7.234 TO_BINARY_DOUBLE

Syntax

Purpose

TO_BINARY_DOUBLE converts expr to a double-precision floating-point number.

  • expr can be any expression that evaluates to a character string of type CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, or NVARCHAR2, a numeric value of type NUMBER, BINARY_FLOAT, or BINARY_DOUBLE, or null. If expr is BINARY_DOUBLE, then the function returns expr. If expr evaluates to null, then the function returns null. Otherwise, the function converts expr to a BINARY_DOUBLE value.

  • The optional DEFAULT return_value ON CONVERSION ERROR clause allows you to specify the value returned by this function if an error occurs while converting expr to BINARY_DOUBLE. This clause has no effect if an error occurs while evaluating expr. The return_value can be an expression or a bind variable, and must evaluate to a character string of type CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, or NVARCHAR2, a numeric value of type NUMBER, BINARY_FLOAT, or BINARY_DOUBLE, or null. The function converts return_value to BINARY_DOUBLE in the same way it converts expr to BINARY_DOUBLE. If return_value cannot be converted to BINARY_DOUBLE, then the function returns an error.

  • The optional 'fmt' and 'nlsparam' arguments serve the same purpose as for the TO_NUMBER function. If you specify these arguments, then expr and return_value, if specified, must each be a character string or null. If either is a character string, then the function uses the fmt and nlsparam arguments to convert the character string to a BINARY_DOUBLE value.

If expr or return_value evaluate to the following character strings, then the function converts them as follows:

  • The case-insensitive string 'INF' is converted to positive infinity.

  • The case-insensitive string '-INF' is converted to negative identity.

  • The case-insensitive string 'NaN' is converted to NaN (not a number).

You cannot use a floating-point number format element (F, f, D, or d) in a character string expr.

Conversions from character strings or NUMBER to BINARY_DOUBLE can be inexact, because the NUMBER and character types use decimal precision to represent the numeric value, and BINARY_DOUBLE uses binary precision.

Conversions from BINARY_FLOAT to BINARY_DOUBLE are exact.

Examples

The examples that follow are based on a table with three columns, each with a different numeric data type:

CREATE TABLE float_point_demo
  (dec_num NUMBER(10,2), bin_double BINARY_DOUBLE, bin_float BINARY_FLOAT);

INSERT INTO float_point_demo
  VALUES (1234.56,1234.56,1234.56);

SELECT * FROM float_point_demo;

   DEC_NUM BIN_DOUBLE  BIN_FLOAT
---------- ---------- ----------
   1234.56 1.235E+003 1.235E+003

The following example converts a value of data type NUMBER to a value of data type BINARY_DOUBLE:

SELECT dec_num, TO_BINARY_DOUBLE(dec_num)
  FROM float_point_demo;

   DEC_NUM TO_BINARY_DOUBLE(DEC_NUM)
---------- -------------------------
   1234.56                1.235E+003

The following example compares extracted dump information from the dec_num and bin_double columns:

SELECT DUMP(dec_num) "Decimal",
   DUMP(bin_double) "Double"
   FROM float_point_demo;

Decimal                     Double
--------------------------- ---------------------------------------------
Typ=2 Len=4: 194,13,35,57   Typ=101 Len=8: 192,147,74,61,112,163,215,10

The following example returns the default value of 0 because the specified expression cannot be converted to a BINARY_DOUBLE value:

SELECT TO_BINARY_DOUBLE('2oo' DEFAULT 0 ON CONVERSION ERROR) "Value"
  FROM DUAL;

     Value
----------
         0