Learn guidelines on how to prevent Oracle WebLogic Server cluster problems or troubleshoot them if they do occur.
For information about troubleshooting IP multicast configuration problems, see Troubleshooting Multicast Configuration.
Before You Start the Cluster
You can do a number of things to help prevent problems before you boot the cluster.
Check the Server Version Numbers
All servers in the cluster should be at the same maintenance level (the same major and minor version number, the same Patch Set number, the same Patch Set Update number, and the same Interim/One-off Patches) during steady-state operation. Rolling upgrade (applying maintenance to servers sequentially within a cluster) is supported in WebLogic Server:
for applying Interim/One-off Patches
for applying Patch Set Updates (PSUs)
for applying WebLogic Server 10.3.x Patch Sets, for example, performing a rolling upgrade from WebLogic Server 10.3.5 to 10.3.6
The cluster's Administration Server is typically not configured as a cluster member, but it should generally run at the same maintenance level as the Managed Servers. There may be situations where the Administration Server is managing multiple clusters within a single domain, which may be at different maintenance levels. In this case, the Administration Server should be at the highest maintenance level of the Managed Servers within the domain.
Check the Multicast Address
A problem with the multicast address is one of the most common reasons a cluster does not start or a server fails to join a cluster.
A multicast address is required for each cluster. The multicast address can be an IP number between 188.8.131.52 and 184.108.40.206, or a host name with an IP address within that range.
You can check a cluster's multicast address and port on its Configuration > Multicast page in the WebLogic Server Administration Console.
For each cluster on a network, the combination of multicast address and port must be unique. If two clusters on a network use the same multicast address, they should use different ports. If the clusters use different multicast addresses, they can use the same port or accept the default port, 7001.
Before booting the cluster, make sure the cluster's multicast address and port are correct and do not conflict with the multicast address and port of any other clusters on the network.
The errors you are most likely to see if the multicast address is bad are:
Unable to create a multicast socket for clustering Multicast socket send error Multicast socket receive error
Check the CLASSPATH Value
Make sure the value of
CLASSPATH is the same on all Managed Servers in the cluster.
CLASSPATH is set by the
setEnv script, which you run before you run
startManagedWebLogic to start the Managed Servers.
setEnv sets this value for
CLASSPATH (as represented on Windows systems):
set WL_HOME=C:\bea\wlserver_10.00 set JAVA_HOME=C:\bea\jdk131 . . set CLASSPATH=%JAVA_HOME%\lib\tools.jar; %WL_HOME%\server\lib\weblogic_sp.jar; %WL_HOME%\server\lib\weblogic.jar; %CLASSPATH%
If you change the value of
CLASSPATH on one Managed Server, or change how
CLASSPATH, you must change it on all Managed Servers in the cluster.
After You Start the Cluster
After you start a cluster, you can troubleshoot problems using various methods.
Check Your Commands
If the cluster fails to start, or a server fails to join the cluster, the first step is to check any commands you have entered, such as
startManagedWebLogic or a
java interpreter command, for errors and misspellings.
Generate a Log File
Before contacting Oracle for help with cluster-related problems, collect diagnostic information. The most important information is a log file with multiple thread dumps from a Managed Server. The log file is especially important for diagnosing cluster freezes and deadlocks.
Remember: a log file that contains multiple thread dumps is a prerequisite for diagnosing your problem.
- Stop the server.
- Remove or back up any log files you currently have. You should create a new log file each time you boot a server, rather than appending to an existing log file.
- Start the server with this command, which turns on verbose garbage collection and redirects both the standard error and standard output to a log file:
% java -ms64m -mx64m -verbose:gc -classpath $CLASSPATH -Dweblogic.domain=mydomain -Dweblogic.Name=clusterServer1 -Djava.security.policy==$WL_HOME/lib/weblogic.policy -Dweblogic.admin.host=192.168.0.101:7001 weblogic.Server >> logfile.txt
Redirecting both standard error and standard output places thread dump information in the proper context with server informational and error messages and provides a more useful log.
- Continue running the cluster until you have reproduced the problem.
- If a server hangs, use
<Ctrl>-<Break>to create the necessary thread dumps to diagnose your problem. Make sure to do this several times on each server, spaced about 5-10 seconds apart, to help diagnose deadlocks.
- Compress the log file using a UNIX utility:
% tar czf logfile.tar logfile.txt
- or zip it using a Windows utility.
- Attach the compressed log file to an e-mail to your Oracle Support representative. Do not cut and paste the log file into the body of an e-mail.
Getting an Oracle HotSpot VM Thread Dump
If you use the Oracle HotSpot VM, use one of the following methods to generate a thread dump:
Use the WLST
If you are using the Oracle HotSpot VM under Linux, use
Kill -3PID, where PID is the root of the process tree.
To obtain the root PID, perform a:
ps -efHl | grep 'java' **. **
grepargument that is a string that will be found in the process stack that matches the server startup command. The first PID reported will be the root process, assuming that the
pscommand has not been piped to another routine.
Under Linux, each execute thread appears as a separate process under the Linux process stack. To use Kill -3 on Linux you supply must match PID of the main WebLogic execute thread, otherwise no thread dump will be produced.
If you are using the Oracle HotSpot VM under Windows, you can use the Ctrl-Break command on the application console to generate a thread dump.
Check Garbage Collection
If you are experiencing cluster problems, you should also check the garbage collection on the Managed Servers. If garbage collection is taking too long, the servers will not be able to make the frequent heartbeat signals that tell the other cluster members they are running and available.
If garbage collection (either first or second generation) is taking 10 or more seconds, you need to tune heap allocation (the
msmx parameter) on your system.
You can verify that multicast is working by running
utils.MulticastTest from one of the Managed Servers. See Using the Oracle WebLogic Server Java Utilities in Command Reference for Oracle WebLogic Server.