Oracle provides several options for upgrading your precompiler and Oracle Call Interface (OCI) applications running on a new release of Oracle Database.
The upgrade options are listed in order of increasing difficulty and increasing potential benefits. That is, Option 1 is the least difficult option, but it offers the least potential benefits, while Option 3 is the most difficult option, but it offers the most potential benefits.
Option 1: Leave the Application Unchanged
Leave the application and its environment unchanged.
Do not relink, precompile, or compile the application, and do not change the application code. The application continues to work against the new Oracle Database 12c. This option requires that the Oracle home environment of the application is not upgraded. You can leave the application unchanged, and it continues to work with the Oracle Database 12c server. The major advantage to this option is that it is simple and easy. In addition, this option requires the least amount of administration, because you are not required to upgrade any of your client computers. If you have a large number of client computers, then avoiding the administrative costs of upgrading all of them can become very important.
The major disadvantage to this option is that your application cannot use the features that are available in the new release of Oracle Database. In addition, your application cannot leverage all the possible performance benefits of Oracle Database 12c.
Option 2: Precompile or Compile the Application Using the New Software
Application code must be changed if any APIs are deprecated or changed.
Precompile or compile and then relink the application using the new release of Oracle Database. When upgrading to the new release of Oracle Database software, you must precompile or compile the application with the new software after making necessary code changes to account for APIs that are deprecated or changed.
This option requires that you install the new Oracle Database client software on each client computer. You are required to precompile or compile, and relink your application only one time, regardless of the number of clients you have.
By recompiling, you perform a syntax check of your application code. Some problems in the application code that were not detected by previous releases of the Oracle software might emerge when you precompile or compile with the new Oracle software. Therefore, precompiling and compiling with the new software often helps you detect and correct problems in the application code that might have gone unnoticed before.
Also, recompiling affords maximum stability for your application, because you are sure that it works with the new Oracle software. Further, your environment is ready for new development using the latest tools and features available. In addition, you might benefit from performance improvements that are available with the new Oracle software only after you recompile and relink.
Option 3: Change the Application Code to Use New Oracle Database Features
Make code changes to your applications to take advantage of new Oracle Database features.
Change the application code to use new features in Oracle Database 12c. Then, precompile or compile and then relink the code. This option is the most difficult, but it can provide the most potential benefits. You gain all of the advantages described in Option 2: Precompile or Compile the Application Using the New Software. . In addition, you also benefit from changes to your application that may leverage performance and scalability benefits available with the new release of Oracle Database. Further, you can add new features to your application that are available only with the new release. Consult the Oracle documentation for your development environment so that you understand how to implement the features you want to use.
Oracle Database New Features Guide to become familiar with the features of Oracle Database 12c
Changing Oracle Precompiler and OCI Application Development Environments
When you have decided on the new features to use, change the code of your application to use these features.
Follow the appropriate instructions in the following sections based on your development environment.
Changing Precompiler Applications
Complete these steps to change precompiler applications to use Oracle Database 12c features.
To use new features in Oracle Database 12c, incorporate the code for these new features into existing applications.
Precompile each application using the Oracle precompiler.
Compile each application.
Relink each application with the run-time library of the new Oracle Database 12c,
SQLLIB, which is included with the precompiler.
Changing OCI Applications
Complete the steps listed here to change your OCI application to use features of Oracle Database 12c.
Incorporate OCI calls of the new Oracle Database 12c into the existing application.
Compile the application.
Relink the application with the run-time library of the new Oracle Database 12c.