Module java.base
Package java.lang

Class Character

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    Serializable, Comparable<Character>

    public final class Character
    extends Object
    implements Serializable, Comparable<Character>
    The Character class wraps a value of the primitive type char in an object. An object of type Character contains a single field whose type is char.

    In addition, this class provides several methods for determining a character's category (lowercase letter, digit, etc.) and for converting characters from uppercase to lowercase and vice versa.

    Character information is based on the Unicode Standard, version 10.0.0.

    The methods and data of class Character are defined by the information in the UnicodeData file that is part of the Unicode Character Database maintained by the Unicode Consortium. This file specifies various properties including name and general category for every defined Unicode code point or character range.

    The file and its description are available from the Unicode Consortium at:

    Unicode Character Representations

    The char data type (and therefore the value that a Character object encapsulates) are based on the original Unicode specification, which defined characters as fixed-width 16-bit entities. The Unicode Standard has since been changed to allow for characters whose representation requires more than 16 bits. The range of legal code points is now U+0000 to U+10FFFF, known as Unicode scalar value. (Refer to the definition of the U+n notation in the Unicode Standard.)

    The set of characters from U+0000 to U+FFFF is sometimes referred to as the Basic Multilingual Plane (BMP). Characters whose code points are greater than U+FFFF are called supplementary characters. The Java platform uses the UTF-16 representation in char arrays and in the String and StringBuffer classes. In this representation, supplementary characters are represented as a pair of char values, the first from the high-surrogates range, (\uD800-\uDBFF), the second from the low-surrogates range (\uDC00-\uDFFF).

    A char value, therefore, represents Basic Multilingual Plane (BMP) code points, including the surrogate code points, or code units of the UTF-16 encoding. An int value represents all Unicode code points, including supplementary code points. The lower (least significant) 21 bits of int are used to represent Unicode code points and the upper (most significant) 11 bits must be zero. Unless otherwise specified, the behavior with respect to supplementary characters and surrogate char values is as follows:

    • The methods that only accept a char value cannot support supplementary characters. They treat char values from the surrogate ranges as undefined characters. For example, Character.isLetter('\uD840') returns false, even though this specific value if followed by any low-surrogate value in a string would represent a letter.
    • The methods that accept an int value support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters. For example, Character.isLetter(0x2F81A) returns true because the code point value represents a letter (a CJK ideograph).

    In the Java SE API documentation, Unicode code point is used for character values in the range between U+0000 and U+10FFFF, and Unicode code unit is used for 16-bit char values that are code units of the UTF-16 encoding. For more information on Unicode terminology, refer to the Unicode Glossary.

    Since:
    1.0
    See Also:
    Serialized Form
    • Constructor Summary

      Constructors 
      Constructor Description
      Character​(char value)
      Deprecated.
      It is rarely appropriate to use this constructor.
    • Method Summary

      All Methods Static Methods Instance Methods Concrete Methods Deprecated Methods 
      Modifier and Type Method Description
      static int charCount​(int codePoint)
      Determines the number of char values needed to represent the specified character (Unicode code point).
      char charValue()
      Returns the value of this Character object.
      static int codePointAt​(char[] a, int index)
      Returns the code point at the given index of the char array.
      static int codePointAt​(char[] a, int index, int limit)
      Returns the code point at the given index of the char array, where only array elements with index less than limit can be used.
      static int codePointAt​(CharSequence seq, int index)
      Returns the code point at the given index of the CharSequence.
      static int codePointBefore​(char[] a, int index)
      Returns the code point preceding the given index of the char array.
      static int codePointBefore​(char[] a, int index, int start)
      Returns the code point preceding the given index of the char array, where only array elements with index greater than or equal to start can be used.
      static int codePointBefore​(CharSequence seq, int index)
      Returns the code point preceding the given index of the CharSequence.
      static int codePointCount​(char[] a, int offset, int count)
      Returns the number of Unicode code points in a subarray of the char array argument.
      static int codePointCount​(CharSequence seq, int beginIndex, int endIndex)
      Returns the number of Unicode code points in the text range of the specified char sequence.
      static int codePointOf​(String name)
      Returns the code point value of the Unicode character specified by the given Unicode character name.
      static int compare​(char x, char y)
      Compares two char values numerically.
      int compareTo​(Character anotherCharacter)
      Compares two Character objects numerically.
      static int digit​(char ch, int radix)
      Returns the numeric value of the character ch in the specified radix.
      static int digit​(int codePoint, int radix)
      Returns the numeric value of the specified character (Unicode code point) in the specified radix.
      boolean equals​(Object obj)
      Compares this object against the specified object.
      static char forDigit​(int digit, int radix)
      Determines the character representation for a specific digit in the specified radix.
      static byte getDirectionality​(char ch)
      Returns the Unicode directionality property for the given character.
      static byte getDirectionality​(int codePoint)
      Returns the Unicode directionality property for the given character (Unicode code point).
      static String getName​(int codePoint)
      Returns the Unicode name of the specified character codePoint, or null if the code point is unassigned.
      static int getNumericValue​(char ch)
      Returns the int value that the specified Unicode character represents.
      static int getNumericValue​(int codePoint)
      Returns the int value that the specified character (Unicode code point) represents.
      static int getType​(char ch)
      Returns a value indicating a character's general category.
      static int getType​(int codePoint)
      Returns a value indicating a character's general category.
      int hashCode()
      Returns a hash code for this Character; equal to the result of invoking charValue().
      static int hashCode​(char value)
      Returns a hash code for a char value; compatible with Character.hashCode().
      static char highSurrogate​(int codePoint)
      Returns the leading surrogate (a high surrogate code unit) of the surrogate pair representing the specified supplementary character (Unicode code point) in the UTF-16 encoding.
      static boolean isAlphabetic​(int codePoint)
      Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is an alphabet.
      static boolean isBmpCodePoint​(int codePoint)
      Determines whether the specified character (Unicode code point) is in the Basic Multilingual Plane (BMP).
      static boolean isDefined​(char ch)
      Determines if a character is defined in Unicode.
      static boolean isDefined​(int codePoint)
      Determines if a character (Unicode code point) is defined in Unicode.
      static boolean isDigit​(char ch)
      Determines if the specified character is a digit.
      static boolean isDigit​(int codePoint)
      Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a digit.
      static boolean isHighSurrogate​(char ch)
      Determines if the given char value is a Unicode high-surrogate code unit (also known as leading-surrogate code unit).
      static boolean isIdentifierIgnorable​(char ch)
      Determines if the specified character should be regarded as an ignorable character in a Java identifier or a Unicode identifier.
      static boolean isIdentifierIgnorable​(int codePoint)
      Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) should be regarded as an ignorable character in a Java identifier or a Unicode identifier.
      static boolean isIdeographic​(int codePoint)
      Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a CJKV (Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Vietnamese) ideograph, as defined by the Unicode Standard.
      static boolean isISOControl​(char ch)
      Determines if the specified character is an ISO control character.
      static boolean isISOControl​(int codePoint)
      Determines if the referenced character (Unicode code point) is an ISO control character.
      static boolean isJavaIdentifierPart​(char ch)
      Determines if the specified character may be part of a Java identifier as other than the first character.
      static boolean isJavaIdentifierPart​(int codePoint)
      Determines if the character (Unicode code point) may be part of a Java identifier as other than the first character.
      static boolean isJavaIdentifierStart​(char ch)
      Determines if the specified character is permissible as the first character in a Java identifier.
      static boolean isJavaIdentifierStart​(int codePoint)
      Determines if the character (Unicode code point) is permissible as the first character in a Java identifier.
      static boolean isJavaLetter​(char ch)
      Deprecated.
      Replaced by isJavaIdentifierStart(char).
      static boolean isJavaLetterOrDigit​(char ch)
      Deprecated.
      Replaced by isJavaIdentifierPart(char).
      static boolean isLetter​(char ch)
      Determines if the specified character is a letter.
      static boolean isLetter​(int codePoint)
      Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a letter.
      static boolean isLetterOrDigit​(char ch)
      Determines if the specified character is a letter or digit.
      static boolean isLetterOrDigit​(int codePoint)
      Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a letter or digit.
      static boolean isLowerCase​(char ch)
      Determines if the specified character is a lowercase character.
      static boolean isLowerCase​(int codePoint)
      Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a lowercase character.
      static boolean isLowSurrogate​(char ch)
      Determines if the given char value is a Unicode low-surrogate code unit (also known as trailing-surrogate code unit).
      static boolean isMirrored​(char ch)
      Determines whether the character is mirrored according to the Unicode specification.
      static boolean isMirrored​(int codePoint)
      Determines whether the specified character (Unicode code point) is mirrored according to the Unicode specification.
      static boolean isSpace​(char ch)
      Deprecated.
      Replaced by isWhitespace(char).
      static boolean isSpaceChar​(char ch)
      Determines if the specified character is a Unicode space character.
      static boolean isSpaceChar​(int codePoint)
      Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a Unicode space character.
      static boolean isSupplementaryCodePoint​(int codePoint)
      Determines whether the specified character (Unicode code point) is in the supplementary character range.
      static boolean isSurrogate​(char ch)
      Determines if the given char value is a Unicode surrogate code unit.
      static boolean isSurrogatePair​(char high, char low)
      Determines whether the specified pair of char values is a valid Unicode surrogate pair.
      static boolean isTitleCase​(char ch)
      Determines if the specified character is a titlecase character.
      static boolean isTitleCase​(int codePoint)
      Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a titlecase character.
      static boolean isUnicodeIdentifierPart​(char ch)
      Determines if the specified character may be part of a Unicode identifier as other than the first character.
      static boolean isUnicodeIdentifierPart​(int codePoint)
      Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) may be part of a Unicode identifier as other than the first character.
      static boolean isUnicodeIdentifierStart​(char ch)
      Determines if the specified character is permissible as the first character in a Unicode identifier.
      static boolean isUnicodeIdentifierStart​(int codePoint)
      Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is permissible as the first character in a Unicode identifier.
      static boolean isUpperCase​(char ch)
      Determines if the specified character is an uppercase character.
      static boolean isUpperCase​(int codePoint)
      Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is an uppercase character.
      static boolean isValidCodePoint​(int codePoint)
      Determines whether the specified code point is a valid Unicode code point value.
      static boolean isWhitespace​(char ch)
      Determines if the specified character is white space according to Java.
      static boolean isWhitespace​(int codePoint)
      Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is white space according to Java.
      static char lowSurrogate​(int codePoint)
      Returns the trailing surrogate (a low surrogate code unit) of the surrogate pair representing the specified supplementary character (Unicode code point) in the UTF-16 encoding.
      static int offsetByCodePoints​(char[] a, int start, int count, int index, int codePointOffset)
      Returns the index within the given char subarray that is offset from the given index by codePointOffset code points.
      static int offsetByCodePoints​(CharSequence seq, int index, int codePointOffset)
      Returns the index within the given char sequence that is offset from the given index by codePointOffset code points.
      static char reverseBytes​(char ch)
      Returns the value obtained by reversing the order of the bytes in the specified char value.
      static char[] toChars​(int codePoint)
      Converts the specified character (Unicode code point) to its UTF-16 representation stored in a char array.
      static int toChars​(int codePoint, char[] dst, int dstIndex)
      Converts the specified character (Unicode code point) to its UTF-16 representation.
      static int toCodePoint​(char high, char low)
      Converts the specified surrogate pair to its supplementary code point value.
      static char toLowerCase​(char ch)
      Converts the character argument to lowercase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.
      static int toLowerCase​(int codePoint)
      Converts the character (Unicode code point) argument to lowercase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.
      String toString()
      Returns a String object representing this Character's value.
      static String toString​(char c)
      Returns a String object representing the specified char.
      static String toString​(int codePoint)
      Returns a String object representing the specified character (Unicode code point).
      static char toTitleCase​(char ch)
      Converts the character argument to titlecase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.
      static int toTitleCase​(int codePoint)
      Converts the character (Unicode code point) argument to titlecase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.
      static char toUpperCase​(char ch)
      Converts the character argument to uppercase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.
      static int toUpperCase​(int codePoint)
      Converts the character (Unicode code point) argument to uppercase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.
      static Character valueOf​(char c)
      Returns a Character instance representing the specified char value.
    • Field Detail

      • MIN_VALUE

        public static final char MIN_VALUE
        The constant value of this field is the smallest value of type char, '\u0000'.
        Since:
        1.0.2
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • MAX_VALUE

        public static final char MAX_VALUE
        The constant value of this field is the largest value of type char, '\uFFFF'.
        Since:
        1.0.2
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • TYPE

        public static final Class<Character> TYPE
        The Class instance representing the primitive type char.
        Since:
        1.1
      • UNASSIGNED

        public static final byte UNASSIGNED
        General category "Cn" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • UPPERCASE_LETTER

        public static final byte UPPERCASE_LETTER
        General category "Lu" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • LOWERCASE_LETTER

        public static final byte LOWERCASE_LETTER
        General category "Ll" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • TITLECASE_LETTER

        public static final byte TITLECASE_LETTER
        General category "Lt" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • MODIFIER_LETTER

        public static final byte MODIFIER_LETTER
        General category "Lm" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • OTHER_LETTER

        public static final byte OTHER_LETTER
        General category "Lo" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • NON_SPACING_MARK

        public static final byte NON_SPACING_MARK
        General category "Mn" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • ENCLOSING_MARK

        public static final byte ENCLOSING_MARK
        General category "Me" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • COMBINING_SPACING_MARK

        public static final byte COMBINING_SPACING_MARK
        General category "Mc" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DECIMAL_DIGIT_NUMBER

        public static final byte DECIMAL_DIGIT_NUMBER
        General category "Nd" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • LETTER_NUMBER

        public static final byte LETTER_NUMBER
        General category "Nl" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • OTHER_NUMBER

        public static final byte OTHER_NUMBER
        General category "No" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • SPACE_SEPARATOR

        public static final byte SPACE_SEPARATOR
        General category "Zs" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • LINE_SEPARATOR

        public static final byte LINE_SEPARATOR
        General category "Zl" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • PARAGRAPH_SEPARATOR

        public static final byte PARAGRAPH_SEPARATOR
        General category "Zp" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • CONTROL

        public static final byte CONTROL
        General category "Cc" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • FORMAT

        public static final byte FORMAT
        General category "Cf" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • PRIVATE_USE

        public static final byte PRIVATE_USE
        General category "Co" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • SURROGATE

        public static final byte SURROGATE
        General category "Cs" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DASH_PUNCTUATION

        public static final byte DASH_PUNCTUATION
        General category "Pd" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • START_PUNCTUATION

        public static final byte START_PUNCTUATION
        General category "Ps" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • END_PUNCTUATION

        public static final byte END_PUNCTUATION
        General category "Pe" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • CONNECTOR_PUNCTUATION

        public static final byte CONNECTOR_PUNCTUATION
        General category "Pc" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • OTHER_PUNCTUATION

        public static final byte OTHER_PUNCTUATION
        General category "Po" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • MATH_SYMBOL

        public static final byte MATH_SYMBOL
        General category "Sm" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • CURRENCY_SYMBOL

        public static final byte CURRENCY_SYMBOL
        General category "Sc" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • MODIFIER_SYMBOL

        public static final byte MODIFIER_SYMBOL
        General category "Sk" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • OTHER_SYMBOL

        public static final byte OTHER_SYMBOL
        General category "So" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • INITIAL_QUOTE_PUNCTUATION

        public static final byte INITIAL_QUOTE_PUNCTUATION
        General category "Pi" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • FINAL_QUOTE_PUNCTUATION

        public static final byte FINAL_QUOTE_PUNCTUATION
        General category "Pf" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_UNDEFINED

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_UNDEFINED
        Undefined bidirectional character type. Undefined char values have undefined directionality in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT
        Strong bidirectional character type "L" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT
        Strong bidirectional character type "R" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_ARABIC

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_ARABIC
        Strong bidirectional character type "AL" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER
        Weak bidirectional character type "EN" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER_SEPARATOR

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER_SEPARATOR
        Weak bidirectional character type "ES" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER_TERMINATOR

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER_TERMINATOR
        Weak bidirectional character type "ET" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_ARABIC_NUMBER

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_ARABIC_NUMBER
        Weak bidirectional character type "AN" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_COMMON_NUMBER_SEPARATOR

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_COMMON_NUMBER_SEPARATOR
        Weak bidirectional character type "CS" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_NONSPACING_MARK

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_NONSPACING_MARK
        Weak bidirectional character type "NSM" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_BOUNDARY_NEUTRAL

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_BOUNDARY_NEUTRAL
        Weak bidirectional character type "BN" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_PARAGRAPH_SEPARATOR

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_PARAGRAPH_SEPARATOR
        Neutral bidirectional character type "B" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_SEGMENT_SEPARATOR

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_SEGMENT_SEPARATOR
        Neutral bidirectional character type "S" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_WHITESPACE

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_WHITESPACE
        Neutral bidirectional character type "WS" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_OTHER_NEUTRALS

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_OTHER_NEUTRALS
        Neutral bidirectional character type "ON" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT_EMBEDDING

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT_EMBEDDING
        Strong bidirectional character type "LRE" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT_OVERRIDE

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT_OVERRIDE
        Strong bidirectional character type "LRO" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_EMBEDDING

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_EMBEDDING
        Strong bidirectional character type "RLE" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_OVERRIDE

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_OVERRIDE
        Strong bidirectional character type "RLO" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_POP_DIRECTIONAL_FORMAT

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_POP_DIRECTIONAL_FORMAT
        Weak bidirectional character type "PDF" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT_ISOLATE

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT_ISOLATE
        Weak bidirectional character type "LRI" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        9
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_ISOLATE

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_ISOLATE
        Weak bidirectional character type "RLI" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        9
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_FIRST_STRONG_ISOLATE

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_FIRST_STRONG_ISOLATE
        Weak bidirectional character type "FSI" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        9
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • DIRECTIONALITY_POP_DIRECTIONAL_ISOLATE

        public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_POP_DIRECTIONAL_ISOLATE
        Weak bidirectional character type "PDI" in the Unicode specification.
        Since:
        9
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • MIN_SURROGATE

        public static final char MIN_SURROGATE
        The minimum value of a Unicode surrogate code unit in the UTF-16 encoding, constant '\uD800'.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • MAX_SURROGATE

        public static final char MAX_SURROGATE
        The maximum value of a Unicode surrogate code unit in the UTF-16 encoding, constant '\uDFFF'.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • SIZE

        public static final int SIZE
        The number of bits used to represent a char value in unsigned binary form, constant 16.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • BYTES

        public static final int BYTES
        The number of bytes used to represent a char value in unsigned binary form.
        Since:
        1.8
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
    • Constructor Detail

      • Character

        @Deprecated(since="9")
        public Character​(char value)
        Deprecated.
        It is rarely appropriate to use this constructor. The static factory valueOf(char) is generally a better choice, as it is likely to yield significantly better space and time performance.
        Constructs a newly allocated Character object that represents the specified char value.
        Parameters:
        value - the value to be represented by the Character object.
    • Method Detail

      • valueOf

        public static Character valueOf​(char c)
        Returns a Character instance representing the specified char value. If a new Character instance is not required, this method should generally be used in preference to the constructor Character(char), as this method is likely to yield significantly better space and time performance by caching frequently requested values. This method will always cache values in the range '\u0000' to '\u007F', inclusive, and may cache other values outside of this range.
        Parameters:
        c - a char value.
        Returns:
        a Character instance representing c.
        Since:
        1.5
      • charValue

        public char charValue()
        Returns the value of this Character object.
        Returns:
        the primitive char value represented by this object.
      • hashCode

        public static int hashCode​(char value)
        Returns a hash code for a char value; compatible with Character.hashCode().
        Parameters:
        value - The char for which to return a hash code.
        Returns:
        a hash code value for a char value.
        Since:
        1.8
      • equals

        public boolean equals​(Object obj)
        Compares this object against the specified object. The result is true if and only if the argument is not null and is a Character object that represents the same char value as this object.
        Overrides:
        equals in class Object
        Parameters:
        obj - the object to compare with.
        Returns:
        true if the objects are the same; false otherwise.
        See Also:
        Object.hashCode(), HashMap
      • toString

        public String toString()
        Returns a String object representing this Character's value. The result is a string of length 1 whose sole component is the primitive char value represented by this Character object.
        Overrides:
        toString in class Object
        Returns:
        a string representation of this object.
      • toString

        public static String toString​(char c)
        Returns a String object representing the specified char. The result is a string of length 1 consisting solely of the specified char.
        API Note:
        This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the toString(int) method.
        Parameters:
        c - the char to be converted
        Returns:
        the string representation of the specified char
        Since:
        1.4
      • toString

        public static String toString​(int codePoint)
        Returns a String object representing the specified character (Unicode code point). The result is a string of length 1 or 2, consisting solely of the specified codePoint.
        Parameters:
        codePoint - the codePoint to be converted
        Returns:
        the string representation of the specified codePoint
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the specified codePoint is not a valid Unicode code point.
        Since:
        11
      • isValidCodePoint

        public static boolean isValidCodePoint​(int codePoint)
        Determines whether the specified code point is a valid Unicode code point value.
        Parameters:
        codePoint - the Unicode code point to be tested
        Returns:
        true if the specified code point value is between MIN_CODE_POINT and MAX_CODE_POINT inclusive; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.5
      • isBmpCodePoint

        public static boolean isBmpCodePoint​(int codePoint)
        Determines whether the specified character (Unicode code point) is in the Basic Multilingual Plane (BMP). Such code points can be represented using a single char.
        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested
        Returns:
        true if the specified code point is between MIN_VALUE and MAX_VALUE inclusive; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.7
      • isSupplementaryCodePoint

        public static boolean isSupplementaryCodePoint​(int codePoint)
        Determines whether the specified character (Unicode code point) is in the supplementary character range.
        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested
        Returns:
        true if the specified code point is between MIN_SUPPLEMENTARY_CODE_POINT and MAX_CODE_POINT inclusive; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.5
      • isSurrogate

        public static boolean isSurrogate​(char ch)
        Determines if the given char value is a Unicode surrogate code unit.

        Such values do not represent characters by themselves, but are used in the representation of supplementary characters in the UTF-16 encoding.

        A char value is a surrogate code unit if and only if it is either a low-surrogate code unit or a high-surrogate code unit.

        Parameters:
        ch - the char value to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the char value is between MIN_SURROGATE and MAX_SURROGATE inclusive; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.7
      • isSurrogatePair

        public static boolean isSurrogatePair​(char high,
                                              char low)
        Determines whether the specified pair of char values is a valid Unicode surrogate pair.

        This method is equivalent to the expression:

        
         isHighSurrogate(high) && isLowSurrogate(low)
         

        Parameters:
        high - the high-surrogate code value to be tested
        low - the low-surrogate code value to be tested
        Returns:
        true if the specified high and low-surrogate code values represent a valid surrogate pair; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.5
      • charCount

        public static int charCount​(int codePoint)
        Determines the number of char values needed to represent the specified character (Unicode code point). If the specified character is equal to or greater than 0x10000, then the method returns 2. Otherwise, the method returns 1.

        This method doesn't validate the specified character to be a valid Unicode code point. The caller must validate the character value using isValidCodePoint if necessary.

        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
        Returns:
        2 if the character is a valid supplementary character; 1 otherwise.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        isSupplementaryCodePoint(int)
      • toCodePoint

        public static int toCodePoint​(char high,
                                      char low)
        Converts the specified surrogate pair to its supplementary code point value. This method does not validate the specified surrogate pair. The caller must validate it using isSurrogatePair if necessary.
        Parameters:
        high - the high-surrogate code unit
        low - the low-surrogate code unit
        Returns:
        the supplementary code point composed from the specified surrogate pair.
        Since:
        1.5
      • codePointAt

        public static int codePointAt​(CharSequence seq,
                                      int index)
        Returns the code point at the given index of the CharSequence. If the char value at the given index in the CharSequence is in the high-surrogate range, the following index is less than the length of the CharSequence, and the char value at the following index is in the low-surrogate range, then the supplementary code point corresponding to this surrogate pair is returned. Otherwise, the char value at the given index is returned.
        Parameters:
        seq - a sequence of char values (Unicode code units)
        index - the index to the char values (Unicode code units) in seq to be converted
        Returns:
        the Unicode code point at the given index
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if seq is null.
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the value index is negative or not less than seq.length().
        Since:
        1.5
      • codePointAt

        public static int codePointAt​(char[] a,
                                      int index)
        Returns the code point at the given index of the char array. If the char value at the given index in the char array is in the high-surrogate range, the following index is less than the length of the char array, and the char value at the following index is in the low-surrogate range, then the supplementary code point corresponding to this surrogate pair is returned. Otherwise, the char value at the given index is returned.
        Parameters:
        a - the char array
        index - the index to the char values (Unicode code units) in the char array to be converted
        Returns:
        the Unicode code point at the given index
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if a is null.
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the value index is negative or not less than the length of the char array.
        Since:
        1.5
      • codePointAt

        public static int codePointAt​(char[] a,
                                      int index,
                                      int limit)
        Returns the code point at the given index of the char array, where only array elements with index less than limit can be used. If the char value at the given index in the char array is in the high-surrogate range, the following index is less than the limit, and the char value at the following index is in the low-surrogate range, then the supplementary code point corresponding to this surrogate pair is returned. Otherwise, the char value at the given index is returned.
        Parameters:
        a - the char array
        index - the index to the char values (Unicode code units) in the char array to be converted
        limit - the index after the last array element that can be used in the char array
        Returns:
        the Unicode code point at the given index
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if a is null.
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the index argument is negative or not less than the limit argument, or if the limit argument is negative or greater than the length of the char array.
        Since:
        1.5
      • codePointBefore

        public static int codePointBefore​(CharSequence seq,
                                          int index)
        Returns the code point preceding the given index of the CharSequence. If the char value at (index - 1) in the CharSequence is in the low-surrogate range, (index - 2) is not negative, and the char value at (index - 2) in the CharSequence is in the high-surrogate range, then the supplementary code point corresponding to this surrogate pair is returned. Otherwise, the char value at (index - 1) is returned.
        Parameters:
        seq - the CharSequence instance
        index - the index following the code point that should be returned
        Returns:
        the Unicode code point value before the given index.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if seq is null.
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the index argument is less than 1 or greater than seq.length().
        Since:
        1.5
      • codePointBefore

        public static int codePointBefore​(char[] a,
                                          int index)
        Returns the code point preceding the given index of the char array. If the char value at (index - 1) in the char array is in the low-surrogate range, (index - 2) is not negative, and the char value at (index - 2) in the char array is in the high-surrogate range, then the supplementary code point corresponding to this surrogate pair is returned. Otherwise, the char value at (index - 1) is returned.
        Parameters:
        a - the char array
        index - the index following the code point that should be returned
        Returns:
        the Unicode code point value before the given index.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if a is null.
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the index argument is less than 1 or greater than the length of the char array
        Since:
        1.5
      • codePointBefore

        public static int codePointBefore​(char[] a,
                                          int index,
                                          int start)
        Returns the code point preceding the given index of the char array, where only array elements with index greater than or equal to start can be used. If the char value at (index - 1) in the char array is in the low-surrogate range, (index - 2) is not less than start, and the char value at (index - 2) in the char array is in the high-surrogate range, then the supplementary code point corresponding to this surrogate pair is returned. Otherwise, the char value at (index - 1) is returned.
        Parameters:
        a - the char array
        index - the index following the code point that should be returned
        start - the index of the first array element in the char array
        Returns:
        the Unicode code point value before the given index.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if a is null.
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the index argument is not greater than the start argument or is greater than the length of the char array, or if the start argument is negative or not less than the length of the char array.
        Since:
        1.5
      • highSurrogate

        public static char highSurrogate​(int codePoint)
        Returns the leading surrogate (a high surrogate code unit) of the surrogate pair representing the specified supplementary character (Unicode code point) in the UTF-16 encoding. If the specified character is not a supplementary character, an unspecified char is returned.

        If isSupplementaryCodePoint(x) is true, then isHighSurrogate(highSurrogate(x)) and toCodePoint(highSurrogate(x), lowSurrogate(x)) == x are also always true.

        Parameters:
        codePoint - a supplementary character (Unicode code point)
        Returns:
        the leading surrogate code unit used to represent the character in the UTF-16 encoding
        Since:
        1.7
      • lowSurrogate

        public static char lowSurrogate​(int codePoint)
        Returns the trailing surrogate (a low surrogate code unit) of the surrogate pair representing the specified supplementary character (Unicode code point) in the UTF-16 encoding. If the specified character is not a supplementary character, an unspecified char is returned.

        If isSupplementaryCodePoint(x) is true, then isLowSurrogate(lowSurrogate(x)) and toCodePoint(highSurrogate(x), lowSurrogate(x)) == x are also always true.

        Parameters:
        codePoint - a supplementary character (Unicode code point)
        Returns:
        the trailing surrogate code unit used to represent the character in the UTF-16 encoding
        Since:
        1.7
      • toChars

        public static int toChars​(int codePoint,
                                  char[] dst,
                                  int dstIndex)
        Converts the specified character (Unicode code point) to its UTF-16 representation. If the specified code point is a BMP (Basic Multilingual Plane or Plane 0) value, the same value is stored in dst[dstIndex], and 1 is returned. If the specified code point is a supplementary character, its surrogate values are stored in dst[dstIndex] (high-surrogate) and dst[dstIndex+1] (low-surrogate), and 2 is returned.
        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be converted.
        dst - an array of char in which the codePoint's UTF-16 value is stored.
        dstIndex - the start index into the dst array where the converted value is stored.
        Returns:
        1 if the code point is a BMP code point, 2 if the code point is a supplementary code point.
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the specified codePoint is not a valid Unicode code point.
        NullPointerException - if the specified dst is null.
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if dstIndex is negative or not less than dst.length, or if dst at dstIndex doesn't have enough array element(s) to store the resulting char value(s). (If dstIndex is equal to dst.length-1 and the specified codePoint is a supplementary character, the high-surrogate value is not stored in dst[dstIndex].)
        Since:
        1.5
      • toChars

        public static char[] toChars​(int codePoint)
        Converts the specified character (Unicode code point) to its UTF-16 representation stored in a char array. If the specified code point is a BMP (Basic Multilingual Plane or Plane 0) value, the resulting char array has the same value as codePoint. If the specified code point is a supplementary code point, the resulting char array has the corresponding surrogate pair.
        Parameters:
        codePoint - a Unicode code point
        Returns:
        a char array having codePoint's UTF-16 representation.
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the specified codePoint is not a valid Unicode code point.
        Since:
        1.5
      • codePointCount

        public static int codePointCount​(CharSequence seq,
                                         int beginIndex,
                                         int endIndex)
        Returns the number of Unicode code points in the text range of the specified char sequence. The text range begins at the specified beginIndex and extends to the char at index endIndex - 1. Thus the length (in chars) of the text range is endIndex-beginIndex. Unpaired surrogates within the text range count as one code point each.
        Parameters:
        seq - the char sequence
        beginIndex - the index to the first char of the text range.
        endIndex - the index after the last char of the text range.
        Returns:
        the number of Unicode code points in the specified text range
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if seq is null.
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the beginIndex is negative, or endIndex is larger than the length of the given sequence, or beginIndex is larger than endIndex.
        Since:
        1.5
      • codePointCount

        public static int codePointCount​(char[] a,
                                         int offset,
                                         int count)
        Returns the number of Unicode code points in a subarray of the char array argument. The offset argument is the index of the first char of the subarray and the count argument specifies the length of the subarray in chars. Unpaired surrogates within the subarray count as one code point each.
        Parameters:
        a - the char array
        offset - the index of the first char in the given char array
        count - the length of the subarray in chars
        Returns:
        the number of Unicode code points in the specified subarray
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if a is null.
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if offset or count is negative, or if offset + count is larger than the length of the given array.
        Since:
        1.5
      • offsetByCodePoints

        public static int offsetByCodePoints​(CharSequence seq,
                                             int index,
                                             int codePointOffset)
        Returns the index within the given char sequence that is offset from the given index by codePointOffset code points. Unpaired surrogates within the text range given by index and codePointOffset count as one code point each.
        Parameters:
        seq - the char sequence
        index - the index to be offset
        codePointOffset - the offset in code points
        Returns:
        the index within the char sequence
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if seq is null.
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if index is negative or larger then the length of the char sequence, or if codePointOffset is positive and the subsequence starting with index has fewer than codePointOffset code points, or if codePointOffset is negative and the subsequence before index has fewer than the absolute value of codePointOffset code points.
        Since:
        1.5
      • offsetByCodePoints

        public static int offsetByCodePoints​(char[] a,
                                             int start,
                                             int count,
                                             int index,
                                             int codePointOffset)
        Returns the index within the given char subarray that is offset from the given index by codePointOffset code points. The start and count arguments specify a subarray of the char array. Unpaired surrogates within the text range given by index and codePointOffset count as one code point each.
        Parameters:
        a - the char array
        start - the index of the first char of the subarray
        count - the length of the subarray in chars
        index - the index to be offset
        codePointOffset - the offset in code points
        Returns:
        the index within the subarray
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if a is null.
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if start or count is negative, or if start + count is larger than the length of the given array, or if index is less than start or larger then start + count, or if codePointOffset is positive and the text range starting with index and ending with start + count - 1 has fewer than codePointOffset code points, or if codePointOffset is negative and the text range starting with start and ending with index - 1 has fewer than the absolute value of codePointOffset code points.
        Since:
        1.5
      • isLowerCase

        public static boolean isLowerCase​(char ch)
        Determines if the specified character is a lowercase character.

        A character is lowercase if its general category type, provided by Character.getType(ch), is LOWERCASE_LETTER, or it has contributory property Other_Lowercase as defined by the Unicode Standard.

        The following are examples of lowercase characters:

         a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
         '\u00DF' '\u00E0' '\u00E1' '\u00E2' '\u00E3' '\u00E4' '\u00E5' '\u00E6'
         '\u00E7' '\u00E8' '\u00E9' '\u00EA' '\u00EB' '\u00EC' '\u00ED' '\u00EE'
         '\u00EF' '\u00F0' '\u00F1' '\u00F2' '\u00F3' '\u00F4' '\u00F5' '\u00F6'
         '\u00F8' '\u00F9' '\u00FA' '\u00FB' '\u00FC' '\u00FD' '\u00FE' '\u00FF'
         

        Many other Unicode characters are lowercase too.

        Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isLowerCase(int) method.

        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is lowercase; false otherwise.
        See Also:
        isLowerCase(char), isTitleCase(char), toLowerCase(char), getType(char)
      • isLowerCase

        public static boolean isLowerCase​(int codePoint)
        Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a lowercase character.

        A character is lowercase if its general category type, provided by getType(codePoint), is LOWERCASE_LETTER, or it has contributory property Other_Lowercase as defined by the Unicode Standard.

        The following are examples of lowercase characters:

         a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
         '\u00DF' '\u00E0' '\u00E1' '\u00E2' '\u00E3' '\u00E4' '\u00E5' '\u00E6'
         '\u00E7' '\u00E8' '\u00E9' '\u00EA' '\u00EB' '\u00EC' '\u00ED' '\u00EE'
         '\u00EF' '\u00F0' '\u00F1' '\u00F2' '\u00F3' '\u00F4' '\u00F5' '\u00F6'
         '\u00F8' '\u00F9' '\u00FA' '\u00FB' '\u00FC' '\u00FD' '\u00FE' '\u00FF'
         

        Many other Unicode characters are lowercase too.

        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is lowercase; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        isLowerCase(int), isTitleCase(int), toLowerCase(int), getType(int)
      • isUpperCase

        public static boolean isUpperCase​(char ch)
        Determines if the specified character is an uppercase character.

        A character is uppercase if its general category type, provided by Character.getType(ch), is UPPERCASE_LETTER. or it has contributory property Other_Uppercase as defined by the Unicode Standard.

        The following are examples of uppercase characters:

         A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
         '\u00C0' '\u00C1' '\u00C2' '\u00C3' '\u00C4' '\u00C5' '\u00C6' '\u00C7'
         '\u00C8' '\u00C9' '\u00CA' '\u00CB' '\u00CC' '\u00CD' '\u00CE' '\u00CF'
         '\u00D0' '\u00D1' '\u00D2' '\u00D3' '\u00D4' '\u00D5' '\u00D6' '\u00D8'
         '\u00D9' '\u00DA' '\u00DB' '\u00DC' '\u00DD' '\u00DE'
         

        Many other Unicode characters are uppercase too.

        Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isUpperCase(int) method.

        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is uppercase; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.0
        See Also:
        isLowerCase(char), isTitleCase(char), toUpperCase(char), getType(char)
      • isUpperCase

        public static boolean isUpperCase​(int codePoint)
        Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is an uppercase character.

        A character is uppercase if its general category type, provided by getType(codePoint), is UPPERCASE_LETTER, or it has contributory property Other_Uppercase as defined by the Unicode Standard.

        The following are examples of uppercase characters:

         A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
         '\u00C0' '\u00C1' '\u00C2' '\u00C3' '\u00C4' '\u00C5' '\u00C6' '\u00C7'
         '\u00C8' '\u00C9' '\u00CA' '\u00CB' '\u00CC' '\u00CD' '\u00CE' '\u00CF'
         '\u00D0' '\u00D1' '\u00D2' '\u00D3' '\u00D4' '\u00D5' '\u00D6' '\u00D8'
         '\u00D9' '\u00DA' '\u00DB' '\u00DC' '\u00DD' '\u00DE'
         

        Many other Unicode characters are uppercase too.

        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is uppercase; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        isLowerCase(int), isTitleCase(int), toUpperCase(int), getType(int)
      • isTitleCase

        public static boolean isTitleCase​(char ch)
        Determines if the specified character is a titlecase character.

        A character is a titlecase character if its general category type, provided by Character.getType(ch), is TITLECASE_LETTER.

        Some characters look like pairs of Latin letters. For example, there is an uppercase letter that looks like "LJ" and has a corresponding lowercase letter that looks like "lj". A third form, which looks like "Lj", is the appropriate form to use when rendering a word in lowercase with initial capitals, as for a book title.

        These are some of the Unicode characters for which this method returns true:

        • LATIN CAPITAL LETTER D WITH SMALL LETTER Z WITH CARON
        • LATIN CAPITAL LETTER L WITH SMALL LETTER J
        • LATIN CAPITAL LETTER N WITH SMALL LETTER J
        • LATIN CAPITAL LETTER D WITH SMALL LETTER Z

        Many other Unicode characters are titlecase too.

        Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isTitleCase(int) method.

        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is titlecase; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.0.2
        See Also:
        isLowerCase(char), isUpperCase(char), toTitleCase(char), getType(char)
      • isTitleCase

        public static boolean isTitleCase​(int codePoint)
        Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a titlecase character.

        A character is a titlecase character if its general category type, provided by getType(codePoint), is TITLECASE_LETTER.

        Some characters look like pairs of Latin letters. For example, there is an uppercase letter that looks like "LJ" and has a corresponding lowercase letter that looks like "lj". A third form, which looks like "Lj", is the appropriate form to use when rendering a word in lowercase with initial capitals, as for a book title.

        These are some of the Unicode characters for which this method returns true:

        • LATIN CAPITAL LETTER D WITH SMALL LETTER Z WITH CARON
        • LATIN CAPITAL LETTER L WITH SMALL LETTER J
        • LATIN CAPITAL LETTER N WITH SMALL LETTER J
        • LATIN CAPITAL LETTER D WITH SMALL LETTER Z

        Many other Unicode characters are titlecase too.

        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is titlecase; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        isLowerCase(int), isUpperCase(int), toTitleCase(int), getType(int)
      • isDigit

        public static boolean isDigit​(char ch)
        Determines if the specified character is a digit.

        A character is a digit if its general category type, provided by Character.getType(ch), is DECIMAL_DIGIT_NUMBER.

        Some Unicode character ranges that contain digits:

        • '\u0030' through '\u0039', ISO-LATIN-1 digits ('0' through '9')
        • '\u0660' through '\u0669', Arabic-Indic digits
        • '\u06F0' through '\u06F9', Extended Arabic-Indic digits
        • '\u0966' through '\u096F', Devanagari digits
        • '\uFF10' through '\uFF19', Fullwidth digits
        Many other character ranges contain digits as well.

        Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isDigit(int) method.

        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is a digit; false otherwise.
        See Also:
        digit(char, int), forDigit(int, int), getType(char)
      • isDigit

        public static boolean isDigit​(int codePoint)
        Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a digit.

        A character is a digit if its general category type, provided by getType(codePoint), is DECIMAL_DIGIT_NUMBER.

        Some Unicode character ranges that contain digits:

        • '\u0030' through '\u0039', ISO-LATIN-1 digits ('0' through '9')
        • '\u0660' through '\u0669', Arabic-Indic digits
        • '\u06F0' through '\u06F9', Extended Arabic-Indic digits
        • '\u0966' through '\u096F', Devanagari digits
        • '\uFF10' through '\uFF19', Fullwidth digits
        Many other character ranges contain digits as well.

        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is a digit; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        forDigit(int, int), getType(int)
      • isDefined

        public static boolean isDefined​(char ch)
        Determines if a character is defined in Unicode.

        A character is defined if at least one of the following is true:

        • It has an entry in the UnicodeData file.
        • It has a value in a range defined by the UnicodeData file.

        Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isDefined(int) method.

        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be tested
        Returns:
        true if the character has a defined meaning in Unicode; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.0.2
        See Also:
        isDigit(char), isLetter(char), isLetterOrDigit(char), isLowerCase(char), isTitleCase(char), isUpperCase(char)
      • isDefined

        public static boolean isDefined​(int codePoint)
        Determines if a character (Unicode code point) is defined in Unicode.

        A character is defined if at least one of the following is true:

        • It has an entry in the UnicodeData file.
        • It has a value in a range defined by the UnicodeData file.

        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character has a defined meaning in Unicode; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        isDigit(int), isLetter(int), isLetterOrDigit(int), isLowerCase(int), isTitleCase(int), isUpperCase(int)
      • isJavaLetterOrDigit

        @Deprecated(since="1.1")
        public static boolean isJavaLetterOrDigit​(char ch)
        Deprecated.
        Replaced by isJavaIdentifierPart(char).
        Determines if the specified character may be part of a Java identifier as other than the first character.

        A character may be part of a Java identifier if and only if any of the following are true:

        • it is a letter
        • it is a currency symbol (such as '$')
        • it is a connecting punctuation character (such as '_')
        • it is a digit
        • it is a numeric letter (such as a Roman numeral character)
        • it is a combining mark
        • it is a non-spacing mark
        • isIdentifierIgnorable returns true for the character.

        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character may be part of a Java identifier; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.0.2
        See Also:
        isJavaLetter(char), isJavaIdentifierStart(char), isJavaIdentifierPart(char), isLetter(char), isLetterOrDigit(char), isUnicodeIdentifierPart(char), isIdentifierIgnorable(char)
      • isAlphabetic

        public static boolean isAlphabetic​(int codePoint)
        Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is an alphabet.

        A character is considered to be alphabetic if its general category type, provided by getType(codePoint), is any of the following:

        • UPPERCASE_LETTER
        • LOWERCASE_LETTER
        • TITLECASE_LETTER
        • MODIFIER_LETTER
        • OTHER_LETTER
        • LETTER_NUMBER
        or it has contributory property Other_Alphabetic as defined by the Unicode Standard.

        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is a Unicode alphabet character, false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.7
      • isIdeographic

        public static boolean isIdeographic​(int codePoint)
        Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a CJKV (Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Vietnamese) ideograph, as defined by the Unicode Standard.
        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is a Unicode ideograph character, false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.7
      • isJavaIdentifierStart

        public static boolean isJavaIdentifierStart​(int codePoint)
        Determines if the character (Unicode code point) is permissible as the first character in a Java identifier.

        A character may start a Java identifier if and only if one of the following conditions is true:

        • isLetter(codePoint) returns true
        • getType(codePoint) returns LETTER_NUMBER
        • the referenced character is a currency symbol (such as '$')
        • the referenced character is a connecting punctuation character (such as '_').

        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character may start a Java identifier; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        isJavaIdentifierPart(int), isLetter(int), isUnicodeIdentifierStart(int), SourceVersion.isIdentifier(CharSequence)
      • isJavaIdentifierPart

        public static boolean isJavaIdentifierPart​(char ch)
        Determines if the specified character may be part of a Java identifier as other than the first character.

        A character may be part of a Java identifier if any of the following are true:

        • it is a letter
        • it is a currency symbol (such as '$')
        • it is a connecting punctuation character (such as '_')
        • it is a digit
        • it is a numeric letter (such as a Roman numeral character)
        • it is a combining mark
        • it is a non-spacing mark
        • isIdentifierIgnorable returns true for the character

        Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isJavaIdentifierPart(int) method.

        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character may be part of a Java identifier; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        isIdentifierIgnorable(char), isJavaIdentifierStart(char), isLetterOrDigit(char), isUnicodeIdentifierPart(char), SourceVersion.isIdentifier(CharSequence)
      • isJavaIdentifierPart

        public static boolean isJavaIdentifierPart​(int codePoint)
        Determines if the character (Unicode code point) may be part of a Java identifier as other than the first character.

        A character may be part of a Java identifier if any of the following are true:

        • it is a letter
        • it is a currency symbol (such as '$')
        • it is a connecting punctuation character (such as '_')
        • it is a digit
        • it is a numeric letter (such as a Roman numeral character)
        • it is a combining mark
        • it is a non-spacing mark
        • isIdentifierIgnorable(codePoint) returns true for the character

        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character may be part of a Java identifier; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        isIdentifierIgnorable(int), isJavaIdentifierStart(int), isLetterOrDigit(int), isUnicodeIdentifierPart(int), SourceVersion.isIdentifier(CharSequence)
      • isUnicodeIdentifierStart

        public static boolean isUnicodeIdentifierStart​(char ch)
        Determines if the specified character is permissible as the first character in a Unicode identifier.

        A character may start a Unicode identifier if and only if one of the following conditions is true:

        Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isUnicodeIdentifierStart(int) method.

        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character may start a Unicode identifier; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        isJavaIdentifierStart(char), isLetter(char), isUnicodeIdentifierPart(char)
      • isUnicodeIdentifierStart

        public static boolean isUnicodeIdentifierStart​(int codePoint)
        Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is permissible as the first character in a Unicode identifier.

        A character may start a Unicode identifier if and only if one of the following conditions is true:

        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character may start a Unicode identifier; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        isJavaIdentifierStart(int), isLetter(int), isUnicodeIdentifierPart(int)
      • isUnicodeIdentifierPart

        public static boolean isUnicodeIdentifierPart​(char ch)
        Determines if the specified character may be part of a Unicode identifier as other than the first character.

        A character may be part of a Unicode identifier if and only if one of the following statements is true:

        • it is a letter
        • it is a connecting punctuation character (such as '_')
        • it is a digit
        • it is a numeric letter (such as a Roman numeral character)
        • it is a combining mark
        • it is a non-spacing mark
        • isIdentifierIgnorable returns true for this character.

        Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isUnicodeIdentifierPart(int) method.

        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character may be part of a Unicode identifier; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        isIdentifierIgnorable(char), isJavaIdentifierPart(char), isLetterOrDigit(char), isUnicodeIdentifierStart(char)
      • isUnicodeIdentifierPart

        public static boolean isUnicodeIdentifierPart​(int codePoint)
        Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) may be part of a Unicode identifier as other than the first character.

        A character may be part of a Unicode identifier if and only if one of the following statements is true:

        • it is a letter
        • it is a connecting punctuation character (such as '_')
        • it is a digit
        • it is a numeric letter (such as a Roman numeral character)
        • it is a combining mark
        • it is a non-spacing mark
        • isIdentifierIgnorable returns true for this character.

        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character may be part of a Unicode identifier; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        isIdentifierIgnorable(int), isJavaIdentifierPart(int), isLetterOrDigit(int), isUnicodeIdentifierStart(int)
      • isIdentifierIgnorable

        public static boolean isIdentifierIgnorable​(char ch)
        Determines if the specified character should be regarded as an ignorable character in a Java identifier or a Unicode identifier.

        The following Unicode characters are ignorable in a Java identifier or a Unicode identifier:

        • ISO control characters that are not whitespace
          • '\u0000' through '\u0008'
          • '\u000E' through '\u001B'
          • '\u007F' through '\u009F'
        • all characters that have the FORMAT general category value

        Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isIdentifierIgnorable(int) method.

        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is an ignorable control character that may be part of a Java or Unicode identifier; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        isJavaIdentifierPart(char), isUnicodeIdentifierPart(char)
      • isIdentifierIgnorable

        public static boolean isIdentifierIgnorable​(int codePoint)
        Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) should be regarded as an ignorable character in a Java identifier or a Unicode identifier.

        The following Unicode characters are ignorable in a Java identifier or a Unicode identifier:

        • ISO control characters that are not whitespace
          • '\u0000' through '\u0008'
          • '\u000E' through '\u001B'
          • '\u007F' through '\u009F'
        • all characters that have the FORMAT general category value

        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is an ignorable control character that may be part of a Java or Unicode identifier; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        isJavaIdentifierPart(int), isUnicodeIdentifierPart(int)
      • toLowerCase

        public static char toLowerCase​(char ch)
        Converts the character argument to lowercase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.

        Note that Character.isLowerCase(Character.toLowerCase(ch)) does not always return true for some ranges of characters, particularly those that are symbols or ideographs.

        In general, String.toLowerCase() should be used to map characters to lowercase. String case mapping methods have several benefits over Character case mapping methods. String case mapping methods can perform locale-sensitive mappings, context-sensitive mappings, and 1:M character mappings, whereas the Character case mapping methods cannot.

        Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the toLowerCase(int) method.

        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be converted.
        Returns:
        the lowercase equivalent of the character, if any; otherwise, the character itself.
        See Also:
        isLowerCase(char), String.toLowerCase()
      • toLowerCase

        public static int toLowerCase​(int codePoint)
        Converts the character (Unicode code point) argument to lowercase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.

        Note that Character.isLowerCase(Character.toLowerCase(codePoint)) does not always return true for some ranges of characters, particularly those that are symbols or ideographs.

        In general, String.toLowerCase() should be used to map characters to lowercase. String case mapping methods have several benefits over Character case mapping methods. String case mapping methods can perform locale-sensitive mappings, context-sensitive mappings, and 1:M character mappings, whereas the Character case mapping methods cannot.

        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be converted.
        Returns:
        the lowercase equivalent of the character (Unicode code point), if any; otherwise, the character itself.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        isLowerCase(int), String.toLowerCase()
      • toUpperCase

        public static char toUpperCase​(char ch)
        Converts the character argument to uppercase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.

        Note that Character.isUpperCase(Character.toUpperCase(ch)) does not always return true for some ranges of characters, particularly those that are symbols or ideographs.

        In general, String.toUpperCase() should be used to map characters to uppercase. String case mapping methods have several benefits over Character case mapping methods. String case mapping methods can perform locale-sensitive mappings, context-sensitive mappings, and 1:M character mappings, whereas the Character case mapping methods cannot.

        Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the toUpperCase(int) method.

        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be converted.
        Returns:
        the uppercase equivalent of the character, if any; otherwise, the character itself.
        See Also:
        isUpperCase(char), String.toUpperCase()
      • toUpperCase

        public static int toUpperCase​(int codePoint)
        Converts the character (Unicode code point) argument to uppercase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.

        Note that Character.isUpperCase(Character.toUpperCase(codePoint)) does not always return true for some ranges of characters, particularly those that are symbols or ideographs.

        In general, String.toUpperCase() should be used to map characters to uppercase. String case mapping methods have several benefits over Character case mapping methods. String case mapping methods can perform locale-sensitive mappings, context-sensitive mappings, and 1:M character mappings, whereas the Character case mapping methods cannot.

        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be converted.
        Returns:
        the uppercase equivalent of the character, if any; otherwise, the character itself.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        isUpperCase(int), String.toUpperCase()
      • toTitleCase

        public static char toTitleCase​(char ch)
        Converts the character argument to titlecase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file. If a character has no explicit titlecase mapping and is not itself a titlecase char according to UnicodeData, then the uppercase mapping is returned as an equivalent titlecase mapping. If the char argument is already a titlecase char, the same char value will be returned.

        Note that Character.isTitleCase(Character.toTitleCase(ch)) does not always return true for some ranges of characters.

        Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the toTitleCase(int) method.

        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be converted.
        Returns:
        the titlecase equivalent of the character, if any; otherwise, the character itself.
        Since:
        1.0.2
        See Also:
        isTitleCase(char), toLowerCase(char), toUpperCase(char)
      • toTitleCase

        public static int toTitleCase​(int codePoint)
        Converts the character (Unicode code point) argument to titlecase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file. If a character has no explicit titlecase mapping and is not itself a titlecase char according to UnicodeData, then the uppercase mapping is returned as an equivalent titlecase mapping. If the character argument is already a titlecase character, the same character value will be returned.

        Note that Character.isTitleCase(Character.toTitleCase(codePoint)) does not always return true for some ranges of characters.

        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be converted.
        Returns:
        the titlecase equivalent of the character, if any; otherwise, the character itself.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        isTitleCase(int), toLowerCase(int), toUpperCase(int)
      • digit

        public static int digit​(char ch,
                                int radix)
        Returns the numeric value of the character ch in the specified radix.

        If the radix is not in the range MIN_RADIXradixMAX_RADIX or if the value of ch is not a valid digit in the specified radix, -1 is returned. A character is a valid digit if at least one of the following is true:

        • The method isDigit is true of the character and the Unicode decimal digit value of the character (or its single-character decomposition) is less than the specified radix. In this case the decimal digit value is returned.
        • The character is one of the uppercase Latin letters 'A' through 'Z' and its code is less than radix + 'A' - 10. In this case, ch - 'A' + 10 is returned.
        • The character is one of the lowercase Latin letters 'a' through 'z' and its code is less than radix + 'a' - 10. In this case, ch - 'a' + 10 is returned.
        • The character is one of the fullwidth uppercase Latin letters A ('\uFF21') through Z ('\uFF3A') and its code is less than radix + '\uFF21' - 10. In this case, ch - '\uFF21' + 10 is returned.
        • The character is one of the fullwidth lowercase Latin letters a ('\uFF41') through z ('\uFF5A') and its code is less than radix + '\uFF41' - 10. In this case, ch - '\uFF41' + 10 is returned.

        Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the digit(int, int) method.

        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be converted.
        radix - the radix.
        Returns:
        the numeric value represented by the character in the specified radix.
        See Also:
        forDigit(int, int), isDigit(char)
      • digit

        public static int digit​(int codePoint,
                                int radix)
        Returns the numeric value of the specified character (Unicode code point) in the specified radix.

        If the radix is not in the range MIN_RADIXradixMAX_RADIX or if the character is not a valid digit in the specified radix, -1 is returned. A character is a valid digit if at least one of the following is true:

        • The method isDigit(codePoint) is true of the character and the Unicode decimal digit value of the character (or its single-character decomposition) is less than the specified radix. In this case the decimal digit value is returned.
        • The character is one of the uppercase Latin letters 'A' through 'Z' and its code is less than radix + 'A' - 10. In this case, codePoint - 'A' + 10 is returned.
        • The character is one of the lowercase Latin letters 'a' through 'z' and its code is less than radix + 'a' - 10. In this case, codePoint - 'a' + 10 is returned.
        • The character is one of the fullwidth uppercase Latin letters A ('\uFF21') through Z ('\uFF3A') and its code is less than radix + '\uFF21' - 10. In this case, codePoint - '\uFF21' + 10 is returned.
        • The character is one of the fullwidth lowercase Latin letters a ('\uFF41') through z ('\uFF5A') and its code is less than radix + '\uFF41'- 10. In this case, codePoint - '\uFF41' + 10 is returned.

        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be converted.
        radix - the radix.
        Returns:
        the numeric value represented by the character in the specified radix.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        forDigit(int, int), isDigit(int)
      • getNumericValue

        public static int getNumericValue​(char ch)
        Returns the int value that the specified Unicode character represents. For example, the character '\u216C' (the roman numeral fifty) will return an int with a value of 50.

        The letters A-Z in their uppercase ('\u0041' through '\u005A'), lowercase ('\u0061' through '\u007A'), and full width variant ('\uFF21' through '\uFF3A' and '\uFF41' through '\uFF5A') forms have numeric values from 10 through 35. This is independent of the Unicode specification, which does not assign numeric values to these char values.

        If the character does not have a numeric value, then -1 is returned. If the character has a numeric value that cannot be represented as a nonnegative integer (for example, a fractional value), then -2 is returned.

        Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the getNumericValue(int) method.

        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be converted.
        Returns:
        the numeric value of the character, as a nonnegative int value; -2 if the character has a numeric value but the value can not be represented as a nonnegative int value; -1 if the character has no numeric value.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        forDigit(int, int), isDigit(char)
      • getNumericValue

        public static int getNumericValue​(int codePoint)
        Returns the int value that the specified character (Unicode code point) represents. For example, the character '\u216C' (the Roman numeral fifty) will return an int with a value of 50.

        The letters A-Z in their uppercase ('\u0041' through '\u005A'), lowercase ('\u0061' through '\u007A'), and full width variant ('\uFF21' through '\uFF3A' and '\uFF41' through '\uFF5A') forms have numeric values from 10 through 35. This is independent of the Unicode specification, which does not assign numeric values to these char values.

        If the character does not have a numeric value, then -1 is returned. If the character has a numeric value that cannot be represented as a nonnegative integer (for example, a fractional value), then -2 is returned.

        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be converted.
        Returns:
        the numeric value of the character, as a nonnegative int value; -2 if the character has a numeric value but the value can not be represented as a nonnegative int value; -1 if the character has no numeric value.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        forDigit(int, int), isDigit(int)
      • isSpace

        @Deprecated(since="1.1")
        public static boolean isSpace​(char ch)
        Deprecated.
        Replaced by isWhitespace(char).
        Determines if the specified character is ISO-LATIN-1 white space. This method returns true for the following five characters only:
        truechars
        Character Code Name
        '\t' U+0009 HORIZONTAL TABULATION
        '\n' U+000A NEW LINE
        '\f' U+000C FORM FEED
        '\r' U+000D CARRIAGE RETURN
        ' ' U+0020 SPACE
        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is ISO-LATIN-1 white space; false otherwise.
        See Also:
        isSpaceChar(char), isWhitespace(char)
      • isSpaceChar

        public static boolean isSpaceChar​(char ch)
        Determines if the specified character is a Unicode space character. A character is considered to be a space character if and only if it is specified to be a space character by the Unicode Standard. This method returns true if the character's general category type is any of the following:
        • SPACE_SEPARATOR
        • LINE_SEPARATOR
        • PARAGRAPH_SEPARATOR

        Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isSpaceChar(int) method.

        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is a space character; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        isWhitespace(char)
      • isSpaceChar

        public static boolean isSpaceChar​(int codePoint)
        Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a Unicode space character. A character is considered to be a space character if and only if it is specified to be a space character by the Unicode Standard. This method returns true if the character's general category type is any of the following:
        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is a space character; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        isWhitespace(int)
      • isWhitespace

        public static boolean isWhitespace​(char ch)
        Determines if the specified character is white space according to Java. A character is a Java whitespace character if and only if it satisfies one of the following criteria:
        • It is a Unicode space character (SPACE_SEPARATOR, LINE_SEPARATOR, or PARAGRAPH_SEPARATOR) but is not also a non-breaking space ('\u00A0', '\u2007', '\u202F').
        • It is '\t', U+0009 HORIZONTAL TABULATION.
        • It is '\n', U+000A LINE FEED.
        • It is '\u000B', U+000B VERTICAL TABULATION.
        • It is '\f', U+000C FORM FEED.
        • It is '\r', U+000D CARRIAGE RETURN.
        • It is '\u001C', U+001C FILE SEPARATOR.
        • It is '\u001D', U+001D GROUP SEPARATOR.
        • It is '\u001E', U+001E RECORD SEPARATOR.
        • It is '\u001F', U+001F UNIT SEPARATOR.

        Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isWhitespace(int) method.

        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is a Java whitespace character; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        isSpaceChar(char)
      • isWhitespace

        public static boolean isWhitespace​(int codePoint)
        Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is white space according to Java. A character is a Java whitespace character if and only if it satisfies one of the following criteria:
        • It is a Unicode space character (SPACE_SEPARATOR, LINE_SEPARATOR, or PARAGRAPH_SEPARATOR) but is not also a non-breaking space ('\u00A0', '\u2007', '\u202F').
        • It is '\t', U+0009 HORIZONTAL TABULATION.
        • It is '\n', U+000A LINE FEED.
        • It is '\u000B', U+000B VERTICAL TABULATION.
        • It is '\f', U+000C FORM FEED.
        • It is '\r', U+000D CARRIAGE RETURN.
        • It is '\u001C', U+001C FILE SEPARATOR.
        • It is '\u001D', U+001D GROUP SEPARATOR.
        • It is '\u001E', U+001E RECORD SEPARATOR.
        • It is '\u001F', U+001F UNIT SEPARATOR.
        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is a Java whitespace character; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        isSpaceChar(int)
      • isISOControl

        public static boolean isISOControl​(char ch)
        Determines if the specified character is an ISO control character. A character is considered to be an ISO control character if its code is in the range '\u0000' through '\u001F' or in the range '\u007F' through '\u009F'.

        Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isISOControl(int) method.

        Parameters:
        ch - the character to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is an ISO control character; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.1
        See Also:
        isSpaceChar(char), isWhitespace(char)
      • isISOControl

        public static boolean isISOControl​(int codePoint)
        Determines if the referenced character (Unicode code point) is an ISO control character. A character is considered to be an ISO control character if its code is in the range '\u0000' through '\u001F' or in the range '\u007F' through '\u009F'.
        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is an ISO control character; false otherwise.
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        isSpaceChar(int), isWhitespace(int)
      • forDigit

        public static char forDigit​(int digit,
                                    int radix)
        Determines the character representation for a specific digit in the specified radix. If the value of radix is not a valid radix, or the value of digit is not a valid digit in the specified radix, the null character ('\u0000') is returned.

        The radix argument is valid if it is greater than or equal to MIN_RADIX and less than or equal to MAX_RADIX. The digit argument is valid if 0 <= digit < radix.

        If the digit is less than 10, then '0' + digit is returned. Otherwise, the value 'a' + digit - 10 is returned.

        Parameters:
        digit - the number to convert to a character.
        radix - the radix.
        Returns:
        the char representation of the specified digit in the specified radix.
        See Also:
        MIN_RADIX, MAX_RADIX, digit(char, int)
      • isMirrored

        public static boolean isMirrored​(char ch)
        Determines whether the character is mirrored according to the Unicode specification. Mirrored characters should have their glyphs horizontally mirrored when displayed in text that is right-to-left. For example, '\u0028' LEFT PARENTHESIS is semantically defined to be an opening parenthesis. This will appear as a "(" in text that is left-to-right but as a ")" in text that is right-to-left.

        Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isMirrored(int) method.

        Parameters:
        ch - char for which the mirrored property is requested
        Returns:
        true if the char is mirrored, false if the char is not mirrored or is not defined.
        Since:
        1.4
      • isMirrored

        public static boolean isMirrored​(int codePoint)
        Determines whether the specified character (Unicode code point) is mirrored according to the Unicode specification. Mirrored characters should have their glyphs horizontally mirrored when displayed in text that is right-to-left. For example, '\u0028' LEFT PARENTHESIS is semantically defined to be an opening parenthesis. This will appear as a "(" in text that is left-to-right but as a ")" in text that is right-to-left.
        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
        Returns:
        true if the character is mirrored, false if the character is not mirrored or is not defined.
        Since:
        1.5
      • compareTo

        public int compareTo​(Character anotherCharacter)
        Compares two Character objects numerically.
        Specified by:
        compareTo in interface Comparable<Character>
        Parameters:
        anotherCharacter - the Character to be compared.
        Returns:
        the value 0 if the argument Character is equal to this Character; a value less than 0 if this Character is numerically less than the Character argument; and a value greater than 0 if this Character is numerically greater than the Character argument (unsigned comparison). Note that this is strictly a numerical comparison; it is not locale-dependent.
        Since:
        1.2
      • compare

        public static int compare​(char x,
                                  char y)
        Compares two char values numerically. The value returned is identical to what would be returned by:
            Character.valueOf(x).compareTo(Character.valueOf(y))
         
        Parameters:
        x - the first char to compare
        y - the second char to compare
        Returns:
        the value 0 if x == y; a value less than 0 if x < y; and a value greater than 0 if x > y
        Since:
        1.7
      • reverseBytes

        public static char reverseBytes​(char ch)
        Returns the value obtained by reversing the order of the bytes in the specified char value.
        Parameters:
        ch - The char of which to reverse the byte order.
        Returns:
        the value obtained by reversing (or, equivalently, swapping) the bytes in the specified char value.
        Since:
        1.5
      • getName

        public static String getName​(int codePoint)
        Returns the Unicode name of the specified character codePoint, or null if the code point is unassigned.

        Note: if the specified character is not assigned a name by the UnicodeData file (part of the Unicode Character Database maintained by the Unicode Consortium), the returned name is the same as the result of expression.

        Character.UnicodeBlock.of(codePoint).toString().replace('_', ' ') + " " + Integer.toHexString(codePoint).toUpperCase(Locale.ROOT);

        Parameters:
        codePoint - the character (Unicode code point)
        Returns:
        the Unicode name of the specified character, or null if the code point is unassigned.
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the specified codePoint is not a valid Unicode code point.
        Since:
        1.7
      • codePointOf

        public static int codePointOf​(String name)
        Returns the code point value of the Unicode character specified by the given Unicode character name.

        Note: if a character is not assigned a name by the UnicodeData file (part of the Unicode Character Database maintained by the Unicode Consortium), its name is defined as the result of expression

        Character.UnicodeBlock.of(codePoint).toString().replace('_', ' ') + " " + Integer.toHexString(codePoint).toUpperCase(Locale.ROOT);

        The name matching is case insensitive, with any leading and trailing whitespace character removed.

        Parameters:
        name - the Unicode character name
        Returns:
        the code point value of the character specified by its name.
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the specified name is not a valid Unicode character name.
        NullPointerException - if name is null
        Since:
        9