Oracle® VM

Administrator's Guide for Release 3.4

Oracle Legal Notices
Oracle Documentation License

E64083-15

November 2020


Table of Contents

Preface
1 Configuring Oracle VM Server After Installation
1.1 Installing Oracle VM Storage Connect plug-ins
1.2 Enabling Multipath I/O Support
1.3 Configuring Software RAID for Storage
1.3.1 Removing Software RAID Devices
1.4 Diagnostic Tools for Oracle VM Server
1.4.1 Working with the OSWatcher Utility on Oracle VM Server
1.4.2 Manually Configuring kdump for Oracle VM Server
1.5 Disabling Paravirtualized Guests on Oracle VM Server
1.6 Changing the Memory Size of the Management Domain
1.7 Configuring Oracle VM Server for SPARC
1.7.1 Creating ZFS Volumes
1.7.2 Configuring a Secondary Service Domain
2 Configuring Oracle VM Manager After Installation
2.1 Configuring Oracle VM Manager Web Interface Session Timeout
2.2 Setting Up SSL
2.2.1 Oracle VM Key Tool
2.2.2 Showing the Certificate Configuration
2.2.3 Validating the Certificate Configuration
2.2.4 Exporting the CA Certificate
2.2.5 Generating a New SSL Key
2.2.6 Changing the Default SSL Certificate
2.2.7 Changing the Keystore Password
3 Administering Oracle VM Manager
3.1 Oracle VM Manager Administrator Tool (ovm_admin)
3.1.1 Listing Users
3.1.2 Creating Users
3.1.3 Deleting Users
3.1.4 Changing User Passwords
3.1.5 Configure Account Locking
3.1.6 Unlocking User Accounts
3.1.7 Listing Data Sources
3.1.8 Modifying the Oracle VM Manager Database Schema
3.1.9 Rotating Log Files
3.1.10 Changing the Password for the MySQL Root User
3.2 Working with the MySQL Instance
4 Managing Oracle VM Manager Authentication
4.1 Default Oracle VM Manager Users
4.2 Changing the Oracle VM Manager User Password
4.3 Restricting User Authentication to Oracle WebLogic Server Groups
4.4 Enabling LDAP and Active Directory Authentication
5 Monitoring Oracle VM Server with SNMP
5.1 Installed SNMP Packages
5.2 Adding the Oracle VM Server Object Module
5.3 Enabling the SNMP Service
5.4 How to Retrieve MIB Objects
6 Updating Oracle VM Server with Oracle Ksplice
6.1 What Is Oracle Ksplice?
6.2 Prerequisites for Ksplice on Oracle VM Server
6.3 Accessing ULN Channels
6.4 Configuring Yum for Oracle Ksplice
6.5 Installing the Ksplice Enhanced Client
6.6 Installing Oracle Ksplice Updates on Oracle VM Server
7 Provisioning ISO Files for PVM Guest Installations
8 Installing and Using the Oracle VM Guest Additions
8.1 Features of the Oracle VM Guest Additions
8.2 Oracle VM Guest Additions Packages
8.3 Downloading the Oracle VM Guest Additions Packages
8.4 Installing the Oracle VM Guest Additions
8.5 Upgrading the Oracle VM Guest Additions
8.6 Using the Oracle VM Guest Additions (ovmd)
8.6.1 Using the Oracle VM Guest Additions Daemon to Enable First-Boot Configuration
8.6.2 Sending Messages to Virtual Machines
8.6.3 Configuring the Oracle VM Guest Additions Daemon to Run as a Service
8.7 Using the Oracle VM Guest Additions with Microsoft Windows (ovmcmd)
8.8 The Oracle VM Template Configuration Script and Modules
8.8.1 Template Configuration Script (ovm-template-config)
8.8.2 Enabling and Disabling Configuration Modules (ovm-chkconfig)
8.8.3 Key-Value Pairs Used By Available Configuration Modules
8.8.4 Triggering Configuration Changes
8.8.5 Developing Oracle VM Template Configuration Modules
9 Using the Oracle VM Utilities
9.1 Oracle VM Virtual Machine Control (ovm_vmcontrol)
9.2 Oracle VM Retrieve Disk (ovm_vmdisks)
9.3 Oracle VM Hostd For Metrics Messaging (ovm_vmhostd)
9.4 Retrieving Host Metrics from Virtual Machines (vm-dump-metrics)
10 Converting Physical Hosts to Virtual Machines
10.1 Introduction to the P2V Utility
10.2 Converting Hosts in Interactive Mode
10.3 Converting Hosts Silently with a Kickstart File
10.4 Importing Guests as Virtual Machine Templates to Oracle VM Manager
11 Installing and Configuring the Oracle VM Exporter Appliance
11.1 Considerations
11.2 Installing the Oracle VM Exporter Appliance
11.3 Creating the Oracle VM Exporter Appliance Virtual Machine
11.4 Configuring the Oracle VM Exporter Appliance Virtual Machine
12 Backing up and Restoring Oracle VM Components
12.1 Backing up and Restoring Oracle VM Manager
12.1.1 Backing up the Oracle VM Manager Configuration File
12.1.2 Backing up the MySQL Database Repository
12.1.3 Oracle VM Manager Backup and Restore Troubleshooting
12.1.4 Restoring Oracle VM Manager
12.1.5 Restoring Oracle VM Manager If You Have No Database Backup
12.1.6 Oracle WebLogic Server Backup and Restore
12.2 Backing up Virtual Machines
13 Troubleshooting Oracle VM
13.1 Capturing Diagnostic Information for Oracle VM
13.2 Troubleshooting Oracle VM Server
13.2.1 Oracle VM Server Debugging Tools
13.2.2 Using DHCP on Oracle VM Servers
13.2.3 Cannot Use Certain Key Combinations When Connecting to Dom0 Console
13.2.4 Storage Array LUN Remapping on Oracle VM Servers
13.2.5 Tuning ISCSI Settings on Oracle VM Servers
13.2.6 Troubleshooting Clustered Server Pools Oracle VM Server for x86
13.2.7 Allocating Memory for Multiple Infiniband HCAs
13.2.8 Resolving Issue Where NIC Fails to Get IP Address if Configured for DHCP
13.3 Troubleshooting Oracle VM Manager
13.3.1 Oracle VM Manager Log Files
13.3.2 Oracle VM Manager Web Interface Database Synchronization
13.3.3 Increasing the Memory Allocated to Oracle WebLogic Server
13.3.4 No File Systems Found When Searching a Storage Server
13.3.5 Cannot Discover Servers to Oracle VM Manager Due To Time Differences
13.3.6 Cannot Create a Clustered Server Pool on a Disk that already has an OCFS2 File System
13.3.7 Cannot Create a Repository on a Device that has Partitions
13.3.8 Removing Oracle VM Template Configuration Packages on Oracle Linux 5 Hosts
13.3.9 Unable to Manage Oracle VM Server for x86 at Release 3.2.10 or 3.2.11, and Oracle VM Agent for SPARC at Release 3.3.1
13.4 Troubleshooting Virtual Machines
13.4.1 Setting the Guest's Clock
13.4.2 Wallclock Time Skew Problems
13.4.3 Mouse Pointer Tracking Problems
13.4.4 Cloning Virtual Machine from Oracle VM 2.x Template Stuck in Pending
13.4.5 Hardware Virtualized Guest Stops
13.4.6 Migrating Virtual Machines
13.4.7 Recovering From A Failed Local Virtual Machine Migration
13.4.8 Migrating Large Hardware Virtualized Guest Results in CPU Soft Lock
13.4.9 Hardware Virtualized Guest Devices Not Working as Expected
13.4.10 Paravirtualized Guest Disk Devices are Not Recognized
13.4.11 Cannot Create a Virtual Machine from Installation Media
13.4.12 Cannot Change CD in the Virtual Machine
13.4.13 Generating Guest Dump Files on Oracle VM Server (x86)
13.4.14 Tuning a Linux-based Virtual Machine for Handling Storage Migration
Glossary
Index