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Oracle® Fusion Applications Sales Implementation Guide
11g Release 1 (11.1.3)
Part Number E20373-03
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29 Define Sales Quotas

This chapter contains the following:

Define Sales Quotas

FAQs for Define Sales Quotas

Define Sales Quotas

Sales Quota Plan Components: How They Work Together

Quotas are a reflection of sales targets set for an individual in a sales organization. After a corporate goal is established, managers distribute quotas down through the sales territory hierarchy until all territories and their respective owners have quotas. Quota predictions based on historical sales information and metrics are provided as a comparison with quotas being set. Managers use one sales quota plan for the fiscal year.

In this figure, a sales quota plan contains several territories, each assigned a quota. Territory quota formulas compute predicted quotas based on historical sales information and metrics such as forecasts and market potential. The predicted quotas appear as default territory quota amounts. Managers assign territories to individual salespeople and sales managers. Applying spread formulas quickly allocates quotas among territories or resources.

Sales Quota Plan Components

Sales Quota Plan

A sales quota plan covers a period of one year. The administrator selects territories to include in the quota setting process, and can optionally add territory proposals to allow the setting of quotas for proposed territories.

For the sales quota plan options, the administrator selects an adjustment threshold, a territory quota formula, and a seasonality factor group to apply to all territories. Territory options override sales quota plan options. For example, the territory quota formulas and seasonality factor groups selected for individual territories override the formulas selected for all territories.

The administrator can also set a threshold percentage for adjustment amounts that managers often add to quotas.

In this figure, the assigned quota gets distributed over each month through seasonality factors that raise or lower quota amounts according to seasonal fluctuations.

Seasonality Factors Applied to Quotas

Territory Proposals

You can associate territory proposals to your sales quota plan. When sales administrators or sales managers create new proposed territories, such as for a territory realignment, they can enable the setting of quotas for the proposed territories by selecting Eligible for Quota. If you then associate the proposals to your quota plan, you see the proposed territories within the current active territory hierarchy, and salespeople will be able to assign quotas to the proposed territories.

Territory Quota Formulas: Explained

Territory quota formulas calculate territory quota based on historical sales information and metrics such as forecasts and market potential. The calculated quotas appear as default territory quota amounts in the sales quota plan.

The formulas execute a Multidimensional Expressions (MDX) query on the territories Oracle Essbase hypercube.

Administrators can change parameters for formulas and set each formula to active or inactive.

Predefined Formulas

Following are explanations for a few of the predefined territory quota formulas.

Creating Formulas

Use the Essbase MDX Script Editor to create your own territory quota formulas.

For more information on MDX functions, see Oracle Essbase Technical Reference.

For more information on MDX queries, see Oracle Essbase Database Administrator's Guide.

Managing Sales Quota Plans: Worked Example

This example shows how to create a new sales quota plan for the coming year. You are the sales administrator and it is a month before the start of the fiscal year. You start the sales quota planning process by creating a sales quota plan for the year.

Create a new spread formula that sales managers can use to spread a quota amount among child territories. Create a seasonality factor group that spreads quota amounts across time by applying ratios to approximate expected seasonal fluctuations. Then create a sales quota plan for the new year, add the top level in the sales territory hierarchy to the plan, which includes all territories, and assign the spread formula and seasonality factor group to the plan. For the North America Sales territory, select a territory quota formula and other options.

Creating a Spread Formula

This spread formula calculates the ratio of closed bookings among the child territories, and applies the ratios to the quota amount a sales manager wants to spread among the child territories.

  1. Go to the Manage Spread Formulas page.
  2. Click Create to add a new spread formula.
  3. In the new row, enter information for the fields, as shown in this table:




    Closed Bookings


    Spreads the source based on the ratio of closed bookings for the selected year.


    Closed Bookings

  4. Click Save.

Creating a Seasonality Factor Group

  1. Go to the Manage Seasonality Factor Groups page and create a new group for summer products for the new year.
  2. In the Seasonality Factors region, enter the factor percentages for time periods, as shown in this table:

    Time Period

    Factor Percentage

    Quarter 1


    Quarter 2








    Quarter 3


    Quarter 4


  3. Click Save.

Creating a Quota Plan

  1. In the Manage Sales Quota Plans page, click Create.
  2. In the Sales Quota Plans table, enter the sales quota plan information, as shown in this table:




    Fiscal Year 2011 Sales Plan


    Corporate Sales Quota Plan for Fiscal Year 2011





    Activation Date

    Leave Blank

    Calculate Default Territory Quota




  3. In the Details region, on the Options tab, enter the options as shown in this table:



    Adjustment Threshold


    Territory Quota Formulas

    Scale a measure from a past period by x percent. Use 5% and select the prior year, 2010.

    Seasonality Factor Group


  4. In the Proposals tab, add territory proposals that have activation dates at the start of the fiscal year to your quota plan.

    The proposed territories appear in the territory hierarchy. Salespeople can assign quotas to proposed territories you include in the quota plan.

  5. In the Sales Quota Territory Options table on the Options tab, expand the Global territory and enter the options as shown in the table for the North America Sales territory.



    Allow Quota Edit


    Adjustment Threshold (%)


    Territory Quota Formulas

    x percent growth of a measure over a 3 year simple moving average

    1. 3 percent

    2. Prior year 2010

    3. Closed Detail Revenue by Close Date measure

  6. Click the Activate button and set the activation date to the first of next month.
  7. Click Save.

FAQs for Define Sales Quotas

What's a spread formula?

A spread formula calculates the distribution of an amount among selected child territories. For example, a spread formula takes the variance between the parent territory quota and the sum of the quotas for the child territories, and spreads it to the child territories.

The formula calculates the ratios to use for the child territories through the use of the metric defined for the selected spread formula. The formula examines each territory contribution of the metric value for a period, and compares it with the total value of the same metric for all the territories combined, to determine the percentage to apply to each territory. When a spread formula has no metric selected, then it distributes the amount evenly across the child territories.

What's the difference between plan duration and territory proposal duration?

The default publish by date is determined by the number of days set for the plan duration. Plan duration is added to the activation date of the quota plan to determine the publish by (or due) date by which quotas must be allocated.

If you have no value for the plan duration (null value), then the publish by date is also null. If you enter zero for the plan duration, then the publish by date is the same date as the plan activation date.

The territory proposal duration is added to the territory proposal activation date to determine the publish by (or due) date by which quotas must be revised.

If you have no value for the proposal duration (null value), then the publish by date is also null. If you enter zero for the proposal duration, then the publish by date is the same date as the territory proposal activation date.

What happens if I select Calculate Default Territory Quota?

If Calculate Default Territory Quota is selected, then, when the sales quota plan is activated, the application computes the quota for each of the territories based on the formula and parameters selected to be the default in Manage Territory Quota Formulas.

What's a territory proposal conflict?

You added to your sales quota plan more than one territory proposal that update the same territory. If the proposals make identical changes to the same territory, then there is no conflict. Differences in territory definitions that affect quotas are conflicts and appear if you selected Show conflicts only. For example, if one proposal is eligible for quota and the other is not for the same territory, there is a conflict.

What's seasonality?

Annual quotas are distributed to shorter time periods, factoring in seasonal expectations in sales. This expectation is represented as a percentage factor, which reflects the share of quota for the season, or time period.

For example, your sales are typically higher the last quarter of the year and at their lowest the first quarter of the year for several of your product lines. You create the following seasonality factor group, named Retail, to automatically distribute your annual quota and factor in the seasons:

When you assign quota to territories that include these product lines, you apply the Retail seasonality group to correctly distribute the annual quota amounts.