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Oracle Cost Management User's Guide
Release 12.1
Part Number E13635-05
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Oracle Cost Management User's Guide

Contents

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Preface

Cost Management Overview

Overview of Cost Management
Cost Structure
Standard and Average Costing Compared
      Changing from Standard to Average Costing
Retroactive Pricing
Landed Cost Management (LCM)

Setting Up Oracle Cost Management

Overview of Setting Up
Setup Checklist
Setup Steps
Default Interorganization Options
Default Inter-Organization Transfer Accounts
Setting Up Periods
Defining Cost Types
Defining Activities and Activity Costs
Defining Subelements
Defining Material Subelements
Defining Overhead
Defining Material Overhead Defaults
Mass Editing Item Accounts
Mass Editing Cost Information
Setting Cost Controls
Copying Costs
Default Basis Types
Associating Expenditure Types with Cost Elements
Defining Category Accounts
Account Update Restrictions
Associating WIP Accounting Classes with Categories
Project Cost Groups
Profile Options and Security Functions
Landed Cost Management (LCM)
Cost Management Security Functions

Item Costing

Overview of Item Costing Activities
Selecting an Item/Cost Type Association
Defining Item Costs
Defining Item Costs Details
Viewing Item Costs
Cost Type Inquiries
Purging Cost Information
Viewing Material Transaction Distributions
Viewing WIP Transaction Distributions
Viewing WIP Value Summaries
Viewing Material Transactions
Pending Landed Cost Adjustments
Receiving Accounting Events
Error Resubmission

Standard Costing

Overview of Standard Costing
      Work in Process Transaction Cost Flow
Standard Costing Setup
Setting Up Standard Costing
Setting Up Standard Costing for Manufacturing
Bills and Cost Rollups
Updating Standard Costs
Phantom Costing
Reporting Pending Adjustments
Updating Pending Costs to Frozen Standard Costs
Reporting Cost Update Adjustments
Viewing Standard Cost History
Viewing a Standard Cost Update
Purging Standard Cost Update History
Standard Cost Valuation
Overview of Standard Cost Variances
Manufacturing Standard Cost Variances
Standard Cost Transactions
Manufacturing Standard Cost Transactions

Average Costing

Overview of Average Costing
Setting Up Average Costing
Setting Up Average Costing for Manufacturing
Average Costing Flows
Updating Average Costs
Transferring Invoice Variance
Average Cost Recalculation
Viewing Item Cost History Information
Average Cost Valuation
Average Cost Variances
Average Cost Transactions
Average Costing Purchasing Transactions
Average Costing Inventory Transactions
Average Costing Order Management/Shipping Execution Transactions
Average Cost Update
Manufacturing Average Cost Transactions

FIFO and LIFO Costing

Overview of FIFO and LIFO Costing (also known as Layer Costing)
Describing the Major Features of FIFO/LIFO Costing
Setting Up Layer Costing
Layer Maintenance
Setting Up Layer Costing for Manufacturing
Layer Costing Flows
Updating Layer Costs
Layer Cost
Viewing Layer Item Costs
Layer Cost Valuation
Cost Variances
Layer Cost Transactions
Layer Costing Purchasing Transactions
Layer Costing Inventory Transactions
Layer Costing Order Management/Shipping Execution Transactions
Layer Cost Update
Manufacturing Transactions

Revenue and COGS Matching

Overview of Revenue / COGS Matching
Revenue / COGS Recognition Methodology
COGS Recognition and Concurrent Processes
Supported Business Scenarios

Project Manufacturing Costing

Overview of Project Manufacturing
Setting Up Project Manufacturing Costing
Cost Elements, Subelements, and Expenditure Types
Project Manufacturing Valuations and Variances
Project Manufacturing Costing Transactions
Material Overhead Application
Material Overhead Defaulting
Project Cost Collector
Applying Overhead Rate by Oracle Projects
Work in Process Resource Employee Transactions

Periodic Costing

Overview of Periodic Costing
Periodic Costing Methods
Periodic Cost Setup
Periodic Cost Processing
Periodic Incremental LIFO Business Examples
Reports
      eAM Report for Estimates and Actuals
      Periodic Acquisition Cost Report
      Periodic Incremental LIFO Valuation Report
      Periodic Accrual Reconciliation Report
      Periodic Accrual Write-Off Report
      Periodic Inventory Value Report
      Periodic Item Cost Change Report
      Periodic WIP Value Report
      Periodic Material and Receiving Distribution Summary Report
      Periodic Material and Receiving Distribution Details Report
      Periodic WIP Distribution Details Report
      Periodic WIP Distribution Summary Report

Iterative Periodic Average Costing

Iterative Periodic Average Costing (IPAC) Overview
Comparing IPAC and Standard Periodic Average Costing
Iteration Process
Setting Up IPAC
Running IPAC
Viewing IPAC Process Status For a Period

Period Close

Overview of Period Close
Closing a Period
Period Close Diagnostics

Business Flows Across Inventory Organizations

Rolling Up Supply Chain Costs
Inter-Organization Transfers
Transfer Price Costing
Transfers Between Process and Discrete Organizations
Complex Intercompany Invoicing

Subledger Accounting (SLA)

Overview of Subledger Accounting (SLA)
Subledger Accounting Profile Option
Defining Accounting Derivation Rules
Create Accounting - Cost Management
Transfer Journal Entries to GL - Cost Management
Viewing Accounting and Accounting Events

Reports

Reports Overview
All Inventories Value Report
All Inventories Value Report - by Cost Group
COGS / Revenue Matching Report
Cost Type Comparison Report
Detailed Item Cost Report
Discrete Job Value Report
Elemental Cost Report
Elemental Inventory Value Report - by Subinventory
Elemental Inventory Value Report - by Cost Group
Intransit Standard Cost Adjustment Report
Intransit Value Report
Inventory Master Book Report
Inventory Standard Cost Adjustment Report
Inventory Subledger Report
Inventory Value Report - by Subinventory
Inventory Value Report - by Cost Group
Invoice Transfer to Inventory Report
Item Cost Reports
Layer Inventory Value Report - FIFO/LIFO Costing
Margin Analysis Reports
Submitting a Margin Analysis Load Run
Purging a Margin Analysis Load Run
Overhead Report
Period Close Reconciliation Report
Period Close Pending Transactions Report
Receiving Value Report
Shipping Transaction Summary Report
Transaction Value Historical Summary Report - Average/FIFO/LIFO Costing
Supply Chain Consolidated Bills of Material Cost Report
Supply Chain Indented Bills of Material Cost Report
WIP Standard Cost Adjustment Report

Windows and Navigator Paths

Windows and Navigator Paths

Cost Management Alerts

Oracle Cost Management Alerts

Oracle Cost Management Client Extensions

Client Extensions
      Types of Client Extensions
      Implementing Client Extensions
      Determining Your Business Requirements
      Designing Client Extensions
      Writing PL/SQL Functions/Procedures
Transaction Cost Extension
      Writing Transaction Cost Extensions
Account Generation Extension
Writing Account Generation Extensions for Standard Costing
Writing Account Generation Extensions for Average/FIFO/LIFO Costing
Cost Processing Cutoff Date Extension
Writing Cost Processing Cutoff Date Extensions
Project Cost Collector Transaction Client Extension
      Writing Project Cost Collector Transaction Client Extension
Project Cost Collector Accounting Extension
Periodic Average Costing Account Generation Extension
Periodic Average Costing Landed Cost Extension
Period Close Check for Shipping Transactions
Get Absorption Account Extension
Writing Get Absorption Account Extension
Validate Job Re-estimation Extension
Writing Validate Job Re-estimation Extension
FIFO/LIFO Layer Consumption Extension
Disable Accrual Accounting Extension
Writing Disable Accrual Accounting Extension
PAC Actual Cost Extension
Writing PAC Actual Cost Extension
PAC Beginning Balance Extension
Writing PAC Beginning Balance Extension
PAC Acquisition Cost Extension
Writing PAC Acquisition Cost Extension
PAC Acquisition Receipt Cost Extension
Writing PAC Acquisition Receipt Cost Extension
Supply Chain Cost Rollup Buy Cost Extension
Writing Supply Chain Cost Rollup Buy Cost Extension
Supply Chain Cost Rollup Markup Cost Extension
Writing Supply Chain Cost Rollup Markup Cost Extension
Supply Chain Cost Rollup Shipping Cost Extension
Writing Supply Chain Cost Rollup Shipping Cost Extensions

Oracle Cost Management Workflows

Account Generation Extension Workflow
      Customizing the Account Generation Extension Processes
      The Account Generation Extension Workflow Item Types
      Summary of the Account Generation Extension Workflow
      Account Generation Workflow Extension Process Activities

Product Line Accounting Setup

Product Line Accounting

Character Mode Forms and Corresponding GUI Windows

Oracle Cost Management Character Mode Forms and Corresponding GUI Windows

SLA Costing Events - Accounting

SLA Costing Events Model
Event Class Journal Line Type Conditions
Event Class and Journal Line Type Assignments
Event Transaction Type Mapping

Migration of AX-IC Rules Into SLA

Overview of Global Accounting Rules into SLA
Setting Up AX Support for SLA
Migration of Rules
Supporting References
Upgrade

Index