|Oracle® Fusion Middleware BPEL Component Guide for Content Server
11g Release 1 (11.1.1)
Part Number E16759-01
The full Internet address of a Web page. It consists of the transfer protocol, network location, and optional path and file name. For example: http://www.company.com/news/update.htm, where 'http' defines the transfer protocol, 'www.company.com' identifies the server where the document resides, 'news' is a subdirectory, and 'update.htm' is the file name.
The currently selected link on a Web page. Web browsers often display links in a different color when clicked and change the color again, once the reader has visited the site or page the link points to.
Active Server Pages
A Microsoft scripting language capable of performing server side functions with Microsoft Internet Information Server (IIS). ASP (and more recently ASP+) can be used to build dynamically assembled Web pages that draw information (using queries) from a relational database. ASP pages contain the .asp file extension.
A component that can be embedded in a Web page to provide functionality not directly available in HTML, such as animation sequences and spreadsheet calculations. ActiveX controls can be activated in a number of programming languages.
A special element that is part of every template in Dynamic Converter. Used to format an address in a Web page, that is, the information entered under Address Lines in the Address tab dialog of the Globals property sheet.
A person or computer login that has maximum privileges over the computer or network. Administrative access includes the ability to use every Element of the system and assign unique privileges to other users.
A named location on a Web page that serves as the target of another link. Anchor tags allow you to link to a specific section of a Web page. In a URL, an anchor is preceded by the pound (#) sign. Anchors are also called bookmarks.
Short for Java applet, a short program written in Java that is embedded in a Web page and executed by a Web browser. Java applets are frequently used to add interactivity or application functions to a Web page. Java applets can be read by Microsoft Internet Explorer, Netscape Navigator, or any Web browser capable of interpreting Java.
American Standard Code for Information Interchange. A universally recognized text-only format that contains characters, spaces, punctuation, etc., but no formatting information. You can transfer ASCII files between programs that could not otherwise understand each other's documents. HTML files can be encoded in ASCII format.
The graphic used instead of a color for the background of a Web page. Each graphics set in Dynamic Converter includes a background graphic that is automatically applied to all Web pages created from the template the graphics set has been applied to.
An optional URL that you can assign to a Web page to convert relative URLs on the page to absolute URLs. A base URL should end with a document name, such as http://www.company.com/news.htm, or a trailing slash, such as http://www.company.com/news/. A base URL is also called a base location.
A Windows-compatible graphics file format in which the image is represented by a series of bits. Dynamic Converter converts numerous image types, including bitmaps, in source documents into the GIF, JPEG, PNG, WBMP, or BMP format.
1) A means to store a Web site or other Internet URL for future use. Instead of entering the URL each time a user wants to visit a site, the user can open the URL once, 'bookmark' the URL, then use the bookmark to make subsequent visits. Bookmarks are also called 'Favorites.'
2) A named location on a Web page that serves as the target of another link. Bookmarks allow you to link to a specific section of a Web page. In a URL, a bookmark is preceded by the pound (#) sign. Bookmarks are also called anchors.
A link that points to a URL or file that does not exist (or one that cannot be found by the computer).
A series of related items in paragraphs set off by bullets. Also known as an unordered list.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
A means of separating structure from presentation so as to introduce layout control over Web pages. Style sheets can be included in an HTML document by (a) linking to an outside style sheet, (b) embedding a document-wide style in the <HEAD> tag of the document, or (c) embedding inline styles where needed. Dynamic Converter implements CSS both the second and third way. (Outside style sheets can be added by using the "Include HTML or scripting code before content" option.)
A single alphabetic letter, numeric digit, or special symbol such as a decimal point or comma.
A element used to format only characters, that is, a portion of text in a paragraph.
core HTML tags
The most commonly used HTML tags: six heading tags, the paragraph tag for all text, and two tags for handling lists.
A special element that can be associated with any character in a source document that is not associated with a specific style.
A special element that Dynamic Converter assigns to content in a source document that is not associated with any other element.
One of two default project files in Dynamic Converter. A copy of the project file opens automatically when you start a new HTML project. The project file is installed in the Dynamic Converter directory (a copy is also available in the Support folder of the Dynamic Converter product disc). A second default project file, DefaultWML.tcp, is used to create WML projects.
One of two default project files that is installed in the Dynamic Converter directory (and is also available on the Dynamic Converter product disc). Dynamic Converter opens a copy of DefaultWML.tcp each time you start a new WML project. DefaultWML.tcp is used to create WML projects. You use Default.tcp to create HTML projects.
The name of a storage area on a computer's disk drive that contains a collection of files, other directories, or both. The directory name should identify its contents. In the Windows operating system, a directory is represented by a yellow icon that resembles a manila folder. Directories are also called folders.
A name that resolves or points to an IP address. Domain names give a 'friendly name' to a Web site, making it easy for users to find the Web site on the World Wide Web.
A characteristic of a portion of text in a document, such as bold, italic, or subscript. Dynamic Converter lets you retain or change such effects when you translate source documents.
Similar to a style name used in a word-processing template. Dynamic Converter assigns elements to the ranks it creates for content in source documents. An HTML tag is assigned to each element, and the elements are saved in the template.
element button bar
A navigation aid consisting of buttons with labels such as "Previous" and "Next" to denote their purpose. Used to move between elements within Web pages.
A link at the element level that allows readers to jump between content associated with a specific element in a Web page.
element text bar
A navigation aid consisting of text drawn from elements. Used to move between elements within Web pages.
A special element that is part of every template in Dynamic Converter. Used to format an email address in a Web page, that is, the information entered in the Email Prompt text box in the Address tab dialog of the Globals property sheet.
A graphic, sound, or object included in a document (such as a Microsoft Word document). Dynamic Converter converts embedded objects into graphics and also creates a link to the object in its native format (such as .xls for Microsoft Excel documents).
To store a Web site or other Internet URL for future use. Instead of entering the URL each time a user wants to visit a site, the user can open the URL once, save the URL as a 'Favorite,' then use the Favorite to make subsequent visits. Favorites are also called 'Bookmarks.'
The part of a file name that identifies the purpose or use of the file. File extensions determine file type. As a result, software applications are able to read the file as necessary. For example, files with the .txt extension can be opened with a text editor; files with the .bmp extension can be opened with a graphics editor; and files with the .exe extension can be run by the operating system.
A computer running on a network that stores files and provides local and remote access to them. File servers are also called Web servers.
The format of a file, usually indicated by its file name extension. Most software applications work with a specific set of file types.
The name of a storage area on a computer's disk drive that contains a collection of files, other folders, or both. The folder name should identify its contents. In the Windows operating system, a folder is represented by a yellow icon that resembles a manila folder. Folders are also called directories.
Set of characters of a particular design and size. A typeface is composed of fonts. Arial is a typeface; Arial 12 point roman bold is a font.
A dialog box in Template Editor that offers over 900 graphics that serve as navigation and visual aids to fine-tune the appearance of Web pages. Many of the graphics are organized in 28 Sets, which ensure that the buttons, bullets, separators, and background in your Web page are all of a consistent design.
Graphics Interchange Format, a compressed graphics file that handles eight-bit color (256 colors) and achieves a compression ratio of roughly 2:1. GIF images are a popular graphic file format on the Internet because of the reduced download time. GIFs are one of the default formats that Dynamic Converter uses to convert graphics imported in source documents.
Any option in Dynamic Converter set in the Globals property sheet. Associated with a specific template rather than an individual element within the template.
A property sheet in Dynamic Converter where you format the template as a whole, as opposed to its individual elements. For example, you can create a background color for all documents associated with that template, and this color will be used for all Web pages created when those documents are translated.
A particular type of file that typically displays an image rather than text. Dynamic Converter accepts graphics in a variety of formats when it translates source documents into Web pages. It converts them into the GIF, JPEG, PNG, BMP, or WBMP format. Dynamic Converter also includes a Gallery of graphics for use as navigation and visual aids in Web pages.
A collection of graphics provided in Dynamic Converter, available from the Gallery. Each graphics set is uniquely designed and consists of a series of navigation buttons, a bullet, a separator, and a background. There are 28 Sets in Dynamic Converter.
Graphical user interface, a graphics-based user interface that incorporates icons and menus and allows users to use a mouse to execute commands. GUIs create visually oriented interfaces that make it easy for users to interact with computerized information of all kinds.
The initial portion of an HTML file between the <HEAD> and </HEAD> tags where titles are commonly supplied.
A text style that displays in a larger typeface than the default or normal text. Headings denote hierarchy in a document. A Heading 1 is generally the largest, a Heading 2 the next largest, and so forth. A Heading tag in HTML denotes the same hierarchy.
A level in the hierarchy of a document. Heading levels help structure content. Documents often contain several heading levels with style names such as Heading 1 and Heading 2. Each heading would be set in a different font size or weight to denote its level of importance.
A portion of text or an image that contains a link. Clicking the hotspot takes the user to related information. In Web browsers, hotspots are invisible. Users can tell that a hotspot is present by the changing appearance of the pointer.
HyperText Markup Language. The markup language used to turn a document into a Web page that can be viewed in a Web browser. HTML tags are used to format the text and the background of the document. HTML pages contain the .html or .htm file extension.
The current standard administered by the W3C (more specifically, version 4.01). Most Web browsers will support version 4.0 and 4.01.
What Dynamic Converter produces when it translates a source document. Each HTML file displays as a Web page in a Web browser. (If a source document is split into several HTML files, each file displays as a single Web page.)
The format used to view documents in a Web browser. Files in HTML format are text files with HTML tags assigned to blocks of text. Dynamic Converter turns source documents into body pages that are in HTML format.
A collection of symbols that specify the appearance and properties of a document. Web browsers interpret HTML tags and display the contents in the browser window.
The protocol used by Web browsers and Web servers to communicate over the Internet. More specifically, a Web browser requests a document from a Web server and displays its contents using HTTP. The HTTP protocol appears at the beginning of a URL (for example, http://). The HTTP specification is maintained by the World Wide Web Consortium.
A jump from a piece of text or image in one document to another document located within the Web page, the file system, a network, or the Internet. Dynamic Converter creates hyperlinks automatically for navigation purposes. Dynamic Converter also preserves hyperlinks in source documents that can take the user, for example, to another Web site. Hyperlinks are the primary means of navigating on the World Wide Web. Hyperlinks are also called links.
A nonlinear way to organize information, especially text. Hypertext provides a way to adapt text, graphics, and other kinds of data for computer use so that individual data elements point to one another. Any document that contains hypertext links to other documents is a hypertext document. Most Web pages are hypertext documents.
A hotspot overlaid on a graphic or piece of text. Facilitates navigation within and between Web pages according to users' interests. When readers click the hypertext link, they're taken to another part of the Web page or Web page.
A graphic in GIF, JPEG, PNG, BMP, or WBMP format that can be inserted into a Web page. Dynamic Converter lets you import graphics in a variety of formats and convert them into one of these five formats.
The HTML image tag <IMG> for placing graphics in-line in Web pages. Used with Web browsers that support HTML 2.0 and later versions.
An image embedded in a line of text rather than its own window. Can appear by itself or merged with displayed text.
A global computer network composed of thousands of Wide Area Networks (WANs) and Local Area Networks (LANs) that use TCP\IP to provide worldwide communication to governments, universities, businesses, organizations, and individuals. The Internet hosts the World Wide Web.
A unique identifier for a Web site on the Internet. Users can access a Web site by entering its Internet address in a Web browser address bar or clicking a link that contains the Internet address. For example, http://www.company.com. Also known as host name or network location.
Microsoft's Web browser used to interpret HTML markup and Internet protocols (HTTP and FTP), thus allowing users to browse the World Wide Web. Dynamic Converter provides previewing capabilities of both templates and Web pages using Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.
Internet Information Services
Microsoft's Web server software used to deliver Web pages on the World Wide Web. IIS incorporates numerous server-side functions for its native ASP (Active Server Page) scripting language. IIS can also be used as an FTP server to transfer documents over the Internet.
One or more Web servers located inside an organization's internal network that are used to store internal company information. Intranets generally exist as a separate Web site from an external or customer Web site. Anyone connected directly to the network, such as an employee, can access the intranet site.
A numerical address that identifies a computer on the Internet. An IP address comprises four sets of numbers (up to three digits each) separated by periods. An IP address can be used as an alternative to a domain name when the domain name is assigned a dedicated IP.
A general-purpose programming language created by Sun Microsystems. Java can be used to create Java applets. A Java program is downloaded from the Web server and interpreted by a program running on the machine containing the Web browser.
Java Server Page
A technology for serving Web pages through the use of servlets, or small programs that run on the Web server. JSP is similar to Microsoft's Active Server Pages (ASP) they both request programs from the Web server before displaying the results in a Web browser. JSP pages contain the .jsp file extension.
Joint Photographics Experts Group. A compressed graphics file format used to display high-resolution color graphics. JPEG is a popular format for photographs and images rich in color and detail. Dynamic Converter can convert graphics in source documents into the JPEG format.
A pointer in one part of a Web page that a reader can click to navigate to related information in another part of the same publication or in another publication entirely. Links permit rapid, easy movement between related information and are often coded to change color once they have been selected or used on the Internet.
A series of related items in paragraphs, usually set off by numbers (a numbered or ordered list) or bullets (a bulleted or unordered list).
The process of embedding special characters in a text file that tells a computer program how to handle the contents of the file itself. HTML tags are a form of markup.
The HTML tag that must appear in the <HEAD> portion of an HTML file. A Meta tag supplies information about a Web page but does not affect its appearance.
"Data about data." In addition to content, the typical source document has a title, author, and other properties associated with it that can be used in different ways. Dynamic Converter recognizes standard and custom metadata.
Standard metadata are automatically generated by the application that was used to create the source document. Custom metadata are properties that you create in the application for the source document. (Not every document has standard or custom metadata.)
A set of formatting characteristics that have been saved and assigned a name, and which can be applied to any paragraph in a source document. For example, Heading 1, which may be Arial 18-point bold.
A pointer in one part of a Web page that guides readers to related information in another part of the same publication or another publication entirely. Links permit rapid, easy movement between related information. Navigation aids often come in the form of buttons with labels such as "Previous" and "Next" to denote their purpose.
A series of hypertext links arranged on a single line of a Web page to provide a set of navigation controls for a Web page. Dynamic Converter lets you create both button and text bars, for a Web page as a whole and for specific elements.
Netscape's Web browser used to interpret HTML markup and Internet protocols (HTTP and FTP), thus allowing users to browse the World Wide Web. Dynamic Converter provides previewing capabilities of both templates and Web pages using Netscape Navigator or Internet Explorer.
A series of related items in paragraphs, numbered sequentially. Also known as an ordered list.
Object Linking and Embedding. A technology or method for sharing information between applications. If a Word or Excel document in Dynamic Converter contains an embedded object, that object can be converted to a linked graphic file that targets the object in its native application.
Information, activity, or communications located on or taking place in an electronic, networked computing environment like the Internet. The opposite of off-line, which is how you work when your computer is not connected to the Internet or any network.
output HTML file
The file that Dynamic Converter creates when it converts a source document into a body page.
A Web page, that is, a single file that users view in a Web browser. Web pages typically consist of many Web pages, the one that opens by default being the home page. Pages must be linked to enable users to navigate through a Web page.
page button bar
A navigation aid for moving between Web pages, consisting of buttons with labels such as "Previous" and "Next" to denote their purpose.
page text bar
A navigation aid for moving between Web pages consisting of text drawn from specific elements.
A directory that contains other directories. Directories are also called 'folders.'
A string of letters and numbers associated with a username that together make up a login. The password adds security to the login, preventing others from using it to gain access to the computer or network. A password character usually display as an asterisk (*) to prevent others from seeing or using the password.
The sequence of drive, directory, and subdirectory names that defines a file's location, such as C:\Program Files\Dynamic Converter\. Also refers to the portion of a URL that identifies the folder containing a file. In http://www.company.com/tech/more/support.htm, the path would be /tech/more/.
A set of text attributes in a source document that Dynamic Converter can identify and associate with an element. If a manually formatted source document has headings in Arial, 18-point, bold, you can base a pattern on these attributes and associate this pattern with an element. You can then use this element to format the content associated with the pattern. There are two kinds of patterns in Dynamic Converter: paragraph and character.
The string of characters used by Dynamic Converter to identify a pattern in a source document. For example, the pattern string
[Bullet][A-Z][A-Za-z]+ tells Dynamic Converter to search for a pattern of text in the source document that begins with a bullet, followed by an upper-case letter, followed by one or more upper-case or lower-case letters.
Short for picture element. A pixel is the smallest 'dot' your computer screen is capable of rendering at the resolution determined by your hardware and software. The size of a pixel may vary from system to system, depending on your graphics adapter, the screen resolution specified in the operating system setup, etc. Common screen resolutions are 640 by 480 pixels, 800 by 600, 1024 by 768, and 1280 by 1024.
One of a set of software modules that can be integrated into a Web browser to offer a range of interactive and multimedia capabilities.
Portable Network Graphics. New graphics format designed to replace the older and simpler GIF format. Offers superior compression and display capabilities. One of five formats available in Dynamic Converter when converting graphics in source documents.
A window inside a dialog box that shows you what your source document will look like in a Web browser, once translated.
The characteristics of a source document, element, rank, style, or pattern. For example, the name of a document is one of its properties. Properties can be viewed and edited in the various Properties dialog boxes.
An interface in Dynamic Converter with a series of tabs that provide access to commands and options for carrying out specific tasks. Element Setup, Formatting, Navigation, and Globals are all property sheets.
A method for two devices to communicate over the Internet. A protocol is an algorithm, or step-by-step procedure, carried out by such devices. File Transfer Protocol (FTP) and HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) are protocols used to transfer files over the Internet.
Used by Dynamic Converter to identify the structure of a source document based on the hierarchy of content in that document. As a result, the top-level hierarchy of each source document is treated the same.
An image formed by light and dark pixels in a rectangular array, rather than by a collection of lines, as in a vector graphic.
The Internet address of a Web page with respect to the Internet address of the current page. A relative URL gives the path from the current location of the page to the location of the destination page. For example, the relative path from fileA.htm to fileB.htm, where fileB.htm is stored in a subfolder called 'news,' would be 'news/fileB.htm.'
The default or top-level of a Web site. The root web can be accessed by entering the Web site URL without specifying a subfolder or Web page. In Dynamic Converter, the root web location is specified in the Output directories of the root publication properties.
Rich Text Format. A method of encoding text formatting and document structure using the ASCII character set. Dynamic Converter can translate source documents in RTF format.
A type of computer code that can be executed by a program that understands the scripting language. Unlike most computer code, a script does not need to be compiled to run. Many scripts are placed on Web servers where they are read and executed by Web browsers.
A graphical aid similar to a rule that Dynamic Converter can place in a document to set off different portions of the content.
A computer that offers services on a network. On the Web, servers run the Web server software that responds to HTTP protocol requests and delivers Web pages.
Standard Generalized Markup Language. An ISO (International Standards Organization) markup language for defining and using a set of tags to denote the nature of document content. HTML is based on SGML.
An identifier you can add to a Web page to specify such things as the Webmaster or copyright information. You do this in the Address tab dialog of the Globals property sheet.
The content you want to translate into HTML as part of your overall Web site. Dynamic Converter converts source documents from many formats into Web viewable formats. Once you translate a source document, it becomes a Web page for viewing in a Web browser.
The process of taking a source document and turning it into multiple Web pages to facilitate browsing and downloading. A default option in Dynamic Converter allows you to use Heading 1 to split a document into a series of Web pages, each beginning with Heading 1 content.(You can use another element if you prefer, or even multiple elements.) Another option allows you to create multiple Web pages by splitting on each hard return in the source document.
A set of formatting characteristics with an assigned name that defines how text appears in a document. In Dynamic Converter, there are two kinds of styles: paragraph and character. Styles can be assembled together to make up a style sheet or Cascading Style Sheet.
A particular type of dialog box in Dynamic Converter that you open by clicking a tab on one of the property sheets, for example, the Character tab on the Formatting property sheet.
A series of cells organized in rows and columns used to arrange data systematically. In HTML, a table can be used to organize the layout of items (text, graphics, etc.) on a Web page.
The formal name for an HTML markup element. HTML tags are enclosed in angle brackets (< >). Dynamic Converter automatically generates an element for each rank it applies to source content, and then assigns an HTML tag to each element.
Transport Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, a standard format for transferring data in packets from one computer to another. This protocol is used on the Internet and other networks. The first part of this standard, TCP, constructs the data packets; the second part of this standard, IP, routes the packets from computer to computer.
A set of formatting and other instructions for text and images that determines how a source document will display in a Web browser once it is translated. Most of the instructions are associated with the individual elements that reside in the template, though some are associated with the template itself.
A mode of operation in which a computer or Web browser displays letters, numbers, and other characters but no graphical images. A text mode Web browser cannot display graphics without the assistance of a helper application.
A miniature rendering of an image used as a placeholder and linked to the full-sized image.
Tagged Image File Format. A tag-based image format used for the universal interchange of digital graphics. Dynamic Converter can convert TIFF images into the GIF, JPEG, PNG, WBMP, or BMP format.
1) Text supplied between the <TITLE> and </TITLE> tags in an HTML file to define the caption that displays in the title bar of the Web page when it's viewed in a Web browser.
2) The text that can be added at the beginning of a Web page in Dynamic Converter. (You set titles in the Titles tab dialog of the Globals property sheet.)
A special element that is part of every template in Dynamic Converter. Used to format titles in a Web page, that is, the information set in the Titles tab dialog of the Globals property sheet.
A snippet of code that can be placed in an template in place of a file name or path statement. The token acts as a variable (or placeholder) for other content. This content could be a graphic file, template settings, and more. When a document is translated, the token is replaced with the correct path and file name for the content it represents.
The process of creating Web pages from source documents in Dynamic Converter. The formatting and other instructions contained in a template control the translation details. The source documents remain unchanged.
A specially rendered GIF image in which one 'color' is transparent, allowing the background to show through. This type of graphic blends with the document's existing color scheme and provides a more professional-looking Web page. Not all Web browsers are capable of handling transparent GIFs.
A multi-user and multitasking operating system that exists in various forms and implementations. Unix is typically used with proprietary computer and software systems and unlike Microsoft Windows, it is primarily a command line environment.
Uniform Resource Locator. A unique address that specifies where a document can be found on the Internet along with the protocol needed to locate the document (such as HTTP or FTP). URLs tend to be quite long, and you must enter the exact address in order to view the Web site associated with the URL.
A string of letters (and possibly numbers) that together with a password make up a login. Your username uniquely identifies you to the computer or network you are logging on to.
A subset of the Microsoft Visual Basic programming system. Major Web browsers can read VBScript that is embedded in a Web page. VBScript can be executed on the Web server and the Web browser machine. Microsoft ASP (Active Server Pages) supports VBScript functions.
An image created by a collection of lines rather than a pattern of dots (pixels), as in a raster image.
A link on a Web page that has been activated. Visited hyperlinks are usually displayed in a unique color by the Web browser.
An image that appears on the background of a Web page that is used to decorate and identify the page or Web site but does not scroll as the page scrolls.
An abbreviation for World Wide Web. A subset of Internet servers that support HTTP protocol and can host hypertext documents.
Software that is used to request information from the Internet, interpret HTML markup, and display Web pages to the user. Microsoft Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator are among the most common Web browsers.
A file containing HTML intended for display in a Web browser. Web sites are comprised of individual Web pages that contain hyperlinks to one another. Dynamic Converter creates Web pages and ultimately Web sites from your source documents when you translate your publication.
A computer connected to the Internet that stores files and makes them available to the public. Web server software runs on top of an operating system.
A collection of HTML or scripting-based Web pages that are linked together and stored on a Web server. Every Web site has a unique URL so that it can be accessed publicly on the World Wide Web.
A person who creates and maintains the content and organization of a Web site. In Oracle's content management system, this individual is responsible for reviewing a project on the staging server and for authorizing its final approval and release to the Web site (publishing server).
World Wide Web
A subset of Internet servers that support HTTP protocol and can host hypertext documents. Hypertext documents may contain text, pictures, sounds, and other media. Users view such documents using a Web browser. The World Wide Web is also called the 'Web.'