Java Platform, Standard Edition Tools Reference
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Analyzes the Java heap. This command is experimental and unsupported.


jhat [ options ] heap-dump-file


The command-line options. See Options.


Java binary heap dump file to be browsed. For a dump file that contains multiple heap dumps, you can specify which dump in the file by appending #<number> to the file name, for example, myfile.hprof#3.


The jhat command parses a Java heap dump file and starts a web server. The jhat command lets you to browse heap dumps with your favorite web browser. The jhat command supports predesigned queries such as show all instances of a known class MyClass, and Object Query Language (OQL). OQL is similar to SQL, except for querying heap dumps. Help on OQL is available from the OQL help page shown by the jhat command. With the default port, OQL help is available at http://localhost:7000/oqlhelp/

There are several ways to generate a Java heap dump:


-stack false|true

Turns off tracking object allocation call stack. If allocation site information is not available in the heap dump, then you have to set this flag to false. The default is true.

-refs false|true

Turns off tracking of references to objects. Default is true. By default, back pointers, which are objects that point to a specified object such as referrers or incoming references, are calculated for all objects in the heap.

-port port-number

Sets the port for the jhat HTTP server. Default is 7000.

-exclude exclude-file

Specifies a file that lists data members that should be excluded from the reachable objects query. For example, if the file lists java.lang.String.value, then, then whenever the list of objects that are reachable from a specific object o are calculated, reference paths that involve java.lang.String.value field are not considered.

-baseline exclude-file

Specifies a baseline heap dump. Objects in both heap dumps with the same object ID are marked as not being new. Other objects are marked as new. This is useful for comparing two different heap dumps.

-debug int

Sets the debug level for this tool. A level of 0 means no debug output. Set higher values for more verbose modes.


Reports the release number and exits


Displays a help message and exits.


Displays a help message and exits.


Passes flag to the Java Virtual Machine on which the jhat command is running. For example, -J-Xmx512m to use a maximum heap size of 512 MB.

See Also

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