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Oracle Solaris 11 User's Guide for the GNOME Desktop     Oracle Solaris 11 Information Library
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Document Information


1.  Getting Started With the Desktop

2.  Using the Desktop Windows

3.  Using the Desktop Workspaces

4.  Using the Desktop Panels

5.  Using the Desktop Applications

6.  Using the Main Menubar

7.  Using the File Manager

8.  Using the Desktop Tools and Utilities

9.  Configuring the Desktop

About Preference Tools

Assistive Technologies

Keyboard Shortcuts

How to Add a Custom Shortcut

How to Edit a Keyboard Shortcut

Preferred Applications

Setting Look and Feel Preferences


Theme Preferences

Desktop Background Preferences

Font Preferences

Font Rendering

Visual Effects

Show Icons in Menus

Editable Menu Shortcut Keys

Toolbar Button Labels



Setting Internet and Network Preferences


Network Proxy

Remote Desktop

Setting Keyboard Preferences

Desktop Keyboard Preferences

Input Method Keyboard Preferences

How to Activate/Deactivate IM

Keyboard Preference Tool

Keyboard Preferences

Keyboard Layouts Preferences

Keyboard Layout Options

Keyboard Accessibility Preferences

Keyboard Accessibility Audio Feedback

Mouse Keys Preferences

Typing Break Preferences

Setting Hardware Preferences

Monitor Preference Tool

Sound Preference Tool

Sound Effects Preferences

Sound Input Preferences

Sound Output Preferences

Application Sound Preferences

Setting Session Preferences

Configuring Startup Applications

A.  Using the Mouse

B.  Using the Keyboard

Setting Keyboard Preferences

You can configure Keyboard Layout preferences such as Keyboard Layout, Keyboard Model, and so on. The two main areas are:

Although the IM provide a more complex mechanism for composing characters it can be used also for Latin languages. Similarly GNOME Keyboard Layout Preferences can be also used for non-Latin languages.

Desktop Keyboard Preferences

Oracle Solaris Desktop provides Keyboard Selection support in GNOME Desktop Manager (GDM). The Keyboard Layout Selection panel is displayed at the bottom of the GDM window.

The default value of the keyboard layout is set to USA. To view a list of all the available keyboard layouts, click Order. Some regions have more than one keyboard layout variant. For example, the USA region has USA, USA (Cherokee), USA (Colemak), and so on. If you are not sure what keyboard layout variant to select for your region, select the variant which has only the region (or country) name.

Note - If you do not select any keyboard layout, the default keyboard layout is selected. If you need a different layout, you can select it during the GNOME session or the next time you login.

Input Method Keyboard Preferences

Oracle Solaris Desktop provides different IM Frameworks either installed on the system or available for installation from the repository. One of the main IM frameworks in Oracle Solaris Desktop is the IBUS. The IBUS framework provides the following features:

By default, IM is activated only when you login using the following languages:

For the rest of the languages, IM is not activated by default. You must activate it manually through the Input Method Framework Selector.

How to Activate/Deactivate IM

  1. Choose System -> Preferences -> Input Method Selector.

    The Input Method Framework Selector window is displayed.

  2. Select the Enable Input Method Framework option and select the preferred input method framework from the list.
  3. Click OK.

Keyboard Preference Tool

Use the Keyboard preference tool to set and customize keyboard preferences such as the keyboard model, layout, variant, and so on. You can also customize additional advanced keyboard options such as autorepeat preferences and Typing Break settings.

Keyboard preferences are activated by default. If more than one keyboard layout is selected, the Keyboard Indicator applet automatically appears in the right corner of the panel. For more information about this applet, see the GNOME Keyboard Indicator Manual.

Note - The setxkbmap command enables you to set and customize all keyboard layout settings in the X Server from the command line. For more information, see the setxkbmap(1) man page.

Choose System -> Preferences -> Keyboard to display the Keyboard preference tool.

Keyboard Preferences

Use the General tab to set general keyboard preferences. The following table lists the keyboard preferences that you can modify.

Table 9-6 Keyboard Preferences

Dialog Element
Key presses repeat when key is held down
Enables keyboard repeat so that when you press and hold a key, the action associated with the key is performed repeatedly. For example, if you press and hold a character key, the character is typed repeatedly.
Sets the delay from the time you press a key to the time that the action repeats.
Sets the speed at which the action is repeated.
Cursor blinks in text boxes and fields
Causes the cursor to blink in fields and text boxes.
Specifies the speed at which the cursor blinks in fields and text boxes.
Type to test settings
Provides an interactive interface so you can see how the keyboard settings affect the display as you type. Type text in the test area to test the effect of your settings.

Keyboard Layouts Preferences

Use the Layouts tab to set your keyboard's language, and also the make and model of keyboard you are using. These settings enable you to make use of special media keys on your keyboard, and to show the correct characters for your keyboard's language.

Click Reset to Defaults to restore all keyboard layout settings to their initial state for your system and locale.

Click the Layout Options button to open the Keyboard Layout Options dialog.

Keyboard Layout Options

The Keyboard Layout Options dialog enables you to set the behavior of keyboard modifier keys and certain shortcut options.

A label in boldface indicates that the options in the group have been changed from the default setting.

Note - The options shown in this dialog depend on the X Window system you are using. Not all options might be listed or work on your system.

The following table describes the keyboard layout options.

Table 9-7 Keyboard Layout Options

Dialog Element
Adding the Euro sign to certain keys
Adds the Euro currency symbol -b$ to a key as a third-level character. To access this symbol, you must assign a third-level chooser.
Alt/Win key behavior
Assigns the behavior of the UNIX modifier keys Super, Meta, and Hyper to the Alt and Windows keys on your keyboard.
CapsLock key behavior
Determines the behavior of the Caps Lock key.
Compose key position
The Compose key enables you to combine two key presses to make a single character so you can create an accented character that might not be on your keyboard layout. For example, press Compose+'+e to obtain e-acute character.
Control key position
Sets the location of the Ctrl key to match the layout on older keyboards.
Group Shift/Lock behavior
Determines the keys or key combinations that will switch your keyboard layout when pressed.
Miscellaneous compatibility options
  • Shift with Numpad keys works as in MS Windows – Using Shift with keys on the numerical key pad when NumLock is off will extend the current selection.With this option unselected, use Shift with keys on the numerical pad to obtain the reverse of the current behavior for that key. For example, when NumLock is off, the 8 key acts as an up-arrow. Press Shift+8 to type an 8.
  • Special keys (Ctrl+Alt+<key>) handled in a server – Certain keyboard shortcuts will be passed to the X Window System instead of being handled by GNOME.

Third level choosers
A third-level key enables you to obtain a third character from a key, in the same way that pressing Shift with a key produces a different character than pressing the key alone.

Use this group to select a key you want to act as a third-level modifier key.

Pressing the third-level key and Shift produces a fourth character from a key.

The third—level and fourth-level characters for your keyboard layout are shown in the Keyboard Indicator Layout View window.

Use keyboard LED to show alternative group.
Specifies that one of the light indicators on your keyboard should indicate when an alternative keyboard layout is in use. The selected keyboard light will no longer indicate its standard function. For example, the Caps Lock light will not react to the Caps Lock key.

Keyboard Accessibility Preferences

The Accessibility tab enables you to set options such as filtering out accidental key presses and using shortcut keys without having to hold down several keys at once. These features are also known as AccessX.

This section describes each of the preferences you can set. For a more task-oriented description of keyboard accessibility, see the Oracle Solaris Desktop Accessibility Guide.

The following table lists the accessibility preferences that you can modify.

Table 9-8 Accessibility Preferences

Dialog Element
Accessibility features can be toggled with keyboard shortcuts
Displays an icon in the notification area that offers quick access to accessibility features.
Simulate simultaneous key presses
Enables multiple simultaneous keypress operations by pressing the keys in sequence. Alternatively, to enable the sticky keys feature, press Shift five times.
Disable sticky keys if two keys are pressed together
Specifies that when you press two keys simultaneously, you can no longer press keys in sequence to perform multiple simultaneous key presses.
Only accept long key presses
Determines that you must press and hold a key for a period of time before acceptance. Alternatively, to enable the slow keys feature, press and hold Shift for eight seconds.
Specifies the period of time that you must press and hold a key before acceptance.
Ignore fast duplicate key presses
Controls the key repeat characteristics of the keyboard.
Specifies the interval to wait after the first keypress before the automatic repeat of a pressed key.
Type to test settings
Provides an interactive interface so you can see how the keyboard settings affect the display as you type. Type text in the test area to test the effect of your settings.

Keyboard Accessibility Audio Feedback

To configure audio feedback for keyboard accessibility features, click the Audio Feedback button. The Keyboard Accessibility Audio Feedback window is displayed.

The following table lists the audio feedback preferences that you can modify

Table 9-9 Audio Feedback Preferences

Dialog Element
Beep when accessibility features are turned on or off
Sounds for an audible indication when a feature such as sticky keys or slow keys is activated, or deactivated.
Beep when a toggle key is pressed
Sounds for an audible indication of a toggle keypress. You hear one beep when a toggle key is turned on. You hear two beeps when a toggle key is turned off.
Beep when a modifier key is pressed
Sounds for an audible indication when you press a modifier key.
Beep when a key is pressed
Sounds for an audible indication when a key is pressed.
Beep when a key is accepted
Sounds for an audible indication when a key is accepted.
Beep when a key is rejected
Sounds for an audible indication when a key is rejected.

Mouse Keys Preferences

Use the options in the Mouse Keys tab to configure the keyboard as a substitute for the mouse.

The following table lists the mouse keys preferences that you can modify.

Table 9-10 Typing Break Preferences

Dialog Element
Pointer can be controlled using the keypad
Enables the numeric keypad to be used to emulate mouse actions. The list of keys and their equivalences is in the To Use the Keyboard to Emulate the Mouse in Oracle Solaris 11 Accessibility Guide for the GNOME Desktop.
Specifies how long it takes the pointer to accelerate to maximum speed.
Specifies the maximum speed at which the pointer moves across the screen.
Specifies the period of time that must pass after a keypress before the pointer moves.

Typing Break Preferences

You can set a typing break notification to remind you to rest after you have been using the keyboard and mouse for a long time. During a typing break, the screen will be locked.

The following table lists the typing break preferences that you can modify.

Table 9-11 Typing Break Preferences

Dialog Element
Lock screen to enforce typing break
Locks the screen when you are due a typing break.
Work interval lasts
Specifies how long you can work before a typing break occurs.
Break interval lasts
Specifies the length of your typing breaks.
Allow postponing of breaks
Enables you to postpone typing breaks.

If you stop using the keyboard and mouse for a length of time equal to the break interval setting, the current work interval will be reset.