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Oracle Solaris 11.1 Linkers and Libraries Guide     Oracle Solaris 11.1 Information Library
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Document Information


Part I Using the Link-Editor and Runtime Linker

1.  Introduction to the Oracle Solaris Link Editors

2.  Link-Editor

3.  Runtime Linker

4.  Shared Objects

Part II Quick Reference

5.  Link-Editor Quick Reference

Part III Advanced Topics

6.  Direct Bindings

7.  Building Objects to Optimize System Performance

8.  Mapfiles

9.  Interfaces and Versioning

10.  Establishing Dependencies with Dynamic String Tokens

11.  Extensibility Mechanisms

Part IV ELF Application Binary Interface

12.  Object File Format

File Format

Data Representation

ELF Header

ELF Identification

Data Encoding


Section Merging

Special Sections

Ancillary Section

COMDAT Section

Group Section

Capabilities Section

Hash Table Section

Move Section

Note Section

Relocation Sections

Relocation Calculations

SPARC: Relocations

SPARC: Relocation Types

64-bit SPARC: Relocation Types

x86: Relocations

32-bit x86: Relocation Types

x64: Relocation Types

String Table Section

Symbol Table Section

Symbol Values

Symbol Table Layout and Conventions

Symbol Sort Sections

Register Symbols

Syminfo Table Section

Versioning Sections

Version Definition Section

Version Dependency Section

Version Symbol Section

13.  Program Loading and Dynamic Linking

14.  Thread-Local Storage

Part V Appendices

A.  Linker and Libraries Updates and New Features

B.  System V Release 4 (Version 1) Mapfiles


Move Section

Typically, within ELF files, initialized data variables are maintained within the object file. If a data variable is very large, and contains only a small number of initialized (nonzero) elements, the entire variable is still maintained in the object file.

Objects that contain large partially initialized data variables, such as FORTRAN COMMON blocks, can result in a significant disk space overhead. The SHT_SUNW_move section provides a mechanism of compressing these data variables. This compression reduces the disk size of the associated object.

The SHT_SUNW_move section contains multiple entries of the type ELF32_Move or Elf64_Move. These entries allow data variables to be defined as tentative items (.bss). These items occupy no space in the object file, but contribute to the object's memory image at runtime. The move records establish how the memory image is initialized with data to construct the complete data variable.

ELF32_Move and Elf64_Move entries are defined as follows.

typedef struct {
        Elf32_Lword       m_value;
        Elf32_Word        m_info;
        Elf32_Word        m_poffset;
        Elf32_Half        m_repeat;
        Elf32_Half        m_stride;
} Elf32_Move;

#define ELF32_M_SYM(info)       ((info)>>8)
#define ELF32_M_SIZE(info)      ((unsigned char)(info))
#define ELF32_M_INFO(sym, size) (((sym)<<8)+(unsigned char)(size))

typedef struct {
        Elf64_Lword       m_value;
        Elf64_Xword       m_info;
        Elf64_Xword       m_poffset;
        Elf64_Half        m_repeat;
        Elf64_Half        m_stride;
} Elf64_Move;

#define ELF64_M_SYM(info)       ((info)>>8)
#define ELF64_M_SIZE(info)      ((unsigned char)(info))
#define ELF64_M_INFO(sym, size) (((sym)<<8)+(unsigned char)(size))

The elements of these structures are as follows.


The initialization value, which is the value that is moved into the memory image.


The symbol table index, with respect to which the initialization is applied, together with the size, in bytes, of the offset being initialized. The lower 8 bits of the member define the size, which can be 1, 2, 4 or 8. The upper bytes define the symbol index.


The offset relative to the associated symbol to which the initialization is applied.


A repetition count.


The stride count. This value indicates the number of units that should be skipped when performing a repetitive initialization. A unit is the size of an initialization object as defined by m_info. An m_stride value of zero indicates that the initialization be performed contiguously for units.

The following data definition would traditionally consume 0x8000 bytes within an object file.

typedef struct {
        int     one;
        char    two;
} Data;

Data move[0x1000] = {
        {0, 0},       {1, '1'},     {0, 0},
        {0xf, 'F'},   {0xf, 'F'},   {0, 0},
        {0xe, 'E'},   {0, 0},       {0xe, 'E'}

A SHT_SUNW_move section can be used to describe this data. The data item is defined within the .bss section. The non-zero elements of the data item are initialized with the appropriate move entries.

$ elfdump -s data | fgrep move
      [17]  0x00020868 0x00008000  OBJT GLOB 0   .bss       move
$ elfdump -m data

Move Section:  .SUNW_move
    symndx     offset   size repeat stride            value  with respect to
      [17]       0x44      4      1      1       0x45000000  move
      [17]       0x40      4      1      1              0xe  move
      [17]       0x34      4      1      1       0x45000000  move
      [17]       0x30      4      1      1              0xe  move
      [17]       0x1c      4      2      1       0x46000000  move
      [17]       0x18      4      2      1              0xf  move
      [17]        0xc      4      1      1       0x31000000  move
      [17]        0x8      4      1      1              0x1  move

Move sections that are supplied from relocatable objects are concatenated and output in the object being created by the link-editor. However, the following conditions cause the link-editor to process the move entries. This processing expands the move entry contents into a traditional data item.