|Oracle® Fusion Middleware Concepts Guide
11g Release 1 (188.8.131.52.0)
Part Number E10103-02
This chapter describes Oracle Fusion Middleware components. It includes the following sections:
The following Figure 3-1 provides an overview of Oracle Fusion Middleware.
Figure 3-1 Oracle Fusion Middleware Overview
The following Figure 3-2 provides a high-level view of the elements of a typical Oracle Fusion Middleware environment.
For more information see the following guides:
Figure 3-2 Oracle Fusion Middleware Architecture Overview
Oracle WebLogic Server is a scalable, enterprise-ready Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE) application server. The Oracle WebLogic Server infrastructure supports the deployment of many types of distributed applications and is an ideal foundation for building applications based on SOA (Figure 3-2).
Java EE is a widely used platform for server programming in the Java programming language. The Java EE Platform differs from the standard edition of Java in that it adds libraries which provide functionality to deploy fault-tolerant, distributed, multi-tier Java software, based largely on modular components running on an application server.
Oracle WebLogic Server is a complete implementation of the Sun Microsystems Java EE 5.0 specification, which provides a standard set of APIs for creating distributed Java applications that can access a wide variety of services, such as databases, messaging services, and connections to external enterprise systems. End-user clients access these applications using Web browser clients or Java clients. Oracle WebLogic Server also supports the Spring Framework, a programming model for Java applications which provides an alternative to aspects of the Java EE model.
In addition to the Java EE implementation, Oracle WebLogic Server enables enterprises to deploy business-critical applications in a robust, secure, highly available, manageable, and scalable environment. These features allow enterprises to configure clusters of Oracle WebLogic Server instances to distribute load and provide extra capacity in case of hardware or other failures. New diagnostic tools allow system administrators to monitor and tune the performance of deployed applications and the Oracle WebLogic Server environment itself. You can also configure Oracle WebLogic Server to monitor and tune application throughput automatically, without human intervention. Extensive security features protect access to services, keep enterprise data secure, and prevent malicious attacks.
Oracle WebLogic Server includes the following key feature categories:
Oracle WebLogic Server includes the following features to support high availability:
Oracle WebLogic Server clusters provide scalability and reliability for your applications by distributing the workload among multiple instances of Oracle WebLogic Server. Incoming requests can be routed to a Oracle WebLogic Server instance in the cluster based on the volume of work being processed. In case of hardware or other failures, the session state is available to other cluster nodes that can resume the work of the failed node.
For information about Oracle WebLogic Server clusters, see Oracle Fusion Middleware Using Clusters for Oracle WebLogic Server.
Work Managers prioritize work based on rules you define and by monitoring actual run time performance statistics. This information is then used to optimize the performance of your application. Work Managers may be applied globally to a Oracle WebLogic Server domain or to a specific application or component.
For information about Work Managers, see "Using Work Managers to Optimize Scheduled Work" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Configuring Server Environments for Oracle WebLogic Server.
Overload protection gives Oracle WebLogic Server the ability to detect, avoid, and recover from overload conditions.
For information about overload protection, see "Avoiding and Managing Overload" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Configuring Server Environments for Oracle WebLogic Server.
Network channels facilitate the effective use of network resources by segregating network traffic into channels based on the type of traffic.
For information about network channels, see "Configuring Network Resources" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Configuring Server Environments for Oracle WebLogic Server.
The persistent store is a built-in, high-performance storage solution for Oracle WebLogic Server subsystems and services that require persistence. For example, it can store persistent Java Message Server (JMS) messages or temporarily store messages sent using the store-and-forward (SAF) feature.
For information about the Oracle WebLogic Server persistent store, see "Using the WebLogic Persistent Store" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Configuring Server Environments for Oracle WebLogic Server.
SAF services enable Oracle WebLogic Server to deliver messages reliably between applications that are distributed across Oracle WebLogic Server instances. If the message destination is not available at the moment the messages are sent, either because of network problems or system failures, then the messages are saved on a local server instance and are forwarded to the remote destination once it becomes available.
For information about Oracle WebLogic Server SAF, see Oracle Fusion Middleware Configuring and Managing Store-and-Forward for Oracle WebLogic Server.
System administration of a Oracle WebLogic Server environment includes tasks such as creating Oracle WebLogic Server domains; deploying applications; migrating domains from development environments to production environments; monitoring and configuring the performance of the Oracle WebLogic Server domain; and diagnosing and troubleshooting problems. Oracle WebLogic Server provides many tools for system administrators to help with these tasks, including a browser-based Administration Console, the WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST), a scripting language for automation of WebLogic system administration tasks based on Jython, Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP), the Configuration Wizard, and command-line utilities.
Because Oracle WebLogic Server's management system is based on Java EE and other standards, it integrates well with tools used to manage other enterprise software and hardware components. In addition, Oracle WebLogic Server implements the Java EE Java Management Extension (JMX) specification, which allows programmatic access to the Oracle WebLogic Server management system. Using this API, you can create your own administration utilities or automate frequent tasks using Java classes.
For more information about the tools used for these system administration tasks, see the following:
"Overview of the Configuration Wizard" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Creating Domains Using the Configuration Wizard
"Overview of the Administration Console" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Introduction to Oracle WebLogic Server
"SNMP Introduction and Roadmap" in Oracle Fusion Middleware SNMP Management Guide for Oracle WebLogic Server
The Oracle WebLogic Server Diagnostic Framework is a monitoring and diagnostic service that lets you create, collect, analyze, archive, and access diagnostic data generated by a running server and its deployed applications. This data provides insight into the runtime performance of Oracle WebLogic Server instances and deployed applications, and lets you isolate and diagnose faults and performance bottlenecks.
For more information, see Oracle Fusion Middleware Configuring and Using the Diagnostics Framework for Oracle WebLogic Server.
The Oracle WebLogic Server security architecture provides a comprehensive, flexible security infrastructure designed to address the security challenges of making applications available on the Web. Oracle WebLogic Server security can be used standalone to secure Oracle WebLogic Server applications or as part of an enterprisewide, security management system that represents an outstanding security management solution.
For more information, see "Overview of the WebLogic Security Service" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Understanding Security for Oracle WebLogic Server.
In addition to support for browser-based Web application clients, Oracle WebLogic Server also supports a variety of client types for creating graphical user interface applications or simple command-line utilities. These client types include: RMI-IIOP, T3, J2SE clients, Java EE thin clients, CORBA/IDL clients, and C++ clients that communicate with Oracle Tuxedo.
For more information, see "Overview of Stand-alone Clients" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Programming Stand-alone Clients for Oracle WebLogic Server.
This section also includes the following topics:
Oracle WebLogic Server provides the core application server runtime within the integrated Oracle WebLogic Suite Java infrastructure. WebLogic Suite contains the following server-side components:
Oracle WebLogic Server
Oracle WebLogic Operations Control
Oracle WebLogic Real Time
This integrated infrastructure enhances application performance, improves application availability, and enables predictable and reliable application scalability with high quality of service.
Oracle WebLogic Server also provides a variety of tools to integrate end-user applications with disparate systems. These tools include Web Services, Resource Adapters, the JMS .NET client, Messaging Bridge, and Remote Method Invocation (RMI).
Plug-ins are provided with your Oracle WebLogic Server installation that allow Oracle WebLogic Server to operate with Web servers from Apache, Microsoft, and Sun Microsystems. Typically, these Web servers serve static HTML content while requests for dynamic Web content such as Java Server Pages (JSP) are directed to the Oracle WebLogic Server environment.
The following sections briefly describe some of the Oracle WebLogic Server core components:
A Oracle WebLogic Server Web Service is a set of functions packaged into a single application that is available to other systems on a network. The network can be a corporate intranet or the Internet. Because Web Services rely on basic, standard technologies that most systems provide, they are an excellent means for connecting distributed systems together. They can be shared and used as components of distributed Web-based applications. Other systems, such as customer relationship management systems, order-processing systems, and other existing back-end applications, can call a Web Service function to request data or perform an operation.
Oracle WebLogic Server Web Services feature the following capabilities:
Interoperability among distributed applications that span diverse hardware and software platforms
Easy, widespread access to applications through firewalls using Web protocols
A cross-platform, cross-language data model Extensible Markup Language (XML) that facilitates developing heterogeneous distributed applications
Oracle WebLogic Server Web Services are implemented according to the Web Services for Java EE 1.2 specification (
http://www.jcp.org/en/jsr/detail?id=109), which defines the standard Java EE runtime architecture for implementing Web Services in Java. The specification also describes a standard Java EE Web Service packaging format, deployment model, and runtime services, all of which are implemented by Oracle WebLogic Server Web Services.
For more information about Oracle WebLogic Server Web Services see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Introducing Web Services for Oracle WebLogic Server
Oracle Coherence is a component of Oracle Fusion Middleware that enables organizations to predictably scale mission-critical applications by providing fast and reliable access to frequently used data. By automatically and dynamically partitioning data in memory across multiple servers, Oracle Coherence enables continuous data availability and transactional integrity, even in the event of a server failure. As a shared infrastructure, Oracle Coherence combines data locality with local processing power to perform real-time data analysis, in-memory grid computations, and parallel transaction and event processing. Oracle Coherence comes in three editions.
For more information about Oracle Coherence see:
Java Message Service (JMS) is a messaging standard defined by Sun Microsystems. JMS is a set of interfaces and associated semantics that defines how a JMS client accesses the facilities of an enterprise messaging product.
Oracle WebLogic Server JMS provides a Java API for Advanced Queuing (AQ) based on the JMS standard. Oracle WebLogic Server JMS supports the standard JMS interfaces and has extensions to support the AQ administrative operations and other AQ features that are not a part of the standard.
For more information about JMS see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Configuring and Managing JMS for Oracle WebLogic Server.
Oracle WebLogic Server includes a highly performant and reliable Java Messaging engine built into the application server. As part of the application server, it shares the management infrastructure, services, and processes with the server, which means reduced overhead both from an operations and runtime perspective.
Oracle WebLogic Server Enterprise Grid Messaging is a key component in Oracle Fusion Middleware and is commonly used as a full-fledged enterprise messaging backbone. Besides high performance, WebLogic Enterprise Messaging Grid includes the reliability, availability, and integration capabilities you would expect from an enterprise messaging solution. It also includes unique innovative features such as out-of-the-box integration with Oracle AQ and strict message processing order in enterprise-scale clustered applications.
For more information see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Information Roadmap for Oracle WebLogic Server guide.
JRockit provides a solution for latency-sensitive applications, such as financial front office response, military command and control, and telecommunications networks, resulting in significant performance increases and reduced costs.
The JRockit JVM is a high-performance JVM developed to ensure reliability, scalability, manageability, and flexibility for Java applications. The JRockit JVM delivers a new level of performance for Java applications deployed on Intel 32-bit (Xeon) and 64-bit (Xeon, Itanium, and SPARC) architectures at significantly lower costs to the enterprise. Furthermore, it is the only enterprise-class JVM optimized for Intel architectures, providing seamless interoperability across multiple hardware and operating configurations. The JRockit JVM makes it possible to gain optimal performance for Java applications when running it on either the Windows or Linux operating platforms on either 32-bit or 64-bit architectures. The JRockit JVM is especially well-suited for running Oracle WebLogic Server.
For more information about JRockit see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Introduction to Oracle WebLogic Server.
The Oracle Application Development Framework (Oracle ADF) is an end-to-end application framework that builds on Java EE standards and open-source technologies to simplify and accelerate implementing service-oriented applications. If you develop enterprise solutions that search, display, create, modify, and validate data using Web, wireless, desktop, or Web services interfaces, Oracle ADF can simplify your job. Used in tandem, Oracle JDeveloper and Oracle ADF give you an environment that covers the full development lifecycle from design to deployment, with drag-and-drop data binding, visual UI design, and team development features built-in.
For more information see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Fusion Developer's Guide for Oracle Application Development Framework.
For more information see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Tuxedo Connector Administration Guide for Oracle WebLogic Server.
Oracle TopLink builds high-performance applications that store persistent object-oriented data in a relational database. It successfully transforms object-oriented data into either relational data or Extensible Markup Language (XML) elements.
Oracle TopLink is an advanced, object-persistence and object-transformation framework that provides development tools and runtime capabilities that reduce development and maintenance efforts, and increase enterprise application functionality.
Oracle TopLink includes support for EJB 3.0 in Java EE and Java SE environments, as well as support for EJB 2.n container-managed persistence (CMP). You can integrate Oracle TopLink with a variety of application servers, including Oracle WebLogic Server, OC4J, SunAS, JBoss, and IBM WebSphere.
For more information about developing, deploying, and configuring Oracle TopLink applications, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Developer's Guide for Oracle TopLink.
A metadata repository contains metadata for Oracle Fusion Middleware system components, such as Oracle BPEL Process Manager, Oracle B2B, and Oracle Portal. It can also contain metadata about the configuration of Oracle Fusion Middleware and metadata for enterprise applications.
A metadata repository can be database-based or file-based. If it is database-based, Oracle Metadata Repository can be installed into an existing database using the Repository Creation Utility (RCU).
Oracle Fusion Middleware supports multiple repository types. A repository type represents a specific schema or a set of schemas that belongs to a specific Oracle Fusion Middleware component (for example, Oracle SOA Suite or Oracle Internet Directory.)
For more information, see "Managing the Oracle Metadata Repository" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide.
A particular type of repository, the MDS Repository, contains metadata for most Oracle Fusion Middleware components, such as Oracle B2B, and for certain types of applications. For more information about the MDS Repository see "Managing the MDS Repository" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide.
Oracle Identity Management is an enterprise identity management system that automatically manages users' access privileges within the resources of an enterprise. The architecture of Oracle Identity Management works with the most demanding business requirements without requiring changes to existing infrastructure, policies, or procedures.
Oracle Identity Management is designed to manage user access privileges across all the resources in an enterprise. Oracle Identity Management manages throughout the entire identity management lifecycle; from initial creation of access privileges to dynamically adapting to changes in enterprise business requirements.
Oracle Identity Management products provide for a shared infrastructure for all Oracle applications. It also provides services and interfaces that facilitate third-party enterprise application development. These interfaces are useful for application developers who must incorporate identity management into their applications.
Note:Oracle Application Server Single Sign-On and Oracle Delegated Administration Services are not included in the Oracle Identity Management 11g Release 1 (184.108.40.206.0) installation package. You must install the10g release of Oracle Application Server Single Sign-On and Oracle Delegated Administration Services. For more information see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle Identity Management.
Oracle Identity Management includes the following components:
Oracle Internet Directory is a Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) v3 directory that takes advantage of the scalability, high availability, and security features of the Oracle Database. Oracle Internet Directory serves as the central user repository for Oracle Identity Management, a component of Oracle Fusion Middleware, simplifying user administration in the Oracle environment and providing a standards-based general purpose directory for the heterogeneous enterprise.
Oracle Internet Directory has a multi threaded, multi-instance process model with Oracle Database as the directory data store. This unique architecture translates to tremendous flexibility, enabling several high availability configurations, and opens up scalability possibilities on all kinds of hardware configuration.
For security, Oracle Internet Directory supports Oracle Database Vault and Oracle Transparent Data Encryption, as well as multiple levels of access control and sophisticated password policy management capabilities.
See the following for more information about Oracle Internet Directory:
"Introduction to Directory Services" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Internet Directory
"Understanding Oracle Internet Directory Concepts and Architecture" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Internet Directory
"Understanding Process Control of Oracle Internet Directory Components" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Internet Directory
"Understanding Oracle Internet Directory Organization" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Internet Directory
"Understanding Oracle Internet Directory Replication " in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Internet Directory
Oracle Directory Integration Platform is a Java EE application that runs on an Oracle WebLogic Managed server and enables you to synchronize data between different repositories and Oracle Internet Directory. Synchronization can be one-way or two-way.
Oracle Directory Integration Platform includes services and interfaces that allow you to develop synchronization solutions with other enterprise repositories. It can also be used to provide Oracle Internet Directory interoperability with third party metadirectory solutions.
Oracle Directory Integration Platform uses the Oracle Fusion Middleware infrastructure for monitoring, management, auditing, logging and credential storing.
To continue learning about Oracle Directory Integration Platform concepts, see Chapter 1, "Introduction to Oracle Identity Management Integration," in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Integration Guide for Oracle Identity Management.
Oracle Identity Federation enables identities and their relevant entitlements to be propagated across security environments, whether these secure environments reside within an organization or in different organizations.
A self-contained and flexible multi-protocol federation server, Oracle Identity Federation integrates with leading identity and access management systems, enabling organizations to continue using their existing infrastructures and share identities across vendors, customers, and business partners without the increased costs of managing, maintaining, and administering additional identities and credentials.
Using an event-based model, Oracle Identity Federation can receive, process, and respond to HTTP and SOAP-based messages. Once an assertion is received, the federation server processes the assertion using its core protocol and business logic. Oracle Identity Federation implements the major federation protocols including the OASIS SAML 2.0, OASIS SAML 1.0 and 1.1, and WS-Federation specifications.
To make authentication and authorization decisions, Oracle Identity Federation integrates with third-party identity and access management systems, including:
LDAP and RDBMS user data repositories such as Oracle Internet Directory and Oracle Database
See the following for more information about Oracle Identity Federation:
"About Oracle Identity Federation" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Identity Federation
"Architecture Options" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Identity Federation
"Profiles and Bindings" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Identity Federation
"Authentication Engines" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Identity Federation
"Data Repositories" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Identity Federation
"Deployment Scenarios" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Identity Federation
Oracle Virtual Directory is a component of Oracle Fusion Middleware as a standalone JavaSE process. It is an LDAP service that provides a single, abstracted view of enterprise directory servers and databases from a variety of vendors. Oracle Virtual Directory can serve as a single source of facts in an environment with multiple data sources.
Oracle Virtual Directory minimizes or eliminates the need to change existing infrastructure when you add new applications, saving time and reducing expenses. Oracle Virtual Directory's data translation and joining capabilities allow you to create an integrated view of multiple data sources without changing their structures. This enables organizations to share data in their own repositories, yet retain full control of them and monitor usage. The sources can be separately owned and need not be synchronized. Users see only a single, logical LDAP tree, although there may be multiple data sources.
Oracle Virtual Directory uses the Oracle Fusion Middleware infrastructure for monitoring, management, auditing, logging, and credential storing. You can also manage Oracle Virtual Directory using Oracle Directory Services Manager, the unified browser-based graphical user interface (GUI) for both Oracle Virtual Directory and Oracle Internet Directory. Oracle Directory Services Manager simplifies the administration and configuration of Oracle Virtual Directory and Oracle Internet Directory by allowing you to use Web-based forms and templates.
To continue learning about Oracle Virtual Directory concepts, see "Understanding Oracle Virtual Directory," in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Virtual Directory.
Single sign-on provides access control among multiple, related, yet independent software systems. With single sign-on enabled, a user can log in once and gain access to all systems without being prompted to log in again at each of them.
The internal security framework of Oracle WebLogic Server is comprised of Oracle Platform Security Services. A WebLogic domain uses a separate software component called an Authentication provider to store, transport, and provide access to security data. Authentication providers can use different types of systems to store security data. The Authentication provider that Oracle WebLogic Server installs uses an embedded LDAP server.
Oracle Fusion Middleware 11g supports two new single sign-on (SSO) solutions that applications in a WebLogic domain can use to establish and enforce perimeter authentication:
Oracle Access Manager 10g (10.1.4.3) solutions
Oracle Access Manager is the recommended choice for enterprise-level SSO with Oracle Fusion Middleware 11g whether you are new to Oracle Fusion Middleware, or you are considering an enterprise-level SSO solution, or you already have Oracle Access Manager in your environment.
Oracle Application Server Single Sign-On (OSSO) solution
The Oracle Application Server Single Sign-On solution provides single sign-on access to Web Applications. This solution is intended for applications that have been deployed on Oracle WebLogic Server but do not yet have single sign-on implemented. Applications that are already using the Oracle Application Server Single Sign-On solution with the JPS login module and dynamically re-directing requests to OSSO are unaffected by the new OSSO solution. In this case, there is no need to configure the new OSSO Authentication provider.
Security-enabled components, such as SOA and Oracle WebCenter, can choose either solution (Oracle Access Manager 10g or OracleAS Single Sign-On 10g). Customers using a mixed product stack must carefully choose the solution appropriate to their needs.
Selecting the right SSO solution requires careful consideration and depends upon your requirements. See the following to choose the solution that is best for you and to get started with single sign-on for Oracle Fusion Middleware:
"Single Sign-On" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Security Overview
"Choosing the Right SSO Solution for Your Deployment" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Security Guide
"Deploying the Oracle Access Manager Solutions" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Security Guide
"Deploying the OracleAS Single Sign-On (OSSO) Solution" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Security Guide
"Configuring Single Sign-On with Web Browsers and HTTP Clients" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Securing Oracle WebLogic Server
"Configuring Single Sign-On with Microsoft Clients" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Securing Oracle WebLogic Server
Oracle Platform Security Services (OPSS) provides enterprise product development teams, systems integrators, and independent software vendors with a standards-based, portable, integrated, enterprise-grade security framework for Java SE and Java EE applications.
OPSS provides an abstraction layer in the form of standards-based application programming interfaces (APIs) that insulate developers from security and identity management implementation details. With OPSS, developers do not need to know the details of cryptographic key management or interfaces with user repositories and other identity management infrastructures.
OPSS is the underlying security platform that provides security to Oracle Fusion Middleware including products like Oracle WebLogic Server, Oracle SOA, Oracle WebCenter, Oracle ADF, and Oracle Entitlements Server to name a few. OPSS is designed to be portable to third-party application servers. As a result, developers can use OPSS as the single security framework for both Oracle and third-party environments, thus decreasing application development, administration, and maintenance costs.
For more information about OPSS, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Security Guide.
Oracle Role Manager, previously known as Bridgestream SmartRoles, is an enterprise-class application for managing business and organizational relationships, roles, and resources. As the most comprehensive role management product on the market and the system of record for role lifecycle management, it also provides tools for role mining, organizational modeling, and administration. Oracle Role Manager uses your business policy and real-time business views of data to derive privileges, and integrates with Oracle Identity Management applications to automate role-based provisioning and access control across the IT infrastructure.
Oracle Adaptive Access Manager is the Oracle Identity Management solution for Web-access real-time fraud detection and multifactor online authentication security for the enterprise. Oracle Adaptive Access Manager is designed to support complex, heterogeneous enterprise environments. It consists of two tightly integrated components that provide powerful protection against online identity theft.
Oracle Entitlements Server, formerly AquaLogic Enterprise Security, is a fine-grained authorization and entitlement management solution that can be used to precisely control the protection of application resources. It simplifies and centralizes security for enterprise applications and SOA by providing comprehensive, reusable, and fully auditable authorization policies and a simple, easy-to-use administration model.
Oracle Directory Services Manager simplifies the administration and configuration of Oracle Virtual Directory and Oracle Internet Directory by allowing you to use Web-based forms and templates. With Oracle Directory Services Manager, you can configure the structure of the directory, define objects in the directory and add and configure users, groups, and other entries. Oracle Directory Services Manager is also the interface you use to manage entries, schema, security, and other directory features.
Additionally, you can use Oracle Directory Services Manager to manage system configuration attributes, which can be useful if Fusion Middleware Control is not available or if you must modify an attribute that has no Fusion Middleware Control interface.
Note:You can invoke Oracle Directory Services Manager directly or from Oracle Enterprise Manager Fusion Middleware Control.
Seethe following to get started with Oracle Directory Services Manager:
"Using Oracle Directory Services Manager to Manage Oracle Internet Directory" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Internet Directory
"Getting Started with Oracle Directory Services Manager" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Virtual Directory
Oracle Composer is an innovative component that enables any application or portal to be customized or personalized after it has been deployed and is in use. Oracle Composer is designed to be extremely easy to use so that business users and end users can edit any page with a few clicks of the mouse. Oracle Composer runs in all modern browsers and provides a dynamic way to edit Java Server Faces (JSF) application and portal pages by selecting information and components from the Business Dictionary or Resource Catalog.
Oracle Composer can be easily added to applications and portals during development at any time to enable this Web 2.0 style of operation, without writing a single line of code. Oracle Composer can be simply dragged and dropped onto a JSF page to enable this powerful capability.
Customizations change everyone's view of an application or portal and are typically required to brand a delivered application or portal for a specific customer or purpose. Oracle WebCenter and Oracle Composer provide an extremely flexible model for storing customizations in the file system or directly into any database using MDS.
Personalizations change views of a portal or application page. Other users are not affected by the changes you make to a page. Users decide what is important to them and organize information so that it is quick and easy to find. Oracle Composer enables personalizations by displaying information from Oracle's Business Dictionary or Resource Catalog in a role-based view, so that users see only components relevant to them. The important point is that the page can be tailored by individuals to add any combination of components to their page whenever they want or need them without affecting everyone else's view of the page.
Oracle Composer is integrated with Oracle WebCenter Framework and Oracle WebCenter Services. You can add Oracle Composer components to your JSF application pages to enable users to edit those pages at runtime. You can add Oracle Composer components at any time during the development lifecycle, when the requirements of the application demand it. Additionally, you can use the Page service to enable users to create pages at runtime.
Oracle Composer has been used extensively inside Oracle WebCenter Spaces to allow you to customize and personalize group and personal spaces. The Oracle WebCenter Spaces application provides a working example of how end users can take an active role in managing and altering their work environment to match their specific requirements.
For more information about Oracle Composer, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Developer's Guide for Oracle WebCenter.
Oracle WebCenter Framework is an Oracle JDeveloper design-time extension that removes the boundaries between Web-based portals and enterprise applications. It also provides the runtime portal and Web 2.0 framework on which all Oracle WebCenter technology runs.
Oracle WebCenter Framework enables you to embed asynchronous Java Script and XML (AJAX) based components, portlets, services, and content into context-rich customizable applications and enterprise portals. Traditionally, developers had to decide whether they were building a portal, a Web application, a composite application, or a social networking or community site. Oracle WebCenter Framework provides a modern development framework that bridges the differences and speeds delivery of all of these different types of applications. Developers do not have to decide ahead of time whether they are building a portal or an application; with Oracle WebCenter Framework, any application can be a portal and any portal can be an application. Most importantly, Oracle WebCenter Framework is designed in such a way that each type of component can be added to the portal or application when required, or left out if not required. This significantly improves overall application delivery and maintenance.
Oracle WebCenter Framework augments the JSF declarative development environment with additional components, integration, and runtime options by integrating capabilities that are historically included only in portal products. These capabilities enable you to:
Build and consume standards-based portlets.
Integrate content from many different data stores through standard interfaces.
Make the application customizable at runtime, which lets you edit application pages according to their requirements using Oracle Composer.
Enable administrators to customize the behavior of components in ways that are helpful to users.
Oracle WebCenter Framework includes ready-to-use components to easily add social networking and personal productivity services to your application or portal. These components are provided by Oracle WebCenter Services.
Oracle WebCenter Framework includes adapters for Oracle Content Server and Oracle Portal.
For more information about Oracle WebCenter Framework, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Developer's Guide for Oracle WebCenter.
Oracle WebCenter Services exposes social networking and personal productivity features through a comprehensive set of services. The services are integrated so that you can use them together (for example, you can add an Instant Messaging and Presence link to a discussion forum to talk with a product expert directly from a forum topic).
All Oracle WebCenter Services have a complete set of ready-to-use task flows or portlets to speed their adoption, making developers and end users quickly productive. For example, the Documents service is exposed through the Documents task flow, the Document List Viewer task flow, and the Recent Document task flow. You can add any of these task flows to an application or portal when you are building it, and users can add these service task flows to a deployed application or portal with Oracle Composer.
If the prebuilt task flows do not meet the requirements, developers have two additional choices:
Customize the prebuilt task flows to match the requirements directly. These customizations are created inside JDeveloper and provide developers with an extremely productive and fast way of delivering their required functionality.
Use the prebuilt data controls and bind their own user interface to meet the requirements, without having to build the back-end integration.
Oracle WebCenter Services are built to industry standards, such as IMAP for e-mail, and is integrated into Oracle Composer and Oracle WebCenter Framework.
For more information about Oracle WebCenter Services, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Developer's Guide for Oracle WebCenter.
Oracle WebCenter Spaces is a ready-to-use application that pulls together all the capabilities of Oracle WebCenter Services to empower teams to quickly and efficiently manage their information, applications, projects, and people without requiring IT assistance.
Built using Oracle WebCenter Framework in conjunction with Oracle JDeveloper and Oracle ADF, Oracle WebCenter Spaces brings together the latest technology around social computing, communities, personal productivity, and ad-hoc team interactions with no development effort. It eliminates or reduces duplication of effort and content inconsistencies and enables the sharing of valuable team resources for solving business problems, tapping into new ideas, and reducing time to market.
Oracle WebCenter Spaces delivers the following powerful features that enable you to provide a productive environment of team-based sites, along with enterprise and departmental portals:
Personal Spaces provide individual users with their own sets of personal pages that they can add to, change, and share with others.
Business Role Pages provide an efficient way to associate a page or set of pages with a specific enterprise role so that all users are kept up-to-date with information specific to them and their job function.
Group Spaces make it easy to deliver a departmental or enterprise portal without having to spend a lot of development time building the site. Administrators and end users get a role-based view of what they can add to the project or portal sites. Group spaces can be completely customized and insulates the IT team from application upgrades.
Group Space Templates provide an efficient means of start up a group space. While Oracle WebCenter Spaces is optimally configured to enable you to be productive immediately, you can also correct different components together or tailor the space in line with your company look and feel. You can make such adjustments to a group space and then save it as a template for others to use directly.
For more information, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware User's Guide for Oracle WebCenter.
Oracle Business Intelligence Discoverer (Oracle BI Discoverer) is a business intelligence tool for analyzing data, and is a key component of Oracle Fusion Middleware. Oracle BI Discoverer provides an integrated business intelligence solution that consists of intuitive adhoc querying, reporting, analysis, and Web-publishing features. These tools enable nontechnical users to gain immediate access to information from data marts, data warehouses, multidimensional Online Transactional Processing (OLAP) data sources, and online transaction processing systems.
Oracle BI Discoverer integrates with Oracle Portal and Oracle WebCenter, enabling rapid deployment of Discoverer workbooks and worksheets to Web portals.
Oracle BI Discoverer consists of several integrated components that work with the Oracle database to give you a complete and integrated business intelligence solution.
For more information, see "What is Oracle BI Discoverer?" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Configuration Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Discoverer.
Oracle Portal offers a complete and integrated framework for building, deploying, and managing enterprise portals. Only Oracle Portal delivers a unified and secure point of access to all enterprise information and services to improve business visibility and collaboration, reduce integration costs, and ensure investment protection.
Oracle Portal offers the following advantages:
Improved productivity: Employees, customers, partners, and suppliers are empowered with role-based, self-service access to enterprise content and services to improve business visibility and responsiveness to key business events.
Reduced costs and complexity: A pre-integrated, portal solution that enables you to quickly build and deploy an enterprise portal that delivers powerful business intelligence, search, collaboration, and security capabilities.
Investment protection through open standards: Support for open standards to take advantage of existing enterprise investments by exposing heterogeneous applications and services through a unified, intuitive user interface.
For more information about Oracle Portal, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Portal.
Oracle Reports is an enterprise reporting tool that enables businesses to give immediate access to information to all levels within and outside of the organization in a scalable and secure environment.
With Oracle Reports, you can rapidly develop and deploy sophisticated Web and paper reports against any data source, including an Oracle database, JDBC, XML, and text files. By leveraging Java EE technologies, such as JSP and XML, you can publish your reports in a variety of formats, including HTML, XML, PDF, Spreadsheet, delimited text, PostScript, and RTF to any destination (including e-mail, Web browser, WebDav, FTP, printer, Oracle Portal, and file system) in a scalable, efficient manner.
Oracle Reports includes the following components:
Oracle Reports Services: This component executes, distributes, and publishes your reports for enterprisewide reporting. Using Oracle Reports Services to deploy your reports results in gains of flexibility, time savings, and processing capacity. It includes the following components:
Oracle Reports Servlet that translates and delivers information between either a Web Server or a Java EE Container (for example, Oracle WebLogic Server) and the Reports Server, enabling you to run a report dynamically from your Web browser.
Oracle Reports Server that provides reporting services to execute, distribute, and publish your reports for enterprisewide reporting. This component processes client requests, including user authentication, scheduling, caching, and report distribution.
For more information about Oracle Reports, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Reports Services Publishing Reports to the Web.
Developers build Forms applications with Oracle Forms Builder and deploy them with Oracle Forms Services.
With Oracle Forms Services, business application developers can quickly build comprehensive Java client applications that are optimized for the Internet without writing any Java code, and that meet (and exceed) the requirements of professional user communities. These Java client applications are Web-deployed applications available on demand for rapid processing of large amounts of data and rapid completion of complex calculations, analysis, and transactions.
Oracle Forms Services consists of a three-tier architecture:
The client tier, contains the Web browser, where the application is displayed. In addition to the browser, Java Runtime Environment (JRE) and Java Plug-In (JPI) are required.
The middle tier is the application server, where application logic and server software are stored.
The database tier is the database server, where database server software is stored.
For more information, see the following:
Oracle SOA Suite is a middleware component of Oracle Fusion Middleware. Oracle SOA Suite enables services to be created, managed, and orchestrated into SOA composite applications. Composite applications enable you to easily assemble multiple technology components into one SOA composite application. Oracle SOA Suite plugs into heterogeneous infrastructures and enables enterprises to incrementally adopt SOA.
You can administer the components of Oracle SOA Suite from Oracle Enterprise Manager Fusion Middleware Control Console.
Software architects and developers can address the complexity of their application and enterprise environments with Oracle SOA Suite. Oracle SOA Suite facilitates the development of enterprise applications as modular business services that can be easily integrated and reused, thus creating a flexible, adaptable enterprise infrastructure.
This section describes the following Oracle SOA Suite components:
With the growing need for business process optimization, efficient integration with existing back-end applications has become the key to success. To optimize business processes, you can integrate applications by using Java Connector Architecture (JCA) 1.5 compliant resource adapters. Adapters support a robust, lightweight, highly scalable, and standards-based integration framework, which enables disparate applications to communicate with each other. For example, adapters enables integration of packaged applications, legacy applications, databases, and Web services. Using Oracle JCA adapters insures interoperability by integrating applications that are heterogeneous, provided by different vendors, based on different technologies, and run on different platforms.
Oracle JCA Adapters integrate Oracle Fusion Middleware with transport protocols, data stores, and messaging middleware. These adapters include Oracle JCA Adapter for Files, Oracle JCA Adapter for FTP, Oracle JCA Adapter for JMS, Oracle JCA Adapter for Database, Oracle JCA Adapter for Advanced Queuing, Oracle JCA Adapter for MQ Series, Oracle JCA Adapter for Sockets, and Oracle Adapter for Oracle Applications. Oracle technology adapters are installed as part of Oracle Fusion Middleware.
For more information about adapters see the Oracle Fusion Middleware User's Guide for Technology Adapters.
Oracle Service Bus, the backbone of SOA, is a service integration platform that lets you turn complex, brittle, point-to-point integration implementations into loosely coupled services that service consumers can use across multiple domains and between heterogeneous endpoints such as Java and Microsoft.Net. Oracle Service Bus lets you quickly adapt to change, scale, manage risk, and achieve higher value with simple, code-free, configuration-based service integration.
Key features of Oracle Service Bus, which focus on enhanced productivity, performance and scalability, a unified run time, and adaptive connectivity, include:
service-level agreement (SLA) enforcement
quality of service (QoS) control
support for multiple messaging protocols
native connectivity with enterprise information systems (EIS)
built-in multi-level security
integration with other Oracle products such as Oracle Enterprise Repository, Oracle Service Registry, Oracle Web Services Manager, and Oracle Enterprise Manager
Databases are best equipped to run queries over finite stored data sets. However, many modern applications require long-running queries over continuous unbounded sets of data. By design, a stored data set is appropriate when significant portions of the data are queried repeatedly and updates are relatively infrequent. In contrast, data streams represent data that is changing constantly, often exclusively through insertions of new elements. It is either unnecessary or impractical to operate on large portions of the data multiple times.
Many types of applications generate data streams as opposed to data sets, including sensor data applications, financial tickers, network performance measuring tools, network monitoring and traffic management applications, and clickstream analysis tools. Managing and processing data for these types of applications involves building data management and querying capabilities with a strong temporal focus.
To address this requirement, Oracle introduces Oracle Complex Event Processing (Oracle CEP), a data management infrastructure that supports streams of structured data records together with stored relations.
Oracle CEP (formerly known as the Oracle WebLogic Server Event Server) is a Java server for the development and deployment of high-performance event driven applications. Oracle CEP supports ultra-high throughput and microsecond latency using JRockit Real Time and provides Oracle CEP Visualizer and Oracle CEP IDE for Eclipse developer tooling for a complete real time end-to-end Java Event-Driven Architecture (EDA) development platform.
You can use Oracle CEP to perform advanced context creation, filtering, correlation and aggregation, and pattern matching on the events of an Oracle Fusion Middleware application.
Oracle CEP provides the following principle features:
Data and event source support: An Oracle CEP event source identifies a producer of data on which Oracle CQL queries operate. Event sources include data feeds such as wire services and stock tickers, sensors such as temperature, motion, or radio frequency identification (RFID) detectors, and other devices. Oracle CEP provides a variety of adapters that connect such real-world event sources to your Oracle CQL queries. Oracle CEP adapters support the following event sources: JMS, HTTP publisher/subscriber, and file.
Context creation: Oracle CEP offers a variety of sliding window operators and views (subqueries) that allow you to define the temporal or semantic context in which filtering, correlation and aggregation, and pattern matching takes place. Oracle CQL provides a variety of sliding windows, including: range-based (time or constant value), tuple-based, and partitioned.
Filtering: Using Oracle CQL, you can specify queries that select any of the attributes of the events offered by event sources. You use such queries to filter the event sources to obtain events of interest. Oracle CQL provides a set of operators, expressions, conditions, and statements for this purpose.
Correlation and aggregation: Using Oracle CQL, you can perform advanced statistical and arithmetic operations on the attributes of the events offered by event sources. Oracle CQL provides: single-row functions that return a single result row for every row of a queried stream or view; aggregate functions that return a single aggregate result based on a group of tuples, rather than on a single tuple; statistical and advanced arithmetic operations for high-performance scientific and technical computing; and statistical and advanced arithmetic operations based on the
java.lang.Math class. In addition, you can easily define custom single-row and aggregate functions.
Pattern matching: Using the Oracle CQL
MATCH_RECOGNIZE condition, you can succinctly express complex pattern matching operations for a wide variety of tasks such as algorithmic trading, double-bottom detection, non-event detection, and so on.
Complex event sink support: An Oracle CQL event sink identifies a consumer of Oracle CQL query results. That is, a consumer of notable events that Oracle CQL queries have extracted from event sources by executing filtering, correlation and aggregation, and pattern matching within various contexts. Typically, noteworthy events are fewer in number (and much higher in value) than the events offered by event sources. Oracle CEP adapters support the following event sinks: JMS, HTTP publisher/subscriber, file, and event beans.
Development and runtime tools: Oracle CEP provides Oracle CEP IDE for Eclipse, a set of plug-ins for the Eclipse IDE designed to help develop, deploy, and debug Oracle CEP applications. Oracle CEP also provides an advanced runtime administration console called Oracle CEP Visualizer. Using Oracle CEP Visualizer, you can manage, tune, and monitor Oracle CEP server domains and the Oracle CEP applications you deploy to them all from a browser. Oracle CEP Visualizer provides a variety of sophisticated runtime administration tools, including support for Oracle CQL and EPL rule maintenance and creation.
For more information, see "Introduction to Oracle Complex Event Processing" in the Oracle CEP Getting Started.
Oracle Business Rules enables dynamic decisions at runtime allowing you to automate policies, computations, and reasoning while separating rule logic from underlying application code. This allows more agile rule maintenance and empowers business analysts with the ability to modify rule logic without programmer assistance and without interrupting business processes.
Business rules are statements that describe business policies or describe key business decisions.
Oracle Business Rules supports Decision Tables. A Decision Table is an alternative business rule format that is more compact and intuitive when many rules are needed to analyze many combinations of property values. You can use a Decision Table to create a set of rules that covers all combinations or where no two combinations conflict.
Oracle Fusion Middleware provides support for business rules as follows:
In a Decision component. A Decision component is a mechanism for publishing business rules as a reusable service that can be invoked from multiple business processes. You can use business rules to integrate a SOA composite application with Oracle Business Rules. A business rule service component is also called a Decision component. You can add business rules as part of an SCA application or as part of a Business Process Execution Language (BPEL) process.
In a rule-enabled non-SOA Java EE application with Oracle Business Rules. Oracle Business Rules Rules Engine (Rules Engine) is available as a library for use in a Java EE application (non-SOA). The Rules Engine efficiently applies rules to facts and defines and processes rules.
For more information, see the following:
Oracle Business Activity Monitoring helps businesses improve decision-making processes by aggregating service metrics and delivering actionable information on critical business services. Oracle Business Activity Monitoring provides information to business users by using visual dashboards and alerts.
Oracle Business Activity Monitoring also gives users the ability to change the business processes and take corrective action as the business environment changes.
Oracle Business Activity Monitoring is a complete solution for building real-time operational dashboards and monitoring and alerting applications over the Web.
For more information see the Oracle Fusion Middleware User's Guide for Oracle Business Activity Monitoring.
Oracle B2B is an e-commerce gateway that enables the secure and reliable exchange of business documents between an enterprise and its trading partners. Oracle B2B is used for typical business-to-business e-commerce, such as buying and selling products and services over the Internet, and also for Health Level 7 support, to enable healthcare systems to communicate with each other. Oracle B2B supports business-to-business document standards, packaging, transports, messaging services, and trading partner and agreement management. The Oracle SOA Suite platform, in which Oracle B2B is a binding component, enables the implementation of end-to-end e-commerce business processes.
For more information about Oracle B2B, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware User's Guide for Oracle B2B.
Oracle BPEL Process Manager provides the standard for assembling a set of discrete services into an end-to-end process flow, radically reducing the cost and complexity of process integration initiatives. Oracle BPEL Process Manager enables you to orchestrate synchronous and asynchronous services into end-to-end BPEL process flows.
You integrate BPEL processes with external services (known as partner links). You also integrate technology adapters and services, such as human tasks, transformations, notifications, and business rules within the process.
Oracle BPEL Process Manager is included as a service component in Oracle SOA Suite. Oracle SOA Suite is an essential layer of Oracle Fusion Middleware. It provides a complete set of components for designing, deploying, and managing composite applications. Oracle SOA Suite enables services to be created, managed, and orchestrated into composite applications and business processes.
For more information about Oracle BPEL Process Manager, see Oracle Fusion Middleware Developer's Guide for Oracle SOA Suite.
Oracle Service Registry is an easy-to-use, standards-based mechanism for publishing and discovering Web services and related resources like XML Schemas or Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformations (XSLT).
Oracle Service Registry is a fully compliant implementation of Universal Description, Discovery and Integration (UDDI), and is a key component of a SOA. Oracle Service Registry can be deployed in almost any Java environment and works with all popular database systems. In addition, the registry has been designed specifically for enterprise deployment and includes many advanced features that make it easy to configure, deploy, manage and secure. Oracle Service Registry is also easy to customize to support different enterprise user communities.
Oracle Service Registry extends the core UDDI standard with unique functionality designed for enterprise applications, including:
Advanced Security: Allows for defining granular access control for registered components. Component publisher can specify find, get, modify and delete access permissions for every published object.
Data Accuracy and Quality: Enforcement mechanisms ensures that component registrations are accurate and current. Oracle Service Registry clearly defines responsibility for every registered component. It offers component promotion & approval mechanisms for promoting components between development, quality assurance, and production environments
Subscription and Notification: Provides automatic notification to registry users about changes to components on which they depend.
Selective Replication: Allows multiple registries to perform automated propagation (for example, between internal and external registries).
Advanced Taxonomy Management: Allows the enforcement of well-defined taxonomies.
Powerful Management: Allows granular control, logging, and auditing of the publishing and discovery processes.
Performance and Scalability: Provides maximum performance and scalability by efficient implementation of Web services stack and database algorithms and by supporting of a load balancing and clustering mechanism.
Oracle Service Registry is a platform-independent solution that can easily be deployed in a wide variety of settings. Oracle Service Registry also integrates with LDAP directories, including Oracle Internet Directory and Microsoft ActiveDirectory.
For more information, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Service Registry Guide.
Oracle User Messaging Service supports a simple and reliable way of integrating multi channel messaging into. Oracle User Messaging Service supports both Java APIs as well as Web-Services for integration. The channels supported include SMS, E-Mail, and Instant Messaging as well as Voice messages. Oracle User Messaging Service also supports intelligent messaging whereby the final destination of a message is determined by a user's preferences.
For more information, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Developer's Guide for Oracle SOA Suite
Human workflow enables you to model a flow that describes the tasks for users or groups to perform as part of an end-to-end business process flow. Many end-to-end business processes require human interactions with the process. For example, humans may be needed for approvals, exception management, or performing activities required to advance the business process. Human workflow provides the following features:
Human interactions with processes, including assignment and routing of tasks to the correct users or groups
Deadlines, escalations, notifications, and other features required for ensuring the timely performance of a task (human task activity)
Presentation of tasks to end users through a variety of mechanisms, including a worklist application (Oracle BPM Worklist)
Organization, filtering, prioritization, and other features required for end users to productively perform their tasks
Reports, reassignments, load balancing, and other features required by supervisors and business owners to manage the performance of tasks
For more information about human workflow, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Developer's Guide for Oracle SOA Suite.
Oracle Mediator provides a lightweight framework to mediate between various components within a composite application. Mediator converts data to facilitate communication between different interfaces exposed by different components, which are wired together to build a SOA composite application. For example, a Mediator can accept data contained in a text file from an application or service, transform it to a format appropriate for updating a database that serves as a customer repository, and then route and deliver the data to that database.
Oracle Mediator works as a service component in the SOA Suite to facilitate integration between events and services, where service invocations and events can be mixed and matched. You can use a Mediator component to consume a business event or to receive a service invocation. A Mediator component can evaluate routing rules, perform transformations, validate, and either invoke another service or raise another business event. You can use a Mediator component to handle returned responses, callbacks, faults, and timeouts.
For information about Oracle Mediator, see Oracle Fusion Middleware Developer's Guide for Oracle SOA Suite.
This section describes Oracle Fusion Middleware support for building Fusion Web applications with Oracle ADF and the integrated development environment, Oracle JDeveloper. A Fusion Web application is any database-centric application that is targeted to run in the Oracle Fusion Middleware environment.
This section includes the following topics:
Oracle JDeveloper is an integrated development environment (IDE) for building SOA applications using the latest standards for Java, XML, Web services, and SQL. It supports the complete development lifecycle with integrated features for modeling, coding, debugging, testing, profiling, tuning, and deploying applications. Oracle JDeveloper is the main development platform for the Oracle Fusion Middleware suite of products. It is a cross-platform IDE that runs on Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, and other UNIX-based systems.
Oracle JDeveloper provides a visual and declarative development approach and works together with the Oracle ADF to simplify development.
Key features of Oracle JDeveloper include:
XML-based application development.
A full development and modeling environment for building database objects and stored procedures.
A wide range of application deployment options, including Integrated Oracle WebLogic Server, an integrated runtime service for running and testing applications before deploying to a production environment.
Extension capabilities that enable customization of the IDE based on development needs and add additional functionality.
For more information about Oracle JDeveloper, see the Oracle JDeveloper online documentation.
The Oracle ADF is an end-to-end application framework that builds on Java EE standards and open-source technologies to simplify and accelerate implementing service-oriented applications. Oracle ADF is suitable for enterprise developers who want to create applications that search, display, create, modify, and validate data using Web, wireless, desktop, or Web services interfaces. Used in tandem, Oracle JDeveloper 11g and Oracle ADF provide an environment that covers the full development lifecycle from design to deployment, with drag-and-drop data binding, visual UI design, and team development features built in.
The core module in the framework is Oracle ADF Model, a declarative data binding facility that implements the latest specification. This specification provides an API for accessing declarative data binding metadata. The Oracle ADF Model layer enables a unified approach to bind any user interface to any business service, without the need to write code. The other modules that make up a Fusion Web application technology stack are:
Oracle ADF Business Components, the business layer that simplifies building business services.
Oracle ADF Faces rich client, the video layer that offers a library of AJAX-enabled UI components for Web applications built with JavaServer Faces (JSF).
Oracle ADF Controller, the controller layer that integrates JSF with Oracle ADF Model. The ADF Controller extends the standard JSF controller by providing additional functionality, such as reusable task flows that pass control not only between JSF pages, but also between other activities, for instance method calls or other task flows.
In addition to ADF Faces, Oracle ADF also supports using the Swing, JSP, and standard JSF view technologies, as well as Microsoft Excel as a view layer for your application. For more information about these technologies, see Section 220.127.116.11, "Oracle ADF Support for Other View Technologies."
Oracle also offers the following resources for learning about Oracle ADF:
Cue Cards in JDeveloper: JDeveloper cue cards provide step-by-step support for the application development process using Oracle ADF. They are designed to be used either with the included examples and a sample schema, or with your own data.
Tutorials on the Oracle Technology Network.
For more information, see the Oracle JDeveloper documentation page on the Oracle Technology Network:
In the model layer, Oracle ADF Model implements the JSR-227 service abstraction called the data control. Data controls abstract the implementation technology of a business service by using standard metadata interfaces to describe the service's operations and data collections, including information about the properties, methods, and types involved. In Oracle JDeveloper, developers can view that information as icons that they can easily drag and drop onto a page. When the developer drags the representation of the service onto the page, Oracle JDeveloper automatically creates the bindings from the page to the services. At runtime, the ADF Model layer reads the information describing the application's data controls and data bindings from appropriate XML files and implements the two-way connection between the user interface and the application's business service.
Oracle ADF provides ready-to-use data control implementations for the most common business service technologies. Using Oracle JDeveloper and Oracle ADF together provides a declarative, drag-and-drop data binding experience for building user interfaces. Along with support for ADF Business Components application modules, the ADF Model layer also provides support for the following service technologies:
Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) session beans and JPA Persistence API entities
For more information about Oracle ADF Model, see "Using Oracle ADF Model in a Fusion Web Application" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Fusion Developer's Guide for Oracle Application Development Framework.
ADF Business Components are prebuilt application objects that accelerate the delivery and maintenance high-performance, highly functional, database-centric services. When building service-oriented Java EE applications, developers implement the core business logic as one or more business services. These back-end services provide clients with a way to query, insert, update, and delete business data as required while enforcing appropriate business rules. ADF Business Components provides a ready-to-use implementation of Java EE design patterns and best practices.
An entity object represents a row in a database table and simplifies modifying its data by handling all data manipulation language (DML) operations. It can encapsulate business logic to ensure that business rules are consistently enforced. Developers can associate an entity object with others to reflect relationships in the underlying database schema to create a layer of business domain objects to reuse in multiple applications.
A view object represents a SQL query and simplifies working with its results. Developers use the SQL language to join, project, filter, sort, and aggregate data into the shape required by the end-user task represented in the user interface. This includes the ability to link a view object with other entity objects to create master-detail hierarchies of any complexity. When end users modify data in the user interface, view objects collaborate with entity objects to consistently validate and save the changes.
An application module is the transactional component that UI clients use to work with application data. It defines an up datable data model and top-level procedures and functions (called service methods) related to a logical unit of work related to an end-user task.
For more information about Oracle ADF Business Components, see "Getting Started with ADF Business Components" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Fusion Developer's Guide for Oracle Application Development Framework.
In the controller layer, where handling page flow of the Web applications is a key concern, ADF Controller provides an enhanced navigation and state management model on top of JSF. JDeveloper supports declarative creation of task flows that can manage application control between different types of activities, such as pages, methods on managed beans, declarative case statements, or calls to other task flows.
For more information about Oracle ADF Controller, see "Getting Started with ADF Task Flows" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Fusion Developer's Guide for Oracle Application Development Framework.
ADF Faces provides over 100 components, including hierarchical data tables, tree menus, in-page dialogs, accordions, dividers, and sortable tables. ADF Faces also provides ADF Data Visualization components, which are Flash- and SVG-enabled components capable of rendering dynamic charts, graphs, gauges, and other graphics that can provide a real-time view of underlying data. Each component also supports customization and skinning, along with internationalization and accessibility.
For more information about ADF Faces, including the architecture and detailed information about each of the components, see "Introduction to ADF Faces Rich Client" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Web User Interface Developer's Guide for Oracle Application Development Framework.
Oracle ADF Security (ADF Security) is a framework that provides a security implementation that is based on JAAS. The Oracle ADF implementation of JAAS is permission-based. Oracle JDeveloper supports making permission grants to enable fine-grained security for Oracle ADF resources of the Fusion Web application.
For more information about Oracle ADF Security, see "Enabling ADF Security in a Fusion Web Application" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Fusion Developer's Guide for Oracle Application Development Framework.
Along with ADF Faces, Oracle ADF also supports the following view technologies:
Apache MyFaces Trinidad: This is the open source code donation from Oracle to the Apache Software Foundation. ADF Faces components are based on these Trinidad components.
Java Swing and ADF Swing: ADF Swing is the development environment for building Java Swing applications that use the ADF Model layer.
ADF Mobile: This is a standards-based framework for building mobile applications built on the component model of JSF.
ADF Desktop Integration: Integration is supported through Microsoft Excel to create spreadsheets that are bound to data using the same binding principles as do other view technologies.
Oracle Application Development Framework Swing (Oracle ADF Swing) consists of Java classes and an API to handle the binding of Swing components to business services and to simplify the task of creating databound forms in a desktop application. JDeveloper and Oracle ADF Swing provide comprehensive support for developing desktop applications, which includes features such as form creation wizards, form layout editor, and drag-and-drop data binding with business components.
For more information about Oracle ADF Swing, see the Oracle JDeveloper online documentation available from within the Oracle JDeveloper application.
Oracle Application Development Framework Mobile (Oracle ADF Mobile) is a standards-based framework that enables the rapid development of enterprise mobile applications. The current version of Oracle ADF Mobile extends Oracle ADF to browsers running on mobile devices. Oracle ADF Mobile is built upon the component model of JSF, which enables development of applications for mobile browsers.
Oracle ADF Mobile's mobile-specific extensions to JSF enables development of mobile applications using the same methodologies for developing JSF applications for the desktop. Oracle ADF Mobile application development uses only mobile JSF pages that consist of Apache MyFaces Trinidad components. Currently, Oracle ADF Mobile supports more than 60 Trinidad components for a component set that renders appropriately to the screens of mobile devices. For more information, see the Apache MyFaces Trinidad home page at
For more information about Oracle ADF Mobile, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Mobile Developer's Guide for Oracle Application Development Framework.
Oracle Application Development Framework Desktop Integration (Oracle ADF Desktop Integration) provides tools and components to integrate Microsoft Excel workbooks with Web applications built using Oracle ADF. At runtime, Excel workbooks configured by the Oracle ADF Desktop Integration module can invoke Oracle ADF components to manage data retrieved from Web applications.
For more information, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Desktop Integration Developer's Guide for Oracle Application Development Framework.
Oracle TopLink is an advanced, object-persistence and object-transformation framework that provides development tools and runtime capabilities that reduce development and maintenance efforts, and increase enterprise application functionality.
Oracle TopLink builds high-performance applications that store persistent object-oriented data in a relational database. It successfully transforms object-oriented data into either relational data, or Extensible Markup Language (XML) elements.
Oracle TopLink is used to design, implement, deploy, and optimize an advanced, object-persistence and object-transformation layer that supports a variety of data sources and formats, including the following:
Relational: For transactional persistence of Java objects to a relational database accessed using Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) drivers.
Object-Relational Data Type: For transactional persistence of Java objects to special purpose structured data source representations optimized for storage in object-relational data type databases such as Oracle Database.
Enterprise information system (EIS): For transactional persistence of Java objects to a non-relational data source accessed using a JCA adapter, and any supported EIS record type, including indexed, mapped, or XML.
XML: For non-transactional, nonpersistent (in-memory) conversion between Java objects and XML Schema Document (XSD)-based XML documents using Java Architecture for XML Binding (JAXB).
Oracle TopLink supports EJB 3.0 in Java EE and Java SE environments including integration with a variety of application servers, such as Oracle WebLogic Server and Oracle Containers for J2EE (OC4J) 10g (10.1.3.4.x). Oracle TopLink also includes support for EJB 2.n container-managed persistence (CMP) in OC4J.
Oracle TopLink provides a suite of development tools, such as Oracle JDeveloper TopLink Editor, Eclipse Dali, and Oracle TopLink Workbench, to capture and define object-to-data source and object-to-data representation mappings in a metadata format.
Some of the key features of Oracle TopLink are the following:
Metadata-based architecture: Plain Old Java Objects (POJO), Container-Managed Persistence (CMP), as well as Java Persistence API (JPA), Java Architecture for XML Binding (JAXB), Service Data Objects (SDO), and Web services provided by EclipseLink.
Advanced mapping support.
Optimization and performance tuning.
Object caching support, including cluster integration for some application servers (such as Oracle Application Server).
Query capability including TopLink Expressions framework, Java Persistence Query Language (JP QL), Enterprise JavaBeans Query Language (EJB QL), and native SQL.
Object-level transaction support and integration with popular application servers and databases.
Optimistic and pessimistic locking options and locking policies.
Visual design tools.
For more information about Oracle TopLink, see "Introduction to TopLink" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Developer's Guide for Oracle TopLink.
Oracle WebLogic Server
Key features of OEPE include:
Oracle WebLogic Server support: OEPE provides features to develop, deploy and debug Oracle WebLogic Server applications:
Faster application development with virtual enterprise archive (EAR) technology.
Remote deployment of applications.
Deployment descriptor editing using the graphical design view.
Support for the Oracle WebLogic Server shared library.
Support for XMLBeans.
Support for EJBGen.
Support for Web services: OEPE enables building of enterprise-class Web services that employ standard Web service technologies, such as XML, SOAP, and WSDL. OEPE simplifies Web service development by allowing developers to focus on application logic, rather than the complex implementation details traditionally required by these technologies.
Oracle Database support: OEPE provides the means to easily connect to, create, explore, and query Oracle databases. Support includes database visualization through the Data Source Explorer view and data descriptive language (DDL) generation.
JSF facelets tools: Facelets enable development of JSF pages using XHTML instead of JSP.
Support for object-relational mappings: OEPE enables creation of a persistence layer that uses EJB 3.0 JPA, and provides the means to do the following:
Configure the persistence provider for JPA projects
Generate JPA entities
Use entity diagram editors
Use a SQL schema viewer
Use the Spring framework
Web page editors.
For more information about OEPE, see:
Oracle Help provides the means for developing and displaying HTML-based help systems for Java applications and Web applications. Authors can create a single help system that can be displayed - without modification - both in a Java environment, using Oracle Help for Java, and in a Web environment, using Oracle Help for the Web. Oracle Help for the Web is available in two formats: Oracle Help for the Web - UIX and Oracle Help for the Web – Rich Client.
Oracle Help for Java (OHJ) is a set of Java components, a Java API, and a file formats specification for developing and displaying HTML-based help content in a Java environment. OHJ is designed primarily for displaying help for Java applications, although it can also be implemented as a standalone document viewer for use in a Java environment.
Oracle Help for the Web – UIX (OHW-UIX) is a Java servlet and a file formats specification for developing and delivering HTML-based help content in a Web environment. OHW-UIX can be used to provide context-sensitive help for Web applications or as a means for processing and displaying structured views of independent HTML content on the Web.
Oracle Help for the Web – Rich Client (OHW-RC), similar to OHW-UIX, delivers HTML-based Help content in a Web environment. It uses Oracle Application Development Framework (Oracle ADF), which is based on the JavaServer Faces (JSF) technology, to build a user interface that follows Oracle's Browser Look And Feel Plus (BLAF+) guidelines.
For more information about Oracle Help, see "Introduction to Oracle Help" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Developer's Guide for Oracle Help.
Oracle HTTP Server (OHS) is the underlying deployment platform for all programming languages and technologies that Oracle Fusion Middleware supports. It provides a Web listener and the framework for hosting static and dynamic pages and applications over the Web. Based on the proven technology of the Apache 2.2.10 infrastructure, OHS includes significant enhancements that facilitate load balancing, administration, and configuration. It also includes a number of enhanced modules, or mods, which are extensions to the HTTP server that extend its functionality for other enterprise applications and services.
OHS is, and includes modules developed specifically by Oracle. The features of single sign-on, clustered deployment, and high availability enhance the operation of the Oracle HTTP Server.
OHS allows developers to program their sites in a variety of languages and technologies, such as Java, Perl, C, C++, PHP, and PL/SQL. Additionally, it can serve as either a forward or reverse proxy server.
For more information about OHS see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle HTTP Server.
This section describes Oracle Web Cache. It includes the following two topics:
Oracle Web Cache is a content-aware server accelerator, or reverse proxy, for the Web tier that improves the performance, scalability, and availability of Web sites that run on any Web server or application server, such as Oracle HTTP Server and Oracle WebLogic Server.
Oracle Web Cache is the primary caching mechanism provided with Oracle Fusion Middleware. Caching improves the performance, scalability, and availability of Web sites that run on Oracle Fusion Middleware by storing frequently accessed URLs in memory.
By storing frequently accessed URLs in memory, Oracle Web Cache eliminates the need to repeatedly process requests for those URLs on the application Web server and database tiers. Unlike legacy proxies that handle only static objects, Oracle Web Cache caches both static and dynamically generated content from one or more application Web servers. Because Oracle Web Cache can cache more content than legacy proxies, it provides optimal performance by greatly reducing the load on application Web server and database tiers. As an external cache, Oracle Web Cache is also an order of magnitude faster than object caches that run within the application tier.
Because Web Cache is fully compliant with HTTP 1.0 and 1.1 specifications, it can accelerate Web sites that are hosted by any standard Web servers, such as Apache Tomcat and Microsoft IIS. In Oracle Fusion Middleware, Oracle Web Cache resides in front of one or more instances of Oracle HTTP Server. Responses to browser based HTTP requests are directed to the Oracle HTTP Server instance and transmitted through Oracle Web Cache. The Oracle Web Cache instance can handle any Web content transmitted with the standard HTTP protocol.
For more information about reverse proxying see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Secure Proxy Caching and Load Balancing for Oracle Web Cache.
Oracle Web Cache provides request filters to filter incoming HTTP or HTTPS requests to configured sites on the origin server.
Request filtering aids administrators in controlling access to Web sites and providing the following:
The planting of malicious code within the Web site that, when executed, steals a user's identity or personal information
Attacks that try to exploit software vulnerabilities on the site that enable the attacker to execute arbitrary code on the application server
Attacks that try to render a Web site unusable by bombarding it with extremely high volumes of bogus requests that effectively consume the application server resources or bandwidth, thereby preventing access for other users
In addition, request filtering controls which clients and requests are allowed to access to a Web site or certain parts of a Web site.
For more information about request filtering, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Secure Proxy Caching and Load Balancing for Oracle Web Cache.
A Web Service is a set of functions packaged into a single application that is available to other systems on a network. The network can be a corporate intranet or the Internet. Because Web Services rely on basic, standard technologies which most systems provide, they are an excellent means for connecting distributed systems together. They can be shared by and used as a component of distributed Web-based applications. Other systems, such as customer relationship management systems, order-processing systems, and other existing back-end applications, can call a Web Service function to request data or perform an operation.
Web Services feature the following capabilities:
Interoperability among distributed applications that span diverse hardware and software platforms
Easy, widespread access to applications through firewalls using Web protocols
A cross-platform, an XML cross-language data model that facilitates developing heterogeneous distributed applications
In Oracle Fusion Middleware 11g, there are two categories of Web services to support the development, security, and administration of the following types of Web services:
SOA, ADF, and WebCenter services
WebLogic Web services (Java EE Web services)
For an overview of Web services in Oracle Fusion Middleware 11g, a description of the Web services and clients supported in each category, and a roadmap for implementing Oracle Fusion Middleware Web services, see Oracle Fusion Middleware Introducing Web Services.
Oracle Delegated Administration Services is an important feature of the Oracle Identity Management infrastructure. It enables you to store all data for users, groups, and services in a central directory, while distributing the administration of that data to various administrators and end users. It does this in a way that respects the various security requirements in your environment.