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System Administration Guide: Printing     Oracle Solaris 10 8/11 Information Library
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About This Book

1.  Introduction to Printing in the Oracle Solaris Operating System

What's New in Printing?

Privilege Requirements for Using Print Commands

PPD File Management Utility

Overview of the Oracle Solaris Printing Architecture

Available Printing Tools and Services

Implementation of the Open Standard Print API

Print Client Commands

Definition of a Print Server and a Print Client

Description of the Internet Printing Protocol

Description of the RFC-1179 Printing Protocol

IPP Compared to the RFC-1179 Protocol

Description of the SMB Protocol

What Is Samba?

Using Printing Protocols in the Oracle Solaris Release

Determining Which Printing Protocol to Use

Selecting the Client-To-Server Network Printing Protocol

Printer URI Formats That Are Supported

Selecting the Server-To-Printer Network Printing Protocol

Description of Oracle Solaris Print Manager

Description of the LP Print Service

The LP Print Client-Server Process

Using Print Servers

Using Print Clients

Print Client Process Used by the LP Print Service

How Local Printing Works

How the LP Print Service Administers Files and Schedules Local Print Requests

How Remote Printing Works

Where to Find Printing Tasks

2.  Planning for Printing (Tasks)

3.  Setting Up Network Printing Services (Tasks)

4.  Setting Up and Administering Printers by Using Oracle Solaris Print Manager (Tasks)

5.  Setting Up Printers by Using LP Print Commands (Tasks)

6.  Administering Printers by Using LP Print Commands (Tasks)

7.  Customizing LP Printing Services and Printers (Tasks)

8.  Administering the LP Print Scheduler and Managing Print Requests (Tasks)

9.  Administering Printers on a Network (Tasks)

10.  Administering Character Sets, Filters, Forms, and Fonts (Tasks)

11.  Administering Printers by Using the PPD File Management Utility (Tasks)

12.  Printing in the Oracle Solaris Operating System (Reference)

13.  Troubleshooting Printing Problems in the Oracle Solaris OS (Tasks)

A.  Using the Internet Printing Protocol



Definition of a Print Server and a Print Client

A print server is a system on which a print queue is configured and makes the printer available to other systems on the network. A print client is a system that utilizes configured print queues.

Printers can also be divided into two categories, local and remote. A local printer refers to a print queue that has been defined on a system that is local to you. A remote printer refers to a print queue that is defined anywhere but your local system. These terms do not have anything to do with whether the printer is physically attached to a system or to the network, but rather, where the print queue was configured. Where the print queue is configured determines the server for that printer. Often, the print server supporting a building full of printers is the same system.

Another way to view printers and printer setup is how they are connected to the world. Some printers are directly attached to the print server by a wire. These printers are referred to as attached printers. If a printer is attached to the network, rather than to a desktop or server, it is referred to as a network-attached printer. The terms local and remote refer to print queue configuration. The terms directly attached and network-attached refer to the physical connection of the printer hardware. Referring to a printer as an attached or a network-attached printer defines the way the printer is physically connected. When you are referring to a local or a remote printer, you are referring to how the print queue for that printer was defined. Sometimes, the use of these terms can be confusing, because a printer that is physically attached to a system also most likely has a print queue that was defined on a local system. Similarly, print queues for network printers are more than likely defined on a system that is remote to your local system. This is the reason that attached and network printers are often referred to as local and remote printers.