command: Select CREATE TABLE

    • Status: Set to Enabled so that the command rule is active.

    • Applicable Object Owner: Select SCOTT.

    • Applicable Object Name: Set to % so that it applies to all objects in the SCOTT schema.

    • Rule Set: Select Disabled so that no one can create tables in the SCOTT schema.

  5. Click OK.

    Do not exit Database Vault Administrator

Command rules take effect immediately. Right away, user SCOTT is prevented from creating tables, even though he is still in the same user session he was in a moment ago, before you created the CREATE TABLE command rule.

7.8.3 Step 3: Test the Command Rule

Next, you are ready to test the CREATE TABLE local command rule.

  1. In SQL*Plus, ensure that you are logged on as user SCOTT.

    CONNECT SCOTT --Or, CONNECT SCOTT@hrpdb
    Enter password: password
    
  2. Try to create a table.

    CREATE TABLE t1 (num NUMBER);
    

    The following output should appear:

    ORA-47400: Command Rule violation for create table on SCOTT.T1
    

    As you can see, SCOTT is no longer allowed to create tables, even in his own schema.

  3. In Oracle Database Vault Administrator, do the following:

    1. In the Command Rules page, select the CREATE TABLE command rule and then click Edit.

    2. In the Edit Command Rule page, select Enabled from the Rule Set list.

    3. Click OK.

  4. In SQL*Plus, as user SCOTT, try creating the table again.

    CREATE TABLE t1 (num NUMBER);
    
    Table created.
    

Now that the CREATE TABLE command rule is set to Enabled, user SCOTT is once again permitted to create tables. (Do not exit SQL*Plus.)

7.8.4 Step 4: Remove the Components for this Tutorial

You can remove the components that you created for this tutorial if you no longer need them.

  1. In Oracle Database Vault Administrator, remove the CREATE TABLE command rule as follows:

    1. Return to the Command Rules page.

    2. Select the CREATE TABLE local command rule and then click Delete.

    3. In the Confirmation window, click Yes.

  2. Log into the database instance as user SCOTT and remove the t1 table.

    DROP TABLE t1;
    
  3. If you no longer need the SCOTT account to be available, then connect as the Database Vault Account Manager and enter the following ALTER USER statement:

    CONNECT bea_dvacctmgr --Or, CONNECT bea_dvacctmgr@hrpdb
    Enter password: password
    
    ALTER USER SCOTT ACCOUNT LOCK PASSWORD EXPIRE;

7.9 Guidelines for Designing Command Rules

Oracle provides guidelines for designing command rules.

  • Create finer-grained command rules, because they are far easier to maintain.

    For example, if you want to prevent SELECT statements from occurring on specific schema objects, then design multiple command rules to stop the SELECT statements on those specific schema objects, rather than creating a general command rule to prevent SELECT statements in the schema level.

  • When designing rules for the CONNECT event, be careful to include logic that does not inadvertently lock out any required user connections. If any account has been locked out accidentally, ask a user who has been granted the DV_ADMIN or DV_OWNER role to log in and correct the rule that is causing the lock-out problem. The CONNECT command rule does not apply to users with the DV_OWNER and DV_ADMIN roles. This prevents improperly configured CONNECT command rules from causing a complete lock-out.

    If the account has been locked out, you can disable Oracle Database Vault, correct the rule that is causing the lock-out problem, and then reenable Oracle Database Vault. Even when Oracle Database Vault is disabled, you still can use Database Vault Administrator and the Database Vault PL/SQL packages. See Disabling and Enabling Oracle Database Vault, for instructions on disabling and reenabling Database Vault.

  • Sometimes you must temporarily relax an enabled command rule for an administrative task. Rather than disabling the command rule, have the Security Manager (the account with the DV_ADMIN or DV_OWNER role) log in, set the rule set to Enabled, turn on Auditing on Success or Failure for the default rule set named Enabled, and then set the command rule back to its original rule set when the task is complete. (Be aware that in a unified auditing environment, this setting does not work. Instead, you must create a unified audit policy. Oracle Database Security Guide describes how to create unified audit policies for Database Vault.)

  • When designing command rules, be careful to consider automated processes such as backup where these procedures may be inadvertently disabled. You can account for these tasks by creating rules that allow the command when a series of Oracle Database Vault factors is known to be true (for example, the program being used), and the account being used or the computer or network on which the client program is running.

  • You can test the development phase of a command rule by using simulation mode, which enables the command rule but writes detailed information about it to a log file.

7.10 How Command Rules Affect Performance

The performance of a command rule depends on the complexity of the rules in the rule set associated with the command rule.

For example, suppose a rule set invokes a PL/SQL function that takes 5 seconds to run. In this case, a command rule that uses that rule set would take 5 seconds to grant access for the command statement to run.

You can check the system performance by running tools such as Oracle Enterprise Manager (including Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, which is installed by default with Oracle Database), Automatic Workload Repository (AWR), and TKPROF.

See Also:

7.11 Command Rule Related Reports and Data Dictionary View

Oracle Database Vault provides reports and a data dictionary view that are useful for analyzing command rules.

Table 7-2 lists the Oracle Database Vault report. See Oracle Database Vault Reports, for information about how to run these reports.

Table 7-2 Reports Related to Command Rules

Report Description

Command Rule Audit Report

Lists audit records generated by command rule processing operations

Command Rule Configuration Issues Report

Tracks rule violations, in addition to other configuration issues the command rule may have

Object Privilege Reports

Lists object privileges that the command rule affects

Sensitive Objects Reports

Lists objects that the command rule affects

Rule Set Configuration Issues Report

Lists rules sets that have no rules defined or enabled, which may affect the command rules that use them

You can use the DBA_DV_COMMAND_RULE data dictionary view to find the SQL statements that are protected by command rules. See DBA_DV_COMMAND_RULE View for more information.