The IPv6 implementation supports a number of tunnel configurations to serve as transition mechanisms as your network migrates to a mix of IPv4 and IPv6. Tunnels enable isolated IPv6 networks to communicate. Because most of the Internet runs IPv4, IPv6 packets from your site need to travel across the Internet through tunnels to destination IPv6 networks.
The following are some major scenarios for using tunnels in the IPv6 network topology:
The ISP from which you purchase IPv6 service allows you to create a tunnel from the boundary router of your site to the ISP network. IPv6 Network Topology Scenario shows such a tunnel. In this case, you would run a manual IPv6 over IPv4 tunnel.
You manage a large, distributed network with IPv4 connectivity. To connect the distributed sites that use IPv6, you can run an automatic 6to4 tunnel from the edge router of each subnet.
Sometimes, a router in your infrastructure cannot be upgraded to IPv6. In this case, you can manually create a tunnel over the IPv4 router, with two IPv6 routers as endpoints.
For procedures for configuring tunnels, refer to Chapter 5, Administering IP Tunnels in Administering TCP/IP Networks, IPMP, and IP Tunnels in Oracle Solaris 11.4. For more information about IP tunnel configuration, refer to IP Tunnel Feature Summary in Administering TCP/IP Networks, IPMP, and IP Tunnels in Oracle Solaris 11.4.