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System Administration Guide: Advanced Administration
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Document Information


1.  Managing Terminals and Modems (Overview)

2.  Setting Up Terminals and Modems (Tasks)

3.  Managing Serial Ports With the Service Access Facility (Tasks)

4.  Managing System Resources (Overview)

5.  Displaying and Changing System Information (Tasks)

6.  Managing Disk Use (Tasks)

7.  Managing UFS Quotas (Tasks)

What Are UFS Quotas?

Using UFS Quotas

Setting Soft Limits and Hard Limits for UFS Quotas

The Difference Between Disk Block and File Limits

Setting Up UFS Quotas

Guidelines for Setting Up UFS Quotas

Setting Up UFS Quotas (Task Map)

How to Configure File Systems for UFS Quotas

How to Set Up UFS Quotas for a User

How to Set Up UFS Quotas for Multiple Users

How to Check UFS Quota Consistency

How to Turn On UFS Quotas

Maintaining UFS Quotas (Task Map)

Checking UFS Quotas

How to Check for Exceeded UFS Quotas

How to Check UFS Quotas on a File System

Changing and Removing UFS Quotas

How to Change the Soft Limit Default

How to Change UFS Quotas for a User

How to Disable UFS Quotas for a User

How to Turn Off UFS Quotas

8.  Scheduling System Tasks (Tasks)

9.  Managing System Accounting (Tasks)

10.  System Accounting (Reference)

11.  Managing System Performance (Overview)

12.  Managing System Processes (Tasks)

13.  Monitoring System Performance (Tasks)

14.  Troubleshooting Software Problems (Overview)

15.  Managing System Messages

16.  Managing Core Files (Tasks)

17.  Managing System Crash Information (Tasks)

18.  Troubleshooting Miscellaneous Software Problems (Tasks)

19.  Troubleshooting File Access Problems (Tasks)

20.  Resolving UFS File System Inconsistencies (Tasks)

21.  Troubleshooting Software Package Problems (Tasks)


Using UFS Quotas

Once quotas are in place, they can be changed to adjust the amount of disk space or the number of inodes that users can consume. Additionally, quotas can be added or removed as system needs change. For instructions on changing quotas or the amount of time that quotas can be exceeded, disabling individual quotas, or removing quotas from file systems, see Changing and Removing UFS Quotas.

In addition, quota status can be monitored. UFS quota commands enable administrators to display information about quotas on a file system, or search for users who have exceeded their quotas. For procedures that describe how to use these commands, see Checking UFS Quotas.

Setting Soft Limits and Hard Limits for UFS Quotas

You can set both soft limits and hard limits. The system does not allow a user to exceed his or her hard limit. However, a system administrator might set a soft limit, which the user can temporarily exceed. The soft limit must be less than the hard limit.

Once the user exceeds the soft limit, a quota timer begins. While the quota timer is ticking, the user is allowed to operate above the soft limit but cannot exceed the hard limit. Once the user goes below the soft limit, the timer is reset. However, if the user's usage remains above the soft limit when the timer expires, the soft limit is enforced as a hard limit. By default, the soft limit timer is set to seven days.

The timeleft field in the repquota and quota commands shows the value of the timer.

For example, let's say a user has a soft limit of 10,000 blocks and a hard limit of 12,000 blocks. If the user's block usage exceeds 10,000 blocks and the seven-day timer is also exceeded, the user cannot allocate more disk blocks on that file system until his or her usage drops below the soft limit.

The Difference Between Disk Block and File Limits

A file system provides two resources to the user, blocks for data and inodes for files. Each file consumes one inode. File data is stored in data blocks. Data blocks are usually made up of 1Kbyte blocks.

Assuming no directories exist, a user can exceed his or her inode quota by creating all empty files without using any blocks. A user can also use one inode, yet exceed his or her block quota, by creating one file that is large enough to consume all the data blocks in the user's quota.