Changes in This Release for Oracle Multitenant Administrator’s Guide

There are changes in this document for recent releases of Oracle Database.

Changes in Oracle Database Release 19c, Version 19.1

Oracle Multitenant Administrator's Guide for Oracle Database release 19c, version 19.1 has the following changes.

New Features

The following major features are new in this release.

  • Workload capture and replay in a PDB

    A local user can capture, replay, and report on a workload at the PDB level.

    See "About Using Manageability Features in a CDB" and Oracle Database Testing Guide.

  • ADDM analysis for PDBs

    You can use ADDM to analyze AWR data stored inside the PDB through an AWR snapshot taken inside the PDB. You can also analyze AWR data of a non-CDB, CDB root, or PDB imported into the AWR storage of a PDB. Automatic ADDM of a PDB is disabled by default. You can enable it for a PDB by enabling automatic AWR snapshots.

    See "About Using Manageability Features in a CDB" and Oracle Database Performance Tuning Guide.

  • Database Vault Operations Control for infrastructure database administrators

    You can use Oracle Database Vault to block common users (for example, infrastructure DBAs) from accessing local data in PDBs. Thus, common users are blocked from accessing local data. Oracle Database Vault enables you to store sensitive data for your business applications and allow operations to manage the database infrastructure without having to access sensitive customer data.

    See "Using Database Vault Operations Control to Restrict Multitenant Common User Access to Local PDB Data".

  • Support for multiple PDB shards in the same CDB

    A CDB can contain multiple PDBs as shard catalog databases. Also, a CDB can contain shard PDBs from different sharded databases (SDBs), each managed by its own separate catalog database.

    See Using Oracle Sharding.

  • Automated PDB relocation

    In Oracle Grid Infrastructure, you can use Oracle Fleet Patching and Provisioning to automate relocation of a PDB from one CDB to another. Automated relocation enables you to patch individual PDBs more quickly without exposing other PDBs to the changes in the patch.

    See Oracle Clusterware Administration and Deployment Guide.

  • Cloning a remote PDB using DBCA

    You can clone a remote PDB using DBCA in silent mode.

    See "About Cloning a Remote PDB".

  • Remote PDB relocation

    You can use Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA) to relocate a PDB from a remote CDB to a local CDB.

    See "Relocating a PDB Using DBCA: Example".

  • Cloud object store support for Data Pump Import

    The credential parameter of impdb specifies the name of a credential object that contains the user name and password required to access an object store bucket. You can also specify a default credential using the database property DEFAULT_CREDENTIAL.

    See "Setting the Default Credential in a PDB" and "Using Data Pump to Move Data Into a CDB".

See Also:

Oracle Database Licensing Information User Manual for details on which features are supported for different editions and services

Changes in Oracle Database Release 18c, Version 18.1

The following are changes in Oracle Multitenant Administrator's Guide for Oracle Database release 18c, version 18.1.

New Features

The following features are new in this release:

  • CDB fleet

    A CDB fleet is a collection of different CDBs that can be managed as one logical CDB.

    See "Administering a CDB Fleet".

  • PDB snapshot carousel

    A PDB snapshot is a point-in-time copy of a PDB. The source PDB can be open read-only or read/write while the snapshot is created. You can create snapshots manually using the SNAPSHOT clause of CREATE PLUGGABLE DATABASE (or ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE), or automatically using the EVERY interval clause. When a PDB is enabled for snapshots, you can create multiple snapshots (point-in-time copies) of the PDB. The library of snapshots is called a PDB snapshot carousel. You can quickly clone a new PDB based on any snapshot in the carousel. In this way, you can perform point-in-time recovery to any snapshot in the carousel, or rapidly create a PDB by cloning any snapshot.

    See "User Interface for PDB Snapshot Carousel" and "Administering a PDB Snapshot Carousel".

  • Logical partitioning

    A container map enables a session to issue SQL statements that are routed to the appropriate PDB, depending on the value of a predicate used in the SQL statement. The partitioning column in the map table does not need to match a column in the metadata-linked table. For example, if the table sales is enabled for the container map pdb_map_tbl, and if sales does not have the column used to partition pdb_map_tbl, then queries with the predicate CONTAINERS(sales) are still routed to the PDBs specified in the map table.

    See "Container Maps".

  • Refreshable PDB switchover

    A refreshable clone PDB is a read-only clone that can periodically synchronize with its source PDB. You can reverse the roles, transforming the source PDB into the clone and the clone into the source. This technique can be useful for load balancing. Also, if the source PDB fails, then you can resume operations on the clone PDB, rendering a CDB-level Oracle Data Guard failover unnecessary.

    See "About Refreshable Clone PDBs" and "Switching Over a Refreshable Clone PDB".

  • Lockdown profile enhancements

    You can create, alter, or drop lockdown profiles in application containers. Also, you can create lockdown profiles based on a static or a dynamic base profile.

    See "Overview of PDB Lockdown Profiles", "About Restricting PDB Users for Enhanced Security", and "Restricting Operations on PDBs Using PDB Lockdown Profiles".

  • DBCA enhancements

    You can use DBCA to clone a local PDB or duplicate a CDB. Duplication is only supported in silent mode.

    See "About CDB Creation with DBCA" and "About Cloning a Local PDB".

  • Usable backups of non-CDBs and relocated PDBs

    When you are cloning a non-CDB as a PDB or relocating a PDB, you can use the DBMS_PDB.EXPORTRMANBACKUP procedure to export RMAN backup metadata into the PDB dictionary. This metadata enables backups of the source non-CDB or PDB to be usable for restore and recovery of the target PDB.

    See "General Prerequisites for PDB Creation".

  • RMAN duplication of a PDB to another CDB

    You can clone a PDB from a source CDB to an existing CDB that is open read/write.

    See "Techniques for Creating a PDB"

  • Relocation of sessions during planned maintenance

    Application Continuity can drain database sessions during planned maintenance when the application submits a connection test, at request boundaries, and at good places to fail over. The relocation is transparent to applications. This feature is on by default for all maintenance operations invoked at the database service and PDB levels: stop service, relocate service, relocate PDB, and stop PDB.

    See "Managing Services for PDBs", "How PDB Relocation Works", and Oracle Real Application Clusters Administration and Deployment Guide.

  • Copying a PDB in an Oracle Data Guard environment

    When performing a remote clone in a primary database, or plugging in a PDB in a primary database, you can set initialization parameters in a standby database that automates copying the data files for the newly created PDB.

    See "Cloning a Remote PDB: Basic Steps" and "Plugging In an Unplugged PDB".

  • Parallel statement queuing at the PDB level

    You can configure parallel statement queuing for a PDB just as for a non-PDB using the PARALLEL_SERVERS_TARGET initialization parameter. At the PDB level, the default is based on the CPU_COUNT setting for the PDB. At the CDB level, the default value is the value of the PARALLEL_MAX_SERVERS initialization parameter.

    See "Utilization Limits for PDBs".

  • Split mirror clone PDBs

    When a PDB resides in Oracle ASM, you can use a split mirroring technique to clone a PDB. The cloned PDB is independent of the original PDB. The principal use case is to rapidly provision test and development PDBs in an Oracle ASM environment.

    See "Creating a Split Mirror Clone PDB".