7 Managing the WebLogic Persistent Store

This chapter explains how to use the administration utility and secure store data.

Administering a Persistent Store

The WebLogic Store administration utility enables administrators to troubleshoot a WebLogic persistent store. The store utility operates only on a store that is not currently opened by a running server instance. This utility can be run from a Java command line or from WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST), as described in Store Administration Using a Java Command Line and Store Administration Using WLST.

The most common uses-cases for store administration are for compacting a file store to reduce its size and for dumping the contents of a file store of JDBC store to an XML file for troubleshooting purposes. Examples of these use cases are provided later in this section.

Table 7-1 defines the available store administration commands for Java and WLST.

Table 7-1 Persistent Store Administration Options

Java Command WLST Method What It Does
help
helpstore

Displays available commands, usage, and examples.

compact
compactstore

Compacts and defragments the space occupied by a file store. This command only works offline and does not work for JDBC stores.

Note: Compacting a file store is usually not necessary if you know that file store will likely grow to the current size again. File stores automatically re-use space freed by deleted records and expand only when there is insufficient internal space for new records. Also, file stores do not normally become fragmented as most persistent records are short-lived.

openfile
openfilestore

Opens an existing file store for further operations. If a file store does not exist, a new one is created in an open state using the -create parameter.

openjdbc
openjdbcstore

Opens an existing JDBC store for further operations. If a JDBC store does not exist, a new one is created in an open state

dump
dumpstore

Dumps store or connection contents in a human-readable format to user-specified XML file. The XML file format is the same format used by the diagnostic image of the persistent store.

list
liststore

Lists store names, open stores, or connections in a store.

n/a
getstoreconns

Returns a list of connections in the specified store (for script access)

n/a
getopenstores

Returns a list of opened stores (for script access).

opts
n/a

Lists invocation options for the store administration tool.

verbose
n/a

Controls display of additional information, such as stack traces.

close
closestore

Closes a previously opened store.

quit
exit

Ends the store administration session.

A persistent store can be backed by the file system (file store) or by a JDBC-capable database (JDBC store). Except for the openfile/openfilestore() and openjdbc/openjdbcstore() options, there is no difference in the options to operate on these two different types of stores.

Most commands and methods work in terms of store names, while others also work in terms of connection names. Store connections are logical groups of records within persistent stores. For example, the JMS and JTA subsystems persist their respective records in different connections in the same file store.

Store Administration Using a Java Command Line

To open the persistent store administration utility from a Java command line, type the following:

> java weblogic.store.Admin
> storeadmin->
Accessing Store Administration Help

Type help for detailed descriptions on available store administration commands, as well as examples of typical command usage. For example, the following comprehensive help is provided for the list command, which lists store names, open stores, or connections in a store.

storeadmin->help list
  Command:
    list
  Description:
    lists store names, open stores, or connections in a store
  Usage:
    list [-store storename|-dir dir]
  Examples:
    list #lists all opened stores by storename
    list -store store1 #lists all connections in store1
    list -dir dir1 #lists all storenames found in dir1
Dumping the Contents of a File Store

Here's an example of using a series of store administration commands to ultimately export the contents of a file store named myfilestore into a human-readable XML file format in a temporary directory. This does not include store connection names or the actual record contents, which require the optional -conn and -deep parameters.

> storeadmin-> list -dir .
> storeadmin-> openfile -store myfilestore -dir .
> storeadmin-> dump -store myfilestore -out d:\tmp\filestore1-out
> storeadmin-> close -store myfilestore

The list command shows all the store names in the current directory. The openfile and openjdbc commands must be used to open and/or create a file or JDBC store first before calling certain administration functions, like dump and list (only when listing open stores). After administering an open store, you must close it using the close command.

Compacting a File Store

Here is an example of using the compact command to compact the space occupied by a file store in the mystores directory.

> storeadmin->compact -dir c:\mystores -tempdir c:\tmp

Since the compact command can only be used on an unopened file store, none of the stores that have files in the source -dir directory should be open. Also, the temporary -tempdir directory should have at least enough extra space as the source directory and should also not be under the source directory. When compact successfully completes, the newly compacted store files will be in the mystores directory. In addition, a new, uniquely-named directory will be created under tmp containing the original uncompacted store files.

Store Administration Using WLST

The WLST interface has additional methods (compared to the Java command line) such as getopenstores and getstoreconns, that return relevant Java objects and can be used for scripting in WLST.

Note:

In this release, ThreeStepThreshold, Worker Count, and Worker Preferred Batch Size are not supported when using the WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST) offline.

Accessing Store Administration Help

To access the persistent store administration utility from WLST, type the following command:

> java weblogic.WLST

Type helpstore() for detailed descriptions on available store administration commands, as well as examples of typical command usage. For example, the following help is provided for the list command, which lists store names, open stores, or connections in a store.

> wls:/offline> helpstore(liststore)
  lists storenames, opened stores, or connections (for interactive access)
  Parameters store and dir cannot both be specified concurrently.

  Usage: liststore(store='null',dir='null')

  @param store [optional] a previously opened JDBC or File store's name.
      If store is specified, all connections in the store are listed.
  @param dir [optional] directory for which to list available store names
      If dir is specified, all store names in the directory are listed.

  If neither store nor dir are specified, all open store names are listed.
  @return 1 on success, 0 on failure

Note that the parameters with an equal sign "=" are optional. For example, the compactstore method can be invoked as either compactstore(dir='storename', tempdir='/tmp') or compactstore(store='storename'), where tempdir takes the default value. Default values for optional parameters are listed in the command-specific help.

Dumping the Contents of a JDBC Store Using WLST

Here is an example of using the dumpstore method (store, outfile, conn='null', deep='false') to export the contents of a JDBC store named myJDBCStore in a human-readable XML file format out to a file named mystoredump-out.xml. This does not include store connection names or the actual record contents, which require the optional conn and deep parameters.

> wls:/offline>
  openjdbcstore('myJDBCStore', 'oracle.jdbc.OracleDriver',
  'jdbc:oracle:thin:@test2k31:1521:test120a', './wlstoreadmin-dump.props',
  'jmstest', 'jmstest', '', 'jdbcstoreprefix')
  dumpstore('myJDBCStore', 'mystoredump-out')
  closestore('myJDBCStore')

The openjdbcstore and openfilestore methods must be used to open and/or create a store first before calling certain administration functions, like dumpstore and liststore (only when listing open stores). After administering an open store, you must close it using the closestore method.

Compacting a File Store Using WLST

Here is an example of a WLST script that uses the compactstore method (dir,tempdir='null') to compact the space occupied by a file store files in the mystores directory.

> wls:/offline> compactstore('c:\mystores','c:\tmpmystore.dir')

Since the compactstore() method can only be used on unopened file stores, none of the stores that have files in the source 'dir' directory should be open. Also, the temporary 'tempdir' directory should have at least enough extra space as the source directory and should also not be under the source directory. When compact successfully completes, the newly compacted store files will be in the mystores directory. In addition, a new, uniquely-named directory will be created under tmpmystore containing the original uncompacted store files.

Secure File Store Data

In order to properly secure file store data, you must set appropriate directory permissions on all your file store directories. If you require data encryption, you must use appropriate third-party encryption software.