#include <sys/times.h> #include <limits.h> clock_t times(struct tms *buffer);
The times() function fills the tms structure pointed to by buffer with time-accounting information. The tms structure, defined in <sys/times.h>, contains the following members:
clock_t tms_utime; clock_t tms_stime; clock_t tms_cutime; clock_t tms_cstime;
All times are reported in clock ticks. The specific value for a clock tick is defined by the variable CLK_TCK, found in the header <limits.h>.
The times of a terminated child process are included in the tms_cutime and tms_cstime members of the parent when wait(3C) or waitpid(3C) returns the process ID of this terminated child. If a child process has not waited for its children, their times will not be included in its times.
The tms_utime member is the CPU time used while executing instructions in the user space of the calling process.
The tms_stime member is the CPU time used by the system on behalf of the calling process.
The tms_cutime member is the sum of the tms_utime and the tms_cutime of the child processes.
The tms_cstime member is the sum of the tms_stime and the tms_cstime of the child processes.
Upon successful completion, times() returns the elapsed real time, in clock ticks, since an arbitrary point in the past (for example, system start-up time). This point does not change from one invocation of times() within the process to another. The return value may overflow the possible range of type clock_t. If times() fails, (clock_t)−1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.
The times() function will fail if:
The buffer argument points to an illegal address.
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: