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Sun StorageTek NAS OS Administration Guide






Product Overview 1


Using Web Administrator

Logging In

Steps to Log In

Considerations With Multiple Users

About the Interface Layout

About the Toolbar

About the Navigation Panel

About the Folder Symbol Key

About Other Buttons

About the Content Panel

About the Status Panel

Using Help

Using the Configuration Wizard

About Configuration Wizard Variations

Running the Wizard

Where to Go From Here

Initial Network Configuration 15

About the Initial Network Configuration

Setting the Server Name

Managing LUN Paths

About Setting LUN Paths

About LUN Paths in Single-Server Systems

About LUN Paths in Dual-Server Systems

Setting LUN Paths

Restoring a LUN Path

Enabling Failover

About Enabling Failover

Enabling Server Failover

Initiating Failback (Recovery)

About Initiating Recovery

Initiating Recovery

Configuring Network Ports and Adapters

About Configuring Network Ports

About Network Port Locations

Configuring Network Adapters

Setting the Default Gateway Address

Managing Name Services

Configuring Windows Security

Setting Up WINS

Setting Up DNS

Setting Up NIS

Setting Up NIS+

Configuring Name Services

Setting Up Email Notifications

Setting Up Logging

Assigning the Language

Registering the System

Backing Up Configuration Information

Where to Go From Here

File-System Setup and Management 39

File-System Concepts

About RAID Configurations

About RAID Systems

About the RAID-0 Configuration (Not Supported)

About the RAID-1 Configuration (Gateway Systems Only)

About the RAID-1+0 Configuration (Gateway Systems Only)

About the RAID-5 Configuration

NAS RAID-5 Systems - Sun StorageTek 5310 and Sun StorageTek 5320 Appliances

NAS RAID-5 Systems - Sun StorageTek 5210 Appliances

About LUNs

About Partitions

About File Volumes

About Segments

Creating the File System

About Creating the File System

About Creating RAID Sets and LUNs

Adding a New LUN (Sun StorageTek 5310 and Sun StorageTek 5320 NAS Devices)

Adding a New LUN (Sun StorageTek 5210 NAS Appliances)

Designating a Drive As a Hot-Spare

Creating File Volumes or Segments

About Creating a File Volume or a Segment

Creating a File Volume or Segment Using the Create File Volumes Panel

Creating a File Volume or Segment Using the System Manager

Attaching Segments to a Primary File Volume

About Attaching Segments to a Primary File Volume

Attaching a Segment Using the Attach Segments Panel

Attaching a Segment Using the System Manager

About Rebuilding a LUN

Managing File Volumes and Segments

Editing File Volume Properties

Deleting File Volumes or Segments

Viewing Volume Partitions

System Language Considerations

Configuring the NAS for iSCSI

About iSCSI

About iSCSI Identifiers

About Configuring an iSCSI Target

Creating an iSCSI Access List

Creating an iSCSI LUN

About SCSI Thin-Provisioned LUNs

About iSCSI Target Discovery Methods

Specifying an iSNS Server

Where to Go From Here

System Management 67

Setting the Administrator Password

Controlling the Time and Date

About Controlling the Time and Date

About Time Synchronization

Setting Up Time Synchronization

Setting the Time and Date Manually

Using Antivirus Software

About Virus Scanning

Enabling Antivirus Protection

Excluding Files From Scans

Enabling Trend Micro Antivirus Protection

Server Port Management 77

About Port Locations and Roles

About Alias IP Addresses

Bonding Ports

About Port Bonding

About Port Aggregation Bonds

About High-Availability Bonds

Bonding Ports on a Single-Server System

Bonding Ports for Cluster Configurations

Example: Dual-Server Port Bonding

Active Directory Service and Authentication 85

About Supported Name Services

Using Active Directory Service

About Active Directory Service

Enabling ADS

Verifying Name Service Lookup Order

Verifying DNS Configuration

Publishing Shares in ADS

Updating ADS Share Containers

Removing Shares From ADS

Setting Up LDAP

Changing the Name Service Lookup Order

Group, Host, and File Directory Security 93

Managing Local Group Privileges

About Local Groups

About Configuring Privileges for Local Groups

About Ownership Assignment and Groups

Adding and Removing Group Members and Configuring Privileges

Configuring NT Privileges for Groups

Configuring Hosts

About Configuring Hosts

Adding and Editing Hosts

About Trusted Hosts

Adding a Host Manually

Editing Host Information

Removing a Host Mapping for a Host

Adding and Editing Host Groups

About Adding and Editing Host Groups

Adding a Host Group

Adding a Member to a Host Group

Mapping User and Group Credentials

About Mapping User and Group Credentials

About Unix Users and Groups

About Windows Users and Groups

About Credential Mapping

About User Mapping Policies

About User Mapping

About User Mapping Policy Settings

Example: User Mapping Policy

About Group Mapping Policies

About Group Mapping

About Group Mapping Policy Settings

Example: Group Mapping Policy

About Built-In Credential Mapping Policies

About Built-In Credential Mapping

Defining the Mapping Policy

Mapping Windows Groups and Users to Unix Groups and Users

Editing a Mapping Between a Windows Group or User and a Unix Group or User

Setting File Directory Security

About Setting File Directory Security in Workgroup Mode

Setting File Directory Security in Domain Mode

Shares, Quotas, and Exports 113

Managing Shares

About Shares

About Static Shares

About Share Access Permissions

Configuring Static Shares

About Configuring Static Shares

Creating Static Shares

Editing an Existing SMB Share

Removing an SMB/CIFS Share

About Configuring SMB/CIFS Clients

About Autohome Shares

Enabling Autohome Shares

Managing Quotas

About Managing Quotas

Configuring User and Group Quotas

About Configuring User and Group Quotas

Enabling Quotas for a File Volume

Adding a User or Group Quota

Editing a User or Group Quota

Deleting a User or Group Quota

Configuring Directory Tree Quotas

About Configuring Directory Tree Quotas

Creating a Directory Tree With a Directory Tree Quota

Editing an Existing Directory Tree Quota

Deleting a Directory Tree Quota

Setting Up NFS Exports

About Setting Up NFS Exports

Creating Exports

Editing Exports

Removing Exports

System Options 131

Activating System Options

About the Sun StorageTek File Replicator Option

About Mirroring

About Preparing for Mirroring

About Requirements and Limitations for Cluster Configurations

Configuring Active and Mirror Servers

Configuring Mirrored File Volumes

About Mirroring the Mirror Buffer

Activating File Replicator Software on the Remote Server

Adding a File Volume Mirror

Editing a Mirror

Avoiding and Correcting a Cracked Mirror

Setting Warning Thresholds for Mirrored File Volumes

About Setting Warning Thresholds

Setting Up the Threshold Alert

Breaking the Connection and Promoting a Mirrored File Volume

Breaking the Connection Between Mirror Servers

Promoting a Mirrored File Volume

Promoting iSCSI LUNs

Reestablishing Mirror Connections

Reestablishing a Mirror Connection

Breaking the Mirror Connection on the Active Server

Deleting the Out-of-Date File Volume From Server 1

Mirroring the Up-to-Date File Volume From Server 2 to Server 1

Changing Volume Roles

About the Compliance Archiving Option

About Compliance Archiving Software

About Enabling Compliance Archiving

About Compliance With Mandatory Enforcement

About Compliance With Advisory Enforcement

About Compliance Auditing

About the Assured Delete Option

About Assured Delete

Enabling Assured Delete

About Restrictions for Assured Delete

Monitoring the System 155

SNMP Monitoring

About SNMP Monitoring

Setting Up SNMP

Viewing System Status

System Logging

About System Logging

About System Events

Viewing the System Log

System Auditing

About System Auditing

About Audit Log Files

Setting Up System Auditing

Viewing Environmental Status

Viewing Fan Status

Viewing Temperature Status

Viewing Power Supply Status

Viewing Voltage Status

Viewing Usage Information

Viewing File Volume Usage

Viewing Network Activity

Viewing System Activity

Viewing Network (Port) Statistics

Viewing Network Routes

About Network Routes

Displaying Routes

Monitoring System Status

About UPS Monitoring

Enabling UPS Monitoring

Viewing Controller Information

Viewing the Mirror Status

Viewing Mirroring Statistics

System Maintenance 171

Setting Remote Access Options

Configuring FTP Access

About Configuring FTP Access

Setting Up FTP Users

Shutting Down the Server

Locating a Drive or Controller/Expansion Unit

Configuring the LAN Manager Compatibility Level

Managing File-System Checkpoints

About File-System Checkpoints

Enabling File-System Checkpoints

Scheduling File-System Checkpoints

About Scheduling File-System Checkpoints

Adding a Checkpoint to the Schedule

Editing an Existing Checkpoint Schedule

Removing a Schedule Line

Creating a Manual Checkpoint

Renaming a Checkpoint

Removing a Checkpoint

Sharing File-System Checkpoints

Accessing Checkpoints

Managing RAID Controllers

Controlling LEDs

Getting Events and Configuration Information

Setting the Controller Time and Battery Age

Downloading RAID Array and Drive Firmware

Mounting File Systems

Setting Up NDMP Backups

Updating the Time Zone Database

Enabling CATIA V4/V5 Character Translations

About CATIA V4/V5 Character Translations

Enabling CATIA Manually

Enabling CATIA Automatically

Backing Up Configuration Information

Upgrading NAS Software

Upgrading Software With a Reboot

Upgrading Cluster Software Without Interrupting Service

Configuring the Compliance Archiving Software

Changing the Default Retention Period

Enabling CIFS Compliance

Upgrading Array and Drive Firmware Revision Levels

Determining If You Need to Upgrade the Firmware

Upgrading Array and Drive Firmware (Reboot Required)

Upgrading Array Firmware (No Reboot Required)

Upgrading Drive Firmware (Reboot Required)

Capturing raidctl Command Output

Capturing raidctl Command Output From a Solaris Client

Capturing raidctl Output From a Windows Client

Replacing Components 217

Tools and Supplies Needed

Powering Off

Removing the Covers

Removing the Main Cover

Removing the Front Bezel

Removing the Front Cover

Locations of Customer-Replaceable Units

Replacing Components

Replacing a Fan Connector Board

Replacing the Front Panel Indicator Board

Replacing the Power Supply

Replacing Memory Modules

Replacing a Fan Module Assembly

Replacing the Rear Fan Tray

Replacing a PCI Card

Console Administration 241

Accessing the Administrator Console

Opening a telnet Session

Console Menu Basics

Viewing Man Pages

System Management

Configuring TCP/IP

Modifying the Administrator Password

Setting the Time and Date

Setting Time Synchronization

Enabling Antivirus Protection

Selecting a Language

Managing Routes

Name Services

Setting Up DNS, Remote Log, and Local Log

Setting Up a Name Service

Setting Lookup Order for Name Service

Managing the Server File System

Configuring Drive Letters

Creating a New Disk Volume

Renaming a Partition

Adding an Extension Segment

Deleting a Disk Volume

Shares and Quotas


Setting Up SMB/CIFS Shares

Setting up SMB/CIFS Autohome Shares

Adding a Share

Editing a Share

Deleting a Share

Setting Up Active Directory Service

Enabling and Disabling Quotas


Configuring User Groups

Adding a Group

Adding a Member to a Group

Removing a Member From a Group

Modifying Group Privileges

User and Group Maps

Adding a User Map

Editing a User Map

Removing a User Map

Adding a Group Map

Editing a Group Map

Removing a Group Map

Mapping and Securable Objects

Using the chsmb Command

Using the acl.overwrite.allowed Environment Variable

Configuring the Host List

Adding a Host

Editing an Existing Host

Deleting a Host

Managing Trusted Hosts

Adding a Trusted Host

Deleting a Trusted Host

Managing Volume Access for NFS Clients

Locking and Unlocking the Console

Locking the Console

Unlocking the Console

Mirroring File Volumes

Configuring Active and Mirror Servers

Configuring a New Active Server With a New Mirror Server

Configuring an Existing Active Server With a New Mirror Server

Configuring File Volumes

Setting Up a File Volume for Mirroring

Mirroring File Volumes

Setting Warning Thresholds

Breaking the Connection and Promoting a Mirrored File Volume

Breaking the Connection Between Mirror Servers

Promoting a Mirrored File Volume

Promoting iSCSI LUNs

Reestablishing a Mirror

Breaking the Mirror on Server 1

Deleting the Out-of-Date File Volume on Server 1

Mirroring the Up-to-Date File Volume on Server 2 Back to Server 1

Changing Roles


Configuring SNMP

Configuring Email Notification

Configuring Diagnostic Logs

Viewing System Information

Viewing Server Status

Viewing the System Log

Viewing Port Bonding

Viewing the Checkpoint Analysis

Viewing the Status of a Mirrored File Volume

Viewing Network Statistics for All Mirrored File Volumes

Configuring the NAS for iSCSI

Creating an iSCSI Access List

Creating an iSCSI LUN

Specifying an iSNS Server

System Maintenance

Configuring File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Access

Types of Users

Setting Up FTP Access

Shutting Down the System

Managing Head Failover

Configuring Failover

Restoring the System, Initiating Failback

Configuring LUN Paths

Scheduling File Checkpoints

Configuring NDMP Backup

Configuring System Auditing

Error Messages 299

About Error Messages

About SysMon Error Notification

Reference: UPS Errors

Reference: File-System Errors

Reference: RAID Errors

Reference: IPMI Events

Compliance Archiving Software API 305

Compliance Features

WORM Files

File Retention Periods

Administrative Lock-Down

Compliance Audit

Accessing Compliance Functionality

Compliance Volumes

WORM Files

Creating WORM Files

Behavior of WORM Files

Metadata of WORM Files

WORM Restrictions

File Retention Periods

Unix System Calls with Compliance Archiving


chmod(2), fchmod(2)

chown(2), fchown(2)


read(2), readv(2)


stat(2), fstat(2)


utime(2), utimes(2)

write(2), writev(2)

Behavior of Windows Clients

Creating WORM Files

Metadata Restrictions on WORM Files

WORM File's Read-Only Bit

Compliance and Antivirus Software

Other APIs

Appliance and Gateway System Components 319

The Sun StorageTek 5320 NAS Server

Front Panel Buttons and LEDs

Power Button

Status Indicator LEDs

LCD Menu and Buttons

Back Panel Ports and LEDs

Back Panel LEDs

Server Power Supplies

Direct-Attached Tape Library

Sun StorageTek 5320 Controller Units and Expansion Units

Controller Units

Front of the Controller Unit

Back of the Controller Unit

Battery Backup Compartments

Expansion Units

Ports and Power Supplies

LEDs and Indicators

Mixed FC and SATA Capacity

Disk Drives

Identifying a Drive for Replacement

Locating a Drive

Sun StorageTek 5220 NAS Appliance

Back-End Storage

Sending a Diagnostic Email Message 341

Web Administrator Panels 345

Add LUN Wizard Panels

Select Controller Unit and Drives or RAID Set

Sun StorageTek 5320 Drive Status Indicators

Sun StorageTek 5300 Drive Status Indicators

LUN Properties

Confirmation Panel

Save Configuration

Antivirus Configuration Panels

Configure Antivirus Panel

Configuration Wizard Panels

Configuration Wizard Panel

Confirmation Panel

Select Environment Panel

File Replicator Panels

Add/Edit Mirror Window

Manage Mirrors Panel

Promote Volume Window

Set Threshold Alert Panel

View Mirror Statistics Panel

File Volume Operations Panels

Add/Edit Checkpoint Schedule Window

Add/Edit DTQ Setting Window

Add/Edit Quota Setting Window

Attach Segments Panel

Configure Directory Tree Quotas Panel

Configure User and Group Quotas Panel

Create Checkpoint Window

Create File Volumes/Segments Panel

Delete File Volumes Panel

Edit Volume Properties Panel

Manage Checkpoints Panel

Rename Checkpoint Window

Schedule Checkpoints Panel

New/Edit Checkpoint Schedule Panel

Segment Properties Window

View Volume Partitions Panel

High Availability Panels

Enable Failover Panel

Recover Panel

Set LUN Path Panel

Set Primary Path Window

iSCSI Configuration Panels

Add/Edit iSCSI Access Window

Add/Edit iSCSI LUN Window

Configure Access List Panel

Configure iSCSI LUN Panel

Configure iSNS Server Panel

Promote iSCSI LUN Window

Monitoring and Notification Panels

Configure SNMP Panel

Configure System Auditing Panel

Diagnostic Email Window

Display System Log Panel

Set Up Email Notification Panel

Set Up Logging Panel

Set Up UPS Monitoring Panel

View Fan Status Panel

View File Volume Usage Panel

View Power Supply Status Panel

View Temperature Status Panel

View Voltage Regulator Status Panel

Network Configuration Panels

Bond NIC Ports Panel

Configure Network Adapters Panel

Create/Edit Port Bond Window

Set Gateway Address Panel

Set Server Name Panel

Set Up DNS Panel

View the Routing Table Panel

RAID Panels

Add Hot-Spare Window

Add LUN Window

Locate Drive Window

Locate Drive Tray Window

Manage RAID Panel

View Controller/Enclosure Information Panel

View LUN Information Panel

System Activity Panels

View Networking Activity Panel

View System Activity Panel

System Backup Panels

Set Up NDMP Panel

System Manager Panels

Edit NFS Export Window

Server Properties Window

Volume Properties Window

System Operations Panels

Online System Registration

Activate Options Panel

Add License Window

Assign Language Panel

Enable Temporary Licenses Window

Import Licenses Window

Set Administrator Password Panel

Set Remote Access Panel

Set Time and Date Panel

Set Up Time Synchronization Panel

Shut Down the Server Panel

Update Software Panel

Unix Configuration Panels

Add/Edit Comment Window

Add/Edit Host Window

Add/Edit NFS Export Window

Add Hostgroup Member Window

Add Hostgroup Window

Configure Exports Panel

Configure Name Services Panel

Remove NFS Export Window

Set Up FTP Panel

Set Up Hostgroups Panel

Set Up Local Hosts Panel

Set Up NIS Panel

Set Up NIS+ Panel

Set Up NSSLDAP Panel

Windows Configuration Panels

Add/Edit Group Panel

New Share Window

Edit Share Window

Add/Edit SMB/CIFS User or Group Map Window

Configure Autohome Panel

Add/Edit Rule

Configure Domains and Workgroups Panel

Configure Groups Panel

Configure Mapping Policy Panel

Configure Maps Panel

Configure Shares Panel

Remove Share Window

Set Up WINS Panel

System Status Panel