#include <floatingpoint.h> void single_to_decimal(single *px, decimal_mode *pm, decimal_record *pd, fp_exception_field_type *ps);
void double_to_decimal(double *px, decimal_mode *pm, decimal_record *pd, fp_exception_field_type *ps);
void extended_to_decimal(extended *px, decimal_mode *pm, decimal_record *pd, fp_exception_field_type *ps);
void quadruple_to_decimal(quadruple *px, decimal_mode *pm, decimal_record *pd, fp_exception_field_type *ps);
The floating_to_decimal functions convert the floating-point value at *px into a decimal record at *pd, observing the modes specified in *pm and setting exceptions in *ps. If there are no IEEE exceptions, *ps will be zero.
If *px is zero, infinity, or NaN, then only pd→sign and pd→fpclass are set. Otherwise pd→exponent and pd→ds are also set so that
is a correctly rounded approximation to *px, where sig is +1 or −1, depending upon whether pd→sign is 0 or −1. pd→ds has at least one and no more than DECIMAL_STRING_LENGTH–1 significant digits because one character is used to terminate the string with a null.
pd→ds is correctly rounded according to the IEEE rounding modes in pm→rd. *ps has fp_inexact set if the result was inexact, and has fp_overflow set if the string result does not fit in pd→ds because of the limitation DECIMAL_STRING_LENGTH.
If pm→df == floating_form, then pd→ds always contains pm→ndigits significant digits. Thus if *px == 12.34 and pm→ndigits == 8, then pd→ds will contain 12340000 and pd→exponent will contain −6.
If pm→df == fixed_form and pm→ndigits >= 0, then the decimal value is rounded at pm→ndigits digits to the right of the decimal point. For example, if *px == 12.34 and pm→ndigits == 1, then pd→ds will contain 123 and pd→ exponent will be set to −1.
If pm→df == fixed_form and pm→ndigits< 0, then the decimal value is rounded at −pm→ndigits digits to the left of the decimal point, and pd→ds is padded with trailing zeros up to the decimal point. For example, if *px == 12.34 and pm→n digits == −1, then pd→ds will contain 10 and pd→exponent will be set to 0.
When pm→df == fixed_form and the value to be converted is large enough that the resulting string would contain more than DECIMAL_STRING_LENGTH−1 digits, then the string placed in pd→ds is limited to exactly DECIMAL_STRING_LENGTH-1 digits (by moving the place at which the value is rounded further left if need be), pd→exponent is adjusted accordingly and the overflow flag is set in *ps.
pd->more is not used.
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: