Document Information


Part I Introduction

1.  Overview

2.  Using the Tutorial Examples

Part II The Web Tier

3.  Getting Started with Web Applications

4.  JavaServer Faces Technology

5.  Introduction to Facelets

6.  Expression Language

7.  Using JavaServer Faces Technology in Web Pages

Adding Components to a Page Using HTML Tags

Common Component Tag Attributes

The id Attribute

The immediate Attribute

The rendered Attribute

The style and styleClass Attributes

The value and binding Attributes

Adding HTML Head and Body Tags

Adding a Form Component

Using Text Components

Rendering a Text Field with the h:inputText Tag

Rendering a Password Field with the h:inputSecret Tag

Rendering a Label with the h:outputLabel Tag

Rendering a Hyperlink with the h:outputLink Tag

Displaying a Formatted Message with the h:outputFormat Tag

Using Command Component Tags for Performing Actions and Navigation

Rendering a Button with the h:commandButton Tag

Rendering a Hyperlink with the h:commandLink Tag

Adding Graphics and Images with the h:graphicImage Tag

Laying Out Components with the h:panelGrid and h:panelGroup Tags

Displaying Components for Selecting One Value

Displaying a Check Box Using the h:selectBooleanCheckbox Tag

Displaying a Menu Using the h:selectOneMenu Tag

Displaying Components for Selecting Multiple Values

Using the f:selectItem and f:selectItems Tags

Using the f:selectItems Tag

Using the f:selectItem Tag

Displaying the Results from Selection Components

Using Data-Bound Table Components

Displaying Error Messages with the h:message and h:messages Tags

Creating Bookmarkable URLs with the h:button and h:link Tags

Using View Parameters to Configure Bookmarkable URLs

The bookmarks Example Application

Building, Packaging, Deploying, and Running the bookmarks Example

Resource Relocation Using h:outputScript and h:outputStylesheet Tags

Using Core Tags

8.  Using Converters, Listeners, and Validators

9.  Developing with JavaServer Faces Technology

10.  JavaServer Faces Technology: Advanced Concepts

11.  Using Ajax with JavaServer Faces Technology

12.  Composite Components: Advanced Topics and Example

13.  Creating Custom UI Components and Other Custom Objects

14.  Configuring JavaServer Faces Applications

15.  Java Servlet Technology

16.  Uploading Files with Java Servlet Technology

17.  Internationalizing and Localizing Web Applications

Part III Web Services

18.  Introduction to Web Services

19.  Building Web Services with JAX-WS

20.  Building RESTful Web Services with JAX-RS

21.  JAX-RS: Advanced Topics and Example

Part IV Enterprise Beans

22.  Enterprise Beans

23.  Getting Started with Enterprise Beans

24.  Running the Enterprise Bean Examples

25.  A Message-Driven Bean Example

26.  Using the Embedded Enterprise Bean Container

27.  Using Asynchronous Method Invocation in Session Beans

Part V Contexts and Dependency Injection for the Java EE Platform

28.  Introduction to Contexts and Dependency Injection for the Java EE Platform

29.  Running the Basic Contexts and Dependency Injection Examples

30.  Contexts and Dependency Injection for the Java EE Platform: Advanced Topics

31.  Running the Advanced Contexts and Dependency Injection Examples

Part VI Persistence

32.  Introduction to the Java Persistence API

33.  Running the Persistence Examples

34.  The Java Persistence Query Language

35.  Using the Criteria API to Create Queries

36.  Creating and Using String-Based Criteria Queries

37.  Controlling Concurrent Access to Entity Data with Locking

38.  Using a Second-Level Cache with Java Persistence API Applications

Part VII Security

39.  Introduction to Security in the Java EE Platform

40.  Getting Started Securing Web Applications

41.  Getting Started Securing Enterprise Applications

42.  Java EE Security: Advanced Topics

Part VIII Java EE Supporting Technologies

43.  Introduction to Java EE Supporting Technologies

44.  Transactions

45.  Resources and Resource Adapters

46.  The Resource Adapter Example

47.  Java Message Service Concepts

48.  Java Message Service Examples

49.  Bean Validation: Advanced Topics

50.  Using Java EE Interceptors

Part IX Case Studies

51.  Duke's Bookstore Case Study Example

52.  Duke's Tutoring Case Study Example

53.  Duke's Forest Case Study Example



Setting Up a Page

A typical JavaServer Faces web page includes the following elements:

  • A set of namespace declarations that declare the JavaServer Faces tag libraries

  • Optionally, the HTML head (h:head) and body (h:body) tags

  • A form tag (h:form) that represents the user input components

To add the JavaServer Faces components to your web page, you need to provide the page access to the two standard tag libraries: the JavaServer Faces HTML render kit tag library and the JavaServer Faces core tag library. The JavaServer Faces standard HTML tag library defines tags that represent common HTML user interface components. This library is linked to the HTML render kit at The JavaServer Faces core tag library defines tags that perform core actions and are independent of a particular render kit.

For a complete list of JavaServer Faces Facelets tags and their attributes, refer to the documentation at

To use any of the JavaServer Faces tags, you need to include appropriate directives at the top of each page specifying the tag libraries.

For Facelets applications, the XML namespace directives uniquely identify the tag library URI and the tag prefix.

For example, when you create a Facelets XHTML page, include namespace directives as follows:

<html xmlns=""

The XML namespace URI identifies the tag library location, and the prefix value is used to distinguish the tags belonging to that specific tag library. You can also use other prefixes instead of the standard h or f. However, when including the tag in the page, you must use the prefix that you have chosen for the tag library. For example, in the following web page, the form tag must be referenced using the h prefix because the preceding tag library directive uses the h prefix to distinguish the tags defined in HTML tag library:

<h:form ...>

The sections Adding Components to a Page Using HTML Tags and Using Core Tags describe how to use the component tags from the JavaServer Faces standard HTML tag library and the core tags from the JavaServer Faces core tag library.