129 DBMS_REFRESH

The DBMS_REFRESH package enables you to create groups of materialized views that can be refreshed together to a transactionally consistent point in time. These groups are called refresh groups.

This chapter contains the following topics:

129.1 DBMS_REFRESH Overview

When it is important for materialized views to be transactionally consistent with each other, you can organize them into refresh groups.

By refreshing the refresh group, you can ensure that the data in all of the materialized views in the refresh group correspond to the same transactionally consistent point in time. A materialized view in a refresh group still can be refreshed individually, but doing so nullifies the benefits of the refresh group because refreshing the materialized view individually does not refresh the other materialized views in the refresh group

129.2 DBMS_REFRESH Security Model

Users must have the EXECUTE privilege to run the procedures of DBMS_REFRESH package.

129.3 Summary of DBMS_REFRESH Subprograms

This table lists the DBMS_REFRESH subprograms and briefly describes them.

Table 129-1 DBMS_REFRESH Package Subprograms

Subprogram Description

ADD Procedure

Adds materialized views to a refresh group

CHANGE Procedure

Changes the refresh interval for a refresh group

DESTROY Procedure

Removes all of the materialized views from a refresh group and deletes the refresh group

MAKE Procedure

Specifies the members of a refresh group and the time interval used to determine when to refresh the members of this group

REFRESH Procedure

Manually refreshes a refresh group

SUBTRACT Procedure

Removes materialized views from a refresh group

129.3.1 ADD Procedure

This procedure adds materialized views to a refresh group.

Syntax

DBMS_REFRESH.ADD (
   name     IN VARCHAR2,
   { list   IN VARCHAR2, 
   | tab    IN DBMS_UTILITY.UNCL_ARRAY, }
   lax      IN BOOLEAN := FALSE);

Note:

This procedure is overloaded. The list and tab parameters are mutually exclusive.

Parameters

Table 129-2 ADD Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

name

Name of the refresh group to which you want to add members, specified as [schema_name.]refresh_group_name. If the schema is not specified, then the current user is the default.

list

Comma-delimited list of materialized views that you want to add to the refresh group. Synonyms are not supported.

Each materialized view is specified as [schema_name.]materialized_view_name. If the schema is not specified, then the refresh group owner is the default.

tab

Instead of a comma-delimited list, you can supply a PL/SQL associative array of type DBMS_UTILITY.UNCL_ARRAY, where each element is the name of a materialized view. The first materialized view should be in position 1. The last position must be NULL.

Each materialized view is specified as [schema_name.]materialized_view_name. If the schema is not specified, then the refresh group owner is the default.

lax

A materialized view can belong to only one refresh group at a time. If you are moving a materialized view from one group to another, then you must set the lax flag to TRUE to succeed. Oracle then automatically removes the materialized view from the other refresh group and updates its refresh interval to be that of its new group. Otherwise, the call to ADD generates an error message.

129.3.2 CHANGE Procedure

This procedure changes the refresh interval for a refresh group.

Syntax

DBMS_REFRESH.CHANGE (
   name                  IN VARCHAR2,
   next_date             IN DATE           := NULL,
   interval              IN VARCHAR2       := NULL,
   implicit_destroy      IN BOOLEAN        := NULL,
   rollback_seg          IN VARCHAR2       := NULL,
   push_deferred_rpc     IN BOOLEAN        := NULL,
   refresh_after_errors  IN BOOLEAN        := NULL,
   purge_option          IN BINARY_INTEGER := NULL,
   parallelism           IN BINARY_INTEGER := NULL,
   heap_size             IN BINARY_INTEGER := NULL);

Parameters

Table 129-3 CHANGE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

name

Name of the refresh group for which you want to alter the refresh interval.

next_date

Next date that you want a refresh to occur. By default, this date remains unchanged.

interval

Function used to calculate the next time to refresh the materialized views in the refresh group. This interval is evaluated immediately before the refresh. Thus, select an interval that is greater than the time it takes to perform a refresh. By default, the interval remains unchanged.

implicit_destroy

Allows you to reset the value of the implicit_destroy flag. If this flag is set, then Oracle automatically deletes the group if it no longer contains any members. By default, this flag remains unchanged.

rollback_seg

Allows you to change the rollback segment used. By default, the rollback segment remains unchanged. To reset this parameter to use the default rollback segment, specify NULL, including the quotes. Specifying NULL without quotes indicates that you do not want to change the rollback segment currently being used.

push_deferred_rpc

Starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 2 (12.2), this parameter is ignored.

refresh_after_errors

Starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 2 (12.2), this parameter is ignored.

purge_option

Starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 2 (12.2), this parameter is ignored.

parallelism

  • 0 specifies serial propagation.

  • n > 1 specifies parallel propagation with n parallel processes.

  • 1 specifies parallel propagation using only one parallel process.

heap_size

Maximum number of transactions to be examined simultaneously for parallel propagation scheduling. Oracle automatically calculates the default setting for optimal performance.

Note:

Do not set this parameter unless directed to do so by Oracle Support Services.

129.3.3 DESTROY Procedure

This procedure removes all of the materialized views from a refresh group and delete the refresh group.

Syntax

DBMS_REFRESH.DESTROY (
   name   IN   VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table 129-4 DESTROY Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

name

Name of the refresh group that you want to destroy.

129.3.4 MAKE Procedure

This procedure specifies the members of a refresh group and the time interval used to determine when to refresh the members of this group.

Syntax

DBMS_REFRESH.MAKE (
   name                  IN    VARCHAR2
   { list                IN    VARCHAR2,
   | tab                 IN    DBMS_UTILITY.UNCL_ARRAY,}
   next_date             IN    DATE,
   interval              IN    VARCHAR2,
   implicit_destroy      IN    BOOLEAN         := FALSE,
   lax                   IN    BOOLEAN         := FALSE,
   job                   IN    BINARY_INTEGER  := 0,
   rollback_seg          IN    VARCHAR2        := NULL,
   push_deferred_rpc     IN    BOOLEAN         := TRUE,
   refresh_after_errors  IN    BOOLEAN         := FALSE
   purge_option          IN    BINARY_INTEGER  := NULL,
   parallelism           IN    BINARY_INTEGER  := NULL,
   heap_size             IN    BINARY_INTEGER  := NULL);

Note:

This procedure is overloaded. The list and tab parameters are mutually exclusive.

Parameters

Table 129-5 MAKE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

name

Unique name used to identify the refresh group, specified as [schema_name.]refresh_group_name. If the schema is not specified, then the current user is the default. Refresh groups must follow the same naming conventions as tables.

list

Comma-delimited list of materialized views that you want to refresh. Synonyms are not supported. These materialized views can be located in different schemas and have different master tables or master materialized views. However, all of the listed materialized views must be in your current database.

Each materialized view is specified as [schema_name.]materialized_view_name. If the schema is not specified, then the refresh group owner is the default.

tab

Instead of a comma-delimited list, you can supply a PL/SQL associative array of names of materialized views that you want to refresh using the data type DBMS_UTILITY.UNCL_ARRAY. If the table contains the names of n materialized views, then the first materialized view should be in position 1 and the n + 1 position should be set to NULL.

Each materialized view is specified as [schema_name.]materialized_view_name. If the schema is not specified, then the refresh group owner is the default.

next_date

Next date that you want a refresh to occur.

interval

Function used to calculate the next time to refresh the materialized views in the group. This field is used with the next_date value.

For example, if you specify NEXT_DAY(SYSDATE+1, "MONDAY") as your interval, and if your next_date evaluates to Monday, then Oracle refreshes the materialized views every Monday. This interval is evaluated immediately before the refresh. Thus, select an interval that is greater than the time it takes to perform a refresh.

implicit_destroy

Set this to TRUE to delete the refresh group automatically when it no longer contains any members. Oracle checks this flag only when you call the SUBTRACT procedure. That is, setting this flag still enables you to create an empty refresh group.

lax

A materialized view can belong to only one refresh group at a time. If you are moving a materialized view from an existing group to a new refresh group, then you must set this to TRUE to succeed. Oracle then automatically removes the materialized view from the other refresh group and updates its refresh interval to be that of its new group. Otherwise, the call to MAKE generates an error message.

job

Needed by the Import utility. Use the default value, 0.

rollback_seg

Name of the rollback segment to use while refreshing materialized views. The default, NULL, uses the default rollback segment.

push_deferred_rpc

Starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 2 (12.2), this parameter is ignored.

refresh_after_errors

Starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 2 (12.2), this parameter is ignored.

purge_option

Starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 2 (12.2), this parameter is ignored.

parallelism

  • 0 specifies serial propagation.

  • n > 1 specifies parallel propagation with n parallel processes.

  • 1 specifies parallel propagation using only one parallel process.

heap_size

Maximum number of transactions to be examined simultaneously for parallel propagation scheduling. Oracle automatically calculates the default setting for optimal performance.

Note:

Do not set this parameter unless directed to do so by Oracle Support Services.

129.3.5 REFRESH Procedure

This procedure manually refreshes a refresh group.

Syntax

DBMS_REFRESH.REFRESH (
   name   IN    VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table 129-6 REFRESH Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

name

Name of the refresh group that you want to refresh manually.

129.3.6 SUBTRACT Procedure

This procedure removes materialized views from a refresh group.

Syntax

DBMS_REFRESH.SUBTRACT (
   name      IN    VARCHAR2,
   { list    IN    VARCHAR2,
   | tab     IN    DBMS_UTILITY.UNCL_ARRAY, }
   lax       IN    BOOLEAN := FALSE);

Note:

This procedure is overloaded. The list and tab parameters are mutually exclusive.

Parameters

Table 129-7 SUBTRACT Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

name

Name of the refresh group from which you want to remove members, specified as [schema_name.]refresh_group_name. If the schema is not specified, then the current user is the default.

list

Comma-delimited list of materialized views that you want to remove from the refresh group. (Synonyms are not supported.) These materialized views can be located in different schemas and have different master tables or master materialized views. However, all of the listed materialized views must be in your current database.

Each materialized view is specified as [schema_name.]materialized_view_name. If the schema is not specified, then the refresh group owner is the default.

tab

Instead of a comma-delimited list, you can supply a PL/SQL associative array of type DBMS_UTILITY.UNCL_ARRAY, where each element is the name of a materialized view. The first materialized view should be in position 1. The last position must be NULL.

Each materialized view is specified as [schema_name.]materialized_view_name. If the schema is not specified, then the refresh group owner is the default.

lax

Set this to FALSE if you want Oracle to generate an error message if the materialized view you are attempting to remove is not a member of the refresh group.