7 Managing Analytics

Configure and manage Analytics in WebCenter Portal to display usage and performance metrics for a portal.

Always use Fusion Middleware Control or the WLST command-line tool to review and configure back-end services for WebCenter Portal. Any configuration changes that you make post-deployment are stored in the MDS metadata store as customizations. Any changes that you make to Analytics Collector configuration are stored in the Analytics database.

Note:

Changes that you make to Analytics configuration through Fusion Middleware Control or using WLST are not dynamic so you must restart the managed server on which the Analytics Collector or portal application is deployed for your changes to take effect.

Permissions:

To perform the tasks in this chapter, you must be granted the WebLogic Server Admin role through the Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console and the Administrator role granted through WebCenter Portal Administration.

For more information about roles and permissions, see Understanding Administrative Operations, Roles, and Tools.

About Analytics in WebCenter Portal

Analytics allows WebCenter Portal administrators and business users to track and analyze portal usage. Analytics provides the following basic functionality:

  • Usage Tracking Metrics: Analytics collects and reports metrics for common portal functions, including community, page, and portlet visits.

  • Behavior Tracking: Users can analyze portal metrics to determine usage patterns, such as portal visit duration and usage over time.

  • User Profile Correlation: Users can correlate metric information with user profile information. Usage tracking reports can be viewed and filtered by user profile data such as country, company, or state. For more information, see Query Options in Building Portals with Oracle WebCenter Portal.

An overview of Analytics components and ready-to-use task flows are described in the following sections:

Analytics Components

The following figure illustrates components for Analytics in WebCenter Portal:

  • WC_Portal – The managed server on which Oracle WebCenter Portal and the Analytics Collector is deployed are deployed.

  • Event Data – Analytics tracks and collects a defined set of events. A comprehensive set of the most common events are provided out-of-the-box.

  • Open Usage API – The OpenUsage API sends metrics to the Analytics Collector using UDP (User Datagram Protocol).

  • Analytics Collector – The Analytics Collector component gathers event data.

    Analytics Collectors can be clustered to provide increased scalability and reliability.

  • Analytics Database – The Analytics database (ACTIVITIES) stores metrics gathered from portal and non-portal events.

  • Analytics Task Flows – Analytics provides a series of task flows to report metrics for common portal functions.

  • MDS – The Metadata Service (MDS) repository that stores task flow customizations.

Figure 7-1 Analytics Components

Analytics Components

Analytics Task Flows

Table 7-1 lists the Analytics task flows available with WebCenter Portal. For detailed information about these task flows and how to use them, see About Analytics in Building Portals with Oracle WebCenter Portal.

Table 7-1 Analytics Task Flows in WebCenter Portal

Analytics Task Flows Description

WebCenter Portal Traffic

A summarized view for common events within the portal.

Page Traffic

Displays the number of page visits and the number of unique users that visited any page within the portal.

Login Metrics

Reports portal logins.

Portlet Traffic

Displays usage data for a portlet.

Portlet Response Time

Displays performance data for a portlet.

Portlet Instance Traffic

Displays usage data for a portlet instance.

When the same portlet displays on several different pages, each placement is considered as a portlet instance.

Portlet Instance Response Time

Displays performance data for a portlet instance.

Search Metrics

Tracks portal searches.

Wiki Metrics

Tracks most popular/least popular wikis.

Blog Metrics

Tracks most popular/least popular blogs.

Discussion Metrics

Tracks most popular/least popular discussions.

Note:

Oracle WebCenter Portal has deprecated the support for Jive features (announcements and discussions). If you have upgraded from a prior release to Release 12c (12.2.1.4.0), Jive features remain available in your upgraded instance but Oracle support is not provided for these features. In the next release, Jive features will not be available even in the upgraded instances

Portal Traffic

Displays usage data for a portal.

Portal Response Time

Displays page performance data for a portal.

Configuration Roadmap for Analytics

The flow chart in Figure 7-2 and tasks in Table 7-2 provide an overview of the prerequisites and tasks required to get Analytics working in WebCenter Portal.

Figure 7-2 Configuring Analytics for Use in WebCenter Portal

Configuring the Analytics Service for WebCenter Portal

Table 7-2 Configuring Analytics for Use in WebCenter Portal

Actor Task Link

Administrator

1. Install Oracle WebCenter Portal and the Oracle WebCenter Portal Analytics Collector component

See About Oracle WebCenter Portal Installation in Installing and Configuring Oracle WebCenter Portal

Administrator

2. (Optional) Configure Analytics Collector settings using either of the following tools:

  • Fusion Middleware Control

  • WLST

See Configure Analytics Collector Settings

Administrator

3. Configure a connection between the Oracle WebCenter Portal and the Analytics Collector using either of the following tools:

  • Fusion Middleware Control

  • WLST

See Registering an Analytics Collector for Your Application

WebCenter Portal Administrator

4. Test that analytics data is available in WebCenter Portal

  • 4.a Log in to WebCenter Portalwith administrator privileges

  • 4.b Open the main Analytics business role page to see live data: http://host:port/webcenter/portal/system/Analytics

 

Analytics Prerequisites

This section includes the following topics:

Analytics – Installation

The Analytics Collector is an optional installation option for Oracle WebCenter Portal. To install this product, select Oracle WebCenter Portal Analytics Collector in the Fusion Middleware Configuration Wizard. For detailed installation instructions, see About Oracle WebCenter Portal Installation in Installing and Configuring Oracle WebCenter Portal.

The Analytics schema (ACTIVITIES) and the WebCenter Portal schema (WEBCENTER) can be installed on the same database or on separate databases.

Analytics – Configuration

The Analytics Collector is configured to receive events out-of-the-box, using installation defaults. If the default values are not suitable for your installation or you have a cluster, you may configure different values using WLST or MBeans Browser. For more information, see Configuring Analytics Collector Settings.

Out-of-the-box, WebCenter Portal is not configured to send events to the Analytics Collector. If you want to collect usage and performance metrics for WebCenter Portal you must register the Analytics Collector and enable event collection. For more information, see Registering an Analytics Collector for Your Application. Once connected, analytics data is collected and displays in your application (through Analytics task flows) without further configuration.

Analytics – Security Considerations

In WebCenter Portal, resource catalogs display Analytics task flows only to users with appropriate permissions:

  • Administrators – Users with the Administrator role have access to all Analytics task flows

  • Portal Managers – Within a particular portal, members with the Portal Manager role have access to Analytics task flows that display usage data for that portal only

Analytics usage data is valuable for portal analysis but might be regarded as private or sensitive to portal users. To protect security and privacy interests associated with usage metrics WebCenter Portal administrators and individual portal managers must manage page security such that only appropriate, specified users have access to pages that expose analytics data. See About Analytics in Building Portals with Oracle WebCenter Portal.

Analytics – Limitations

Analytics task flows do not display custom event information.

Configuring Analytics Collector Settings

During installation, the Analytics Collector is configured to receive events using the following default values:

  • Collector Host Name - localhost

  • Default Port - 31314

  • Maximum Port Number - 31314

  • Broadcast Type - Unicast

  • Clustering - The clustering settings do not apply. Clustering is not supported in this version.

Note:

If the database used by WebCenter Portal uses a National Character Set set to something other than AL16UTF16, the Analytics startup listener may fail to start. The National Character Set option is configure through the Database Configuration Assistant when the database is created. Oracle recommends that you keep the National Character Set set to its default value of AL16UTF16 to avoid potential issues.

If these default values are not suitable for your installation or you have a cluster, you can configure suitable values using WLST or the MBeans Browser in Fusion Middleware Control:

These Analytics Collector configuration settings are stored in the Analytics database (ACTIVITIES).

Setting Analytics Collector Properties Using WLST

Use the WLST command setAnalyticsCollectorConfig to set event collection properties for the Analytics Collector. For command syntax and examples, see setAnalyticsCollectorConfig in WebCenter WLST Command Reference Reference.

Note:

To start using the property values you must restart the managed server on which the Analytics Collector application is deployed (WC_Portal).

Setting Analytics Collector Properties Using Fusion Middleware Control

Use the Systems MBeans Browser in Fusion Middleware Control to set event collection properties for the Analytics Collector:

To configure the Analytics Collector (deployed on the WC_Portal managed server):

  1. Log in to Fusion Middleware Control and navigate to the home page for WebCenter Portal.
  2. Open the System MBean Browser. From the WebCenter Portal menu, select System MBean Browser.
  3. Navigate to: Application Defined MBeans >oracle.webcenter.analytics >Server: WC_Portal >Application: analytics-collector >CollectorConfiguration >Configuration

    Alternatively, search for CollectorConfiguration or filter the System MBean Browser tree using the MBean pattern: oracle.webcenter.analytics:*

    Figure 7-3 System MBeans Browser - Analytics Collector Properties

    Analytics Collector - MBeans Browser
  4. Modify configuration properties for the Analytics Collector.

    Table 7-3 Analytics Collector - Configuration Properties

    Field Description

    BroadcastType

    Specify the network channel on which the Analytics Collector broadcasts a 'heartbeat' to advertise its location to event producers. Valid values are Broadcast and Multicast:

    Broadcast - use the standard network broadcast channel.

    Multicast - use a special fixed multicast address.

    ClusterEnabled

    The clustering settings do not apply. Clustering is not supported in this version.

    ClusterName

    The clustering settings do not apply. Clustering is not supported in this version.

    CollectorHeartbeatFrequency

    The clustering settings do not apply. Clustering is not supported in this version.

    CollectorDefaultPort

    Enter the default port number on which the Analytics Collector listens. The default value is 31314.

    CollectorHostName

    Enter the name of the host on which the Analytics Collector is running.

    The default setting is localhost.

    CollectorMaximumPort

    Enter the highest port number that an Analytics Collector can use when allocating a listener.

    This property is mostly used in a clustered environment where multiple collectors run in the same box. Each collector listens for incoming UDP messages on a free port within a given port range. The range is from the default port number to the maxPort number.

  5. To start using the new settings restart the managed server on which the Analytics Collector application is deployed (WC_Portal).

Registering an Analytics Collector for Your Application

Events raised in WebCenter Portal using OpenUsage APIs can be sent to an Analytics Collector for use by Analytics. If you intend to use any of the features or task flows provided by these tools you must connect WebCenter Portal to an Analytics Collector.

While you can register multiple Analytics Collector connections for WebCenter Portal, only one Analytics Collector is used (i.e., the default (or active) connection).

To start using a new configuration you must restart the managed server on which WebCenter Portal is deployed.

This section includes the following subsections:

Registering an Analytics Collector Using Fusion Middleware Control

To register an Analytics Collector for WebCenter Portal:

  1. Log in to Fusion Middleware Control and navigate to the home page for WebCenter Portal.
  2. Open the Service Configuration page. From the WebCenter Portal menu, select Settings > Service Configuration.
  3. From the list of services on the WebCenter Portal Service Configuration page, select Analytics.
  4. To connect to an Analytics Collector, click Add (Figure 7-4).

    Figure 7-4 Configuring Analytics Collector Connections

    Configuring Analytics Collector Connections
  5. Enter a unique name for this connection.

    The name must be unique (across all connection types) within WebCenter Portal.

    Figure 7-5 Add Analytics Collector Connection

    Adding Analytics Collector Connection
  6. Select Active Connection to use this connection for Analytics.

    While you can register multiple Analytics Collector connections for WebCenter Portal, only one connection is used—the default (or active) connection.

  7. Select Enable WebCenter Portal Event Collection to send analytics events raised using OpenUsage APIs to the Analytics Collector.

    Deselect this option if you do not want to collect analytics data.

  8. Enter connection details for the Analytics Collector.

    Table 7-4 Analytics Collector Connection - Connection Details

    Field Description

    Messaging Mode

    This property specifies whether to send events to a clustered Analytics Collector in multicast mode or a single Analytics Collector using unicast communication. Clustering the Analytics Collector is not supported in the current release, so the only valid value for this release is Unicast.

    Collector Host Name

    If the messaging mode is set to Unicast, enter the host name where the Analytics Collector is running.

    The default setting is localhost.

    Collector Port

    Enter the port on which the Analytics Collector listens for events. The default value is 31314.

  9. Click OK to save.
  10. To start using the new (active) connection you must restart the managed server on which WebCenter Portal is deployed.

Registering an Analytics Collector Using WLST

Use the WLST command createAnalyticsCollectorConnection to create an Analytics Collector connection for WebCenter Portal. To update an existing connection, use setAnalyticsCollectorConnection. For command syntax and examples, see createAnalyticsCollectorConnection and setAnalyticsCollectorConnection in WebCenter WLST Command Reference Reference.

Note:

To start using the new connection, ensure that isEnabled=1 and default=1, and then restart the managed server on which WebCenter Portal is deployed.

Disabling WebCenter Portal Event Collection

If you do not want to collect events raised using OpenUsage APIs, you can stop event transmission temporarily or permanently.

This section includes the following subsections:

Disabling WebCenter Portal Event Collection Using Fusion Middleware Control

To disable event collection for WebCenter Portal:

  1. Log in to Fusion Middleware Control and navigate to the home page for WebCenter Portal.
  2. Open the Service Configuration page. From the WebCenter Portal menu, select Settings > Service Configuration.
  3. From the list of services on the WebCenter Portal Service Configuration page, select Analytics.
  4. Select the connection in the table, and then click Edit.
  5. Deselect Enable WebCenter Portal Event Collection (Figure 7-6).

    Figure 7-6 Disabling Analytics Event Collection

    Disabling Analytics Event Collection
  6. To effect this change you must restart the managed server on which WebCenter Portal is deployed.
Disabling WebCenter Portal Event Collection Using WLST

To disable event collection using WLST, run the setAnalyticsCollectorConnection command with the isEnabled argument set to 0 (false). For command syntax and examples, see setAnalyticsCollectorConnection in WebCenter WLST Command Reference Reference.

Validating Analytic Event Collection

You can check whether events reach the Analytics Collector by checking the trace log at:

<base_domain_name>/servers/WC_Portal/logs/analytics-collector/collector.trc

Event messages are similar to the following:

[2015-09-16T07:13:56.906-07:00] [WC_Utilities] [TRACE] []
[SRC_METHOD: OnMessageReceived] Event = [[
EVENT_TYPE: {http://www.myorg.com/videoapp}VIDEOVIEWS
VERSION: 3.0.XXXX
AS_DIMENSION_USER.USERID: testuser01
VIDEO.RESOURCEID: video8736
VIDEO.TITLE: Project Kick Off
VIDEO.LOOP: false
QUALITY: 720
PROPERTY_VERSION: 3.0.XXXX

To display analytics collector configuration information, enter the following URL:

http://hostname:WC_Portal_port/collector

This page lists the following:

  • Collector Default Port

  • Collector Max Port

  • Collector Server Name

  • Broadcast Type

  • Cluster Enabled

  • Cluster Name

  • Partitioning Enabled

  • Time Dimension for This Year

  • Space Dimension Exists (for WebCenter Portal)

Viewing the Current WebCenter Portal's Analytic Event List

Use the Systems MBeans Browser in Fusion Middleware Control to see which events an Analytics Collector is configured to collect.

To display the current list of analytics events:

  1. Log in to Fusion Middleware Control and navigate to the home page for WebCenter Portal.
  2. Open the System MBean Browser. From the WebCenter Portal menu, select System MBean Browser.
  3. Navigate to: Application Defined MBeans> oracle.webcenter.analytics > Server: WC_Portal> Application: analytics-collector> CollectorServices> Services

    Alternatively, search for CollectorServices or filter the System MBean Browser tree using the MBean pattern: oracle.webcenter.analytics:*

  4. Select the Operations tab.

    Figure 7-7 System MBeans Browser - Register Analytics Events

    System MBeans Browser: Registering Analytics Events
  5. Click listRegisteredEventTypes.
  6. Click Invoke.

Alternatively, use the WLST command listAnalyticsEventTypes. For command syntax and examples, see listAnalyticsEventTypes in WebCenter WLST Command Reference Reference.

Purging Analytics Data

For information about purging analytics data, see Purging Oracle WebCenter Portal's Analytics Data in Administering Oracle Fusion Middleware.

Partitioning Analytics Data

For information about partitioning analytics data, see Partitioning Oracle WebCenter Portal's Analytics Data in Administering Oracle Fusion Middleware.