Review the individual component requirements.
Individual Component Requirements contains the following topics:
Configuring Disk Storage for Oracle Data Files and Recovery Files
Learn about the storage options for storing Oracle data files and, optionally, Oracle database recovery files.
Choosing a Storage Option for Oracle Database and Recovery Files
Oracle Database files include data files, control files, redo log files, the server parameter file, and the password file.
For all installations, you must choose the storage option to use for Oracle Database files. During the database installation, you must choose the storage option to use for recovery files (the fast recovery area). You do not have to use the same storage option for each file type.
Database files and recovery files are supported on file systems and Oracle ASM.
The storage option that you choose for recovery files can be the same as or different to the option you choose for the data files. The recovery files must be placed on Oracle ASM if using Oracle ACFS; otherwise they can be placed on NTFS.
Configuring Disk Storage
Learn how to configure disk storage before you start the installation.
Creating Directories for Oracle Data Files or Recovery Files
If you decide to place the Oracle Database files on a file system, then use the following guidelines when deciding where to place them:
Guidelines for Placing Oracle Database Files on a File System or Logical Volume
Review the guidelines for placing Oracle Database files on a file system or logical volume.
Oracle Universal Installer indicates that the default path for the database file directory is a subdirectory of the Oracle base directory.
If you want to use a single file system, then choose a file system on a physical device that is dedicated to the database.
For best performance and reliability, choose a RAID device or a logical volume on multiple physical devices and implement a stripe-and-mirror everything (SAME) storage policy.
If you want to use more than one file system, then choose file systems on separate physical devices that are dedicated to the database.
This method enables you to distribute physical input-output operations and create separate control files on different devices for increased reliability. It also enables you to fully implement Oracle Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA) guidelines. Choose the Advanced database creation option to implement this method.
If you intend to create a preconfigured database during the installation, then the file system (or file systems) that you choose must have at least 2 GB of free disk space.
For optimum performance, the file systems that you choose must be on physical devices that are used only by the database.
The Oracle user running the Oracle Database installation must have write permissions to create the files in the path that you specify.
Guidelines for Placing Oracle Recovery Files on a File System
Use the guidelines listed in this section to place Oracle recovery files on a file system.
You must choose a location for recovery files only if you intend to enable automated backups during the installation.
If you place the Oracle recovery files on a file system, use the following guidelines when deciding where to place them:
To prevent disk failure from making both the data files and the recovery files unavailable, place the recovery files in a file system on a different physical disk from the data files.
Alternatively, for both data files and recovery files, use an Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk group.
The file system that you choose must have at least 2 GB of free disk space.
The disk space requirement is the default disk quota configured for the fast recovery area (specified by the
If you choose the Advanced database configuration option, you can specify a different disk quota value. After you create the database, you can also use Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control or Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Express to specify a different value.
Oracle Universal Installer suggests that the default location for the database file directory is a subdirectory of the Oracle base directory. However, this default location is not recommended for production databases.
Creating Required Directories
Use this procedure to create the required directories.
You must complete this procedure only to place the Oracle database or recovery files on a separate file system from the Oracle base directory.
To create directories for the Oracle database or recovery files on separate file systems from the Oracle base directory, follow these steps:
- Use Windows Explorer to determine the free disk space on the file system.
- From the display, identify the file systems to use:
File Type File System Requirements
Select one of the following:
A single file system with at least 950 MB of free disk space
Two or more file systems with at least 950 MB of free disk space in total
Choose a file system with at least 2 GB of free disk space.
If you are using the same file system for multiple types of files, then add the disk space requirements for each type to determine the total disk space requirement.
- Note the names of the directories for the file systems that you identified.
Oracle Database Security Strong Authentication Requirements
Ensure that you meet the hardware and software requirements so that you can use strong authentication (Kerberos, PKI) with Oracle Database.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Requirements
All Oracle Enterprise Manager products must belong to the same release.
Oracle Enterprise Manager products are released on the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control installation media. Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Express is built into Oracle Database without any need for special installation or management.
Oracle-Managed Files Requirements
If you choose the Advanced database creation option, then you can use the Oracle-managed files feature with the new database.
If you use this feature, then specify only the database object name instead of file names when creating or deleting database files. You require configuration procedures to enable Oracle Managed Files.
Oracle Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) Writer
Oracle Volume Shadow Copy Service Writer is supported on Windows Server operating systems.