Module java.base

Class DatagramChannel

All Implemented Interfaces:
Closeable, AutoCloseable, ByteChannel, Channel, GatheringByteChannel, InterruptibleChannel, MulticastChannel, NetworkChannel, ReadableByteChannel, ScatteringByteChannel, WritableByteChannel

public abstract class DatagramChannel extends AbstractSelectableChannel implements ByteChannel, ScatteringByteChannel, GatheringByteChannel, MulticastChannel
A selectable channel for datagram-oriented sockets.

A datagram channel is created by invoking one of the open methods of this class. It is not possible to create a channel for an arbitrary, pre-existing datagram socket. A newly-created datagram channel is open but not connected. A datagram channel need not be connected in order for the send and receive methods to be used. A datagram channel may be connected, by invoking its connect method, in order to avoid the overhead of the security checks are otherwise performed as part of every send and receive operation. A datagram channel must be connected in order to use the read and write methods, since those methods do not accept or return socket addresses.

Once connected, a datagram channel remains connected until it is disconnected or closed. Whether or not a datagram channel is connected may be determined by invoking its isConnected method.

Socket options are configured using the setOption method. A datagram channel to an Internet Protocol socket supports the following options:

Socket options
Option Name Description
SO_SNDBUF The size of the socket send buffer
SO_RCVBUF The size of the socket receive buffer
SO_REUSEADDR Re-use address
SO_BROADCAST Allow transmission of broadcast datagrams
IP_TOS The Type of Service (ToS) octet in the Internet Protocol (IP) header
IP_MULTICAST_IF The network interface for Internet Protocol (IP) multicast datagrams
IP_MULTICAST_TTL The time-to-live for Internet Protocol (IP) multicast datagrams
IP_MULTICAST_LOOP Loopback for Internet Protocol (IP) multicast datagrams
Additional (implementation specific) options may also be supported.

Datagram channels are safe for use by multiple concurrent threads. They support concurrent reading and writing, though at most one thread may be reading and at most one thread may be writing at any given time.