PropertyChangeEvent). However, most of the classes in this package are meant to be used by a bean editor (that is, a development environment for customizing and putting together beans to create an application). In particular, these classes help the bean editor create a user interface that the user can use to customize the bean. For example, a bean may contain a property of a special type that a bean editor may not know how to handle. By using the
PropertyEditorinterface, a bean developer can provide an editor for this special type.
To minimize the resources used by a bean, the classes used by bean editors
are loaded only when the bean is being edited. They are not needed while the
bean is running in an application and therefore not loaded. This information
is kept in what's called a bean-info (see
Unless explicitly stated, null values or empty Strings are not valid parameters for the methods in this package. You may expect to see exceptions if these parameters are used.
Long-Term PersistenceAs of v1.4, the
java.beanspackage provides support for long-term persistence -- reading and writing a bean as a textual representation of its property values. The property values are treated as beans, and are recursively read or written to capture their publicly available state. This approach is suitable for long-term storage because it relies only on public API, rather than the likely-to-change private implementation.
Note: The persistence scheme cannot automatically instantiate custom inner classes, such as you might use for event handlers. By using the
EventHandlerclass instead of inner classes for custom event handlers, you can avoid this problem.
You read and write beans in XML format using the
respectively. One notable feature of the persistence scheme is that reading
in a bean requires no special knowledge of the bean.
Writing out a bean, on the other hand, sometimes requires special knowledge
of the bean's type. If the bean's state can be expressed using only the
no-argument constructor and public getter and setter methods for properties,
no special knowledge is required. Otherwise, the bean requires a custom
persistence delegate -- an object that is in charge of writing out
beans of a particular type. All classes provided in the JDK that descend from
java.awt.Component, as well as all their properties, automatically
have persistence delegates.
If you need (or choose) to provide a persistence delegate for a bean, you can
do so either by using a
instance or by creating your own subclass of
the only reason a bean needs a persistence delegate is because you want to
invoke the bean's constructor with property values as arguments, you can
create the bean's persistence delegate with the one-argument
DefaultPersistenceDelegate constructor. Otherwise, you need to
implement your own persistence delegate, for which you're likely to need the
- The abstract class from which all persistence delegates descend. Your
subclass should use its knowledge of the bean's type to provide whatever
Expressions are necessary to create the bean and restore its state.
- Represents the invocation of a single method on an object. Includes a set of arguments to the method.
- A subclass of
Statementused for methods that return a value.
Once you create a persistence delegate, you register it using the
setPersistenceDelegate method of
Related DocumentationFor overview, architecture, and tutorial documentation, please see:
- JavaBeans, a trail in The Java Tutorial.
- Long-Term Persistence, an article in The Swing Connection.
Interface Summary Interface Description AppletInitializer Deprecated.The Applet API is deprecated. BeanInfoUse the
BeanInfointerface to create a
BeanInfoclass and provide explicit information about the methods, properties, events, and other features of your beans.
CustomizerA customizer class provides a complete custom GUI for customizing a target Java Bean. DesignModeThis interface is intended to be implemented by, or delegated from, instances of java.beans.beancontext.BeanContext, in order to propagate to its nested hierarchy of java.beans.beancontext.BeanContextChild instances, the current "designTime" property. ExceptionListenerAn ExceptionListener is notified of internal exceptions. PropertyChangeListenerA "PropertyChange" event gets fired whenever a bean changes a "bound" property. PropertyEditorA PropertyEditor class provides support for GUIs that want to allow users to edit a property value of a given type. VetoableChangeListenerA VetoableChange event gets fired whenever a bean changes a "constrained" property. VisibilityUnder some circumstances a bean may be run on servers where a GUI is not available.
Class Summary Class Description BeanDescriptorA BeanDescriptor provides global information about a "bean", including its Java class, its displayName, etc. BeansThis class provides some general purpose beans control methods. DefaultPersistenceDelegateThe
DefaultPersistenceDelegateis a concrete implementation of the abstract
PersistenceDelegateclass and is the delegate used by default for classes about which no information is available.
Encoderis a class which can be used to create files or streams that encode the state of a collection of JavaBeans in terms of their public APIs.
EventHandlerclass provides support for dynamically generating event listeners whose methods execute a simple statement involving an incoming event object and a target object.
EventSetDescriptorAn EventSetDescriptor describes a group of events that a given Java bean fires. ExpressionAn
Expressionobject represents a primitive expression in which a single method is applied to a target and a set of arguments to return a result - as in
FeatureDescriptorThe FeatureDescriptor class is the common baseclass for PropertyDescriptor, EventSetDescriptor, and MethodDescriptor, etc. IndexedPropertyChangeEventAn "IndexedPropertyChange" event gets delivered whenever a component that conforms to the JavaBeans™ specification (a "bean") changes a bound indexed property. IndexedPropertyDescriptorAn IndexedPropertyDescriptor describes a property that acts like an array and has an indexed read and/or indexed write method to access specific elements of the array. IntrospectorThe Introspector class provides a standard way for tools to learn about the properties, events, and methods supported by a target Java Bean. MethodDescriptorA MethodDescriptor describes a particular method that a Java Bean supports for external access from other components. ParameterDescriptorThe ParameterDescriptor class allows bean implementors to provide additional information on each of their parameters, beyond the low level type information provided by the java.lang.reflect.Method class. PersistenceDelegateThe PersistenceDelegate class takes the responsibility for expressing the state of an instance of a given class in terms of the methods in the class's public API. PropertyChangeEventA "PropertyChange" event gets delivered whenever a bean changes a "bound" or "constrained" property. PropertyChangeListenerProxyA class which extends the
EventListenerProxyspecifically for adding a
PropertyChangeListenerwith a "bound" property.
PropertyChangeSupportThis is a utility class that can be used by beans that support bound properties. PropertyDescriptorA PropertyDescriptor describes one property that a Java Bean exports via a pair of accessor methods. PropertyEditorManagerThe PropertyEditorManager can be used to locate a property editor for any given type name. PropertyEditorSupportThis is a support class to help build property editors. SimpleBeanInfoThis is a support class to make it easier for people to provide BeanInfo classes. StatementA
Statementobject represents a primitive statement in which a single method is applied to a target and a set of arguments - as in
VetoableChangeListenerProxyA class which extends the
EventListenerProxyspecifically for adding a
VetoableChangeListenerwith a "constrained" property.
VetoableChangeSupportThis is a utility class that can be used by beans that support constrained properties. XMLDecoderThe
XMLDecoderclass is used to read XML documents created using the
XMLEncoderand is used just like the
XMLEncoderclass is a complementary alternative to the
ObjectOutputStreamand can used to generate a textual representation of a JavaBean in the same way that the
ObjectOutputStreamcan be used to create binary representation of
Exception Summary Exception Description IntrospectionExceptionThrown when an exception happens during Introspection. PropertyVetoExceptionA PropertyVetoException is thrown when a proposed change to a property represents an unacceptable value.
Annotation Types Summary Annotation Type Description BeanPropertyAn annotation used to specify some property-related information for the automatically generated
ConstructorPropertiesAn annotation on a constructor that shows how the parameters of that constructor correspond to the constructed object's getter methods. JavaBeanAn annotation used to specify some class-related information for the automatically generated
TransientIndicates that an attribute called "transient" should be declared with the given
EventSetDescriptorclasses associated with the annotated code element.