|C H A P T E R 3|
Configuring the Preinstalled Solaris 10 Operating System
This chapter walks you through the steps for configuring the Solaris 10 Operating System (OS) that might be preinstalled on your Sun Fire X2200 M2 server, depending on your hard drive configuration. Solaris 10 6/06 is the earliest supported version.
Note - Unlike with SPARC® systems, you will not see the output of the preinstalled Solaris 10 image through a monitor when you power on the server. The output of the pre-installed image is directed to a serial console instead of a monitor that is attached to the server.
Before you begin configuring the preinstalled OS, be sure to do the following:
1. Perform initial configuration of the service processor and determine the server's network settings, as described in Chapter 2.
2. Gather the information that you will need for the configuration, as listed in the Installation Worksheet.
Use the worksheet in TABLE 3-1 to gather the information that you need to configure the pre-installed Solaris 10 OS. You only need to collect the information that applies to your application of the system.
Note - Before you perform this procedure, you need to set up the service processor if you have not done so. See Chapter 2.
Use the information that you gathered in the Installation Worksheet as you perform the configuration.
Note - The Solaris 10 preinstall image has been configured by default to send output to the serial port. If a monitor is attached or KVM over IP is to be used for display, Solaris 10 will need to be reinstalled or the serial output will need to be redirected to the video port. See To Redirect the Console Output to the Video Port (Optional).
Note - Solaris 10 6/06 (and later) uses a grub boot loader. The grub menu allows you to select to direct output to either the either the serial port or the video port. Once the configuration is complete you can modify the Solaris 10 6/06 grub menu to direct output to the video port by default. See To Change the Default Output After Initial Configuration of the Preinstalled Solaris OS
After configuring the Embedded LOM SP, you can configure the preinstalled Solaris 10 operating system (OS) by using another system to connect to the server. There are two methods you can use. See the following topics:
If you use this method, you first need to determine the service processor's IP address and the server must be connected to the network.
If you use this method, you do not need to determine the service processor's IP address, but you will need to have a cable connection from the server to the serial port of the serial capture host system.
1. If you have not already done so, determine the service processor's IP address as follows:
a. Power on main power to the platform by using a stylus to press the recessed Power button on the front panel.
POST messages appear on your screen as the OS boots up.
b. Initialize the BIOS Setup utility by pressing the F2 key when the Sun logo screen is displayed.
The BIOS Setup Utility is displayed.
See Changing Serial Output to Display the System Information if you are using serial direction and a monitor is not attached.
c. Select Advanced.
The Advanced screen is displayed.
d. Select IPMI 2.0 Configuration.
The IPMI 2.0 Configuration screen is displayed.
a. Select the LAN Configuration menu item.
b. Select the IP Address menu item.
The service processor's IP address is displayed using the following format:
Current IP address in BMC: xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
2. Using a client system, establish a Secure Shell (SSH) connection to the service processor's IP address by typing:
ssh -l root sp_ip_address
3. Log in to the service processor as an Administrator, for example:
login: rootpassword: changeme
4. Start the Embedded LOM console mode by typing the following command:
5. If you have changed the SP Serial Port default settings, make sure you reset them to the default settings.
6. Follow the Solaris 10 preinstallation onscreen prompts.
7. Use the information gathered in Installation Worksheet to help you enter the system and network information as you are prompted.
The screens that are displayed vary, depending on the method that you chose for assigning network information to the server (DHCP or static IP address).
After you have entered the system configuration information, the server completes the boot process and displays the Solaris login prompt.
After completing the preceding steps and while logged in to the SP, if you wish to redirect the console output to the video port, type the eeprom command at the prompt with the following arguments:
Caution - This procedure is intended for advanced users of Solaris only. You can seriously disrupt the proper functioning of the server or render the server unbootable if you introduce a problem in the bootenv.rcfile.
1. Use a text editor to open the /boot/solaris/bootenv.rc file.
2. Modify the following line in the file to change the video output to the VGA monitor:
setprop console 'text'
1. Reboot the server.
To connect to the server using a serial capture program:
1. Use a cable to connect the serial port of the server to the serial port of the serial capture host system.
2. Make sure that the communication properties of the serial port of the system are set to the default.
The defaults are 9600 baud, 8N1 (eight data bits, no parity, one stop bit), and disable flow control.
3. Start a terminal session to capture the serial port output.
$ tip -9600 /dev/ttya
4. Log in to the service processor as an Administrator, for example:
5. Power on main power to the server by using a ball-point pen or other stylus to press the recessed Power button on the front panel or use the following command:
set /SP/SystemInfo/CtrlInfo PowerCtrl=on
POST messages appear on your screen as the OS boots up.
6. Start the Embedded LOM SP GUI by typing the following:
7. Follow the Solaris 10 pre-installation onscreen prompts.
8. Use the information gathered in the Installation Worksheet to help you enter the system and network information as you are prompted.
The screens that are displayed will vary, depending on the method that you chose for assigning network information to the server (DHCP or static IP address).
After you have entered the system-configuration information, the server completes the boot process and displays the Solaris login prompt.
The Solaris 10 preinstall image is configured by default to direct the console output to the serial port. In Solaris 10 6/06 (and later versions), on start-up, the user is presented with a grub-level menu and can select to direct the output to either the serial port or the video port. If the user doesn't make a selection, the menu reaches a time-out and the system boots using the default output (serial port). You can modify the grub menu to change the default output to the video port. To make the video port the default output, use this procedure:
Caution - This procedure is intended for advanced users of Solaris only. You can seriously disrupt the proper functioning of the server or render the server unbootable if you introduce a problem in the menu.lstfile.
1. Open the /boot/grub/menu.lst file in a text editor.
2. Modify the following line in the file to change the default so that the console output goes to the video port:
3. Run the following command to add the Xserver startup scripts:
4. Reboot the server.
When the system reboots, the console output goes to the video port by default.
This section provides pointers to information about the Solaris 10 operating system.
You can access the various collections of the Solaris 10 OS user documentation at:
Specifically, you can access the Solaris 10 OS Release and Installation collection at:
If you need to install the Solaris 10 6/06 OS or re-install the OS after removing it, you can download the CD or DVD image from the following URL:
Solaris 10 6/06 is the minimum supported version for the Sun Fire X2200 M2 server.
See the Sun Fire X2200 M2 Server Operating System Installation Guide for specific instructions on Solaris 10 installation.
Sun provides flexible training options that accommodate your personal schedule and learning style. The training options include instructor-led, web-based online,
CD-ROM, and Live Virtual Class. For Solaris 10 Training and Certification options at a glance, please visit: