10.7 ALTER CLUSTER

Purpose

Use the ALTER CLUSTER statement to redefine storage and parallelism characteristics of a cluster.

Note:

You cannot use this statement to change the number or the name of columns in the cluster key, and you cannot change the tablespace in which the cluster is stored.

See Also:

CREATE CLUSTER for information on creating a cluster, DROP CLUSTER and DROP TABLE for information on removing tables from a cluster, and CREATE TABLE ... physical_properties for information on adding a table to a cluster

Prerequisites

The cluster must be in your own schema or you must have the ALTER ANY CLUSTER system privilege.

Syntax

Semantics

schema

Specify the schema containing the cluster. If you omit schema, then Oracle Database assumes the cluster is in your own schema.

cluster

Specify the name of the cluster to be altered.

physical_attributes_clause

Use this clause to change the values of the PCTUSED, PCTFREE, and INITRANS parameters of the cluster.

Use the STORAGE clause to change the storage characteristics of the cluster.

See Also:

Restriction on Physical Attributes

You cannot change the values of the storage parameters INITIAL and MINEXTENTS for a cluster.

SIZE

integer

Use the SIZE clause to specify the number of cluster keys that will be stored in data blocks allocated to the cluster.

Restriction on SIZE

You can change the SIZE parameter only for an indexed cluster, not for a hash cluster.

See Also:

CREATE CLUSTER for a description of the SIZE parameter and "Modifying a Cluster: Example"

MODIFY PARTITION

Specify MODIFY PARTITION partition allocate_extent_clause to explicitly allocate a new extent for a cluster partition. This operation is valid only for range-partitioned hash clusters. For partition, specify the cluster partition name.

allocate_extent_clause

Specify allocate_extent_clause to explicitly allocate a new extent for a cluster. This operation is valid only for indexed clusters and nonpartitioned hash clusters.

When you explicitly allocate an extent with the allocate_extent_clause, Oracle Database does not evaluate the storage parameters of the cluster and determine a new size for the next extent to be allocated (as it does when you create a table). Therefore, specify SIZE if you do not want Oracle Database to use a default value.

See Also:

allocate_extent_clause for a full description of this clause

deallocate_unused_clause

Use the deallocate_unused_clause to explicitly deallocate unused space at the end of the cluster and make the freed space available for other segments.

See Also:

deallocate_unused_clause for a full description of this clause and "Deallocating Unused Space: Example"

parallel_clause

Specify the parallel_clause to change the default degree of parallelism for queries on the cluster.

See Also:

parallel_clause in the documentation on CREATE TABLE for complete information on this clause

Examples

The following examples modify the clusters that were created in the CREATE CLUSTER "Examples".

Modifying a Cluster: Example

The next statement alters the personnel cluster:

ALTER CLUSTER personnel
   SIZE 1024 CACHE;

Oracle Database allocates 1024 bytes for each cluster key value and enables the cache attribute. Assuming a data block size of 2 kilobytes, future data blocks within this cluster contain 2 cluster keys in each data block, or 2 kilobytes divided by 1024 bytes.

Deallocating Unused Space: Example

The following statement deallocates unused space from the language cluster, keeping 30 kilobytes of unused space for future use:

ALTER CLUSTER language 
   DEALLOCATE UNUSED KEEP 30 K;

Altering Clusters: Example

The following statement creates a cluster with the default key size (600):

CREATE CLUSTER EMP_DEPT (DEPTNO NUMBER(3))   
   SIZE 600   
   TABLESPACE USERS   
   STORAGE (INITIAL 200K   
      NEXT 300K   
      MINEXTENTS 2   
      PCTINCREASE 33);

The following statement queries USER_CLUSTERS to display the cluster metadata:

SELECT CLUSTER_NAME, TABLESPACE_NAME, KEY_SIZE, CLUSTER_TYPE, AVG_BLOCKS_PER_KEY, MIN_EXTENTS, MAX_EXTENTS FROM USER_CLUSTERS;

CLUSTER_NAME    TABLESPACE_NAME                  KEY_SIZE CLUST AVG_BLOCKS_PER_KEY MIN_EXTENTS MAX_EXTENTS
--------------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----- ------------------ ----------- -----------
EMP_DEPT        USERS                                 600 INDEX                              1  2147483645

The following statement modifies the cluster key size:

ALTER CLUSTER EMP_DEPT SIZE 1024;

The following statement displays the metadata of the modified cluster:

SELECT CLUSTER_NAME, TABLESPACE_NAME, KEY_SIZE, CLUSTER_TYPE, AVG_BLOCKS_PER_KEY, MIN_EXTENTS, MAX_EXTENTS FROM USER_CLUSTERS;

CLUSTER_NAME    TABLESPACE_NAME                  KEY_SIZE CLUST AVG_BLOCKS_PER_KEY MIN_EXTENTS MAX_EXTENTS
--------------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----- ------------------ ----------- -----------
EMP_DEPT        USERS                                1024 INDEX                              1  2147483645

The following statement deallocates unused space from the EMP_DEPT cluster, keeping 30 kilobytes of unused space for future use:

ALTER CLUSTER EMP_DEPT DEALLOCATE UNUSED KEEP 30 K;

The following statement displays the metadata of the modified cluster:

SELECT CLUSTER_NAME, TABLESPACE_NAME, KEY_SIZE, CLUSTER_TYPE, AVG_BLOCKS_PER_KEY, MIN_EXTENTS, MAX_EXTENTS FROM USER_CLUSTERS;

CLUSTER_NAME    TABLESPACE_NAME                  KEY_SIZE CLUST AVG_BLOCKS_PER_KEY MIN_EXTENTS MAX_EXTENTS
--------------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----- ------------------ ----------- -----------
EMP_DEPT        USERS                                1024 INDEX                              1  2147483645

Live SQL:

View and run a related example on Oracle Live SQL at Creating and Altering Clusters