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Oracle Solaris 11 User's Guide for the GNOME Desktop     Oracle Solaris 11 Information Library
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Document Information


1.  Getting Started With the Desktop

2.  Using the Desktop Windows

3.  Using the Desktop Workspaces

4.  Using the Desktop Panels

5.  Using the Desktop Applications

6.  Using the Main Menubar

7.  Using the File Manager

8.  Using the Desktop Tools and Utilities

9.  Configuring the Desktop

About Preference Tools

Assistive Technologies

Keyboard Shortcuts

How to Add a Custom Shortcut

How to Edit a Keyboard Shortcut

Preferred Applications

Setting Look and Feel Preferences


Theme Preferences

Desktop Background Preferences

Font Preferences

Font Rendering

Visual Effects

Show Icons in Menus

Editable Menu Shortcut Keys

Toolbar Button Labels



Setting Internet and Network Preferences


Network Proxy

Remote Desktop

Setting Keyboard Preferences

Desktop Keyboard Preferences

Input Method Keyboard Preferences

How to Activate/Deactivate IM

Keyboard Preference Tool

Keyboard Preferences

Keyboard Layouts Preferences

Keyboard Layout Options

Keyboard Accessibility Preferences

Keyboard Accessibility Audio Feedback

Mouse Keys Preferences

Typing Break Preferences

Setting Hardware Preferences

Monitor Preference Tool

Sound Preference Tool

Sound Effects Preferences

Sound Input Preferences

Sound Output Preferences

Application Sound Preferences

Setting Session Preferences

Configuring Startup Applications

A.  Using the Mouse

B.  Using the Keyboard

About Preference Tools

A preference tool enables you to change settings in the desktop. Each preference tool covers a particular aspect of the computer. For example, with the Mouse preference tool you can set your mouse to left-handed or right-handed use, or change the speed of the pointer on the screen. With the Windows preference tool,you can set behavior common to all windows, such as the way in which you select windows with the mouse.

To open a preference tool, choose System -> Preferences in the top panel. Choose the tool from the submenu.

With a few exceptions, the changes you make to settings in a preference tool take effect without needing to close the preference tool. You can keep the preference tool window open while you try the changes, and make further changes if you wish.

Some applications or system components might add their own preference tools to the menu.

Note - Some preference tools enable you to modify essential parts of your system, and therefore require administrative access. When you open the preference tool, a dialog box will prompt you for your password. These tools are in the System -> Administration submenu. This menu also contains more complex utility applications for managing and updating your system.

This section describes the preferences you can set. These preferences include:

Assistive Technologies

The Assistive Technologies preference tool enables assistive technologies in the Oracle Solaris Desktop. You can also use the Assistive Technologies preference tool to open other preference tools which contain preferences related to assistive technologies.

Select Enable Assistive Technologies to enable assistive technologies in the desktop. After enabling this option, log out and then log in again for this option to be fully effective.

Keyboard Shortcuts

Use the Keyboard Shortcuts preference tool to customize the default keyboard shortcuts.

A keyboard shortcut is a key or combination of keys that provide an alternative to standard ways of performing an action. For more about keyboard shortcuts, and a list of the default shortcuts used in the desktop, see Appendix B, Using the Keyboard.

The keyboard shortcuts are grouped as follows:

How to Add a Custom Shortcut

  1. Choose System -> Preferences -> Keyboard Shortcuts.
  2. Click the Add button in the action area.
  3. Provide a name and a command for the new shortcut.

    The new custom shortcut will appear in the list of shortcuts and can be edited in the same way as the predefined shortcuts.

    Note - To remove a custom shortcut, use the Remove button.

How to Edit a Keyboard Shortcut

  1. Choose System -> Preferences -> Keyboard Shortcuts.
  2. Click the action in the list or use the arrow keys to select the shortcut and press Return.
  3. Press the new key or key combination you want to assign to the action.

    To clear a shortcut, press Backspace. The action is now marked as Disabled.

    Note - To cancel assigning a shortcut, click elsewhere in the window or press Esc.

Preferred Applications

Use the Preferred Applications preference tool to specify the applications that you want the Oracle Solaris Desktop to use when it starts an application. For example, you can specify a web browser application (Epiphany, Mozilla Firefox, or Opera) to start when you click a link in other applications such as email clients or document viewers.

To access this preference tool, choose System -> Preferences -> Preferred Applications.

You can customize the preferences for the Preferred Applications preference tool in the following functional areas:

For each preferred application category, you can choose from a list of possible applications. The list depends on the applications installed on your computer.

In each category, the last item in the menu (Custom) enables you to customize the command used by the system when the specific launch action occurs. The following table summarizes the various options that you can choose when you select Custom.

Table 9-1 Custom Command Options

Dialog Element
Type the command to execute to start the custom application. For the Web Browser and the Mail Reader applications, you can include a %s after the command to tell the application to use the URL or Email address you clicked. The exact command arguments depend on the specific application.
Run in terminal
Select this option to run the command in a terminal window. Select this option for an application that does not create a window in which to run.
Execute flag (Terminal only)
Most terminal applications have an option that causes them to treat the remaining command-line options as commands to run (-x for the terminal). Type this option here. For example, this setting is used when executing a command of a launcher for which the chosen type is Application in Terminal.
Run at start (Accessibility only)
Select this option to run the command as soon as your session begins. For more accessibility options, see Oracle Solaris 11 Accessibility Guide for the GNOME Desktop.